Whisky: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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A glass of whisky
.Whisky or whiskey is a type of alcoholic beverage distilled from fermented grain mash.^ "All bourbons are whiskey, but not all whiskeys are bourbon...Whisky is an alcoholic distillate from a fermented mash of grain produced at less than 190 proof in such a manner that the distillate possesses the taste, aroma, and characteristics generally attributed to whiskey, stored in oak containers (except that corn whisky need not be so stored), and bottled at not less than 80 proof, and also includes mixtures of such distillates for which no specific standards of identity are prescribed.
  • What is the difference between bourbon and whiskey? | Answerbag 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.answerbag.com [Source type: General]

^ The Festival is very pleased to offer a masterclass dedicated to the whiskies of Ireland featuring Cooley Distillers, the only independent Irish whiskey distillery in Ireland.

^ Whiskey (usually spelled whisky in Canada and Scotland) is a spirit produced from fermented grain and aged in wood.
  • How whiskey is made - making, history, used, parts, product, industry, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of whiskey, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.madehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Different grains are used for different varieties, including barley, malted barley, rye, malted rye, wheat, and maize (corn).^ Canadian Whisky is made primarily from corn or wheat, with a supplement of rye, barley, or barley malt.
  • Bourbon and American Whisky Facts, Ratings and Reviews 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

^ By the 13 th century the Irish were producing distillates from grains such as corn and barley and aging them in oak for prolonged periods.

^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most whiskies are aged in wooden casks, made generally of oak, the exception being some corn liquors.^ Maturation: The process of ageing whisky in casks.

^ This can vary with the age of the whisky or the type of cask.

^ Only nine distilleries (six malt and three grain whiskies) made it into The John Walker, some of which hailed from remaining casks from distilleries that have already closed, such as Glen Albyn and Cambus.
  • Scotch Whisky News - A blog devoted to news on the world of Scotch Whisky and Whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.whiskygrotto.com [Source type: General]

.Whisky is a strictly regulated spirit worldwide with many competing denominations of origin and many classes and types.^ They produce just one cask per day of the finest malted barley spirit, which, when matured, is recognised worldwide as one of the finest malt whiskies.

.The unifying characteristics of the different classes and types are the fermentation of grains, and the practice of distilling the spirit down to a maximum of 80% alcohol for corn and 90% alcohol for other grains, prior to adding water, so as to retain some of the flavor of the grain used to make the spirit and prevent it from being classified as grain neutral spirits or vodka.^ Since beer is a malted beverage, some of the grain used to make it has to be malted.

^ Many methods can be employed, right down to the grains and water used.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ They also make a variety of other distilled spirits.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

[1] .Whisky gains as much as 60% of its flavor from the type of cask used in its aging process.^ Maturation: The process of ageing whisky in casks.

^ This can vary with the age of the whisky or the type of cask.

^ Ardmore claims this is the only Highland malt whisky to be 100% peated since its inception in 1898, Ardmore Traditional Cask offers Highland malt flavor with a twist, ...

.November 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Therefore further classification takes place based upon the type of wood used and the amount of charring or toasting done to the wood.^ Ageing: Whisky ages in oak casks; once it is bottled no further ageing takes place.

^ Washback: Term used in Scotland for the vessel where the conversion of the wort into an alcoholic liquid takes place.

^ The charred white oak barrels used only once in the United States are often sold overseas to age foreign whiskeys.
  • How whiskey is made - making, history, used, parts, product, industry, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of whiskey, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.madehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .Bourbon whiskey for example is legally required to be aged in charred new oak barrels, whereas quality Scotch whiskies often used the partially spent barrels from Bourbon production to induce slower maturation.^ The charred white oak barrels used only once in the United States are often sold overseas to age foreign whiskeys.
  • How whiskey is made - making, history, used, parts, product, industry, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of whiskey, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.madehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whiskey is aged in wooden barrels, usually made from charred white oak.
  • How whiskey is made - making, history, used, parts, product, industry, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of whiskey, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.madehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But in Eric’s column in the New York Times I believe he mentioned that the stated age of the single malt - “Balvene 12 years old”, for example - actually defines the youngest of the whiskys which may have been used to make it.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[3]

Contents

Etymology

.Whisky is a shortened form of usquebaugh, which English borrowed from Gaelic (Irish uisce beatha and Scottish uisge beatha).^ Regardless, the Celts did attain the secret eventually and made their water of life that in Gaelic is pronounced "Uisge Beatha".
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In the world of Scottish and Irish whiskies, the term 'single malt' usually means straight or unadulterated whiskey.

^ Both Scottish and Irish malt whiskies are made with 100% barley, just as they always have been.

.This compound descends from Old Irish uisce, "water", and bethad, "of life" and meaning literally "water of life". It meant the same thing as the Latin aqua vītae which had been applied to distilled drinks since early 14th century.^ Purists will no doubt tell you that only thing to mix your whisky with is water - spring water at that, and preferably from the same source as the malt.
  • Whisky | World news | guardian.co.uk 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The word dates back to an 18th century form - "whiskybae" - which, in turn, has its origins in the Scottish Gaelic "uisge beathe", meaning water of life.
  • Whisky | World news | guardian.co.uk 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ I have since purchased the product and take the drink straight with no ice or water.
  • Drinkhacker.com » Review: Wild Turkey American Honey Liqueur 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.drinkhacker.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other early spellings include usquebea (1706) and iskie bae (1583). In the Irish Annals of Clonmacnoise in 1405, the first written record of whiskey appears describing the death of a chieftain at Christmas from "taking a surfeit of aqua vitae". In Scotland, the first evidence of whisky production comes from an entry in the Exchequer Rolls for 1494 where malt is sent "To Friar John Cor, by order of the king, to make aquavitae".[4]

History

.The art of distillation began with the Babylonians in Mesopotamia (in what is now Iraq) from at least the 2nd millennium BC[5], with perfumes and aromatics being distilled long before potable spirits.^ Notwithstanding, distilling doubtless took place at or in close proximity to those sites long before written records were kept and so their ages are probably grossly underestimated.
  • The Whisky Barrel - About Us 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thewhiskybarrel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is possible that the art of distillation was brought from the Mediterranean regions to Ireland by Irish missionaries between the 6th century and 7th century.^ The Festival is very pleased to offer a masterclass dedicated to the whiskies of Ireland featuring Cooley Distillers, the only independent Irish whiskey distillery in Ireland.

^ Over the centuries, the Scots have perfected the art of distilling, using elements so abundantly provided for them by nature - barley and the peaty water of their burns flowing down from the hills and mountains.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Connemara is a wild, mountainous region on the west coast of Ireland, lying between the Atlantic Ocean and Loughs Corrib and Mask.
  • Buy online your favorite Irish Whiskey, today 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.beerliquors.com [Source type: General]

.Distillation was brought from Africa to Europe by the Moors,[6][7] and its use spread through the monasteries,[8] largely for medicinal purposes, such as the treatment of colic, palsy, and smallpox.^ It is said that the art of distilling was discovered somewhere in Asia in approximately 800 B.C. The method by which the processes found its way to the British Isles is uncertain; however we do know that the Moors brought the art of distilling to Europe and that the art was then refined in monasteries throughout central Europe.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Tennessee whiskey uses a Bourbon mashbill, but after the distillation is done and before the whiskey goes into the barrel, it is leached through white sugar maple charcoal.

^ It was believed to preserve health, prolong life, relieve colic, palsy, and smallpox.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.Between 1100 and 1300, distillation spread to Ireland and Scotland,[10] with monastic distilleries existing in Ireland in the 12th century.^ The Festival is very pleased to offer a masterclass dedicated to the whiskies of Ireland featuring Cooley Distillers, the only independent Irish whiskey distillery in Ireland.

^ I can vouch for the adding of a bit of water from an episode of “Modern Marvels” that looked at distilling and the show visited some of the distilleries in Scotland.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ F Feints: The term in Scotland and Ireland for the end part of the distillation run.

.Since Britain had few grapes with which to make wine, barley beer was used instead, resulting in the development of whisky.^ Since beer is a malted beverage, some of the grain used to make it has to be malted.

^ Golden Traders Whisky, wine, beer .
  • Whisky Buyers,Whisky Manufacturers,Whisky Suppliers,Whisky Exporters,Whisky Importers,Whisky Products,Whisky Trade Leads,Strong Alcoholic Beverages like Whisky, Gin, Vodka, Rum etc 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.go4worldbusiness.com [Source type: General]

^ When drinking whisky but there are a few things to keep in mind to make the experience a lot more enjoyable.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[9] .In 1494, as noted above, Scotland’s Exchequer granted the malt to Friar John Cor; this was enough malt to make about 1500 bottles, so the business was apparently thriving by that time.^ The millstone year for whiskey in history would have to be 1494 as a Sir Friar John Cor of Scotland ordered eight bolls of malt.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ All single malts can’t be in the top 5% or be deep and challenging but that doesn’t make then unworthy of drinking at the right time.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The Scottish Exchequer Rolls of this year mention a monk named John Cor who made some "aquavitae".
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.King James IV of Scotland (r.^ Scotland’s King James IV was recorded as purchasing whisky from the local barber upon a visit to Dundee in 1506.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ The next historical trace can be found in the Treasurer´s Accounts of King James IV during his stay in Inverness in September 1506.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1488-1513) reportedly had a great liking for Scotch whisky, and in 1506 the town of Dundee purchased a large amount of Scotch from the Guild of Surgeon Barbers, which held the monopoly on production at the time.^ The production of Scotch whisky takes time, a lot of time.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1505, the Guild of Surgeon Barbers in Edinburgh was granted a monopoly over the manufacture of aqua vitae – a fact that reflects the spirits perceived medicinal properties as well as the medicinal talents of the barbers” 1 .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted in New Products @ 12:02 am by admin10 RSS Feed Comments (0) New Year Savings at the Whisky Barrel - Scotch Whisky News .
  • WhiskyIntelligence.com - whisky industry press releases, newsletters, events, tasting notes, bottlings and comments. 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyintelligence.com [Source type: General]

Between 1536 and 1541, King Henry VIII of England dissolved the monasteries, sending their monks out into the general public. .Whisky production moved out of a monastic setting and into personal homes and farms as newly-independent monks needed to find a way to earn money for themselves.^ Maker’s Mark all the way, though I find myself ordering Jack when I’m out.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ This is sweet, rich, wonderful and moves beautifully when shoogled - just the way I like my whisky and my women!
  • Glengoyne Highland Single Malt Whisky - Our Whisky Range 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.glengoyne.com [Source type: General]

^ If I ever find a corgi needing a forever home I'll bring him to mine.
  • Whiskey the Pemboke Welsh Corgi | Puppies | Daily Puppy 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.The distillation process at the time was still in its infancy; whisky itself was imbibed at a very young age, and as a result tasted very raw and brutal compared to today’s versions.^ The manufacturing process is of course very important in the final taste of whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tastes very young but clean.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

^ The answer to this question is in the aging process , the casks used, the nature of the warehouse, the taste of the air and some other criteria.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Renaissance-era whisky was also very potent and not diluted, and could even be dangerous at times.^ I could taste many of the barrels at the same time in this whisky, but not in endless waves of flavors that come one after another.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

^ This tact applies even to very strong cask-strength whiskies."

^ As delicious as it is, I’ve had better in my time, but Glenlivet was the first delightful and affordable scotch that I could call my very own.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

.Over time, and with the happy accident of someone daring to drink from a cask which had been forgotten for several years, whisky evolved into a much smoother drink.^ Trey Popp steps back into another time at Village Whiskey where he finds the burger is king and the drink mark-ups most unkind.
  • Foobooz » Village Whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC foobooz.com [Source type: General]

^ But the drink could not be called whiskey until it had been in the cask for three years, so the production so far has been called single-malt spirits.
  • Whisky Latin America 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC whiskyla.com [Source type: General]

^ It has been over 3 years since this blog began and the frontier of the whisky web has changed greatly in that relatively short period of time.

