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White Hispanic and Latino Americans
Estadounidenses hispanos y latinos blancos
WhiteHispanic.jpg

1st row: Salma Hayek[1] · Martin Sheen[2] · Alexa Vega[3] · Juan Bandini[4] · Anita Page[5]

2nd row: Romualdo Pacheco[6] · Alexis Bledel[7] · Ted Williams[8] · Christy Turlington[9] · Michael Lopez-Alegria[10]

3rd row: Sabrina Bryan[11] · Pitbull[12] · Rita Hayworth[13] · David Farragut[14] · Christina Aguilera[15]

4th row: Bob Martinez[16] · Madeleine Stowe[17] · Jerry Garcia[18] · Raquel Welch[19] · Kenny Florian[20]

5th row: Cameron Diaz[21] · Ricky Martin[22] · Daphne Zuniga[23] · Andy Garcia[24] · Linda Ronstadt[25]

Total population
White Hispanic or Latino
29,239,524 Americans
9.61% of the United States population (2008)[26]
Regions with significant populations
West Coast · Southwest · Northeast · Florida
Languages

American English · Spanish · Spanglish

Religion

Predominantly Roman Catholic · Protestant, Jewish, and other minorities

White Hispanic and Latino Americans are citizens of the United States who are racially white and ethnically Hispanic or Latino.

Based on the definitions created by the Office of Management and Budget and the US Census Bureau, the concepts of race and ethnicity are mutually independent, and respondents to the census and other Census Bureau surveys are asked to answer both questions. Ethnicity distinguishes between those who report origins in Spain or Hispanic America (Hispanic and Latino Americans), and those who do not (Non-Hispanic Americans).[27][28] The US Census Bureau asks each resident to report the "race or races with which they most closely identify."[29]

As of 2008, about 47 million or 15.4% of Americans were listed as ethnically Hispanic or Latino.[30] Of those, about 29 million or 62% were White.

Contents

Demographic information

In the 2008 American Community Survey, 46.8 million Americans (15.4% of the total population) listed themselves as ethnically Hispanic or Latino American. Of those, 62.3% (29.2 million) self-identified as racially white. The remaining respondents listed their race as: Some other race 30.2%, multi-racial 3.9%, Black or African American 1.9%, American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0%, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.05%, and Asian 0.4%.[31]

Respondents in the "Some other race" category are officially reclassified as white by the Census Bureau in some official estimates of race. This means that more than 90% of all Hispanic or Latino Americans end up being counted as "white" in some statistics of the US Census, equalling 43.1 million in 2008.[32]

White Hispanics by National Origin, 2000[33]
Hispanic National Origin White population
in group
As a percentage
of group
Mexico Mexican 9,870,433 47.3
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican 1,605,049 47.2
Cuba Cuban 1,060,854 85.0
Dominican Republic Dominican 180,856 22.7
Central American 735,879 40.4
South American 838,270 59.6
All other Hispanics 2,534,786 44.8

Some Hispanic or Latino American groups have white majorities or pluralities, in contrast to the actual ethnographic profiles of their countries of origin. Mexico's population, for instance, is 9% White, in contrast with the 47% of Mexican Americans.[34]

Representation in the media

Hispanic and Latino are often given racial values, usually non-white.[35][36] On the other hand, since the early days of the movie industry in the U.S., when White Hispanic actors are given roles, they are usually cast as non-Hispanic Whites.[35] Examples include such actors as Jose Ferrer, Alexis Bledel, Benicio Del Toro, Lynda Carter, and Cameron Diaz.

White Hispanics by State, 2007 ACS [37]
State Population % of State % of Hispanics
California 6,503,487 18 49
Texas 5,398,738 23 63
Florida 2,867,365 16 76
New York 1,161,663 7 37
Arizona 1,113,398 18 59
Illinois 715,315 6 37
New Jersey 660,649 8 48
Colorado 601,488 12 62
New Mexico 530,612 27 61
Nevada 412,985 16 64
Regional Distribution of White Hispanics, 2000[33]
Region of the U.S
West 37.7%
South 40.8%
Midwest 8.4%
Northeast 13%

Hispanic and Latino Americans began to appear in the US movie industry in the 1910s, and the leading players among them were generally light-skinned and Caucasian.[38] Anita Page was a native-born American actress of Spanish descent who reached stardom in 1928, during the last years of the silent film,[39] and was referred to as "a blond, blue-eyed Latin" and "the girl with the most beautiful face in Hollywood" in the 1920s.[40][41]

Most Americans who know of them may not be aware that American movie legend Rita Hayworth, born Margarita Carmen Cansino, was Hispanic via her father, flamenco dancer Eduardo Cansino, Sr., from Seville; or that the actress who played "all-American" Gilmore Girl Lorelai Leigh "Rory" GilmoreAlexis Bledel — is also Hispanic, with a mother from Mexico and father from Argentina.[42]

Some accuse the U.S. Hispanic media and the Latin American media of over-representing White Hispanics/Latinos and White Latin Americans, particularly in telenovelas (soap operas), while under-representing their non-White counterparts.[43]

Marriage trends

According to a sample of married, Hispanic, male householders, U.S.-born Hispanic Whites often marry a non-Hispanic partner, although 66% still marry a Hispanic White partner. In comparison, 88% of foreign-born Hispanic White males married Hispanic White wives. Among U.S.-born people in all cases, White women of non-Hispanic origin are many times more likely to marry Hispanic men of Some other race than are Hispanic White women, as 19% of native-born Hispanic Some other race householders are married to non-Hispanic White wives, compared to 2% who are married to Hispanic White wives.

