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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Whitehall traffic portrays a busy London scene with the clock tower and Big Ben in the background.
Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. The tower is Victoria Tower.

Whitehall is a road in Westminster in London, England. It is the main artery running north from Parliament Square, towards traditional Charing Cross, now at the southern end of Trafalgar Square and marked by the statue of Charles I, which is often regarded as the heart of London. Recognised as the centre of HM Government, the road is lined with government departments/ministries; "Whitehall" is therefore also frequently used as a metonym for overall UK governmental administration, as well as being a geographic name for the surrounding district.

The name is taken from the vast Palace of Whitehall that used to occupy the area but which was largely destroyed by fire in 1698. Whitehall was originally a wide road that ran up to the front of the palace. Trafalgar Square was built at its northern extremity in the early 19th century. The southernmost part by Parliament Square is Parliament Street, but there is no longer any obvious distinction between the two on the ground. Combined, the streets cover a total distance of about 0.6 mile (1 km).

Contents

History

Parliament Street was a small side road alongside the palace leading to the Palace of Westminster. When the palace was destroyed and its ruins demolished, Parliament Street was widened to match Whitehall's width. The present appearance of the street is largely the result of 19th century redevelopment.

The Banqueting House, built in 1622 by Inigo Jones, is the only surviving portion of the former palace. Charles I was executed on 30 January 1649 on a scaffold erected outside the building, stepping onto it from a first-floor window. Royalists still commemorate the regicide annually on the anniversary of the execution.

The name Whitehall is often used as a metonym to refer to the government of the United Kingdom or senior ministers (such as the prime minister and other cabinet members), in the same way the Kremlin refers to the Russian/Soviet governments, or White House refers to the executive branch of the government of the United States.

The Cenotaph, the principal war memorial of Britain, is in the centre of the road, and is the site of the annual memorial ceremonies on Remembrance Sunday. In 2005 a Monument to the Women of World War II was placed just a short distance northwards from the Cenotaph.

The central portion of the street is dominated by military buildings, including the Ministry of Defence, with the former headquarters of the British Army and Royal Navy, the Royal United Services Institute, the Horse Guards building and the Admiralty, on the opposite side. The road also hosts equestrian statues of George, Duke of Cambridge, a former Army Commander-in-Chief and Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of the British Armies in France 1915-1918.

Scotland Yard, the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police, was originally located in Great Scotland Yard off the north-eastern end of the street, but relocated to New Scotland Yard on the Victoria Embankment in 1890.

Downing Street leads off the south-west end of Whitehall, just above Parliament Street. It is closed to the public at both ends by security gates erected in 1989.[1] These have since been supplemented by a further gated barrier around three metres outside the main gates.

During recent years, significant security measures have been put in place along Whitehall for the protection of the government buildings that line the street. This is partly due to a £25 million pound 'streetscape' scheme undertaken by the Westminster City Council, which was agreed just months before the 2005 London bombings.[2] This has caused significant disruption along Whitehall, but the building programme appears to be coming to an end, with wider pavements, better lighting and hundreds of concrete and steel security barriers now in place.

Whitehall, looking south in 1740: the rebuilt St. James's Palace and Jones' Banqueting House (1622) on the left, Kent's Treasury buildings (1733-37) on the right; the Holbein Gate was finally demolished in 1759.
Whitehall showing the major UK Government buildings.

Government buildings in Whitehall (north to south)

Other notable buildings in Whitehall

Bibliography

  • Whitehall Through The Centuries by George S Dugdale (Assistant at the London Museum) with black and white reproductions and plans. A foreword by Sir Edward Bridges[3]

External links

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ John Michael Lee, George William Jones, June Burnham, At the Centre of Whitehall: Advising the Prime Minister and Cabinet, p. 42. St. Martin's Press, 1998. ISBN 0312177305
  2. ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23404303-the-latest-terror-victims-whitehalls-trees.do
  3. ^ First published by Phoenix House (London) in 1950 with no ISBN

Coordinates: 51°30′15″N 0°07′35″W / 51.50417°N 0.12639°W / 51.50417; -0.12639

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Whitehall is a city in Pennsylvania.

  • From the east/west, use Route 22 to Route 145 N./MacArthur Rd.
  • From the north/south, use Route 145.
  • From the north/south, use Route 33 south to Route 22 west to Route 145 N./MacArthur Rd.
  • From the north/south, use Interstate 476 (Northeast Extension of the PA Turnpike) to Route 22 east to Route 145 N./MacArthur Rd.

By air

The primary and most convenient point of airline entry to Whitehall and Lehigh Valley is Lehigh Valley International Airport (ABE). Various airlines operate out of this airport. Philadelphia International Airport (PHL) is a major international airport that is about 70 miles away. Since it is a hub for several national airlines, it is easy to obtain non-stop flights to Philadelphia International compared to ABE and usually cheaper.

Get around

Whitehall is not a walking town.

If you don't have a car of your own, the easiest way to get around is by LANTA (Lehigh And Northampton Transportation Authority) Buses [1].

If you're traveling to more rural areas of Lehigh Valley, a car is the only option and can be rented through LVIA[2].