[11]
.In 1707, the Acts of Union merged England and Scotland, and thereafter taxes on it rose dramatically.^ These troubles started in 1707 with the Union Act between England and Scotland.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.After the English Malt Tax of 1725, most of Scotland’s distillation was either shut down or forced underground.^ You will either need to keep the first and last bits of the distillation (where most of the methanol and fusel oils are) if you want "poison," which is what your not-for-human-consumption rubbing alcohol would have to be to avoid liquor taxes.
  • Build a Whisky Still 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.instructables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As someone who lives and travels across Scotland I can say I have tasted most of the single malts.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ At this time every second bottle of malt distilled in Scotland was of the illegal kind due to roving excise men, illicit distilleries, and the fashion of smuggling.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Scotch whisky was hidden under altars, in coffins, and in any available space to avoid the governmental Excisemen.^ Cnoc Single Malt Scotch Whisky has announced the launch of its 16 Year Old, which will be available in its key international markets from later this month.

^ Shackelton and his crew left two cases of Scotch whisky stashed under the floorboard of a small wooden shack at Cape Royds.
  • Whisky — Luxist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.luxist.com [Source type: News]

^ Glengoyne highland single malt scotch whisky is available in a number of different expressions to cater for different tastes.
  • Glengoyne Highland Single Malt Whisky - Our Whisky Range 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.glengoyne.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Scottish distillers, operating out of homemade stills, took to distilling their whisky at night, where the darkness would hide the smoke rising from the stills.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Back to top The Scottish Whisky Distilleries: There are so many whisky distilleries in Scotland that this page would load too long.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the purpose of this MaltMenu we felt that we should focus on the whiskies we could recommend during a night out with some friends in a whisky bar.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

For this reason, the drink was known as moonshine.[10] .At one point, it was estimated that over half of Scotland’s whisky output was illegal.^ Verdict: 73 points - It's a good, simple whisky, but focuses too much on one flavor note in the smokiness and lacks complexity.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Parkers Whisky is one of Scotland's Premier Whisky shops located in Banff on the east edge of the Speyside region.

^ Verdict: 69 points - We really are in blend territory here, but some blended whiskies are better than this one...
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

[11]
In America, whisky was used as currency during the American Revolution. It also was a highly coveted sundry and when an additional excise tax was levied against it, the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion took place.[10]
.In 1823, the UK passed the Excise Act, legalizing the distillation (for a fee), and this put a practical end to the large-scale production of Scottish moonshine.^ It was in 1823 when the Excise Act was passed.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The amount of time, money, and effort put into (quality) distillation would be a terrible waste, if all you got was a couple of gallons of moonshine and a jail sentence!
  • Build a Whisky Still 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.instructables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To solve the problem, the government ordered the Excise Act which allowed the government to track which distilleries were legal and those which were not by using labels.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[9]
.In 1831, Aeneas Coffey invented the Coffey still, allowing for cheaper and more efficient distillation of whisky.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ The still allows continuous distillation, which makes production cheaper and gives larger amounts of spirit.

^ The Distillery Profiles on Malt Madness provide much more background information on the various distilleries where these whiskies were distilled.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1850, Andrew Usher mixed traditional whisky with that from the new Coffey still, and in doing so created the first Scottish blended whisky.^ As a FEMALE that drinks ONLY whiskey/whisky, I had my first taste of my new favorite in Japan.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Truly individual, never jeopardizing the values of traditional whisky making but successfully displaying innovation and a realised vision of a new frontier for single malt whiskies.

.This new grain whisky was scoffed at by Irish distillers, who clung to their malt whisky.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Truly individual, never jeopardizing the values of traditional whisky making but successfully displaying innovation and a realised vision of a new frontier for single malt whiskies.

^ Topics 9051 Posts Last post by Malt-Teaser on 11 Jan 2010, 16:07 Whisky News Anything and everything from the world of whisky / whiskey.

.Many Irish contended that the new mixture was, in fact, not whisky at all.^ Over this time some have noted in comments, emails, and in statements on other sites that, for example, Dr. Whisky's week of 'new whiskies' aren't all new.

^ All whisky at this point was made from germinated barley, which was dried over a peat fire making the mixture of barley and water "malted" .
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Add to that increasingly in-depth coverage of new Scottish distilleries and single malt distilleries from all corners of this whisky-soaked earth.

[6]
.By the 1880s, the French brandy industry was devastated by the phylloxera pest that ruined much of the grape crop; as a result, whisky became the primary liquor in many markets.^ Much of this incredible development is the result of the introduction of blended whisky.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[9]

Types

.Whisky or whisky-like products are produced in most grain-growing areas.^ The proportion of grain whisky is important to determine the quality of the final product.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if some producers would like to go back to the tradition, most of the distilleries are not concerned by the origin of their barley.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The REAL issue however, is of course what it tastes like, how the different whiskies might require slightly different measures, and most important, which you prefer.
  • Whiskey Sour -- The Cocktail Spirit with Robert Hess -- Small Screen Network™ 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.smallscreennetwork.com [Source type: General]

.They differ in base product, alcoholic content, and quality.^ Whilst farmers were likely concerned about how well their products met quality requirements as they were about making sure that they watched their weight.

^ We'll look at how they are different from other single malts and blends, the distillation process for each product, and the difference of a non chill-filtered product and filtered product.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

^ Climate variations, raw materials, and production methods all play a role in the differing qualities and attributes of these malts.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.
Malted barley is an ingredient of some whiskies.
  • Malt is whisky made entirely from malted barley and distilled in an onion-shaped pot still.
  • Grain is made from malted and unmalted barley along with other grains, usually in a continuous "patent" or "Coffey" still.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
    • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Wash still: In pot still distillation, the first still.

    ^ Single Malt Whisky is the direct result of distillation of malted barley.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Until recently it was only used in blends, but there are now some single grain scotches being marketed.
Malts and grains are combined in various ways
.
  • Vatted malt is blended from malt whiskies from different distilleries.^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you are a whisky collector then we can certainly deliver rare whiskies and if you are looking to buy scotch whisky for yourself or a friend then we are more than happy to make suggestions from the wide array of single malts, blended whiskies and vatted whiskies which we stock.
    • BUY WHISKY UK | SCOTCH WHISKY ONLINE | RARE WHISKEYS 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC globalwhiskyshop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The makers of Glengoyne single malt whisky pride themselves on practicing the traditional methods and craftsmanship that date back to the official distillery opening in 1833.
    • Glengoyne Highland Single Malt Whisky - Our Whisky Range 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.glengoyne.com [Source type: General]

    .If a whisky is labelled "pure malt" or just "malt" it is almost certain to be a vatted whisky.^ Malt whisky: Whisky made purely from malted barley.

    ^ Blended (Vatted) Malt Scotch whisky .

    ^ PERSONALISED GLENGOYNE HIGHLAND SINGLE MALT SCOTCH WHISKY Create your own personalised label for Glengoyne 10, 17, 21 and 29 Years Old.
    • Glengoyne Highland Single Malt Whisky - Our Whisky Range 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.glengoyne.com [Source type: General]

    .This is also sometimes labelled as "blended malt" whisky.
  • Single malt whisky is malt whisky from a single distillery.^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Single malt: Malt whisky, which comes from a single specific whisky.

    ^ Danish single malt whisky club .
    • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

    .However, unless the whisky is described as "single-cask" it will contain whisky from many casks, and different years, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery.^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
    • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Glenlivit 25 year single cask .
    • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In comparison to malts from the lowlands, many of the different distilleries produce a different taste to their malts.
    • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    .In most cases, the name of a single malt will be that of the distillery (The Glenlivet, Bushmills, Yoichi), with an age statement and perhaps some indication of some special treatments such as maturation in a port wine cask.
  • Pure pot still whiskey refers to a whiskey distilled in a pot-still (like single malt) from a mash of mixed malted and unmalted barley.^ Maturation: The process of ageing whisky in casks.

    ^ Malt whisky: Whisky made purely from malted barley.

    ^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
    • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

    .It is exclusive to Ireland.
  • Blended whiskies are made from a mixture of malt and grain whiskies.^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Malt whisky: Whisky made purely from malted barley.

    ^ Scottish shop, exclusively with malt whisky .
    • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

    .A whisky simply described as Scotch Whisky or Irish Whiskey is most likely to be a blend in this sense.^ A classic Lowlander, Auchentoshan, like most Irish whiskies, is triple...
    • Whisky > Drink Finder � Online Drink Store for Whisky, Champagne, Rum and Wine 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.drinkfinder.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Our selection of hard to find Rare Single Malts and affordable everyday Blended Scotch's offers a special something for every Scotch whisky lover.
    • Online Liquor Store - Best Quality Liquor Scotch Whisky Bourbon Rum Vodka at Low Prices 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC shopwhisky.lovescotch.com [Source type: General]
    • Pure Malt Malts Scotch Whisky - Glenalmond Vintage Malt Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC shopwhisky.lovescotch.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ice – Many like to add ice, but it is generally considered poor form, simply because it lowers the temperature of the whisky, which in turn can hide or dull the flavors and aroma.
    • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

    .A blend is usually from many distilleries so that the blender can produce a flavour consistent with the brand, and the brand name (e.g., Chivas Regal, Canadian Club) will usually not therefore contain the name of a distillery.^ Had this approach been applied to a more complicated malt it might well have resulted in a clash, here it blends the respective flavours to produce something that exceeds both.
    • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Many whiskey brands such as Jameson, Bushmills and Tyrconnell (Midleton, Bushmills and Cooley distilleries, respectively) are owned and marketed by the distillery at which they are produced.
    • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A single malt is produced by one distillery, athough it is possible the bottle contains whisky from different barrels, even from different distillation years.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Jameson Irish Whiskey is an exception and comes from only one distillery.^ Jameson 12yr Irish Whiskey .

    ^ Jameson 18yr Irish Whiskey .

    ^ From Whence They Come Irish whiskeys come from one of three distilleries in Ireland.
    • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

    However, "blend" can (less frequently) have other meanings. .A mixture of malts (with no grain) from different distilleries (more usually called a vatted malt) may sometimes be referred to as a "blended malt", and a mixture of grain whiskies with no malts will sometimes carry the designation "blended grain".
  • Cask strength whiskies are rare and usually only the very best whiskies are bottled in this way.^ And the blends may include whiskeys from different distilleries.
    • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Blending: The mixing together of malt and grain whisky.

    .They are usually bottled from the cask undiluted.^ The Society has a tradition of not referring to their bottlings by name, but only by cask number, but they do give hints that enable you to identify them with a little research.
    • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s also true that they probably used ex-Cadenhead rum casks, and that Cadenhead’s rums are usually excellent.
    • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

    .Rather than diluting, the distiller is inviting the drinker to dilute to the level of potency most palatable (often no dilution is necessary, such is the quality of single cask whiskies).^ Often whisky is not diluted when bottled.
    • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The fact that there has been no additional finishing with wine or sherry casks, and plain white bourbon casks have been used throughout, means that the quality of the spirit has been allowed to predominate.
    • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
    • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    Single cask whiskies are usually bottled by specialist independent bottlers, such as Duncan Taylor, Master of Malt, Gordon & MacPhail and Cadenhead amongst others.
.Whiskies do not mature in the bottle, only in the cask, so the "age" of a whisky is the time between distillation and bottling.^ Maturation: The process of ageing whisky in casks.

^ This can vary with the age of the whisky or the type of cask.

^ For single malt, the age refers to the years the whisky has been maturing in the cask.

.This reflects how much the cask has interacted with the whisky, changing its chemical makeup and taste.^ How much for Historical Whisky?

^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ If the surrounding air has an influence on the taste of whisky, one must realize that many distilleries bring their casks to a central place near Edinburgh for their aging.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whiskies which have been in bottle for many years may have a rarity value, but are not "older" and will not necessarily be "better" than a more recently made whisky matured in wood for a similar time.^ More than 1.000 whiskies!
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ But in Eric’s column in the New York Times I believe he mentioned that the stated age of the single malt - “Balvene 12 years old”, for example - actually defines the youngest of the whiskys which may have been used to make it.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm not spending more than about £20 a bottle.
  • Whisky Gold 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.webchats.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Most whiskies are sold at or near an alcoholic strength of 40% abv.^ The minimum percentage of alcohol for whisky is 40% .
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abv is the alcohol strength of the whisky measured as a percentage in relation to the liquid as a whole.

^ Beading: A rough method used to tell the alcoholic strength of a whisky.

