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White House Office
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1857
Headquarters White House
Employees About 150
Agency executive Rahm Emanuel, Chief of Staff
Parent agency Executive Office of the President of the United States
Website
White House Office
President Obama meeting with senior White House staff. Individuals present (l-r): David Axelrod (Senior Advisor to the President), ???, Peter Rouse (Senior Advisor to the President), Rahm Emmanuel (Chief of Staff), Robert Gibbs (Press Secretary), Phil Schiliro (Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs), Mona Sutphen (Deputy Chief of Staff), ???, and Valerie Jarrett (Senior Advisor to the President and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Liaison).

The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, currently Rahm Emanuel, who is also the head of the Executive Office[1]. The staff of the various offices are based in the West Wing and East Wing of the White House, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, and the New Executive Office Building.

Contents

History

Established in the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 1 of 1939[2] and Executive Order 8248[3]to provide assistance to the President in the performance of his many detailed activities incident to his immediate office. The White House Office is organized in accordance with the wishes of each incumbent President and is directed by staff chosen by the President. A staff authorization was initially established in 1978 (92 Stat. 2445). Some presidential boards, committees, and commissions function organizationally as subunits of the White House Office[4].

Although still a subunit of the EOP, the White House Office remains the centerpiece of the presidential staff system. In many ways it is closest to the President both in physical proximity, its top aides occupy most of the offices in the West Wing, and in its impact on the day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. During the transition to office and continuing throughout an administration, the President enjoys a great deal of discretion in terms of how the White House Office is organized[1]

Mission

Presidents are free to determine what sub offices and functions will be represented in the staff structure. Most White Houses have some set of staffs handling national security, domestic, and economic policy, but their organizations can vary significantly. Most recent White Houses have offices that deal with the cabinet, congressional affairs, political affairs, intergovernmental affairs, and liaison with the public and a variety of constituency groups. There are usually large operations devoted to the media: a press office, a communications office, other media liaison, and the speechwriting staff. There are offices handling scheduling and preparations for when the President physically leaves the White House (the Advance Office), and a large White House personnel office that oversees presidential appointments throughout the government.

The issues that confront the United States at any one time can not be dealt with by the President alone, and therefore he(or she) must draw on the expertise of the staff he has surrounding him. Successfully launching a presidential policy initiative, effectively staging a presidential event, planning and conducting a meeting of world leaders, or delivering a major address to the nation , all require the collective contributions of different parts of the White House staff. For this to happen effectively there must be a few tough, strong offices exerting centripetal force and pulling the pieces together. First and foremost is the Office of the Chief of Staff. The role and duties of a Chief of Staff vary from administration to administration and even within an administration as one chief of staff may differ from a predecessor or successor. While Chiefs of Staff may differ in the degree of policy advice they provide a President, they are at base the managers of the White House staff system. At least in theory, they are the coordinators bringing the pieces together; they are the tone-setters and disciplinarians making for good organizational order, and often act as the gatekeeper for the President, overseeing every person, document and communication that goes to the President[1].

Current Key Offices and Staff

Office of Cabinet Affairs

  • Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary: Chris Lu[5]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary: Elizabeth Sears Smith[6]

Office of the Chief of Staff

Senior Advisors to the President

  • Senior Advisor to the President: David Axelrod[5]
  • Senior Advisor to the President: Pete Rouse[8]
  • Senior Advisor to the President and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Relations and Public Engagement: Valerie Jarrett[9]

Office of Communications

Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy

  • Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change: Carol Browner[13]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change: Heather Zichal[13]

Office of the First Lady

  • Chief of Staff to the First Lady: Susan Sher[14]
    • Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady: Melissa Winter[15]
    • Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady: David Medina
      • Director of Policy and Projects for the First Lady: Jocelyn C. Frye[16]

Office of Legislative Affairs

  • Assistant to the President and Legislative Affairs Director: Phil Schiliro[9]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Legislative Affairs Director: Lisa Konwinski[17]
      • Deputy Director for the U.S. House of Representatives: Dan Turton[6]
      • Deputy Director for the U.S. Senate: Shawn Maher[6]

Office of Management and Administration

  • Director of the Office of Management and Administration: Bradley Kiley[13]
    • White House Personnel
    • White House Operations
    • Telephone Office
    • Visitors Office

Oval Office Operations

  • Director of Oval Office Operations: Micaela Fernandez[16]
    • Deputy Director of Oval Office Operations: Brian Mosteller[16]
  • Personal Secretary to the President: Katie Johnson
  • Personal Aide to the President: Reggie Love
  • Confidential Assistant to the President: Eugene Kang

Office of Political Affairs

  • Director of the Office of Political Affairs: Patrick Gaspard[18]
    • Deputy Director of Political Affairs: Patrick Dillon[19]

Office of Presidential Personnel

  • Director of Presidential Personnel: Don Gips[13]
    • Deputy Director of Presidential Personnel: Kenneth F. Williams-Bennett

Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs

Office of the Press Secretary

  • Assistant to the President and White House Press Secretary: Robert Gibbs[11]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and White House Deputy Press Secretary: Bill Burton
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and White House Deputy Press Secretary: Josh Earnest

Office of Scheduling and Advance

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance: Alyssa Mastromonaco[23]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance and Operations: Emmett Beliveau[19]
      • Special Assistant to the President and Trip Director for the President: Marvin Nicholson[19]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Appointments and Scheduling: Danielle Crutchfield[19]

