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Westport, New York
—  Town  —
Essex County Fairgrounds in Westport, NY. Lake Champlain and Vermont in the background.
Motto: "A gateway to the Adirondack Mountains."
Westport, New York is located in New York Adirondack Park
Westport, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 44°10′50″N 73°27′16″W / 44.18056°N 73.45444°W / 44.18056; -73.45444
Country United States
State New York
County Essex
Government
 - Supervisor Daniel W. Connell[1]
 - Town Clerk Sheila Borden[1]
Area
 - Total 66.9 sq mi (173.2 km2)
 - Land 58.4 sq mi (151.3 km2)
 - Water 8.5 sq mi (21.9 km2)
Elevation 226 ft (69 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 1,362
 Density 23.3/sq mi (9.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12993
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-80775[2]
GNIS feature ID 0979625[3]
Website westportny.net

Westport is a town in Essex County, New York, United States overlooking Lake Champlain. The population was 1,362 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Westport is on the eastern border of the county and is 35 miles south of Plattsburgh[4] and 93 miles south of Montreal[5]. Westport is inside the Adirondack Park.

Westport is the birthplace of the Adirondack chair.[6]

The Essex County Fair is held in the town.[7] The fairgrounds was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[8]

Contents

History

Early history

In 1642, Jesuit missionary Isaac Jogues was tortured by Iroquois at Coles Bay. He survived and was eventually saved by merchants from New Amsterdam.

The town was founded by William Gilliland in 1764 who surveyed an area in the southern part of the town and was granted 2,300 acres; he also established the neighboring towns of Elizabethtown and Willsboro. Gilliland originally called his patent "Bessboro" after his wife. The original settlement, which may have supplied wood to Benedict Arnold's troops, was completely destroyed during the revolutionary war in connection with British General John Burgoyne's march from Canada to Saratoga. The first permanent settlement was in 1785.[9]

Incorporation

The Town of Westport was established in 1815 from part of the Town of Elizabethtown. The community of Westport set itself off from the town in 1907 by incorporation. The Village of Westport abandoned this status as an incorporated village as of Dec 31, 1992.

Westport the resort

By the mid-nineteenth century, Westport was a fashionable resort town. Its social scene was regularly reported on in The New York Times and by the Boston press. Like many other East Coast resorts, Its popularity gradually declined, starting in the 1930s, as first automobiles and then airplanes made possible a wider selection of vacation sites. Since the 1950s, however, Westport's lakeshore property has steadily increased in value. Although once most of the "summer people" stayed for weeks, now distinctions are not as clear: there are "year-round summer people" whose livelihood stems from outside Westport, weekenders whose principal residence is fairly close by (for example, Albany, which is two hours distant by car), and commuters to workplaces as distant as Plattsburgh, New York, and Middlebury, Vermont.

Westport is home to Camp Dudley YMCA, the oldest summer camp in continuous operation in the United States, founded in 1885 by Sumner F. Dudley, moved to Westport in 1891. Meadowmount, the summer school for string players founded by Ivan Galamian, is about eight miles from the center of town. Westport is known as the ice fishing capital of Essex County.

Geography

The Victorian Lady bed and breakfast, one of many historic houses in Westport

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 66.9 square miles (173.2 km²), of which, 58.4 square miles (151.3 km²) of it is land and 8.5 square miles (21.9 km²) of it (12.65%) is water.

The east town line is formed by Lake Champlain and the border of Vermont. The town is inside the Adirondack Park.

New York State Route 9N, New York State Route 22, and New York State Route 44 are north-south highways in Westport. NY-9N and NY-22 become conjoined in Westport village. Interstate 87, the Northway, passes across the northwest part of Westport.

Birding

Several sites on the Lake Champlain Birding Trail are located in Westport[10][11]:

and

  • the Westport Boat Launch.

Demographics

The Westport Library, built 1887

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,362 people, 593 households, and 381 families residing in the town. (Note that since the census excludes summer residents, the figures in this section are for year-round residents only.) The population density was 23.3 people per square mile (9.0/km²). There were 887 housing units at an average density of 15.2/sq mi (5.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.65% White, 0.15% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.

There were 593 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,000, and the median income for a family was $49,917. Males had a median income of $31,042 versus $26,550 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,063. About 5.2% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Westport is served by the Westport Central School, a K-12 school that is the only public school in the Westport Central School District. Westport also has a branch of the Cornell University Cooperative Extension and is the location of the Meadowmount School of Music, a well-known summer music program. Additionally, the Depot Theatre runs a summer apprentice program for children ranging from elementary school to high school age.

Public transport

Westport, NY train station, home to the Depot Theatre

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Westport, operating its Adirondack daily in both directions between Montreal and New York City. A bus connection is available from Westport to Lake Placid, New York. The Amtrak station also houses The Depot Theatre.