American whiskeys

.American whiskey is distilled from a fermented mash of cereal grain.^ The general term covers bourbon, rye, Scotch and other liquors distilled from a mash of grain.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ It involves malting, mashing, fermentation, distillation and maturation.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

It must have the taste, aroma, and other characteristics commonly attributed to whiskey.
The most common types listed in the federal regulations[12] are:
  • Bourbon whiskey, which is made from mash that consists of at least 51% corn (maize).
  • Rye whiskey, which is made from mash that consists of at least 51% rye.
  • Corn whiskey, which is made from mash that consists of at least 80% corn (maize).
  • Straight whiskey, (without naming a grain) is a whiskey which has been aged in charred new oak containers for 2 years or more and distilled at not more than 80 percent alcohol by volume but is derived from less than 51% of any one grain.
.The "named types" of American whiskey must be distilled to not more than 80 percent alcohol by volume.^ Overall, this book is a very pretty, quick reference guide to whiskey brands more than it is an in-depth guide to whiskey generally.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

^ I’m more into bourbon than scotch, but as far as straight whiskey goes, I love Pendleton.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Delete Click here to delete more than one name The following people have Whisky on their friends lists: Peta Personal Space .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/U180644 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Academic]

"Named types" must then be aged in charred new oak containers, excepting corn whiskey. .Corn whiskey does not have to be aged but, if it is aged, it must be in new un-charred oak barrels or used barrels.^ The last couple years are spent aging in used wine barrels, which smoothes out the “burn” aspects, and I’m sure adds dozens of new flavors.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Charring: As part of the cask making process the insides of the new American barrels are exposed to flames.

^ The “Whiskey Sour” doesn’t typically use bitters, the Pisco Sour, which is a somewhat similar drink, does use a dash or two of bitters to the foam which forms on top.
  • Whiskey Sour -- The Cocktail Spirit with Robert Hess -- Small Screen Network™ 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.smallscreennetwork.com [Source type: General]

The aging for corn whiskey usually is brief, e.g., six months.
.If the aging for a "named type" reaches 2 years or beyond, the whiskey is then additionally designated "straight" e.g., "straight rye whiskey". "Straight whiskey" (without naming a grain) is a whiskey which has been aged in charred new oak containers for 2 years or more and distilled at not more than 80 percent alcohol by volume but is derived from less than 51% of any one grain.^ I was speaking about straight rye or at least 80% rye whiskey.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ It contains an alcohol percent of five to 8 percent.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I'd have to give that Group some energy and leadership if we want it to be more than one hand clapping, or one lip drinking depending on how you look at it.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

.American blended whiskeys combine straight whiskey with un-aged whiskey, grain neutral spirits, flavorings and colorings.^ Straight whisky: An American term for whiskies, which are not blended.

^ It's a young blend with a heavy caramel coloring, a whiskey/spirity nose, an oaky taste with a prolonged spicy finish.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ That includes some single malt, grain and blended whiskeys.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

.Important in the marketplace is Tennessee whiskey, of which Jack Daniel's is the leading example.^ Jack Daniels / 4Roses bourbons are the only bottles I have seen here, I’ll check if the word whiskey is written on them ?

^ Last but not least I am not saying rye whiskey or even Jack Daniels is a exact comparison to Scotch in general.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.During distillation, it is identical to bourbon whiskey in almost every important respect including the sour mash process, which is generally unique to North America, but Tennessee whiskey is charcoal filtered prior to barrel aging.^ Where America as specific requirements to call bourbon-bourbon or even sour mash.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s almost universally the case that the word is spelled ‘whisky’ in Scotland and Canada, and ‘whiskey’ elsewhere, and that, as you have seen, people really do care about this as an important distinction.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ While Canadian whiskey has almost always used rye in their mash/mix, as of the last 30 years the majority of whiskeys distilled in North America uses a mash due to the new ongoing distillation process.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.The most recognizable differences are that Tennessee whiskey is filtered through sugar maple charcoal, giving it a unique flavor and aroma.^ Tennessee whisky: Bourbon that has been filtered through a minimum of 10 feet of sugar-maple charcoal.

^ The new spirit is filtered through charcoal before going into the barrel.

^ Glenmorangie Orangie” David Blackmore takes you through a sensory evaluation and training on the different aspects of each Wood finish: Original (Base) and then all the wood finishes (Lasanta, Quinta Ruban, Nectar D’or, Astar), highlighting how each barrel extracts unique flavor, aroma, and color to illuminate the Original.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

.The other major difference is the reuse of barrels which is not allowed in bourbon whiskey production.^ This is not to say that one is better than the other, or that it is incorrect to use a generic “whiskey” when referring to any old tipple, but clearly one has different expectations from a bottle of whiskey than one would have from a bottle of whisky.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ So Booker’s Bourbon is different, it’s got more natural barrel flavor in it.” It goes straight from the barrel into the bottle.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ We'll look at how they are different from other single malts and blends, the distillation process for each product, and the difference of a non chill-filtered product and filtered product.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

.Though not defined by regulations, the Government of the United States of America officially recognized Tennessee whiskey as a separate style in 1941.^ The stuff we’re talking about is whiskey, which is how we spell it in the United States.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ United States of America for Obama.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Clinton takes a shot . . . of whiskey « - Blogs from CNN.com 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Whiskey: Ireland United States of America .
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Canadian whiskies

Various Canadian whiskies
Canadian whiskies are usually lighter and smoother than other whisky styles. .Another common characteristic of many Canadian whiskies is their use of rye that has been malted, which provides a fuller flavour and smoothness.^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Canadian pub (Toronto) with more than 450 single malts, many cask strength.
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ To be experienced in the fine subtleties of these malts and blended scotch whiskys is to many a dream.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.By Canadian law,[13] Canadian whiskies must be produced in Canada, be distilled from a fermented mash of cereal grain, "be aged in small wood for not less than 3 years", and "possess the aroma, taste and character generally attributed to Canadian whisky". The terms "Canadian Whisky", "Canadian Rye Whisky" and "Rye Whisky" are legally indistinguishable in Canada and do not denote any particular proportion of rye or other grain used in production.^ Aged in wood for medicinal use.
  • The Ultimative Whisky Index. A Whisky Lexicon / Whisky leksikon / Whisky Encyclopedia / Whiskey dictionary / Whisky-miscellany whiskey and bourbon brands presented by Alternative Whisky Academy 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.awa.dk [Source type: General]

^ This is important because some products achieve greater balance, character, and complexity than others.

^ The other is when commercialism rears it’s ugly head and mass produces this mix off-site using chemicals, preservatives, and stableizers, resulting in a ugly mess.
  • Whiskey Sour -- The Cocktail Spirit with Robert Hess -- Small Screen Network™ 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.smallscreennetwork.com [Source type: General]

Finnish whiskies

.In the last few years Finnish whisky culture has developed strongly and it is still in progress of evolving.^ The price has gone up over the last few years, but the whisky is still worth it, so enjoy now and again.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ However the interest of single malt whisky has increased in recent years and this development is likely to continue.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

Finnish whisky culture now lives a very strong growth through the rising standard of living and general culinary trend. The sales figures and the quantity of devotees of whisky have risen very powerfully. .Currently, there are two working distilleries in Finland and a third one is under construction.^ Twenty-one distilleries were active in 1886 however only three are currently in business.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The word is times…… why is there 2 ways (or maybe more mays) to say it like In these harsh times and also one times two is three in mathematical terms .

^ The current number of running distilleries is at eight although at one time there was said to be twenty-three, with the newest edition opened in 2005.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

Whisky retail sales in Finland are controlled solely by the state alcohol monopoly Alko and advertisement of strong alcoholic beverages is banned. .However, the monopoly status of Alko and the advertising prohibition do not stop people from taking interest in whiskies, even though they can make it more difficult.^ Dealing in all aspects of whisky advertising, bar statues, whisky, jugs, whisky water pitcher and much more .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ When drinking whisky but there are a few things to keep in mind to make the experience a lot more enjoyable.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ They stopped making it just recently, and I can’t figure out why.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

[14]

German whiskies

.German whisky is made from grains traditionally associated with the production of whisky.^ O Organic whisky: Made from grain grown without chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.

.The distillation of German-made whisky is a relatively recent phenomenon having only started in the last 30 years.^ Bottom line is, only Obama is not tainted by the crooked Lobby groups that have run this country for the last twenty years of Bush / Clinton.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Clinton takes a shot . . . of whiskey « - Blogs from CNN.com 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ After it is distilled in a continual still, it is then filled to casks made of oak for maturing for a much regulated minimum of no less than two years.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ However the interest of single malt whisky has increased in recent years and this development is likely to continue.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.The styles produced resemble those made in Ireland, Scotland and the United States: single malts, blends, and bourbon styles.^ Single Malt vs. Blended .
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Blends I'll happily drink when I visit friends who do not have single malts available.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It just rolls itself around your tongue, exuding those heavenly flavors of Highland’s single malt perfection.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

.There is no standard spelling of German whiskies with distilleries using both "whisky" and "whiskey" and one even using "whessky", a play on the word whisky and Hessen, the state in which it is produced.^ The fact that there has been no additional finishing with wine or sherry casks, and plain white bourbon casks have been used throughout, means that the quality of the spirit has been allowed to predominate.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ However there was no sense of the sudden release of aromatics that I’m familiar with from the western distilleries.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Whisky Portal , and Scotch Whisky.net are true classics in www terms and are both still of use and incredibly up to date.

.There are currently ten distilleries in Germany producing whisky.^ And appropriate premiere for the distillery as this release is the oldest edition made wholly of spirit produc ed by the current owners.

^ The current number of running distilleries is at eight although at one time there was said to be twenty-three, with the newest edition opened in 2005.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[15]

Indian whiskies

Indian whisky is an alcoholic beverage that is labelled as "whisky" in India. .Much Indian whisky is distilled from fermented molasses, and as such would be considered a sort of rum outside of the Indian subcontinent.^ The Distillery Profiles on Malt Madness provide much more background information on the various distilleries where these whiskies were distilled.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Found a receipe for rum I would like to try but it calls for black strap molasses which is sold at fuel and feed stores.
  • Make: Online : HOW TO make Moonshine Whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC blog.makezine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .90% of the "whisky" consumed in India is molasses based, although India has begun to distill whisky from malt and other grains.^ One of the consequences is that we tend to score a typical malt whisky higher than a typical blend or grain whisky - although there ARE exceptions to this rule.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Blending: The mixing together of malt and grain whisky.

[17]
Kasauli Distillery is set in the Himalaya mountains and opened in the late 1820s. .The main whisky brand is a single malt named "Solan No.^ German collector of single malt whisky .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Japanese single malt whisky blog .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Single malt: Malt whisky, which comes from a single specific whisky.

1". This was named after the town nearby called Solan. .It was the best selling Indian whisky till recently, but has declined since the early 1980s because of the stiff competition from the larger distilleries.^ I’ve since tried a Grants Blended Scotch Whisky and I recently opened a bottle of Glenfiddich 12-yo which was a gift from a friend.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ "What whisky has proved to be the best investment over recent years and would Charles suggest you invest in whisky?"
  • Whisky Gold 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.webchats.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Other whiskies this distillery produces are Diplomat Deluxe, Colonel's Special, Black Knight and Summer Hall.^ The living yeast feeds on the sugars, producing alcohol and small quantities of other compounds known as congeners, which contribute to the flavour of the whisky,” 4 .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

[18]

Irish whiskeys

Various Irish whiskeys
.Most Irish whiskeys are distilled three times,[19] although there are exceptions.^ Trey Popp steps back into another time at Village Whiskey where he finds the burger is king and the drink mark-ups most unkind.
  • Foobooz » Village Whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC foobooz.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the consequences is that we tend to score a typical malt whisky higher than a typical blend or grain whisky - although there ARE exceptions to this rule.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The word is times…… why is there 2 ways (or maybe more mays) to say it like In these harsh times and also one times two is three in mathematical terms .

.Though traditionally distilled using the pot still method, in modern times a column still is used to produce the grain whiskey used in blends.^ Doubler: The pot still used for second distillation, where batch distillation is used.

^ Wash still: In pot still distillation, the first still.

^ The "new" Midleton distillery makes Jameson (a mixture of pot still and grain-distilled spirit of malted barley, green barley, and other grains), along with RedBreast (100% pot still, but not 100% malted barley), Paddy (blended), Tullamore Dew (blended), and of course Midleton Rare (available since 1984).