Race and Ethnic Distribution of Wives by Husband's Nativity, Race and Ethnicity 2000[33]
Race and Ethnicity of Husband
Native-born Foreign-born
Race and Ethnicity of Wife White Hispanic SOR Hispanic White Hispanic SOR Hispanic
White Hispanic 66% 2% 88% 3%
SOR Hispanic 2% 73% 2% 90%
Non-Hispanic White 28% 19% 7% 4%

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.biography.com/articles/Salma-Hayek-14514423
  2. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/220/000024148/
  3. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/723/000067522/
  4. ^ http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/95fall/guajome.htm Juan Bandini
  5. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/928/000066730/
  6. ^ http://www.californiagovernors.ca.gov/h/biography/governor_12.html
  7. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/roger-hernandez/decline-of-the-white-non_b_120579.html
  8. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/470/000023401/
  9. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/765/000025690/
  10. ^ http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/lopez-al.html
  11. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/286/000159806/
  12. ^ http://www.miaminewtimes.com/2010-02-04/music/pitbull-headlines-the-pepsi-musica-super-bowl-fan-jam/
  13. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/546/000031453/
  14. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/050/000094765/
  15. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/103/000023034/
  16. ^ http://www.dos.state.fl.us/news/communications/pressRelease/pressRelease.cfm?id=375
  17. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/614/000043485/
  18. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/667/000026589/
  19. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/225/000024153/
  20. ^ http://www.criticalbench.com/Kenny-Florian.htm
  21. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/029/000022960/
  22. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=3bbp-8X0U9YC&pg=PA247&lpg=PA247&dq=puerto+rican+white+culture&output=html
  23. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/611/000023542/
  24. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/roger-hernandez/decline-of-the-white-non_b_120579.html
  25. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/047/000022978/
  26. ^ American Community Survey 2008 Hispanic Origin by Race
  27. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/epss/glossary_r.html
  28. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/epss/glossary_h.html
  29. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/meta/long_68178.htm
  30. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G00_&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G2000_B03002&-tree_id=306&-redoLog=false&-all_geo_types=N&-geo_id=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en
  31. ^ B03002. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE "2008 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G00_&-mt_name=ACS_2008_1YR_G2000_B03002&-CONTEXT=dt&-redoLog=true&-geo_id=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en&-SubjectID=15233308 B03002. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  32. ^ "T4-2008. Hispanic or Latino By Race [15]". 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-state=dt&-ds_name=PEP_2008_EST&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=PEP_2008_EST_G2008_T004_2008&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-currentselections=PEP_2007_EST_G2007_T001&-geo_id=01000US&-geo_id=NBSP&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  33. ^ a b c Tafoya, Sonya (2004). "Shades of Belonging" (PDF). Pew Hispanic Center. http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/35.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  34. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Mexico". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html#People. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  35. ^ a b "Hispanic roles on American television". http://thehispanicmyth.com/Hispanics_on_TV_myth.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  36. ^ "Latinas in U.S. Media". http://www.childrensmediaproject.org/article.asp?showid=110. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  37. ^ "B03002. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE". 2007 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-mt_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G2000_B03002&-CONTEXT=dt&-tree_id=306&-redoLog=true&-all_geo_types=N&-currentselections=ACS_2006_EST_G2000_B03002&-geo_id=04000US04&-geo_id=04000US06&-geo_id=04000US08&-geo_id=04000US12&-geo_id=04000US17&-geo_id=04000US32&-geo_id=04000US34&-geo_id=04000US35&-geo_id=04000US36&-geo_id=04000US48&-search_results=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  38. ^ "Silent Films, Sound, Resisting Stereotypes, The New Generation, Assessment, Oscar Winners and Nominees, Latinos., Latinas". http://www.jrank.org/cultures/pages/3564/Actors-Actresses.html. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  39. ^ Anita Page: Star of the silent screen
  40. ^ Heroes, Lovers, and Others
  41. ^ Latinas in the United States
  42. ^ "Look at Hispanic Americans in the U.S". http://www.hispanicbusiness.com/news/2006/12/28/from_lucy_to_reba_a_look.htm. 
  43. ^ Quinonez, Ernesto (2003-06-19). "Y Tu Black Mama Tambien". http://www.newsweek.com/id/58525?tid=relatedcl. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 

External links

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