Because of the closing of the Lake Champlain Bridge in the fall of 2009, as of October 2009 a temporary pedestrian ferry service runs from the Westport Marina across Lake Champlain to Vermont on a limited basis during morning and evening commuting hours. Parking for this ferry service is at the Essex County Fairgrounds. [12]

Notable accidents/incidents

On August 28, 2006, at approximately 6:45 p.m. local time, a Greyhound bus traveling from New York City to Montreal overturned on the Adirondack Northway in Westport, New York, after suffering a blown tire, killing five and injuring 48. [13]

Notable residents

The Westport Inn Annex, 1877, now The Inn on the Library Lawn.
The Floral Hall at the historic Essex County Fairgrounds

Some notable Westport, NY residents, past and present, include:

See also

Communities and locations in Westport

Inhabited locations

  • Wadhams (formerly "Wadhams Mills" and "The Falls") – is a hamlet just north of Westport on NY Rte. 22 at the junction of County Roads 8 and 10. Wadhams has its own free public library, volunteer fire department, and a dam which produces hydro-electricity . All of these can be seen while standing on the bridge next to the Wadhams Free Library. Wadhams is best known locally for its farmers' market and Dogwood Bread Co. (formerly called Merrick's). The farmers' market takes place in front of the bakery. Wadhams is also known for its annual Strawberry Festival.
  • Westport – The hamlet of Westport, was formerly a village between 1907 and 1992. The community is located on the shore of Lake Champlain on NY-9N at the junction of NY-22.

Geographical locations

  • Barber Point – A projection into Lake Champlain south of Bluff Point.
  • Black River – A stream forming part of the west town line.
  • Bluff Point – A projection into Lake Champlain south of Westport village.
  • Cole's Bay – A small bay of Lake Champlain, south of Northwest Bay.
  • Furnace Point – A projection into North West Bay, north of Westport village.
  • Hoisington Brook – A stream entering Lake Champlain at Westport village.
  • Moore Point – A projection into Lake Champlain south of Barber Point.
  • Nichols Pond – A small lake near the west town line.
  • North West Bay – A bay of Lake Champlain by Westport village.
  • Split Rock Mountain – An elevation at the boundary between Westport and the Town of Essex, known for its rattlesnake population.
  • Stacy Brook – A stream entering Lake Champlain at Cole's Bay.

References

  1. ^ a b Town of Westport, Contact page.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Wolfram Alpha
  5. ^ Wolfram Alpha listing for Westport, NY
  6. ^ Adirondacks: The thrones of summer, by Tom Keyser, Albany Times Union, September 1, 2007.
  7. ^ Essex County Fair
  8. ^ Letter notifying the Westport Planning Board, reproduced on the website of the Town of Westport.
  9. ^ A Walking Tour Guide to Westport, New York, on Lake Champlain by Jessica Roemischer, Westport, NY: The Westport Chamber of Commerce and the Westport Historical Society, [1998]. Discussed in the section on section on Historical Background. (Pages not numbered.)
  10. ^ Lake Champlain Birding Trail
  11. ^ High Peaks Audubon Society Trip Reports
  12. ^ Pedestrian ferry to launch Monday from Westport by Alvin Reiner, The Press Republican, October 22, 2009.
  13. ^ Greyhound bus bound for Montreal crashes, Globe & Mail, August 29, 2006.
  14. ^ Storied woodswoman wants to return to her cabin in Adirondacks, The Canadian Press, Dec 30, 2007.
  15. ^ Self-Guided Walking Tour of Seventh Avenue, The Journal of San Diego History, Spring/Summer 1990, Volume 36, Number 2&3: "Miss Lee was close friends with both Mrs. Grover Clevelend and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, and often dined at the White House. President and Mrs. Roosevelt, Mrs. Cleveland, and other distinguished visitors were often guests at Miss Lee's Seventh Avenue home."
  16. ^ Ross Sterling Turner bio on Museum of Fine Arts, Boston store's website.

Further reading

  • A Walking Tour Guide to Westport, New York, on Lake Champlain by Jessica Roemiscer, Westport, NY: The Westport Chamber of Commerce and the Westport Historical Society, 1982, 1989, 1998.
  • A View of Westport, NY on Lake Champlain, 1902—1972 by Raymond C. Clark, Westport, NY 1972.
  • Bessboro: A History of Westport, Essex County, New York by Caroline Halstead Royce, Westport, NY 1904. Available on Google Books.
  • Bessboro Beginnings by Carlin Walker, Westport, NY 1988[1].
  • Personal names: A supplement to the index in Bessboro, a history of Westport, Essex Co., N.Y. by Caroline Halstead Royce
  • Glenn's History of the Adirondack's, a multi-volume series by Morris F. Glenn

External links

Coordinates: 44°11′02″N 73°26′08″W / 44.18389°N 73.43556°W / 44.18389; -73.43556


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