.By law, Irish whiskey must be produced in Ireland and aged in wooden casks for a period of no less than three years, although in practice it is usually three or four times that period.^ Redbreast 12 Year Irish whiskey.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ By law in Scotland, Ireland, Canada and Japan whisky must be mature in a cask for three years.

^ Although such practices seem to be criticised today by malt enthusiasts who spend time in online fora and commenting on What Does John Know?, Connemara proudly blends old and young whiskies and place no age statement on this bottling.

[20] .Unpeated malt is almost always used, the main exception being Connemara Peated Malt whiskey.^ We tasted the 40% abv version of the peated Connemara back at Malt Mission #102 (feels like forever ago).

^ Connemara Cask Strength (40%, OB, Peated single malt, Ireland - as experienced by Johannes, Holland) Nose: Solid peat.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

.There are several types of whiskey common to Ireland: single malt, single grain, blended whiskey and uniquely to Ireland, pure pot still whiskey.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Single Malt vs. Blended .
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The "new" Midleton distillery makes Jameson (a mixture of pot still and grain-distilled spirit of malted barley, green barley, and other grains), along with RedBreast (100% pot still, but not 100% malted barley), Paddy (blended), Tullamore Dew (blended), and of course Midleton Rare (available since 1984).

.The designation "pure pot still" as used in Ireland generally refers to whiskey made of 100% barley, mixed malted and unmalted, and distilled in a pot still made of copper.^ Still, stills: A distilling vessel made out of copper in which the alcohol is created.

^ Doubler: The pot still used for second distillation, where batch distillation is used.

^ Used for producing pure malt and the bigger the still the lighter the whisky will be.

.The "green" unmalted barley gives the traditional pure pot still whiskey a spicy, uniquely Irish quality.^ I must give a big thanks to David Havelin and his excellent, well-informed and informative Irish Whiskey Notes website for calling this out.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Connemara Irish Whiskey Green Spot Irish Whiskey pure pot still Irish whiskey Paddy Red Breast Jameson Rarest Vintage Reserve Powers irish whiskey notes Paddy Irish Whiskey Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog .
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ The "regular" Powers is a pot still standard and the whiskey equivalent of a comfortable old friend to me and others, though it can be challenging to some.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

.Like single malt, pure pot still is sold as such or blended with grain whiskey.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Single Malt vs. Blended .
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The "new" Midleton distillery makes Jameson (a mixture of pot still and grain-distilled spirit of malted barley, green barley, and other grains), along with RedBreast (100% pot still, but not 100% malted barley), Paddy (blended), Tullamore Dew (blended), and of course Midleton Rare (available since 1984).

.Usually no real distinction is made between whether a blended whiskey was made from single malt or pure pot still.^ Single Malt vs. Blended .
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I would have to say I really love a nice Oban Single Malt with 2 small cubes on a Friday evening after work.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

Japanese whiskies

.The model for Japanese whiskies is the single malt Scotch, although there are also examples of Japanese blended whiskies.^ Single Malt Scotch Whisky Meetups around the world .

^ Single Malt vs. Blended .
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Single malt: Malt whisky, which comes from a single specific whisky.

.The base is a mash of malted barley, dried in kilns fired with a little peat (although considerably less than is the case in Scotland), and distilled using the pot still method.^ Doubler: The pot still used for second distillation, where batch distillation is used.

^ Green malt: The term used for barley that has started to germinate and has not yet been dried in the kiln.

^ Wash still: In pot still distillation, the first still.

.For some time exports of Japanese whisky suffered from the belief in the West that whisky made in the Scotch style, but not produced in Scotland, was inferior, and until fairly recently, the market for Japanese whiskies was almost entirely domestic.^ People find that Japanese whisky is actually ideally suited to food where other whiskies are perhaps a little more intended to be drunk alone and is made in a variety of styles, and production methods vary widely (unlike, say, in Scotland, which is very similar from distillery to distillery).
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I’ve since tried a Grants Blended Scotch Whisky and I recently opened a bottle of Glenfiddich 12-yo which was a gift from a friend.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Their whisky is matured in climates similar to that which American Bourbon is matured, so it is quite an interesting comparison between Scotch and Bourbon, with the Japanese Whisky being produced with Scotch style methods and matured in a climate similar to which American Bourbons are matured in.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.In recent years, Japanese whiskies have won prestigious international awards and now enjoys a deserved reputation for a quality product.^ I have to say that as a 10 year old Speysider, I don't think this has any parallels and would destroy its category at international spirits awards events (if the judges can fight the urge to continually define Speysiders as sweet, light, and floral whiskies).

^ J Japanese whisky is now well and truly on the radar having won 'Best Single Malt' and 'Best Blended Whisky' at this years World Whisky Awards and has finally scotched all criticism by being voted the best in the world, ahead of its Highland rivals.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Though each whisky reaches its maturation at different ages, most are now aged anywhere from 8-20 years.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

[21][22]

Scotch whiskies

Various Scotch whiskies
.Scotch whiskies are generally distilled twice, though some are distilled a third time.^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Continuing the tasting notes we come to the third (not counting the bonus one) of the Scotch Malt Whisky Society’s offerings.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Everyone has their own opinions on how to drink scotch, but the following are some general guidelines on the proper way to enjoy this storied spirit.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

[23] .International laws require anything bearing the label "Scotch" to be distilled in Scotland and matured for a minimum of three years and one day in oak casks, among other, more specific criteria.^ Matured in bourbon oak casks, Glenmorangie is a light, sweet scotch.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ By law in Scotland, Ireland, Canada and Japan whisky must be mature in a cask for three years.

^ Springbank 16 yo 1991/2007 'Rum Wood' (54.2%, OB, 6000 bottles) This one was matured for 8 years in bourbon, then 8 years in rum.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

[24] .If Scotch whisky is from more than one cask, and if it includes an age statement on the bottle, it must reflect the age of the youngest whisky in the blend.^ Maturation: The process of ageing whisky in casks.

^ If the whisky is from more than one cask, then if it includes an age statement on the bottle, it must reflect the age of the youngest whisky in the blend.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This can vary with the age of the whisky or the type of cask.

.Many cask-strength single malts omit the age as they use younger elements in minute amounts for flavouring and mellowing.^ It’s a single malt scotch aged in sherry casks.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ They age the Scotch in bourbon casks, then mellow it in ruby port casks.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Specialists in single malt and cask strength whiskies.
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

.The basic types of Scotch are malt and grain, which are combined to create blends.^ Blending: The mixing together of malt and grain whisky.

^ V Vatted malt: Type of Scotch whisky that contains malt whiskies from at least two, usually several, distilleries.

^ Others Undisclosed/Vatted malts Grain - Blend - Japan - Irish World .
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

.Many, though not all, Scotch whiskies use peat smoke to treat their malt, giving Scotch its distinctive smoky flavour.^ A complete guide to scotch malt whisky.
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ A hearty whisky using Islay whiskies to give a smoky peaty flavour...
  • Whisky > Drink Finder � Online Drink Store for Whisky, Champagne, Rum and Wine 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.drinkfinder.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Article by Chuck Cowdery giving a brief overview explaining how whisky is made and how it gets all the flavors .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

.While the market is dominated by blends, the most highly prized of Scotch whiskies are the single malts.^ Oban 14 year old single malt scotch whisky .
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ McClelland’s Single Malt Scotch Whisky for me please .
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Single malt: Malt whisky, which comes from a single specific whisky.

.Scotch whiskies are divided into five main regions: Highland, Lowland, Islay, Speyside and Campbeltown.^ Highland - the largest geographic region for scotch includes well-known distilleries such as: Dalmore , Glenmorangie , Oban , Talisker and Dalwhinnie.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Even Scotch novices will taste it’s distinct flavor, which is quite unlike the more common Speyside or Highland brands.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Lowland - the whisky of this region is generally considered to be more mild, mellow and delicate.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

Welsh whiskies

.In 2000, Penderyn Distillery started production of the Penderyn single malt Welsh whisky in Wales, the first Welsh whisky since all production ended in 1894. The first bottles went on sale on 1 March 2004, Saint David's Day, and the whisky is now sold throughout the world.^ Danish single malt whisky club .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ The first generally available bottling of Kilkerran Single Malt from M...
  • Whisky > Campbeltown Malts Drink Finder � Online Drink Store for Whisky, Champagne, Rum and Wine 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.drinkfinder.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Japanese single malt whisky blog .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

Penderyn Distillery is situated in the Brecon Beacons National Park and is considered the smallest distillery in the world.[25]

Other whiskies

.In Brittany, France, five distilleries (Distillerie des Menhirs[26], Guillon[27], Glann ar Mor[28], Kaerilis[29] and Warenghem[30]) produce whisky using techniques similar to those in Scotland.^ Whisky Rating attempts to provide a similar service with more spelling mistakes and fewer participants, as does WhiskyConnosr (among other useful whiskygeek things).

^ Benromach 10yo Speyside Single Malt Whisky 43% abv £29 $50 When I was in Scotland in July I was in touch with Ian Chapman at Benromach and after a short volley of emails he very kindly invited me to see their distillery.

^ Used for producing pure malt and the bigger the still the lighter the whisky will be.

.One whisky is produced on the French island of Corsica: Pietra & Mavella (P&M) is a coproduction of the brewery Pietra and the distillery Mavella.^ Whisky Distilleries forum great forum in French Whisky clubs Regensburger Whisky Club Peter and the crazy Bavarians The Whisky Club of Austria Friendly hardcore whisky fans from Vienna .
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

^ Whisky Distilleries friend Jean-Marie's great website, in French and English Whiskycircus A website in French.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

^ Thankfully, the good people of Laphroaig single-malt scotch whisky bequeathed to me one square foot of Islay, near the distillery.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

The mash is enriched with chestnut flour. P&M is matured in muscat casks (Domaine Gentile).[31]
Manx Spirit from the Isle of Man is, like some Virginia whiskeys in the USA, actually distilled elsewhere and re-distilled in the country of its nominal "origin".
.In Spain there is a distillery named DYC, started at 1948. It makes 3 type of whiskys, 2 blended, and one pure malt.^ Malt whisky: Whisky made purely from malted barley.

^ So these whisky rocks… they are a solution for the ‘chilled neat’ single malt drinker I guess… but will they make it from Vermont to Melbourne (Australia)?
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Bowmore is an Islay whisky and one of only five remaining in Scotland where they malt their own barley.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

A limited edition is also, called 50 aniversary, it's a pure malt.
In Sweden a new distillery (Mackmyra[32]), started selling its products in 2006.
.Recently at least two distilleries in the traditionally brandy-producing Caucasus region announced their plans to enter the Russian domestic market with whiskies.^ Many whiskey brands such as Jameson, Bushmills and Tyrconnell (Midleton, Bushmills and Cooley distilleries, respectively) are owned and marketed by the distillery at which they are produced.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Because distilleries like Glenrothes and Knockando only release 'vintages' (at least until recently), bottlings that were released this year can be notably different from those that were released last year.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ V Vatted malt: Type of Scotch whisky that contains malt whiskies from at least two, usually several, distilleries.

.The Stavropol-based Praskoveysky distillery bases its product on Irish technology, while in Kizlyar, Dagestan's "Russian Whisky" announced a Scotch-inspired drink in single malt, blended and wheat varieties.^ Oban 14 year old single malt scotch whisky .
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Danish single malt whisky club .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Glenmorangie Single Malt Scotch Whisky please :) .
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

[33]
.In Taiwan, the King Car company built a whisky distillery in the city of Yilan, and has recently begun marketing Kavalan Single Malt Whisky.^ German collector of single malt whisky .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Japanese single malt whisky blog .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Danish single malt whisky club .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

[34]
.Australia produces single malt whiskey at Australian Spirit distilling Company in Gerringong, New South Wales.^ So these whisky rocks… they are a solution for the ‘chilled neat’ single malt drinker I guess… but will they make it from Vermont to Melbourne (Australia)?
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ The blended variety consists of approximately fifty different grains, and single malts, sent from many different producers.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The new book Whiskey and Philosophy: A Small Batch of Spirited Ideas is fun, fun, fun, if you're a giant whiskey nerd.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

.It is aged in new American oak barrels.^ The last couple years are spent aging in used wine barrels, which smoothes out the “burn” aspects, and I’m sure adds dozens of new flavors.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Charring: As part of the cask making process the insides of the new American barrels are exposed to flames.

