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Whitinsville, Massachusetts
—  CDP  —
Area map
Coordinates: 42°6′44″N 71°40′22″W / 42.11222°N 71.67278°W / 42.11222; -71.67278Coordinates: 42°6′44″N 71°40′22″W / 42.11222°N 71.67278°W / 42.11222; -71.67278
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Government
 - Type (None) Part of Northbridge, Massachusetts
Area
 - Total 4.0 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 - Land 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 322 ft (98 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 6,340
 Density 1,742.0/sq mi (672.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01588
Area code(s) 508
FIPS code 25-79495
GNIS feature ID 0611078

Whitinsville is an unincorporated village and census-designated place (CDP) on the Mumford River, a tributary of the Blackstone River, in the town of Northbridge in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,340 at the 2000 census. Whitinsville is pronounced as if it were spelled "White-ins-ville." The current 2009 estimated population is 9205.[1]

Contents

History

The Brick Mill, 1826

The Whitin Mill, owned by the Whitin family, for whom Whitinsville is named, is located in downtown Whitinsville as is the Whitin Machine Works, or "The Shop," an internationally renowned maker of textile machinery. "The Shop" specialized in making machines for picking, carding and spinning cotton and wool. During its more than 100 year run, The Shop was the world's largest producer of textile spindles. Today you can still see much of the original village, including the housing for workers and their families, churches and the Community Center. The textile machine company and industrial village were written up as one of the Harvard studies of history in business.[2]

This village was originally Nipmuc Indian lands, and was first settled as part of Mendon in 1662. From 1662 to 1727 it was part of Mendon, then later it became part of Uxbridge from 1727 to 1772. In 1772 Northbirdge finally became a separate town. The village's early name was "South Northbridge", before the Whitin family's rise to prominence. Col. John Spring led a militia training company from Uxbridge which fought in the American Revolution. Col Spring was from the section that became South Northbridge.

An 1936 Berlin Olympics champion backstroke swimmer, Alice Bridges, then of Uxbridge, trained in the local gym pool(Whitin Community Center) in Whitinsville. The Whitinsville Savings Bank was involved in a precedent setting case in the U.S., involving tort and contract law, known as "Swinton Vs Whitinsville Savings Bank(1942)". A real estate transaction two years earlier had failed to disclose termites in a building.[3]

Whitin Community Center

The Whitin Community Center, operated by a non-profit organization and commonly called The Gym, is located at 60 Main Street on what used to be the 11 acre John C. Whitin estate. The front 3.5-acre (14,000 m2) site and the funds necessaary to build a recreation center on it were donated in 1922 by the four Whitin sisters, who had inherited the estate from their father, George Marston Whitin. They retained the remaining 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) on which the John C. Whitin mansion stood. The building erected on the front parcel was called the Whitin Community Center. In 1941, the surviving family members decided that none of them wanted to live in the mansion, so they had it torn down and donated the rest of the estate to the Community Center. In 1959, the recereation building built in 1922 was severely damaged by fire, but was rebuilt.[4]

St. Camillus Health Center

The St. Camillus Health Center, originally St. Camillus Hospital for Incurable Diseases, is located at 447 Hill Street on the historic E. Kent Swift Estate named for the husband of one of George Marston Whitin's daughters. The historic mansion on the rear of the estate was restored in 1999 and is now known as Father Turci Manor.

Geography

Whitinsville is located at 42°6′44″N 71°40′22″W / 42.11222°N 71.67278°W / 42.11222; -71.67278 (42.112208, -71.672890).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.5 km² (4.1 mi²). 9.4 km² (3.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.1 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (10.12%) is water.

Demographics

Whitinsville

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 6,340 people, 2,342 households, and 1,639 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 672.5/km² (1,742.0/mi²). There were 2,427 housing units at an average density of 257.4/km² (666.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.79% White, 1.01% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.

There were 2,342 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,627, and the median income for a family was $61,016. Males had a median income of $40,665 versus $26,325 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,264. About 4.8% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Ethnic groups

The 19th Century expansion of the Whitin mills brought many Irish immigrants in to work. Later immigrant groups that came to work and to settle in Whitinsville were Armenians, French-Canadians and Dutch.

Education

Public

  • Northbridge Public Schools[7] administrative building is located at 87 Linwood Avenue.
    • Northbridge High School is at 427 Linwood Avenue.
    • Northbridge Middle School is at 171 Linwood Avenue.
    • Balmer Elementary School is on Crescent Street.
    • Northbridge Elementary School is at 30 Cross Street.
    • Northbridge High School is well known for its football program, capturing 8 MIAA Division II, IIA, and III Super Bowl Championships, as recently as 2007. The team has won championships in 1974, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, and 2007.
    • Northbridge High School won the 1999 Division III Baseball State Championship

Private

  • Whitinsville Christian School is located at 279 Linwood Avenue in Whitinsville. The school is well known in the area for its excellent placement in athletics; in particular, the Whitinsville Christian School Crusaders high school boys basketball team was the Division III state champions in the 2004-2005 season.

Government

Whitinsville is a village within the Town of Northbridge. New England Towns, like Northbridge, administer the entire geography of each "township", and function like a City and a county government rolled into one. The county government is weak or non-existant in most of the New England States. The Northbridge Town Hall is located at 7 Main Street in Whitinsville, and Whitinsville is the largest village in the Town. The Northbridge Board of Selectmen functions like a City Council. Local police, DPW, board of health, fire, and schools are each administered as part of the government of the Town of Northbridge. Whitinsville is one of a number of villages in the town which is covered by the government of the Town of Northbridge. Worcester County exists today only as a historical area, with an elected County Sheriff, correctional and Court system, which are now administered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Office of Public Safety. County Commissioners were last elected in 1999, and local roads are now administered either by the Towns or the State.

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ "Whitinsville, MA". zipcode.com. http://www.zip-codes.com/city/MA-WHITINSVILLE.asp. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  2. ^ Navin, Thomas (1969). The Whitin Machine Works since 1831: A textile machinery company in an industrial village; Harvard case studies in business history. Russel and Russel. 
  3. ^ "Swinton Vs Whitinsville Savings Bank". lawnix.com. http://www.lawnix.com/cases/swinton-whitinsville.html. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  4. ^ Whitin Community Center
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Northbridge Public Schools

External links








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