Whose Line Is It Anyway: Wikis


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Whose Line Is It Anyway?
Whoseline.jpg
British Whose Line? title from its later series
Format Improvisational Comedy
Created by Dan Patterson
Mark Leveson
Presented by UK: Clive Anderson
USA: Drew Carey
Country of origin United Kingdom
United States
No. of seasons UK Radio: 1
UK Television: 10
USA: 8
No. of episodes UK Radio: 6 (List of episodes)
UK Television: 136 (List of episodes)
USA Television: 220 (List of episodes)
Production
Running time UK: 24-25 minutes, 29 minutes (Radio), 37 minutes (Christmas Special)
USA: 21-22 minutes
Production company(s) Hat Trick (all versions)
UK: Channel Four
US: Warner Bros. Television
Broadcast
Original channel UK: BBC Radio 4: 1988
Channel 4: 1988 - 1998
USA: ABC: 1998 - 2003
ABC Family: 2004 - 2006
Picture format 4:3
Original run UK: 23 September 1988 (1988-09-23)–2 July 1998 (1998-07-02)
USA: 5 August 1998 (1998-08-05) – 10 November 2006 (2006-11-10)
Chronology
Followed by Mock The Week

Whose Line Is It Anyway? (abbreviated to Whose Line? or WLIIA) is a short-form improvisational comedy TV show. Originally a British radio programme, it moved to television in 1988 as a series made for the UK's Channel 4. Following the conclusion of the British run in 1998, ABC began airing a version for the United States audience, which lasted 8 seasons.

The show consisted of a panel of four performers who create characters, scenes and songs on the spot, in the style of short-form improvisation games, many taken from theatresports. Topics for the games were based on either audience suggestions or predetermined prompts from the host. Both the British and the American shows ostensibly took the form of a game show with the host arbitrarily assigning points and likewise choosing a winner at the end of each episode.

Contents

Format

Each typical television episode of Whose Line Is It Anyway? featured four performers who sit in a line of chairs at the back of the stage. The host sat at a desk facing the large performance area in front of the performers. The host introduced each performer with a joke or pun, usually all related on a common theme or topic.

The remainder of the show was made up of games that are ostensibly scored by the host, who declared arbitrary point values after the game, often citing a humorous reason for his decision. The points were purely decorative and served no practical purpose. Drew Carey would reiterate this at the beginning, and multiple times throughout, each episode by describing Whose Line as "the show where everything's made up and the points don't matter." The style of the games were varied (see Games, below). Some featured all four performers, while others featured fewer. The performers who were not involved in a game remained in their seats at the back of the stage. Humorous banter between the host and the performers between games was also sometimes featured.

At the conclusion of each episode, a winner or several winners were chosen arbitrarily by the host. The "prize" for winning on the British version of the show was to read the credits in a certain style, chosen by the host, as they scrolled. On the American series, the "prize" was either to play a game with the host, or to sit out while the other performers did. After this game, credits simply rolled under the show's theme. In the second season, the credit-reading, usually including all of the performers, was adopted from the UK series following the "prize" game.

Episodes in both versions were culled down from longer recording sessions with the best game performances chosen to compile into one or more episodes. The UK series each included one or two compilation shows of unaired games from different taping sessions in that series. The US show had one compilation episode made up of the best moments already aired the previous season.

Games

The number and type of games played varied from episode to episode. However, some games became more common over time, while others faded from use. New games were created throughout the run of both series. Some games, such as "Tag", are based on traditional improv games, while others were uniquely created for the series.

While all games are designed to test the performer's improvisational skill, some also test other skills, such as singing or doing impressions. Whose Line? features a number of musical games, which feature one or more of the show's resident musicians playing live backing music. Occasionally, pre-recorded music is also used. While they are good sports about it, many of the performers despised the musical games; Wayne Brady turned out to be the best at the musical games.

Some games require suggestions or topics. The host sometimes calls to the studio audience for suggestions that a game requires, while for other games this information is written by the production staff, or is submitted by the audience in advance, and chosen from those submissions. The host also controls a buzzer, which ends most games (or individual sections of rapid-fire games).

On both versions, it became common to poke fun at both the host and the other performers.