^ We were able to taste a 12-year-old whisky aged in each of American, Spanish (ex-sherry), and Japanese oak to compare.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

Production started in 2004. New distillery equipment have recently increased production of Australian style "Stockmans Whiskey" and "Gun Alley" sour mash whiskey.[35]
.Production of whisky started in Norfolk, England in late 2006 and the first whisky (as opposed to malt spirit) was made available to the public in November 2009. This is the first English single malt in over 100 years.^ Oban 14 year old single malt scotch whisky .
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Glenlivet 12 year old Single Malt Whisky.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ German collector of single malt whisky .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

.It was produced at St George's Distillery by the English Whisky Company.^ Whisky Distilleries friend Jean-Marie's great website, in French and English Whiskycircus A website in French.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

[36] Previously Bristol and Liverpool were centres of English whisky production. .East Anglia is a source of much of the grain used in Scotch whisky.^ I’ve tasted my share of both Canadian and Scotch whisky and I don’t see much in the way of similarities between scotch and rye.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Established in 1843, the Sixteen Men of Tain perfected this single malt scotch whisky using their own Tarlogie Springs mineral water.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

Names and spellings

The word "whisky" is believed to have been coined by soldiers of King Henry II who invaded Ireland in the 12th century as they struggled to pronounce the native Irish words uisce beatha [ɪʃkʲə bʲahə], meaning "water of life". Over time, the pronunciation changed from "whishkeyba" (an approximation of how the Irish term sounds) to "whisky". The name itself is a Gaelic calque of the Latin phrase aqua vitae, meaning "water of life".[37]
.At one time, all whisky was spelled without the "e", as "whisky". In around 1870, the reputation of Scottish whisky was very poor as Scottish distilleries flooded the market with cheaper spirits produced using the Coffey still.^ Used for producing pure malt and the bigger the still the lighter the whisky will be.

^ This pictograph is reserved for the very rare whiskies that earn a score in the 90's while still being reasonably priced.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whisky production in Japan began around 1870, but the first commercial production was in 1924, when the country's first distillery-Yamazaki-opened.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.The Irish and American distilleries adopted the spelling "whiskey", with the extra "e", to distinguish their higher quality product.^ I gamely related how we -- we being my American drinking companions and my colleagues at the Irish Whiskey Society (IWS) -- had a different approach to the drink.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Word of new and newly available Irish whiskeys in the U.S. in 2010 will warm the hearts (and other body parts) of American whiskey drinkers.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ From Whence They Come Irish whiskeys come from one of three distilleries in Ireland.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

.Today, the spelling whisky (plural whiskies) is generally used for whiskies distilled in Scotland, Wales, Canada, and Japan, while whiskey is used for the spirits distilled in Ireland and America.^ As a FEMALE that drinks ONLY whiskey/whisky, I had my first taste of my new favorite in Japan.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ No doubt my favorite Scotch is Lagavulin pronounced Laga voolin for its smoky rich peat and a general warmth over the fire of lesser distilled spirits.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ Even today approximately 90 percent of all whisky that is produced in Scotland is used in blended whisky.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Even though a 1968 directive of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms specifies "whisky" as the official US spelling, it allows labeling as "whiskey" in deference to tradition and most U.S. producers still use the historical spelling.^ Used for producing pure malt and the bigger the still the lighter the whisky will be.

^ France, most labels on whisky bottles come direct from Scotland so they are ‘whisky’(s) of course – when big french alcohol companies market their production, they tend to imitate Scottish design –> ‘whisky’(s) again – the only ‘whiskey’ labels we get here are straight from Ireland – I did’nt kew there was any whiskey from the States, always thought US distillated only bourbon -made from wheat, not barley??

^ So, even though this is the middle of our scale on this page it is most certainly not the 'middle of the scale' when it comes to the full range of (malt) whiskies.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

Exceptions such as Early Times, Maker's Mark, and George Dickel are usually indicative of a Scottish heritage.[6]
.In the late Victorian era, Irish whiskey was the world's most popular whisky.^ He's not only a central figure in the Irish whiskey world, he's a great retailer who would seamlessly shift from chatting with me to helping customers with queries about which whiskeys to buy.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Squidoo is the world's most popular site for creating single pages on your interests, hobbies, job, favorite books, and any of a billion other things.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I use Paddy as an Irish whiskey recruitment tool of sorts, as a way to ease newbies into the uisce world and to expand their whiskey drinking horizons.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

.Of the Irish whiskeys, Dublin whiskeys were regarded as the grands crus of whiskeys.^ Irish Whiskey Society website and Forum (Dublin).
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

.In order to differentiate Dublin whiskey from other whiskies, the Dublin distilleries adopted the spelling "whiskey". The other Irish distilleries eventually followed suit.^ The spelling “whiskey” exists in France but the other spelling “whisky” is more standard.

^ But ultimately and more importantly, drinking, and enjoying Irish whiskey, is more about the sharing of time and tipple with friends, family and other kindred spirits.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Irish Whiskey Society website and Forum (Dublin).
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

The last Irish "whisky" was Paddy, which adopted the "e" in 1966.[6]
"Scotch" is the internationally recognized term for "Scotch whisky" however it is rarely used in Scotland, where blended whisky is generally referred to as "whisky" and single or vatted malt whisky as "malt".[38]
.In many Latin-American countries, whisky (wee-skee) is used as a photographer's cue to smile, supplanting English "cheese". The Uruguayan film Whisky got its name because of this.^ Ice – Many like to add ice, but it is generally considered poor form, simply because it lowers the temperature of the whisky, which in turn can hide or dull the flavors and aroma.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

Chemistry

.Whiskies and other distilled beverages such as cognac and rum are complex beverages containing a vast range of flavouring compounds, of which some 200 to 300 can be easily detected by chemical analysis.^ Whisky, Rum, Grappa, Cognac und Brandy .
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

^ Don't worry if it proves difficult to describe the aroma - scientists have discovered a wide range of flavours in whisky and different people will pick up different aromas.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ After the whisky from the GDR that I tried last year, our friend Dmitry sent us this label for a Soviet whisky (made by some alchemists apparently ;-)) that was called 'whisky-73' and was created from distilled spirit and flavourings.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

.The flavouring chemicals include "carbonyl compounds, alcohols, carboxylic acids and their esters, nitrogen- and sulphur-containing compounds, tannins and other polyphenolic compounds, terpenes, and oxygen-containing heterocyclic compounds" and esters of fatty acids.^ Congeners include esters, aldehydes, acids and higher alcohols.

^ The foreshots are high in alcohol and contain many volatile compounds.

^ The living yeast feeds on the sugars, producing alcohol and small quantities of other compounds known as congeners, which contribute to the flavour of the whisky,” 4 .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

[39] The nitrogen compounds include pyridines, picolines and pyrazines.[40]

Flavours from distillation

.The flavouring of whisky is partially determined by the presence of congeners and fusel oils.^ The living yeast feeds on the sugars, producing alcohol and small quantities of other compounds known as congeners, which contribute to the flavour of the whisky,” 4 .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.Fusel oils are higher alcohols than ethanol, are mildly toxic, and have a strong, disagreeable smell and taste.^ It has a much stronger odor than ethanol, so when you stop smelling it, you can throw out what you've collected (but why?
  • Build a Whisky Still 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.instructables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think I like the way it smells, warm and spicy, better than the actual taste.
  • Whisky Rocks + Balvenie 21 (NOTCOT) 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.notcot.com [Source type: General]

^ This brew contains less of the smoke, peat, and salt than most other malts coming from Scotland and it carries with it a mildly fiery yet smooth taste.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

An excess of fusel oils in whisky is considered a defect. A variety of methods are employed in the distillation process to remove unwanted fusel oils. Traditionally, American distillers focused on secondary filtration using charcoal, gravel, sand, or linen to subtract undesired distillates. .Canadian distillers have traditionally employed column stills which can be controlled to produce an almost pure (and less flavourful) ethanol known as neutral grain spirit or grain neutral spirit (GNS).^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ BTW - Distilled French brandy has up to 750mg methanol per 100ml pure ethanol.
  • Build a Whisky Still 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.instructables.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The living yeast feeds on the sugars, producing alcohol and small quantities of other compounds known as congeners, which contribute to the flavour of the whisky,” 4 .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

[41] .Flavour is restored by blending the neutral grain spirits with flavouring whiskies.^ We have an extensive range of single malts, blended whiskies, fine wines, spirits and beers.
  • Buy single malt whisky online or from our Wiltshire whisky shop - Arkwrights Whisky, Wine & Spir.. 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyandwines.com [Source type: General]

^ Blend or Grain Whiskies .
  • BUY WHISKY UK | SCOTCH WHISKY ONLINE | RARE WHISKEYS 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC globalwhiskyshop.com [Source type: General]

[42]
.Acetals are rapidly formed in distillates and a great many are found in distilled beverages, the most prominent being acetaldehyde diethyl acetal (1,1-diethoxyethane).^ This distilled beverage was used as a treatment for all kinds of ailments, with many of its users noticing the warm, calming sensation upon “treatment.” .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.Among whiskies the highest levels are associated with malt whisky.^ About Single Malt Whisky, and everything that can be associated with Single Malts in a enjoyable way.
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

[43] .This acetal is a principal flavour compound in sherry, and contributes fruitiness to the aroma.^ Palate: Sweet, syrypy, lots of xmas spices, very nice, molasses, lots of flavour, long spicy musty/fruity middle, sherry.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

[44]
.The diketone diacetyl (2,3-Butanedione) has a buttery aroma and is present in almost all distilled beverages.^ This distilled beverage was used as a treatment for all kinds of ailments, with many of its users noticing the warm, calming sensation upon “treatment.” .
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.Whiskies and cognacs typically contain more than vodkas, but significantly less than rums or brandies.^ Single Malt whisky is from a single distillery, but will usually contain whisky from many casks, so the blender can achieve a taste recognisable as typical of the distillery (unless the whisky is described as "single-cask").
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ You can drink well with many types of alcohol -- vodka, gin, rum, scotch, port, brandy, wine, beer and others.
  • Sláinte: The Irish Whiskey Blog 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC irishwhiskeyblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Verdict: 69 points - Behaving more like high proof lager than malt whisky.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

[45]

