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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of the White Sea
Two satellite photos of the White Sea

The White Sea (Russian: Бе́лое мо́ре, Finnish: Vienanmeri) is an inlet of the Barents Sea on the northwest coast of Russia. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast.

The important port of Arkhangelsk is located on the White Sea. For much of Russia's history this was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, conducted by the so-called Pomors ("seaside settlers") from Kholmogory. In the modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base. The White Sea-Baltic Canal connects the White Sea with the Baltic Sea.

The whole of the White Sea is under Russian sovereignty and considered to be internal waters of Russia.

There are four main bays and gulfs in the White Sea. From west to east, they are the Kandalaksha Gulf, the Onega Bay, the Dvina Bay, and the Mezen Bay.

The White Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms — the others being the Black Sea, the Red Sea and the Yellow Sea.





The International Hydrographic Organization defines the northern limit of the White Sea as follows:[1]

A line joining Svyatoi Nos (Murmansk Coast, 39°47'E) and Cape Kanin.


The White Sea has a very large number of islands, but most of them are small. The main island group in the White Sea is the Solovetsky Islands, located almost in its middle. Kiy Island in Onega Bay is significant due to a historic monastery. Velikiy Island, located close to the shore, is the largest island in the Kandalaksha Gulf.


  1. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 18 December 2009.  

External links

Coordinates: 65°39′17″N 36°51′15″E / 65.65472°N 36.85417°E / 65.65472; 36.85417


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



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Proper noun

White Sea


White Sea

  1. A sea to the northwest of Russia.




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