Opening sequence

An opening sequence used by the British version of Whose Line? from 1994 to 1998

The British version of Whose Line? had a visual opening sequence that changed over the series. In the first series, the title sequence showed clips from the actual show under the main theme. The sequence introduced in the second series featured shots of actors in various styles of dress and activity whose exposed skin had been blackened out as a special effect. The final sequence featured a white line on a red screen, out of which a series of four characters, drawn simply as white outlines, appeared and interacted. The style is similar to that of La Linea by Osvaldo Cavandoli. The same line figures were superimposed above a picture of Los Angeles' famous Hollywood Sign for the last series. The British version's theme song was written by Philip Pope.

The U.S. version of the show never had a set opening sequence. During the opening theme, the camera would pan the audience and the performers with the show's logo superimposed. Then, the camera would cut from performer to performer as Carey introduced each one; Carey himself would then come down the stairs of the audience seating to his desk to start the show.

History

Whose Line Is It Anyway? was created by Dan Patterson and Mark Leveson in 1988 as a radio show on BBC Radio 4. This early incarnation of the show is notable as being the origin of the show's tradition of having the performers read the credits in an amusing style; as it was a radio show, it was necessary for somebody to read the credits, and it was decided that it might as well be done as part of the programme proper, rather than being done by a traditional BBC Radio announcer. This approach to reading credits was pioneered by the earlier BBC radio show I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again. Indeed the title of the show itself is a comedic riposte to another radio show, What's My Line, merged with the title of a 1972 teleplay (and eventual theatrical play) Whose Life Is It Anyway?. The radio series consisted of six episodes, with Clive Anderson as host, with John Sessions and Stephen Fry as regulars.[1]

U.S. version of Whose Line? opening title card

Originally, the producers asked the BBC to move to television; however the BBC was hesitant about this move. By this time, an already eager Channel 4 bought the show. Believing the show would become a hit, Channel 4 ordered 13 episodes for the first series, uncommon in the UK where a first TV series often consists of just 6 episodes. However, this came as a problem between two cast members. Original plans were to have Sessions and Fry as regulars with the rotation of two performers, but Stephen Fry pulled out as he was often scared performing it on radio, however, Sessions, with some persuasion from Fry, continued his role on the show. With the exception of Sessions in the first series and Stiles and Mochrie starting with the seventh and eighth series (respectively), there were no fixed regulars on the show, though there were many recurring regulars (including Fry).

The British television version lasted for a total of 10 series, with 136 episodes, all of which were hosted by Clive Anderson.[2] The ending came when ratings were beginning to slump, which critics believe Mochrie and Stiles' permanent fixtures were a factor of.[3] One of the early North American broadcasters of the British series was the Canadian youth channel YTV, though many episodes were edited for adult language and content.

Most episodes of the British television programme were primarily shot in London. However, half of the episodes for each of series 3 and 4 were taped in New York, and series 10 was filmed entirely in Hollywood in the same studio that would host the American version, Raleigh Studios. This final series was first broadcast only in the U.S. on the Comedy Central cable channel. These U.S. shot episodes were often criticised by both fans and critics as being of a lower quality to the London shot episodes [3]. Reruns of the entire British TV series had been running on Comedy Central since the early 1990s, though some episodes were edited to remove games, rearrange games in a show, or remove content that American audiences may find offensive. Repeats of the British series moved to BBC America in April 2006; however, the network has not shown any episodes taped before 1994.

The show was brought to the attention of Drew Carey, who worked with regular Whose Line? performer Ryan Stiles, a co-star on The Drew Carey Show. Carey convinced ABC to air test episodes in the United States. The show turned into an inexpensive hit (though less so than the British version) and ABC kept Carey on as host. The show ran on ABC for six seasons, benefiting from the low expectations of its Thursday night time slot, as ABC was not expected to mount a serious threat to what was then NBC's longtime Thursday dominance in the Nielsen ratings. While the network would regularly premiere two new episodes in one night, there were several occurrences in which some episodes were skipped or postponed until a later date because of the airing of other new shows or specials.[citation needed]

The format of the American version was very similar to the British programme. A main difference was Carey's use of the game-show facade, explicitly stating at the start of each episode that "the points don't matter," and sometimes emphasising this throughout the episodes. The difference in standards in the UK compared to U.S. primetime meant stricter censoring of both language and content on the U.S. series. Ryan Stiles and Colin Mochrie, frequent performers on the British show, were featured in every American episode, and Wayne Brady also became a regular toward the beginning of the second American season.