Flavours from oak

Whisky lactone (3-methyl-4-octanolide) is found in all types of oak. This lactone has a strong coconut aroma.[46] Whisky lactone is also known as quercus lactone.[47]
Commercially charred oaks are rich in phenolic compounds. One study discriminated 40 different phenolic compounds. The coumarin scopoletin is present in whisky, with the highest level reported in Bourbon whiskey.[48]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr;sid=33fc0c0194b58b6fe95208945b5c637a;rgn=div5;view=text;node=27%3A1.0.1.1.3;idno=27;cc=ecfr#27:1.0.1.1.3.3
  2. ^ http://www.scotlandwhisky.com/about/how
  3. ^ http://www.whiskeywise.com/whiskey-barrels.html
  4. ^ Ross, James. Whisky. Routledge. pp. 158. ISBN 0710066856. 
  5. ^ Martin Levey (1956). "Babylonian Chemistry: A Study of Arabic and Second Millennium B.C. Perfumery", Osiris 12, p. 376-389.
  6. ^ a b c d Magee, Malachy (1980). Irish Whiskey - A 1000 year tradition. O'Brien press. pp. 144. ISBN 0862782287. 
  7. ^ Russell, Inge (2003). Whisky: technology, production and marketing. Academic Press. p. 14. ISBN 9780126692020. 
  8. ^ www.thewhiskyguide.com/Facts/History.html
  9. ^ a b c d e f "History of Scotch Whisky". http://whisky.com/history.html. Retrieved 6 Jan 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c homecooking.about.com/od/foodhistory/a/whiskeyhistory.htm
  11. ^ a b c "The History of Whisky". http://www.thewhiskyguide.com/Facts/History.html. 
  12. ^ "Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits, Title 27 Code of Federal Regulations, Pt. 5.22". http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2008/aprqtr/pdf/27cfr5.22.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  13. ^ "Food and Drugs Act, Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)". http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/F-27/C.R.C.-c.870/236939.html#Section-B.02.020. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  14. ^ ""WITH A DASH OF WATER" Finnish Whisky Culture and its Future". http://batman.jamk.fi/~voyager/opin/index.php?show=3995. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 
  15. ^ MaClean, Charles (2008). Whiskey. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 254–265. ISBN 978-0-7566-3349-3. 
  16. ^ Paul Peachey (2006-03-03). "Battle for the world's largest whisky market -- India". South Africa Mail & Guardian. http://www.mg.co.za/articlePage.aspx?articleid=265802&area=/breaking_news/breaking_news__business/. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  17. ^ "Amrut Distilleries". http://www.amrutdistilleries.com/. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  18. ^ "Planet Whiskies Lists of Indian Whisky Distilleries". http://www.planetwhiskies.com/distilleries/indian.html. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  19. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-12549581.html Differences between Scotch and Irish whiskey
  20. ^ Government of Ireland. "Irish Whiskey Act, 1980". http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1980_33.html. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  21. ^ Nikka Yoichi 10 Single Cask scores highest
  22. ^ 2008 World Whisky Awards
  23. ^ Jackson, Michael (1994). Michael Jackson's Malt Whisky Companion. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 12. ISBN 0-7513-0146-9. 
  24. ^ "ASIL Insight: WTO Protections for Food Geographic Indications". http://www.asil.org/insights/insigh43.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-25. 
  25. ^ "Planet Whiskies Welsh Distillery Section". http://www.planetwhiskies.com/distilleries/welsh.html. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  26. ^ (French)Distillerie des Menhirs
  27. ^ (French)Guillon
  28. ^ (French)Glann ar Mor
  29. ^ (French)Kaerilis
  30. ^ (French)Warenghem
  31. ^ http://www.corsica-isula.com/gastronomy.htm
  32. ^ Mackmyra
  33. ^ "Lenta.ru report (in Russian)". http://lenta.ru/news/2008/04/17/whiskey/. 
  34. ^ King Car Whisky Distillery
  35. ^ [1]
  36. ^ St Geroge's distillery
  37. ^ Lloyd, J & Mitchinson, J: "The Book of General Ignorance". Faber & Faber, 2006.
  38. ^ "Scotch: Definition, Synonyms and Much More from Answers.com". www.answers.com. http://www.answers.com/topic/scotch-1. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  39. ^ Maarse, H. (1991). Volatile Compounds in Foods and Beverages. CRC Press. pp. 548. ISBN 0824783905. http://books.google.com/books?id=_OvXjhLUz-oC. 
  40. ^ Belitz, Hans-Dieter; Peter Schieberle & Werner Grosch (2004). Food Chemistry. Springer. pp. 936. ISBN 3540408185. http://books.google.com/books?id=_QWbLTSL6HoC. 
  41. ^ "Pure Alcohol (Ethanol)" (pdf). http://www.pharmco-prod.com/pages/ep1.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  42. ^ Robert Hess (2007-08-25). "Canadian Whiskey". The Spirit World. http://thespiritworld.net/2007/08/25/canadian-whisky/. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  43. ^ Maarse, H. (1991). Volatile Compounds in Foods and Beverages. CRC Press. pp. 553. ISBN 0824783905. http://books.google.com/books?id=_OvXjhLUz-oC. 
  44. ^ "June 2007". The Beer Brewer. http://www.beerbrewer.co.uk/2007/06/. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  45. ^ Maarse, H. (1991). Volatile Compounds in Foods and Beverages. CRC Press. pp. 554. ISBN 0824783905. http://books.google.com/books?id=_OvXjhLUz-oC. 
  46. ^ "Aromas and Flavours". Wine-Pages.com. http://www.wine-pages.com/guests/tom/taste5.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  47. ^ Belitz, Hans-Dieter; Peter Schieberle & Werner Grosch (2004). Food Chemistry. Springer. pp. 383. ISBN 3540408185. http://books.google.com/books?id=_QWbLTSL6HoC. 
  48. ^ Maarse, H. (1991). Volatile Compounds in Foods and Beverages. CRC Press. pp. 574. ISBN 0824783905. http://books.google.com/books?id=_OvXjhLUz-oC. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.WHISKY, or Whiskey, a potable spirit distilled from cereal grains.^ Whisky is, in its most basic sense, a spirit that is distilled from grain.
  • Scotch Whisky Facts, Scotch Whisky Ratings and Scotch Whisky Reviews 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

^ What is Grain Whisky and how it is distilled .

^ The following fraction of the distillate is the potable spirit.

.The name is probably derived from the Celtic uisgebeatha (water of life), which was subsequently contracted to usquebaugh, and still later to whisky (cf.^ The name, spelled without an e by the Scots and Canadians and with an e in Ireland and the United States, comes from the Celtic usquebaugh (Irish uisce beathadh, Scots Gaelic uisge beatha, both adaptations of the Latin phrase aqua vitae, meaning “water of life”).
  • whiskey (distilled liquor) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Whisky derives from the Gaelic word for "water" (uisce or uisge), and is called in full uisge-beatha (in Scotland ) or uisce beatha ( Ireland ), meaning "Water of Life".

^ History: It´s not clear when the first Scotch Whisky was destilled but we know that it was already in the times of the ancient Celtic tribes that "uisge beatha" , the water of life, was produced so the Scots lay claim to the earliest recorded history of distilling in the world.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Skeat, Etym. Dict. s.v.). .The liquor known as " usquebaugh " in the 17th and 18th centuries was not, however, of the same character as the whisky of modern times, but was a compound of plain spirit with saffron, nutmegs, sugar and other spices and flavouring matters.^ The liquor known as " usquebaugh " in the 17th and 18th centuries was not, however, of the same character as the whisky of modern times, but was a compound of plain spirit with saffron , nutmegs, sugar and other spices and flavouring matters.

^ Same as Whisky , a liquor .
  • whiskey@Everything2.com 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They were initially created for the English market, where pure malt whiskies were considered too harshly flavoured (the main two spirits consumed in England at the time being brandy in the upper classes, and gin in the lower ones).
  • About Whisky - Abbey Whisky online Whisky shop 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.abbeywhisky.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whether the term whisky to denote a plain type of spirit was used concurrently with usquebaugh, or whether the latter name covered both varieties, is not clear.^ Whether the term whisky to denote a plain type of spirit was used concurrently with usquebaugh, or whether the latter name covered both varieties, is not clear.

^ The name is probably derived from the Celtic uisgebeatha (water of life), which was subsequently contracted to usquebaugh, and still later to whisky (cf.

^ The liquor known as " usquebaugh " in the 17th and 18th centuries was not, however, of the same character as the whisky of modern times, but was a compound of plain spirit with saffron , nutmegs, sugar and other spices and flavouring matters.

.It is certain, however, that an alcoholic liquor, derived mainly from grain, has been prepared for very many centuries in both Ireland and Scotland (see Spirits).^ It is certain, however, that an alcoholic liquor, derived mainly from grain , has been prepared for very many centuries in both Ireland and Scotland (see Spirits ).

^ The liquor known as " usquebaugh " in the 17th and 18th centuries was not, however, of the same character as the whisky of modern times, but was a compound of plain spirit with saffron , nutmegs, sugar and other spices and flavouring matters.

^ Located mainly in the Lowlands , the 14 Scottish grain distilleries produce grain spirits (which are in fact whiskies, not, as is sometimes misinterpreted, neutral grain spirits), made primarily from corn (maize).

.There are three main types of whisky, namely, Scotch, Irish and American.^ Irish whisky, Scotch whisky, American whiskey and Canadian whisky.
  • FRANKLIN LIQUORS LIQUOR PAGE/WHISKEY,SCOTCH,BOURBON 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.franklinliquors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Scotch and Canadians produce whisky , while the Irish and Americans produce whiskey .

^ There are three main types of whisky, namely, Scotch, Irish and American.

.Scotch whiskies may be broadly divided into two main groups, namely (a) pot-still or malt whiskies, and (b) patent-still or grain whiskies; the former are made practically without exception from malted barley only, the latter from a mixture of malted barley and other unmalted cereals, chiefly rye, oats and maize (see Spirits).^ Enjoying single malt Scotch whisky .

^ Uses pure-malted barley as the grain.
  • Essential Whisky and Whiskey Facts Every Guy Should Know - Asylum.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.asylum.com [Source type: General]

^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

.(a) There are four main varieties of Scotch malt whiskies, namely, Highland Malts, Lowland Malts, Campbeltowns and Islays.^ There are four main varieties of Scotch malt whiskies, namely, Highland Malts, Lowland Malts, Campbeltowns and Islays.

^ Scotch Whisky Regions Scotland was traditionally divided into four regions: The Highlands, Lowland, Islay and Campbeltown.
  • About Whisky - Abbey Whisky online Whisky shop 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.abbeywhisky.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blended Scotch Whisky is a blend of grain whisky and malt whisky.
  • Scotch Whisky Facts, Scotch Whisky Ratings and Scotch Whisky Reviews 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

.The Highland Malts are produced (if we except a few distilleries on the islands in the west and north) in the district on the mainland lying north of an imaginary line drawn through Dundee on the east and Greenock on the west.^ The Highland Malts are produced (if we except a few distilleries on the islands in the west and north) in the district on the mainland lying north of an imaginary line drawn through Dundee on the east and Greenock on the west.

^ Each distillery produces a 'single' malt whisky.
  • Scotch Whisky Distilleries in Speyside Scotland 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.aboutspeyside.com [Source type: General]

^ The Highlands consist of the portion of Scotland north of a line from Dundee on the North Sea coast in the east to Greenock on the Irish Sea in the west, including all of the islands off the mainland except for Islay.
  • Scotch Whisky Facts, Scotch Whisky Ratings and Scotch Whisky Reviews 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

.The largest group of distilleries is in the famous Speyside or Glenlivet district.^ The largest group of distilleries is in the famous Speyside or Glenlivet district.

^ Speyside - adjacent to the River Spey, the area with the largest number of distilleries to include: Glenfiddich , Aberlour , The Glenlivet and The Macallan.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Source Tags: distillery , edrington , edrington group , edringtongroup , scotland , speyside , tamdhu , whisky .
  • Whisky — Luxist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.luxist.com [Source type: News]

.The Lowland Malts are made south of the imaginary line alluded to.^ The Lowland Malts are made south of the imaginary line alluded to.

.The Campbeltowns are distilled in or near the town of that name at the southern end of the Kintyre peninsula.^ Campbeltown is a port located on the tip of the Kintyre Peninsula on the southwest coast that has its own distinctive spicy and salt-tinged malt whiskies.
  • Scotch Whisky Facts, Scotch Whisky Ratings and Scotch Whisky Reviews 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

^ The farming community discovered new benefits of the distillation process near the end of the 16th century.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ The Lowlands encompass the entire Scottish mainland south of the Highlands except the Kintyre Peninsula where Campbeltown is located.
  • Scotch Whisky Facts, Scotch Whisky Ratings and Scotch Whisky Reviews 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.tastings.com [Source type: General]

.The Islays are produced in the island of that name.^ The Islays are produced in the island of that name.

^ One small distillery - Bruichladdich , on the island of Islay - was recently under surveillance on suspicion of producing WMD. Whiskies of mass destruction?
  • Whisky | World news | guardian.co.uk 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.These different varieties of whisky, although made in much the same way, yet possess distinctive characteristics of flavour.^ These different varieties of whisky, although made in much the same way, yet possess distinctive characteristics of flavour.

^ But although they'd consider it sacrilege, many fine cocktails and punches can be made from whisky, too.
  • Whisky | World news | guardian.co.uk 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ By " blending " is understood the art of putting together different types and varieties of whisky to form a harmonious combination.

.The type of barley employed, the quantity of peat employed in curing the malt, the quality of the water, the manner of carrying out the various distillery processes - particularly that of distillation - the shape and size of the stills, &c., all these are factors which affect the flavour of the final product.^ After all, shape and size DO matter.

^ The type of barley employed, the quantity of peat employed in curing the malt, the quality of the water, the manner of carrying out the various distillery processes - particularly that of distillation - the shape and size of the stills, &c., all these are factors which affect the flavour of the final product.

^ The distillation process is unique for each distillery using pot stills.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Islays, which, as a rule, are considered to be among the most valuable of Scotch whiskies, possess a very full and peaty flavour together with a strong ethereal bouquet.^ The Islays, which, as a rule, are considered to be among the most valuable of Scotch whiskies, possess a very full and peaty flavour together with a strong ethereal bouquet.

