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Wichita class cruiser: Wikis


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USS Wichita CA-45.jpg
USS Wichita (CA-45)
Class overview
Name: Wichita class cruiser
Operators: US flag 48 stars.svg United States Navy
Preceded by: New Orleans-class cruiser
Succeeded by: Baltimore-class cruiser
Completed: 1
Retired: 1
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Type: Heavy Cruiser
Displacement: 12,100t (standard)
13,015t (full)
Length: 608 ft 4 in (185.4 m)
Beam: 61 ft 9 in (18.8 m)
Draft: 19 ft 10 in (mean) (6.0 m)
Propulsion: Steam turbines
6 x 464psi boilers
4 screws
100,000 shp;
Speed: 32.5 knots (max) (60 km/h)
Complement: 863
Officer: 75
Enlisted: 788
Armor: 4-6 inch belt
2.25 inch deck
1.5-8 inch turrets
7 inch barbettes
2.25-6 inch CT
Aircraft carried: 2 scout aircraft
Aviation facilities: 2 catapults
no hangars

The Wichita class cruiser was a class of heavy cruiser used by the United States Navy. The single ship of the class was the USS Wichita (CA-45).

Class history

What was to become the Wichita class cruiser was conceived as another Brooklyn class cruiser. However, the design was altered and the Wichita class became a bridge between pre-war and World War II designed heavy cruisers.

The differences between the pre-war heavy cruiser classes and the Wichita class are numerous. The hull was longer than previous cruisers and the hull design foreshadowed the Baltimore class cruiser that was to follow during the war year. Smaller compartments and increased protection were added with the thought of increased stability and survivability for the ship. Weapons were improved and the Wichita's 8 inch turrets incorporated the ability to load and fire the guns separately. Also, the Wichita had aircraft facilities mounted aft which was incorporated in later cruiser classes as well.

The following class of cruiser, Baltimore-class, started as an improved Wichita class before being given its own class designation.

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