Production of the American version was cancelled by ABC in 2003 because of low ratings, with already-produced episodes airing first-run into 2004. The ABC Family cable network, which had been airing repeats of the show since 2002, also showed previously unaired episodes, as well as "new" episodes formed from previously filmed but unaired performances in 2005 and 2006.

UK version

The original BBC Radio 4 broadcasts consisted of host Clive Anderson along with two guests and the two regular contestants, Stephen Fry and John Sessions.

Clive Anderson stayed on as host when the show moved to television, with John Sessions resuming his role as the only regular in the first series. He subsequently became a rotating regular in the second and third series. However he appeared only twice in the third series, these being his final appearances. Stephen Fry appeared only occasionally on the television series.

Ryan Stiles and Colin Mochrie first appeared in the second and third series respectively; they each gradually increased the frequency of their appearances to the point that both appeared in every episode from the eighth series on. Stiles is the most prolific performer on the show, having appeared in 76 of the series' 136 episodes (including compilations). Wayne Brady, who became a regular on the US version, appeared in the final UK series for five episodes, including compilations.

Many of the show's performers, including Paul Merton, Josie Lawrence and Sandi Toksvig, were regulars with The Comedy Store Players, an improvisational group based at London's Comedy Store. Other regular performers from the British version included a variety of British, American and Canadian comedians, who included Greg Proops, Tony Slattery, Mike McShane, Stephen Frost, Brad Sherwood and Jim Sweeney. The series also occasionally featured celebrities in the fourth chair, such as Peter Cook, George Wendt and Jonathan Pryce.

On the original BBC Radio series, the music was provided by Colin Sell, but when the show migrated to television, Richard Vranch (also of The Comedy Store Players) became the musician until the last series of the British show, playing electric guitar and piano and other instruments. For the tenth series in Hollywood, Laura Hall took over, playing mainly keyboards, and went on to be the in-house musician for the American series.

Unlike the US version where the celebrities were assigned seating for the whole time of the show's run, the celebrities were always switching seats.

US version

Colin Mochrie who joined the US version after originally appearing on the UK version.

Drew Carey hosted the U.S. version of Whose Line?. He was joined by the UK version's Colin Mochrie (third seat) and Ryan Stiles (fourth seat) as regular performers. Wayne Brady also became a regular in the second season and appeared in either the first or second seat. The first seat was most commonly filled by other UK-series veterans, including Greg Proops, Brad Sherwood and Chip Esten. Several newcomers joined the rotation: such as Denny Siegel and Kathy Greenwood in the first two seasons. The only British performer to appear in the US version was Josie Lawrence.

The show occasionally featured celebrity fourth-chairs: Robin Williams, Kathy Kinney, Kathy Griffin and Whoopi Goldberg each made appearances. Other celebrities made guest appearances for individual games, including: Sid Caesar, David Hasselhoff, Florence Henderson, Jerry Springer, Joanie "Chyna" Laurer, Richard Simmons, Katie Harman, Jayne Trcka,[4] Hugh Hefner and Lassie.[5]

Laura Hall, who also featured in the tenth series of the British version, joined the American series for its entire run. From the second season onward, other musicians joined Hall. Linda Taylor made frequent appearances playing guitar and also some keyboards; other musicians such as Cece Worrall-Rubin on saxophone, Anne King, Candy Girard and Anna Wanselius all appeared alongside Hall (and sometimes also Taylor) on occasion.

Guests

Guests to appear as a contestant on at least one show were Niall Ashdown, John Bird, Rory Bremner, Patrick Bristow, Jane Brucker, Chyna, Julian Clary, Mark Cohen, Stephen Colbert, Peter Cook, Jeff Davis, Dawn French, Graeme Garden, Jon Glover, Ian Gomez, Kathy Greenwood, Whoopi Goldberg, Archie Hahn, Lenny Henry, Eddie Izzard, Richard Kaplan, Kathy Kinney, Phil LaMarr, Chris Langham, Hugh Laurie, Josie Lawrence, Rory McGrath, Karen Maruyama, Jim Meskimen, Neil Mullarkey, Jimmy Mulville, Ardal O'Hanlon, Catherine O'Hara, Jonathan Pryce, Caroline Quentin, Jan Ravens, Enn Reitel, Griff Rhys Jones, Kate Robbins, Richard Simmons, Arthur Smith, Chris Smith, Steve Steen, Betty Thomas, George Wendt, Robin Williams and Debra Wilson.