^ They usually possess a full peaty flavour.

^ Some Scotch Whisky has a smoky flavour.
  • Scotch Whisky Association - FAQs 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.scotch-whisky.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For this reason they are much used for blending with whiskies of a lighter type.^ For this reason they are much used for blending with whiskies of a lighter type.

^ And my understanding is they're very keen to get a sample back and also potentially blend a similar type of whisky in the future.
  • Shackleton's Whisky Is Returning From Antarctic : NPR 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ By " blending " is understood the art of putting together different types and varieties of whisky to form a harmonious combination.

.The Highland Malts proper (Speyside type) are less peaty than the Islays, yet possess a full flavour, although many of them are inclined to be " elegant " rather than " big."^ They usually possess a full peaty flavour.

^ A good peaty Islay malt.
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ The Highland Malts proper (Speyside type) are less peaty than the Islays, yet possess a full flavour, although many of them are inclined to be " elegant " rather than " big."

.The Lowland Malts, again, are, as a class, less peated than the Highland Malts, and indeed, nowadays, in view of the growing taste for a more neutral class of beverage, there are some Lowland Malt distilleries which dispense with the use of peat altogether.^ There will be appetizers and some surprises to taste.
  • Alcademics.com: whisky 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.alcademics.com [Source type: General]

^ Lowland malts are much lighter than Highland, with little or no peating.

^ The Lowland Malts, again, are, as a class, less peated than the Highland Malts, and indeed, nowadays, in view of the growing taste for a more neutral class of beverage, there are some Lowland Malt distilleries which dispense with the use of peat altogether.

.Many of the Lowland Malts possess considerable body and flavour, but, on the whole, they are lighter and not so fine as those of the Highland variety.^ Many of the Lowland Malts possess considerable body and flavour, but, on the whole, they are lighter and not so fine as those of the Highland variety.

^ The Scotch Highland whisky (made in pot stills) and that of the Lowlands (patent stills) differ in the percentage of barley used, quality of the water, quantity of peat employed in curing the malt, manner of distilling, and kind of casks in which they are matured.
  • whiskey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of the way the grain distillation works the grain spirit produced is lighter in body and matures quicker than malt spirit.

.Lowland distillers are now running their spirit at much the same strength as their Highland colleagues, whereas formerly it was the custom to work at a far higher strength.^ Lowland distillers are now running their spirit at much the same strength as their Highland colleagues, whereas formerly it was the custom to work at a far higher strength.

^ Reflecting on it now, it seems a more than reasonable price for the secrets of a country's distilling tradition but Taketsuru's expenses just wouldn't stretch that far.
  • Japanese whisky - a knol by Chris Bunting 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of the way the grain distillation works the grain spirit produced is lighter in body and matures quicker than malt spirit.

.The result is that the difference between the two classes of spirit is not so marked as it was.^ The result is that the difference between the two classes of spirit is not so marked as it was.

^ For two years it was a hobby where he experimented with amber and dark syrups to different proofs and filtered or unfiltered spirit.

^ The high costs of some whiskey is the result of two different (but sometimes related) activities surrounding human nature.

.The Campbeltowns, although in some respects similar to the Islays on the one hand, and the Highland Malts on the other, are somewhat rougher and less elegant than these.^ The Campbeltowns, although in some respects similar to the Islays on the one hand, and the Highland Malts on the other, are somewhat rougher and less elegant than these.

^ The story of Malt Whisky is one of politics, taxation, social history, location, supply and demand and sheer perseverance on the part of some.

^ Wine and Spirit Competition, scoring over 90 points and putting it firmly in the company of some of the older Islay malts produced by multinationals.

.They usually possess a full peaty flavour.^ They usually possess a full peaty flavour.

^ The Highland Malts proper (Speyside type) are less peaty than the Islays, yet possess a full flavour, although many of them are inclined to be " elegant " rather than " big."

^ Many of the Lowland Malts possess considerable body and flavour, but, on the whole, they are lighter and not so fine as those of the Highland variety.

.(b) Patent-still or grain whiskies are, as a class, lighter in flavour and " body " than the pot-still types.^ Grain whisky is distilled in a column, or patent still, as opposed to a copper pot still.

^ Patent-still or grain whiskies are, as a class, lighter in flavour and " body " than the pot-still types.

^ Grain whisky production is a continuous process in a column (or Coffey) still using un-malted cereals that can be bought on price.

.This is due to the fact that the rectification of these whiskies is carried a good deal further than is the case with the " malts."^ This is due to the fact that the rectification of these whiskies is carried a good deal further than is the case with the " malts."

^ The Campbeltowns, although in some respects similar to the Islays on the one hand, and the Highland Malts on the other, are somewhat rougher and less elegant than these.

^ This could be due to the fact that, at the difference of most whiskies, adding a drop of water does not have a positive effect.

.They are made from a mixture of malted and unmalted cereals, and, as no peat is employed in the curing of the malt, they lack the " smoky " flavour of the other varieties.^ They are made from a mixture of malted and unmalted cereals, and, as no peat is employed in the curing of the malt, they lack the " smoky " flavour of the other varieties.

^ In some a Highland Malt, in others an Islay , in others again a " grain " flavour may predominate, but, generally speaking, the aim of the blender is to produce an article in which no single constituent " comes through " - i.e.

^ The type of barley employed, the quantity of peat employed in curing the malt, the quality of the water, the manner of carrying out the various distillery processes - particularly that of distillation - the shape and size of the stills, &c., all these are factors which affect the flavour of the final product.

.Some controversy has arisen as to whether these patent-still spirits have a right to the name of " whisky " or " Scotch whisky," but although, no doubt, this controversy is largely due to conflicting trade interests, it has also, in the author's opinion, been caused by a very general popular misconception as to the true character of these whiskies.^ Some interesting whisky information .

^ Some controversy has arisen as to whether these patent-still spirits have a right to the name of " whisky " or " Scotch whisky," but although, no doubt, this controversy is largely due to conflicting trade interests, it has also, in the author's opinion, been caused by a very general popular misconception as to the true character of these whiskies.

^ Some Scotch Whisky has a smoky flavour.
  • Scotch Whisky Association - FAQs 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.scotch-whisky.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The idea that they are true " silent " or " neutral " spirits - i.e. alcohol and water pure and simple - is quite incorrect. .They possess a distinct flavour, which varies at different distilleries, and analysis discloses the fact that they contain very appreciable quantities of the " secondary " products which distinguish potable spirits from plain alcohol.^ The fact that there has been no additional finishing with wine or sherry casks, and plain white bourbon casks have been used throughout, means that the quality of the spirit has been allowed to predominate.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Blended whiskeys include mixtures of similar products made by different distillers and in different periods (Scotch) and also whiskeys made with combinations of the neutral whiskeys (which have no distinctive flavour characteristics) and straight whiskeys (United States and Canada).
  • whiskey (distilled liquor) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In past times this spirit safe was used for the determination of the quantity of alcohol produced , to calculate the taxes due by the distillery.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Indeed, as a result of an extensive investigation of the question Composition of Scotch Whiskies.^ Throughout all these years, Scotch whisky was distilled using the pot-type still, resulting in whisky in small batches.
  • FRANKLIN LIQUORS LIQUOR PAGE/WHISKEY,SCOTCH,BOURBON 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.franklinliquors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More information on the world of Scotch Whisky can be found in ourbooklet 'Questions & Answers' (PDF, 2.52Mb) .
  • Scotch Whisky Association - FAQs 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.scotch-whisky.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note. - The
figures below are based on a large number of analyses of typical samples. Cf. .Schidrowitz and Kaye, Journal Soc.^ Schidrowitz and Kaye, Journal Soc.

Chem. Ind.
(June 1905). .Where two figures are given in the same column, they do not indicate extremes, but merely normal variation.^ Where two figures are given in the same column, they do not indicate extremes, but merely normal variation.

^ Any differences between them are usually not more significant than normal batch variation between consecutive batches of the 'same' whisky.
  • The Malt Maniacs MaltMenu - Your Guide to the official malt whisky bottlings 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.maltmaniacs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes you can tell when it's going to happen, because they keep asking you variations on the same questions and can't seem to grasp the answers.

Description
.(Results expressed in grams per ioo litres of absolute alcohol.^ To reduce the incentive to travel north, excise duty was reduced in the 2010 budget from €39.25 to €31.13 per litre of alcohol.

)
Alcohol.
Total
Acid.
Non-volatile
Acid.
Esters .
Higher
Alcohols.
Aldehydes.
Furfurol.
Highland Malts -
Practically all Scotch
New light type .
whiskies are distilled at
15
Nil
50
140
Io
2.5-3
New heavy type .
about 25 O.P. (about
20
Nil
75
200
20-40
3-5
Mature light type .
72% of alcohol by
15°
2-3
Mature heavy type .
Lowland Malts -
volume). Prior to stor-
age they are reduced
20-80
5-35
50-too
220
15-50
2.5-4.5
New
to II O.P. with water.
15
Nil
25-50
110-180
2.5-4'5
Mature.. .
Campbeltown - .
Mature whiskies con-
tain 45 to 60% of alco-
20-60
5-20
50-75
120-200
15-50
2-3.5
New
hol according to age,
20-30
Nil
50-70
180-220
20-40
3-8
Mature.. .
Islay 1
Grain Whiskies -
humidity of store,
sale
&c. For retail sale
whiskies are reduced to
30-80
..
5-25
..
60-120
..
230-250
..
30-70
..
2.5-7
New
a strength of roughly
Trace to 5
Nil
20-40
50-60
2-10
Mature. .. .
17 to 24 U.P.
25-50
5-25
25-50
60-70
5-15
T race to 0 75
.1 The Islays give similar figures to the Highland Malts except that the Higher Alcohols and Furfurol are slightly higher.^ Scotland can be divided into six different malt making regions; Islay, Campbeltown, Speyside, Islands Lowlands and Highlands.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Single Malt DVD Documentaries on Islay, Highlands, Speyside & Lowlands.
  • The Whisky Portal's whisky links 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyportal.com [Source type: General]

by the author, it has been shown that the relative proportion of ." secondary " products in Highland Malt, Lowland Malt and grain " whiskies respectively, is roughly as 3 : 2: I. The figures in the foregoing table illustrate, as far as we are at present able to determine them, the general composition of the various types of Scotch whiskies referred to.^ History, production, and styles of Scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Scotch Whisky: the process in its production Stage 1: Malting Malt whisky production begins by malting barley.
  • The Whisky Barrel - About Us 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thewhiskybarrel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The proportion of grain whisky is important to determine the quality of the final product.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The character of Scotch whisky is much influenced by the manner in which it is matured.^ Or as my editor would say: He who does his work in time will always have leisure time Speaking of leisure, the interesting thing about Scotch whisky is how much work goes into producing it, then how much time is spent waiting for it to mature.

^ It is a little-known fact, however, that most so-called "coastal" whiskies are matured in large central warehouses in the Scottish interior far from any influence of the sea.
  • About Whisky - Abbey Whisky online Whisky shop 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.abbeywhisky.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Scotch Highland whisky (made in pot stills) and that of the Lowlands (patent stills) differ in the percentage of barley used, quality of the water, quantity of peat employed in curing the malt, manner of distilling, and kind of casks in which they are matured.
  • whiskey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Chief among the factors in this connexion is the nature of the cask employed. .The main varieties are plain wood, sherry and refill casks.^ Refill sherry casks vatted in this one?.
  • PLOWED Single Malt Scotch Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC smwhisky.com [Source type: General]

^ The fact that there has been no additional finishing with wine or sherry casks, and plain white bourbon casks have been used throughout, means that the quality of the spirit has been allowed to predominate.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Its matured in two casks, a whiskey oak then sherry wood casks that give it a wonderful warm round flavour.
  • Recommend me a Whisky or Scotch! 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.escapistmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Technically the term " plain " wood is applied' to a cask made from seasoned oak which has contained no other liquor than whisky.^ The fact that there has been no additional finishing with wine or sherry casks, and plain white bourbon casks have been used throughout, means that the quality of the spirit has been allowed to predominate.
  • Discover Whisky - A Guide to Scottish Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.discoverwhisky.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Resting in the barrels is a term used to describe how whisky matures as it sits in a warehouse, mixing with the wood resins and previous materials that also aged in the casks.

