White Clay Creek Preserve: Wikis

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White Clay Creek Preserve
Pennsylvania State Park
Natural Monument (IUCN III)
Confluence of the East and Middle Branches White Clay Creek, in the Preserve.
Named for: White Clay Creek
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Chester
Township London Britain
Location [1]
 - coordinates 39°44′35″N 75°47′21″W / 39.74306°N 75.78917°W / 39.74306; -75.78917Coordinates: 39°44′35″N 75°47′21″W / 39.74306°N 75.78917°W / 39.74306; -75.78917
 - elevation 253 ft (77 m) [1]
Area 1,255 acres (508 ha) [2]
Founded 1984 [2]
Managed by Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Nearest city Newark, Delaware
Locator Red.svg
Location of White Clay Creek Preserve in Pennsylvania
Location of White Clay Creek Preserve in Pennsylvania
Website : White Clay Creek Preserve

White Clay Creek Preserve is a 1,255-acre (508 ha) Pennsylvania state park along the valley of White Clay Creek in London Britain Township in Chester County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park was donated by the DuPont Company in 1984 for the purpose of "preserving the diverse and unique plant and animal species, and the rich cultural heritage of the area". Dupont also donated an additional 3,300 acres (1,335 ha) for the adjoining White Clay Creek State Park to the state of Delaware. White Clay Creek Preserve is 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Newark on Pennsylvania Route 896.

Contents

History

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Opasiskunk

The land on which White Clay Creek Preserve is located was originally sold to William Penn by Lenape Chief Kekelappen in 1683. Historians believe that Chief Kekelappen may have lived in Opasiskunk an Indian town that was at the confluence of the east and middle branches of White Clay Creek. This town was quite large and covered several acres. Archeologists have found evidence that Opasiskunk was inhabited from the Archaic Period until the early 18th century.[2]

Colonial times

There are several buildings from the early colonial era still standing in the vicinity of White Clay Creek Preserve. The Yeatman Mill House was once the hub of a prosperous milling and agriculture complex during the 18th and 19th centuries. The London Tract Baptist Meetinghouse was built in 1729. It is at the intersection of Sharpless and London Tract roads. Many of the area's earliest settlers are buried in the cemetery of the church.[2]

Mason-Dixon Line

The original Mason-Dixon Line

White Clay Creek Preserve borders the Mason-Dixon Line and Twelve-Mile Circle at the Pennsylvania border with Delaware and Maryland. The line was established to end a protracted boundary dispute between the British colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania, in 1750. Monuments marking points along the border line and arc can be seen at White Clay Creek Preserve.[2]

Recreation

White Clay Creek Preserve is the only state park in Pennsylvania designated as a preserve. This designation has kept development to a minimum.[2]

  • Hiking - A 3 miles (4.8 km) hiking trail runs the length of the northern part of the park and connects with trails in White Clay Creek State Park in Delaware.[2]
  • Cycling - There are two trails, Peltier and New Peltier trails, that are designated for biking. Roads in and surrounding the park are also open to biking.[2]
  • Horseback riding - There is an 8 miles (13 km) trail for recreational horseback riding at White Clay Creek Preserve.[2]
  • Cross-country skiing - All trails and fields of the park are open to cross-country skiing during the winter months.[2]

Nearby state parks

The following state parks are within 30 miles (48 km) of White Clay Creek Preserve:[3][4][5]

References

External links


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