DVD release

DVDs have been released for both versions of the show.

UK

The first release of the UK show, featuring the first two series, was released on DVD in America on 27 March 2007 and in the UK in 25 January 2008. The UK edition is edited to remove references to the ad breaks. Also, British episodes were released on VHS (in the UK only) in the mid-1990s. Additionally, a play-at-home book was printed in 1989, related to the British series.

All of the UK version's 136 episodes of Whose Line Is It Anyway? are available for free to those living in the UK on 4oD [6]. Additionally, the first four series are available on iTunes.

US

The first DVD, Season 1, Volume 1, of the U.S. version of Whose Line? was released on 26 September 2006. It comes in "censored" or "uncensored" versions. Both releases include the first 10 episodes of the first season, with the episodes being the same on either version.[7] The first seven episodes have had their original theme music (including all credits and ad bumpers) replaced with the version used on the rest of the episodes.

Warner Bros. released Season 1, Volume 2 on 9 October 2007, but only in an "uncensored" version.[8]

Warner Brothers Home Video released a 2-disc 'best-of' compilation with 10 episodes on June 9, 2009. Celebrity guest episodes include appearances by David Hasselhoff, Florence Henderson, Jerry Springer, Richard Simmons, bodybuilder Jayne Trcka, and others.[9]

Other versions

Sponk! 
In the United States, a similar show called Sponk! was aimed at a younger audience and featured child performers playing games similar to Whose Line? games. It aired on Noggin from 2001 to 2003.[10]
De Lama's 
In the Netherlands, a show based on Whose Line Is It Anyway? was called De Lama's. Besides a number of games from Whose Line Is It Anyway?, the show used a lot of new games. The show won several prizes and was one of the most watched shows on Dutch television. It aired from 2004 to 2008.
Lo Kar Lo Baat 
In India, a television programme based on Whose Line Is It Anyway? was called Lo Kar Lo Baat. Most of the games were taken from the original.
Imps 
Also in India, a frequent theatre production similar to Whose Line Is It Anyway?, started in 2005 by Divya Palat.
Onvoorziene omstandigheden 
In Belgium, a similar programme was made under the name Onvoorziene omstandigheden (Unforeseen Circumstances), presented by Mark Uytterhoeven on één.
Frei Schnauze 
In Germany, this version of the UK original entertains its audience with many similar games. The show started as a half-hour programme and expanded to one hour in 2006. The host of Frei Schnauze is the German comedian Dirk Bach. Another improv show is Schillerstraße, featuring many well-known German comedians, but it uses a sitcom format.
Hatten Rundt 
In Denmark, this show featured a setup very similar to that of Whose Line?. However, the Danish show had much more emphasis on acting and much less on wild comedy.
Minus Manus/SpinnWebe 
Norway had two separate shows based on the Whose Line concept. The first, Minus Manus, shown on Norwegian TV3, was more or less identical in tone and form to the British show, but the second, Spinn, shown on TVNorge had a slightly different set-up. Among other things, Spinn split the contestants into two competing teams (the green team and the orange team, both wearing appropriately-coloured T-shirts) and also heavily involved a rotating stage that provided scenery and props for the various improvised skits. Though the shows were completely separate, many of the contestants (such as Helén Vikstvedt), featured on both.
Shel Mi HaShura HaZot? (של מי השורה הזאת) 
(Translation: Whose Line Is It?) This is the Israeli version of the show.
Wild 'n Out 
Hosted on MTV by Nick Cannon, this is a hip-hop version of the show with guest stars (among them Wayne Brady from the original show) and hip-hop performances. It is also derived from ComedySportz.
Whose Pie Is It Anyway? 
An unofficial, very short-lived Australian version of the programme was created by comedy troupe The T Team. This was a spoof of the British and U.S. versions of the programme.
Anında Görüntü Show 