Office of the Staff Secretary

Office of the White House Counsel

  • Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President: Greg Craig[5]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy Counsel to the President: Daniel J. Meltzer[16]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Cassandra Butts[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Mary B. DeRosa[16]

Office of White House Policy

White House Fellows

  • Director, President's Commission on White House Fellowships: Cindy Moelis[30]

White House Military Office

  • Director of the White House Military Office: Vacant

References

  1. ^ a b c John P. Burke. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/policy/whitehouse. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  2. ^ "Message to Congress on the Reorganization Act." April 25, 1939. John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara, Calif.: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database).
  3. ^ "Executive Order 8248 - Reorganizing the Executive Office of the President." September 8, 1939. John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters,The American Presidency Project (online). Santa Barbara, Calif.: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database).
  4. ^ Harold C. Relyea (2008-03-17). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview". Congressional Research Service. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/98-606.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d Office of President-Elect. "Obama-Biden Transition Team announces more White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/obama_biden_transition_team_announces_more_white_house_staff/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d Office of President-Elect. "President-elect Obama announces more key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president-elect_obama_announces_more_key_white_house_staff/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  7. ^ Office of the President=Elect (7 November 2008). "Emanuel to be Obama’s White House Chief of Staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/emanuel_to_be_obamas_white_house_chief_of_staff/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c Office of President-Elect. "President-elect Barack Obama announces additional key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_barack_obama_announces_additional_key_white_house_staff/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c Office of the President-Elect. "President-elect Obama and Vice President-elect Biden announce key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_obama_and_vice_presiden_elect_biden_announce_key_white_hous/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  10. ^ Chris Cillizz (2009-11-10). "Dunn leaving White House, Pfeiffer takes over". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/thefix/white-house/dunn-leaving-white-house-pfeif.html?hpid=topnews. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  11. ^ a b Office of the President-Elect. "White House Communications and Press Secretary positions announced". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/white_house_communications_and_press_secretary_positions_announced/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  12. ^ a b Office of the President-Elect. "President-Elect Barack Obama names two new White House staff members". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_barack_obama_names_two_new_white_house_staff_members/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c d Office of the President-Elect (15 December 2008). "President-elect Barack Obama announces key members of energy and environment team". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_barack_obama_announces_key_members_of_energy_and_environmen/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  14. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (04 June 2009). "White House announces East Wing staff changes". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/White-House-Announces-East-Wing-Staff-Changes/. Retrieved 04 June 2009. 
  15. ^ Office of the President-Elect (24 November 2008). "President-elect Barack Obama and Mrs. Michelle Obama announce more key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_barack_obama_and_mrs_michelle_obama_announce_more_key_white/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  16. ^ a b c d e Executive Office of the President (2009-07-01). "Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Staff". http://www.whitehouse.gov/assets/documents/July1Report-Draft12.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  17. ^ Office of the President-Elect. "Additions to legislative affairs team". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/additions_to_legislative_affairs_team/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  18. ^ Office of the President-Elect. "President-elect Obama and Vice President-elect Biden Announce Key White House Staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_obama_and_vice_president_elect_biden_announce_key_white_hou/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  19. ^ a b c d Office of the President-Elect (20 January 2009). "President-elect Obama announces more key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president-elect_obama_announces_more_key_white_house_staff1/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  20. ^ Office of the President-Elect. "President-elect Obama announces more key White House staff". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_obama_announces_more_key_white_house_staff/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  21. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (2009-03-11). "Establishing A White House Council On Women And Girls". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Executive-Order-Creating-the-White-House-Council-on-Women-and-Girls/. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  22. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (19 February 2009). "President Barack Obama Announces Key White House Posts". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/President-Barack-Obama-Announces-Key-White-House-Posts/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  23. ^ Office of the President-Elect (25 November 2008). "Alyssa Mastromonaco named White House Director of Scheduling and Advance". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/alyssa_mastromonaco_named_white_house_director_of_scheduling_and_advance/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  24. ^ a b c Office of the President-Elect (2008-11-25). "Geithner, Summers among key economic team members announced today". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/geithner_summers_among_key_economic_team_members_announced_today/. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  25. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (2009-02-26). "President Obama Selects Health Policy Expert to Head Office of National AIDS Policy". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/President-Obama-Selects-Health-Policy-Expert-to-Head-Office-of-National-AIDS-Polic/. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  26. ^ White House Blog (6 February 2009). "Working with Faith". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog_post/working_with_faith/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  27. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (2009-03-02). "President Obama Will Nominate Governor Kathleen Sebelius Secretary of HHS, Announces Release of $155 Million of ARRA Funds for Health Clinics Across America". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/President-Obama-nominates-Governor-Kathleen-Sebelius-Secretary-of-HHS-Announces-Re/. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  28. ^ Office of the President-Elect (11 December 2008). "President-elect Obama nominates Senator Daschle as Secretary of HHS". Press release. http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/president_elect_obama_nominates_senator_daschle_as_secretary_of_hhs/. Retrieved 21 April 2009. 
  29. ^ a b Office of the Press Secretary (2009-01-28). "President Obama Announces Deputy Directors for the National Economic Council". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/ObamaAnnouncesDeputyDirectorsfortheNationalEconomicCouncil/. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  30. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (2009-04-21). "President Obama Appoints Cindy S. Moelis as the Director for the Presidential Commission on White House Fellows". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/President-Obama-Appoints-Cindy-S-Moelis-as-the-Director-for-the-Presidential-Commission-on-White-House-Fellows/. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 

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