See

There's the Ironton Rail Trail[3] for hiking, biking, jogging. Connected to the Ironton Rail Trail is the Whitehall Parkway, over 100 acres to fish, hike, watch birds and even see some historical buildings.[4]

For more things to do in the area, check out the Allentown, Bethlehem (Pennsylvania) or Easton pages.

Do

Whitehall is primarily a shopping and dining town, centered around MacArthur Road. However, there are a few "hidden" things to do:

  • Rollar skating at Skateaway/Whitehall Family Skating Center[5] just off MacArthur Rd on Lehigh St
  • Ice skating at The Rink/Lehigh Valley Ice Arena[6]
  • Bowling at Jordan Lanes[7]
  • There's Wisecrackers Comedy Club[8] at the Ramada hotel but must be 21 to enter

Whitehall is a short distance from lots more to do in Lehigh Valley. For more things to do, check out the Allentown, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania or Easton pages.

  • Lehigh Valley Mall, Rts. 22 & 145 N. (Route 145 N./MacArthur Road exit off Route 22), 610-264-5511, [9]. Anchored by JCPenney, Macy's and Boscov's and includes over 140 stores. Indoor and outdoor shopping. New outdoor stores include Coach, Barnes & Noble, and Apple  edit

While the Lehigh Valley Mall is the big boy on the block, next door is the Whitehall Mall, which is anchored by a Sears and Kohls. There's also a Border's Books, Bed, Bath & Beyond, Michael's Arts & Crafts and a few others in a small strip just outside the Whitehall Mall.

Moving north on MacArthur Road, you'll find another shopping center on the left side, which has a Sports Authority, Redner's Supermarket, and some more clothing and furniture stores.

Continuing north, on the right will be a shopping center anchored by a Walmart, Sam's Club, Burlington Coat Factory, Dick's Sporting Goods and Old Navy. On the left will be a shopping center with a Kmart and Lowe's. Further up north, there is a Weis Markets, which is not in a shopping center.

Aside from the store mentioned, there are small shops of all shapes and sizes selling everything from mattresses to pet supplies to cars up and down MacArthur Road. The best way to see what's there is to literally drive the main drag.

  • Buca di Beppo, 714 Grape Street, 610-264-4268, [10]. Italian cuisine. Lunch and dinner. Kid's menu available.  edit
  • Dunderbak's, 121 Lehigh Valley Mall (inside the Lehigh Valley Mall), 610-252-1519, [11]. Where every day is Oktoberfest.  edit
  • Fiesta Olé, 1808 MacArthur Road, [12]. Mexican cuisine.  edit
  • Spice India, 2407 Mickley Ave, 610-432-0980, [13]. Indian cuisine. Lunch, dinner and Sunday brunch available. BYOB. Outdoor seating available.  edit
  • Sakura Japanese Steakhouse, 2180 MacArthur Rd, 610-433-3205, [14]. Hibachi style or sit down dining with a sushi bar.  edit

Due to the abundance of shopping, restaurants line the main drag of Whitehall, MacArthur Road, and shopping centers. Dining options include:

  • Fast food chains including Burger King, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Wendy's, Taco Bell, Chick-fil-A and McDonald's.
  • Other national chain restaurants including Perkins, Ruby Tuesdays, Olive Garden, Red Lobster, Chili's, Friendly's, Panera Bread, Lone Star Steakhouse, Old Country Buffet, Ground Round
  • Still more restaurants include City View Diner, Bonefish Grill, Bravo! (italian), Whitehall Diner
  • Ramada, 1500 MacArthur Rd (Route 145 North/MacArthur Road exit off Route 22), 610-439-1037, [15]. Newly renovated. Across from the Lehigh Valley Mall. Restaurant and comedy club onsite.  edit

As far as I know, this is the only hotel in Whitehall. But, luckily, there are plenty of hotels just two exits east off Route 22 (the Airport Road exit). Check out the listings on the Allentown page.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Whitehall

  1. a wide street in Westminster between Parliament Square and Trafalgar Square; it houses several government offices
  2. a personification of the British government or civil service

See also


Simple English

File:Whitehall sketch
Whitehall showing the major UK Government buildings.
File:Whitehall,
Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. The tower is Victoria Tower.

Whitehall is a road in Westminster in London, England. It is the main street running north from Parliament Square, towards traditional Charing Cross, now at the southern end of Trafalgar Square and marked by the statue of Charles I, which is often regarded as the heart of London.

The name "Whitehall" is often used for governmental administration and as a geographic name for the district around it.

Whitehall was originally a wide road that ran up to the front of the palace. Trafalgar Square was built at its northern end in the early 19th century. The southernmost part by Parliament Square is named Parliament Street, but there is no longer any obvious difference between the two on the ground. Combined, the streets cover a total distance of about 0.6 mile (1 km).

Contents

Government buildings in Whitehall

Bibliography

  • Whitehall Through The Centuries by George S Dugdale (Assistant at the London Museum) with black and white reproductions and plans. A foreword by Sir Edward Bridges [1]

Other websites

Gallery

Notes

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Coordinates: 51°30′15″N, 0°07′35″W


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