In Turkey, The Turkish version is called Anında Görüntü Show, which means Immediate Vision Show. Although there are some differences in the format of the Anında Görüntü Show, it is still very close to the original Whose Line Is It Anyway?. Players include: Ayça Işıldar Ak, Ayhan Taş, Burak Satıbol, Dilek Çelebi, Özlem Türay and Yiğit Arı.[11]
Tsotskhali Show 
(Translation: Live Show) In Georgia, this show is a copy of the original with minor changes.
Pagauk kampą 
(Translation: Catch The Corner or Get It Quick) In Lithuania. Quite a successful Lithuanian copy of Whose Line? with similar rules and games.
Kamikaze
This is the French-Canadian version of the programme on the Radio-Canada network in the early 2000s. The show didn't gain much popularity due to its lack of advertising. The only airings of the show were unannounced and used as a replacement after the sitcom Catherine went on hiatus during the holidays. The show was almost identical to the U.S. version, using the same set and playing similar games such as "Old Job New Job."
L'audition 
Another French-Canadian version, entitled L'audition ("The audition"), aired in 2006 on TQS in Québec. The concept of the show was based on the WLIIA game "Hollywood Director," where the host played the director. Every week, three guests from the Québec pop-culture were invited to improvise various scenes and games such as a fake cooking show or a modified version of "Scenes From a Hat." TQS decided to cancel the show due to three months of poor ratings.
Beugró[12] 
(Translation: Stand-In) The Hungarian version. The first show piloted on New Year's night 2007. The show consists of four actors playing improvisational games. The games are slightly differ from the original Whose Line games, and the show introduces some new games as well (like a hook-word which has to be used through the show as many times as the performers can). When its original channel (TV2) was to finish off the show, an online petition was started to save it.[13] After that it was successfully aired on the Hungarian national public service television (Magyar Televízió), but one year later it passed it to Cool TV because of financial reasons.[14]
Black fish (Pakistan)
This show was carried out live in Karachi by four performers who more or less played the same games as were seen on the American version of the show.
Actorlympics TV (Malaysia)
The Malay version of Whose Line Is It Anyway?; aired on NTV7.
Spontan (Malaysia)
The Second Malay Version Of Whose Line Is It Anyway?; aired on Astro Warna
Quinta Categoria (Brazil)
It has similar games to the original Whose Line is it Anyway?, aired on MTV Brasil. This show is carried out by four players: Marcos Mion, Anderson, Daniel and Elidio (the latter three collectively known as the "Barbixas" in the Brazilian stand-up comedy medium). Sometimes a fifth member, Mionzinho, joins the games. There is also a special guest who suggests the rules of the last game of the show. In 2010, the program will be helmed by the comedy group Deznecessários, following Mion's departure to Rede Record.
É Tudo Improviso' (Brazil)
This version, which debuted on January 4, 2010, airs on Rede Bandeirantes. This program counts with seven main performers, among them Anderson, Daniel and Elidio, formerly from the aforementioned Quinta Categoria.
Partička (Slovakia)
Los Improvisadores (Chile)
The Chilean adapted version of Whose Line Is It Anyway? currently being aired on Via X. It more-less follows the same format of the original version but with several changes to the way the games are played and introducing new games.

Post-Whose Line

When the UK version ended in 1998, many of the performers, such as Stephen Frost and Mike McShane, began performing with The Comedy Store Players and remain performing to date. Paul Merton resumed his role as team captain on Have I Got News For You. Stephen Fry currently appears in the ITV drama Kingdom. Host Clive Anderson resumed his chat show Clive Anderson All Talk until 2001 and appeared on QI. Most, if not all, American performers began performing on the US version.

Following the American version's cancellation in 2003, Carey went on to create the short-lived Drew Carey's Green Screen Show, which premiered in 2004 on the WB. The series was very similar to Whose Line?, and featured many of the same cast. The major gimmick on that series was that the acting was done in front of a green screen, and animators later added cartoon imagery to the scenes.