^ Producers get around this by offering different ages, blends, and barrelings called “expressions.’’ A Highland Glenmorangie, for instance, ages in barrels made of French or American oak or uses sherry or Sauternes casks while other whiskies are aged in a single cask.
  • ALL THE EARTH’S ELEMENTS ARE PRESENT FOR MAKING WHISKIES DISTINCT AND MEMORABLE - The Boston Globe 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

.Similarly the term " sherry " wood is as a rule only applied to a cask the wood of which has become impregnated with sherry by contact with that wine, and which has not been used in any other manner.^ Sour mashes, used mainly in bourbon production, are fermented with yeast, including a portion of previously fermented yeast; other whiskeys are made from sweet mashes, employing only fresh yeast.
  • whiskey (distilled liquor) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Its matured in two casks, a whiskey oak then sherry wood casks that give it a wonderful warm round flavour.
  • Recommend me a Whisky or Scotch! 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.escapistmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Resting in the barrels is a term used to describe how whisky matures as it sits in a warehouse, mixing with the wood resins and previous materials that also aged in the casks.

.A sherry cask which has been filled with whisky, then emptied and " refilled " with whisky, is known as a " refill."^ Retailing at around £1300, the single cask first fill sherry had a strong treacle nose and was woody yet lively with lots of ripe red fruits.

^ The Oloroso Sherry Cask expression has been matured solely in first fill Oloroso sherry casks and and is being released in a limited edition of 6,000 bottles.
  • Whisky — Luxist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.luxist.com [Source type: News]

^ Gordon & machail bottling cask strength 61.9% refill sherry cask...
  • Whisky > Campbeltown Malts Drink Finder � Online Drink Store for Whisky, Champagne, Rum and Wine 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.drinkfinder.co.uk [Source type: General]

Brandy and Madeira " wood " are also occasionally employed. .The nature of the atmospheric conditions of the cellar is also of importance in determining character and quality (see Spirits). Blending.^ The quality of the wort is controlled by the excise men, because it determines the amount of spirit which will finally be produced.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

- .Scotch whiskies are, as a general rule, " blended " prior to sale to the public.^ Blended Scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Also produce own blended scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Top 5 Blended Scotch whiskies in the World .
  • WhiskyMan.com Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky by WhiskyMan Keith Lovegrove 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC whiskyman.com [Source type: News]

.By " blending " is understood the art of putting together different types and varieties of whisky to form a harmonious combination.^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you bought, for instance, Teacher’s, a blended whisky, it would be comprised of whiskies from different distilleries.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The blended variety consists of approximately fifty different grains, and single malts, sent from many different producers.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

The general run of " self " whiskies - i.e. whiskies from a single distillery - do not appear to be to the public taste, but by combining different kinds of whisky blenders have succeeded in pro ducing an article the demand for which has increased enormously during the past quarter of a century, and which may now be regarded as a staple beverage in all English speaking countries. .The great expansion of the Scotch whisky trade of late years is undoubtedly due in the main to the introduction of blending on scientific lines.^ Blended Scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Top 5 Blended Scotch whiskies in the World .
  • WhiskyMan.com Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky by WhiskyMan Keith Lovegrove 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC whiskyman.com [Source type: News]

^ Also produce own blended scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

There are different types of blends. In some a Highland Malt, in others an Islay, in others again a " grain " flavour may predominate, but, generally speaking, the aim of the blender is to produce an article in which no single constituent " comes through " - i.e. is markedly apparent. The best blends are produced by blending a number of " vatted " whiskies. .A " vat " is produced by blending a number of whiskies of the same style or type, for instance, ten or fifteen Highland Malts from different distilleries.^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also produce own blended scotch whisky.
  • Google Directory - Recreation > Food > Drink > Liquor > Whisky > Scotch 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.google.com [Source type: General]

^ If you bought, for instance, Teacher’s, a blended whisky, it would be comprised of whiskies from different distilleries.
  • Whiskey versus Whisky - The Pour Blog - NYTimes.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thepour.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.The " vat " is allowed to mature before being blended with other types to form the final blend.^ "Several heavily peated distillations have been produced initially on a very limited scale, and these are being matured in a wide range of wood types."
  • Whisky — Luxist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.luxist.com [Source type: News]

^ Marrying: The bringing together of whiskies in a large vatting tank in which they blend in to each other before bottling.

^ Caol ila has about 90-95% of its bottling being taken away and put into blended whiskies for other distilleries.
  • Whisky Latin America 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC whiskyla.com [Source type: General]

.The betterclass blends contain, as a general rule, 50 to 60% of Highland and Lowland Malts, 10 to 20% of Islays, and about 20 to 40% of " grain " whisky.^ Well, the blend consists of 6 single malts and 4 single grain whiskies.

^ Asyla Blended Whisky 40% .

^ Blending: The mixing together of malt and grain whisky.

.A typical high-class blend would, on analysis, show figures much as follows: Alcohol, 45 to 48% by vol.; total acid, 30 to 50; nonvolatile acid, 20 to 30; esters, 30 to 60; higher alcohols, 120 to 170; aldehydes, 15 to 25; furfurol, 2.5 to 3'5 Irish Whisky.^ Congeners include esters, aldehydes, acids and higher alcohols.

^ Though some whiskies have a vol above 45% making it difficult to taste aroma and body etc., force us to use water.
  • Whisky test/hit list Testing different whisky brands. - Test af diverse whisky mærker. 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.awa.dk [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, assuming a whisky has about 70% of alcohol when it leaves the spirit still, and loses about 1% of alcohol a year a 30 years old whisky would just have a percentage of 40%, which is the lowest limit for a whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

- .Irish
pot-still whisky is sharply differentiated from the Scotch variety in that (a) the raw materials employed are generally composed largely of unmalted grain, (b) the malt is not peat-cured, (c) the process of distillation is entirely different both as regards method and apparatus (see SPIRITS).^ The barley malt and the drying over the peat are well known processes for Scotch Whisky.

^ Distillation – The wash is distilled twice (single malt in a pot still, grain whisky in a Coffey still).
  • Complete Guide to Scotch Whisky | The Art of Manliness 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Each of these regions produce a different malt as the characteristics are different, as are the methods of distilling.
  • The Art Of Drinking Whisky 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.The result is that whereas Scotch whisky possesses a characteristic dry, clean flavour, Irish whisky is round and sweet, with a full ethereal bouquet.^ The overall impression is of a whisky that is light, but full flavoured, and destined to be an after-dinner treat or a cigar lover's new best friend.

^ Full, yet delicate; well-rounded; possessing a distinctive caramel aroma ...
  • D&M Wine & Liquors - Spirits - American Whiskey 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.dandm.com [Source type: General]

^ Then there is the malted barley grain from which all single malt Scotch whisky is made, and this grain also possesses a degree of sweetness.

.The general run of Irish pot-still whiskies are made with 30 to 50% of malted barley, the balance being rye, oats, unmalted barley and wheat.^ Instead of being cooked, barley is malted.
  • How whiskey is made - making, history, used, parts, product, industry, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of whiskey, Quality Control, Byproducts/Waste 2 February 2010 18:018 UTC www.madehow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Malt whisky: Whisky made purely from malted barley.

^ Rye whisky: Whisky made from at least 51% rye.

.A few distilleries employ malted barley only, but the product so obtained - owing to the different methods employed and the absence of peat curing - is quite different from Scotch malt whisky.^ The barley malt and the drying over the peat are well known processes for Scotch Whisky.

^ A blended whisky is a mix of malts from several different distilleries and grain whisky.
  • Scotch whisky - history, production & Scottish distilleries 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mysterious-scotland.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scotch Single Malt Whisky Contains malt whisky produced by only one Scottish distillery.
  • The Whisky Barrel - About Us 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thewhiskybarrel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Irish " grain " or " patent still " whiskies are made in a manner practically identical


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also whisky

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Whisky
Wikipedia de

Noun

Whisky m.
  1. whisky (alcoholic drink)
.This German entry was created from the translations listed at whisky.^ We also offer a consultancy service to distributors, bars and restaurants, from brand launches and training and development, to whisky list creation.

^ Scotch by Gautamm Mehra Remove from list Whisky by Nikolas Remove from list Distilling by Bill Owens Remove from list Knol translations .
  • Japanese whisky - a knol by Chris Bunting 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Entries (RSS) Comments (RSS) Home Whisky list Links 90+ What’s this?
  • Whisky Festival Gent | WhiskyNotes 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskynotes.be [Source type: General]

.It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses.^ The Campbeltowns, although in some respects similar to the Islays on the one hand, and the Highland Malts on the other, are somewhat rougher and less elegant than these.

^ More than 30 great whisky-related events took place during 2009 as part of Whisky Month in May.

^ Maybe also a little lemon but it’s probably less boldly lemony than other Rosebanks.
  • Whisky Fun by Malt Maniacs' Serge - Blog about Single Malt Scotch Whisky and Music 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.whiskyfun.com [Source type: General]

.Please also see
Whisky in the German Wiktionary.^ The Festival is very pleased to see the return of Peter Currie from Springbank Distillery in Campbeltown, to the Victoria Whisky Festival.

This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) April 2008

Simple English

File:Bottle of Glenfiddich
The best-selling single malt whisky.

Whisky, or whiskey, is an alcoholic drink distilled from grain and aged in wooden casks.

The name comes from a gaelic word. In Scotland and the rest of Great Britain, it is known as Scotch whisky or just Scotch. In Ireland, which has a different gaelic language, it is called whiskey, with an added letter 'e'. Whiskey made in the United States uses the Irish spelling.

There are many kinds of whisky, of which most important are:

  1. Single malt: All of the whisky has been made from single batch of malt in one single distillery. They have been matured in oak barrels, usually 6 to 24 years. Glenfiddich is the world's best-selling single malt whisky. It comes from Speyside in the Highlands, and accounts for 35% of world sales.[1] The Glenlivet comes second, from the same area. Thus, despite all attempts at competition, this small area near the Spey River still dominates the world market for single malt whisky.
    Other well-known single malts are Laphroaig, Lagavulin, Bowmore, Ardbeg and Talisker. Most single malts come from Scotland, either Lowlands, Highlands or Scottish Isles. Nikka Yoichi comes from Japan.
  2. Blended whisky or Scotch: A Scotch is a mixture of various single malts. This is the most common type of whisky. Famous blended whiskys are Johnnie Walker, Chivas Regal, Ballantines, J&B, Famous Grouse and Vat-69. In the United States the word "scotch" refers to the blended whiskys of Scotland. Blenders do not distill whisky, but mix various single malts.
  3. Irish Whiskey: These are blended whiskeys from Ireland. While Scottish whiskys are distilled twice, Irish whiskeys are distilled three times before they are matured. Famous Irish whiskeys are Jameson's and Bushmill's.
  4. Bourbon: Bourbon is American whiskey which contains maize. It may all be made from maize (corn whiskey) or it may also contain barley malt. Famous bourbons are Four Roses, Jim Beam and Kentucky Gentleman. The name comes from Bourbon county, Kentucky.
  5. Rye: As name implies, rye whiskey is made from rye malt. These are especially popular in Canada. Famous Canadian rye whiskeys are Canadian Club and Alberta Premium

Most whiskys contain around 40% alcohol.

Scotch whisky

Scotch whisky is legally defined by Scotch Whisky Order of 1990 (UK),[2] and the Scotch Whisky Act of 1988,[3].

These say that Scotch whisky must:

  1. Must be distilled at a Scottish distillery from water and malted barley, to which only other whole grains may be added, have been processed at that distillery into a mash, converted to a fermentable substrate only by endogenous enzyme systems, and fermented only by the addition of yeast,
  2. Must be distilled to an alcoholic strength of less than 94.8% by volume so that it retains the flavor of the raw materials used in its production,
  3. Must be matured in Scotland in oak casks for no less than three years,
  4. Must not contain any added substance other than water and caramel colouring, and
  5. May not be bottled at less than 40% alcohol by volume.

Alcohol is a favorite way to collect tax (called excise duty) in the United Kingdom. When Gordon Brown, a Scot, became Chancellor of the Exchequer, he concentrated on taxing beers and wines, and did not increased the duty on whisky. This, he said, was to help the Scotch whisky industry to recover and make more money and increase exports.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Whisky, which are similar to those in the above article.








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