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Whitelaw Reid: Wikis


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Whitelaw Reid

In office
March 23, 1889 – March 25, 1892
Preceded by Robert M. McLane
Succeeded by T. Jefferson Coolidge

In office
1905 – December 15, 1912
Preceded by Joseph H. Choate
Succeeded by Walter Hines Page

Born October 27, 1837
Cedarville, Ohio, USA
Died December 15, 1912
London, England
Political party Republican
Profession Politician, Editor

Whitelaw Reid (October 27, 1837 – December 15, 1912) was a U.S. politician and newspaper editor, as well as the author of a popular history of Ohio in the Civil War.


Early life

Born on a farm near Xenia, Ohio, Reid attended Xenia Academy and went on to graduate from Miami University with honors in 1856.[1] At Miami, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon (Kappa chapter), and lobbied for the expulsion of the six members who ultimately founded Sigma Chi.


He was the longtime editor of the New York Tribune and close friend of Horace Greeley. He was a leader of the Liberal Republican movement in 1872.

Reid and Carl Schurz tune up for the 1876 presidential campaign in this cartoon by Thomas Nast

A Republican, he had an illustrious career as a diplomat, serving as United States Ambassador to France from 1889 to 1892, and again as U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's from 1905 to 1912. In 1892, he was the Republican vice presidential nominee replacing Levi P. Morton on a ticket headed by incumbent President Benjamin Harrison. The Harrison-Reid ticket received the electoral votes of sixteen states (145 EV) finishing second among the three tickets that captured electoral votes. Reid was given a spot on the Peace Commission following the Spanish-American War. Manhattanville College in Purchase, New York of Westchester County is located on his former estate.


After his death whilst serving as the ambassador to Britain, his body was returned to New York aboard HMS Natal. He is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Sleepy Hollow, New York.



  1. ^ American Authors 1600-1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature (H. W. Wilson Co., New York, 1938)

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Robert M. McLane
United States Ambassador to France
1889 – 1892
Succeeded by
T. Jefferson Coolidge
Preceded by
Joseph H. Choate
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
1905 – 1912
Succeeded by
Walter Hines Page
Party political offices
Preceded by
Levi P. Morton
Republican Party vice presidential candidate
1892 (lost)
Succeeded by
Garret Hobart

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WHITELAW REID (1837-), American journalist and diplomatist, was born of Scotch parentage, near Xenia, Ohio, on the 27th of October 1837. He graduated at Miami University in 1856, and spoke frequently in behalf of John C. Fremont, the Republican candidate for the presidency in that year; was superintendent of schools of South Charleston, Ohio, in 1856-58, and in 1858-59 was editor of the Xenia News. In 1860 he became legislative correspondent at Columbus for several Ohio newspapers, including the Cincinnati Gazette, of which he was made city editor in 1861. He was war correspondent for the Gazette in 1861-62, serving also as volunteer aide-de-camp (with the rank of captain) to General Thomas A. Morris (1811-1904) and General William S. Rosecrans in West Virginia. He was Washington correspondent of the Gazette in 1862-68, acting incidentally as clerk of the military committee of Congress (1862-63) and as librarian of the House of Representatives (1863-66). In 1868 he became a leading editorial writer for the New York Tribune, in the following year was made managing editor, and in 1872, upon the death of Horace Greeley, became the principal proprietor and editor-in-chief. In 1905 Reid relinquished his active editorship of the Tribune, but retained financial control. He declined an appointment as United States minister to Germany in 1877 and again in 1881, but served as minister to France in 1889-92, and in 1892 was the unsuccessful Republican candidate for vice-president on the ticket with Benjamin Harrison. In 1897 he was special ambassador of the United States on the occasion of Queen Victoria's jubilee; in 1898 was a member of the commission which arranged the terms of peace between the United States and Spain; in 1902 was special ambassador of the United States at the coronation of King Edward VII., and in 1905 became ambassador to Great Britain. He was elected a life member of the New York State Board of Regents in 1878; and in 1902 he became vice-chancellor and, in 1904, chancellor of the university of the state of New York. In 1881 he married a daughter of Darius Ogden Mills (1825-1910), a prominent financier.

His publications include After the War (1867), in which he gives his observations during a journey through the Southern States in 1866; Ohio in the War (2 vols., 1868); Some Consequences of the Last Treaty of Paris (1899); Our New Duties (1899); Later Aspects of Our New Duties (1899); Problems of Expansion (1900); The Greatest Fact in Modern History (1906), and How America faced its Educational Problem (1906).

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