Drew Carey and several cast members also started touring North America with a live-action show called "(Drew Carey's) Improv All-Stars." The show was a live stage show similar to Whose Line?, and featuring many of the same games, though also with some new ones. The live shows started in 2003, and since 2006, are only seen on occasion, mostly due to Carey's current television obligations.[15]

Colin Mochrie, Brad Sherwood and Drew Carey performed at the Just for Laughs festival in Montreal as "Improv All-Stars" in 2003 and 2004. Since 2005, Mochrie and Sherwood have toured semi-regularly as An Evening With Colin and Brad[16].

Greg Proops and Ryan Stiles presented 'Stiles & Proops Unplanned' which was a live improv comedy show based on the successful Baddiel and Skinner Unplanned format. It took place at Centaur Theatre in Montreal, Canada in July 2008. Proops currently appears as Max Madigan on Nickelodeon's True Jackson, VP, and is currently hosting Head Games on The Science Channel. Ryan Stiles can also currently be found touring the US with several of the guest performers from "Whose Line Is It Anyway?", presenting under the name "Whose Live Anyway?"

Since 2007, both Carey and Stiles have been employed by American television network CBS; Carey succeeded Bob Barker as the host of the game show The Price Is Right (after a short stint as host of another game show, Power of 10) and Stiles is a supporting character on the sitcom Two and a Half Men.

In 2007, Mochrie was host of a five-episode run of Are You Smarter Than a Canadian 5th Grader? on Global TV in Canada.

Brady had a summer variety show on ABC in 2001, The Wayne Brady Show and then hosted a daytime talk show of the same name for two seasons, starting in Sept. 2002. He also was the host of Fox's Don't Forget the Lyrics. In 2007, he also made a guest appearance in one episode of 30 Rock, and has made several appearances on How I Met Your Mother as Barney Stinson's homosexual brother. He also had a couple of guest appearances on Chapelle's Show. Since October 5, 2009, Brady has been the host of CBS' revival of the classic game show Let's Make a Deal. Since then, at least every main Whose Line participant has hosted a game show except Ryan Stiles.

See also

References

  1. ^ Lavalie, John (2005-05-14). "Whose Line is It Anyway? [Radio"]. epguides.com. http://epguides.com/WhoseLineIsItAnyway_UK/radio.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  2. ^ Fergus, George (2005-05-14). "Whose Line(UK)". epguides.com. http://epguides.com/WhoseLineIsItAnyway_UK/. Retrieved 2008-01-28. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.comedy.org.uk/guide/tv/whose_line_is_it_anyway/about/
  4. ^ Jayne Trcka
  5. ^ "Sid Caesar, Lassie guest on `Whose Line'". Chicago Tribune. 2001-11-14. 
  6. ^ Wolf, Ian (2007-12-20). "News - 4oD comedy goes permanently free". British Sitcom Guide. http://www.sitcom.co.uk/news/news.php?story=000356. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  7. ^ "Whose Line Is It Anyway? DVD news: Drew Carey To Get Some Helping Hands With September Release Date! | TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com<!. http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/newsitem.cfm?NewsID=5965. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  8. ^ "Whose Line Is It Anyway? DVD news: Announcement for Whose Line Is It Anyway? - Season 1, Volume 2 (Uncensored) | TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com<!. http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/newsitem.cfm?NewsID=7562. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  9. ^ "Whose Line Is It Anyway? DVD news: Announcement for Whose Line Is It Anyway? - Best Of (Uncensored) | TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com<!. http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/releases/Line-Best-Of-Release/8644. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  10. ^ "Sponk! - TV.com". TV.com<!. 2008-09-26. http://www.tv.com/sponk!/show/8844/summary.html. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  11. ^ ":: Mahşer-i Cümbüş ::. Tiyatro Sporu | Beyin Fırtınası - Ana Sayfa". Mahsericumbus.com. http://www.mahsericumbus.com/. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  12. ^ Beugró (Official Site)
  13. ^ "Beugró (Online Petition)". Petitionspot.com. 2008-05-06. http://www.petitionspot.com/petitions/beugro. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  14. ^ "Új hazát talált a Beugró" (in Hungarian). tévé. [origo]. 2009-09-23. http://www.origo.hu/teve/20090923-uj-hazat-talalt-a-beugro-megy-a-cool-tevere.html?. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  15. ^ "Welcome to the Improv All-Stars website". Improvallstars.com. http://www.improvallstars.com/. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  16. ^ An Evening With Colin Mochrie and Brad Sherwood

External links








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