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Wiktionary
Wiktionary logoWiktionary logo
Detail of the Wiktionary main page. All major wiktionaries are listed by number of articles.
Screenshot of wiktionary.org home page
URL http://www.wiktionary.org/
Slogan The Free Dictionary
Commercial? No
Type of site Online dictionary
Registration Optional
Available language(s) Multi-lingual (over 170)
Owner Wikimedia Foundation
Created by Jimmy Wales and the Wikimedia community
Launched December 12, 2002
Alexa rank 930[1]
Current status active
Wiktionary (a portmanteau of the words wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. Unlike standard dictionaries, it is written collaboratively by volunteers, dubbed "Wiktionarians", using wiki software, allowing articles to be changed by almost anyone with access to the website.
.Like its sister project Wikipedia, Wiktionary is run by the Wikimedia Foundation.^ Elephantus 22:27, 6 January 2010 (UTC) -- Cesare87 22:34, 6 January 2010 (UTC) The "tiles" logo makes the Wiktionary project look like a child's toy.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Dendodge 16:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Broc 16:23, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Small Bug 16:51, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Antal 17:20, 1 January 2010 (UTC)C) Style and colour scheme are more like Wikipedia, making it recognisable as a Wikimedia project.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Wiktionary is as much a book as any Wikimedia project, but the other projects ended up using a variety of metaphors instead.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.Because Wiktionary is not limited by print space considerations, most of Wiktionary's language editions provide definitions and translations of words from many languages, and some editions offer additional information typically found in thesauri and lexicons.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Because it starkly contrasts with the world's most popular natively literate language, Chinese, I do not understand how its choice could even be remotely respectable.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.Additionally, the English Wiktionary includes Wikisaurus, a category that serves as a thesaurus, including lists of slang words, and the Simple English Wiktionary, compiled using the Basic English subset of the English language.^ I would support making allowance for the text (the text within the book) to be rewritten on Wiktionaries whose primary languages don't use the Latin script, as long as it was tastefully done.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Besides noticeably using actual English upon magnification, its usage would incorrectly imply that all languages have a written directionality of horizontal left-to-right.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

Contents

History and development

Wiktionary was brought online on December 12, 2002, following a proposal by Daniel Alston. On March 29, 2004, the first non-English Wiktionaries were initiated in French and Polish. .Wiktionaries in numerous other languages have since been started.^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.Wiktionary was hosted on a temporary URL (wiktionary.wikipedia.org) until May 1, 2004, when it switched to the current full URL.[2] As of May 2009, Wiktionary features well over 5 million entries across its 272 language editions.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.The largest of the language editions is the French Wiktionary, with over 1,500,000 entries.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

The English Wiktionary is the second largest (and currently the only other edition with over 1,500,000 entries). .It has traded the top position with the French Wiktionary on various occasions since the French Wiktionary first overtook the English Wiktionary in early 2006. Thirteen Wiktionary language editions now contain over 100,000 entries each.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

[3]
The use of bots to generate large numbers of articles is visible as "growth spurts" in this graph of article counts at the largest eight Wiktionary editions. (Data as of March 2008)
.Despite Wiktionary's large number of entries, most of the entries and many of the definitions at the project's largest language editions were created by bots that found creative ways to generate entries or (rarely) automatically imported thousands of entries from previously published dictionaries.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

Seven of the 18 bots registered at the English Wiktionary[4] created 163,000 of the entries there.[5] Only 259 entries remain (each containing many definitions) on Wiktionary from the original import by Websterbot from public domain sources; the majority of those imports have been split out to thousands of proper entries manually. Another one of these bots, "ThirdPersBot," was responsible for the addition of a number of third-person conjugations that would not receive their own entries in standard dictionaries; for instance, it defined "smoulders" as the "third-person singular simple present form of smoulder." Excluding these 163,000 entries, the English Wiktionary would have about 137,000 entries, including terms unique to languages other than English, making it smaller than most monolingual print dictionaries. The Oxford English Dictionary, for instance, has 615,000 headwords, while Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged has 475,000 entries (with many additional embedded headwords). It should be noted, though, that more detailed statistics now exist to more clearly distinguish genuine entries from minor (small) entries.
The English Wiktionary, however does not rely on bots to the extent that newer editions do. .The French and Vietnamese Wiktionaries, for example, imported large sections of the Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project (FVDP), which provides free content bilingual dictionaries to and from Vietnamese.^ It's already an SVG file, it's still the logo for some wiktionaries (french one for example), it's more easily scalable, and it's easier to make a suitable favicon from it.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

[6] These imported entries make up virtually all of the Vietnamese edition's offering. .Like the English edition, the French Wiktionary has imported the approximately 20,000 entries in the Unihan database of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters.^ In miniature, the Latin alphabet of the other image could look like English, French, Spanish, or even the Cyrillic of Russian but its spacing is clearly different from right-to-left Arabic and vertical Chinese.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.The French Wiktionary grew rapidly in 2006 thanks in large part to bots copying many entries from old, freely licensed dictionaries, such as the eighth edition of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française (1935, around 35,000 words), and using bots to add words from other Wiktionary editions with French translations.^ Wiktionary is as much a book as any Wikimedia project, but the other projects ended up using a variety of metaphors instead.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

The Russian edition grew by nearly 80,000 entries as "LXbot" added boilerplate entries (with headings, but without definitions) for words in English and German.[7]
.Most of Wiktionary currently uses a textual logo designed by Brion Vibber, a MediaWiki developer.^ I haven't seen this one used anywhere, so I am most definitely going for this open-book logo!
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Or a vote for the current textual logo (which isn't an option and will not be counted)?
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

[8] .Despite frequent discussion of modifying or replacing the logo, a four-phase contest held at the Wikimedia Meta-Wiki from September to October 2006[9] did not see as much participation from the Wiktionary community as some community members had hoped.^ From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki .
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ OlEnglish 18:56, 10 January 2010 (UTC) Estoy Aquí 19:18, 10 January 2010 (UTC) I like this one so much that I think all WikiMedia wikis for which this makes sense should use a similar logo.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ In addition, this logo at least upholds the idea that Wiktionary is a flexible entity (what I see from the tiles) which can be rearranged to suit the interests of its readers.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.The logo that won was designed by "Smurrayinchester". As of December 2009, 23 of the Wiktionary editions, containing about half of Wiktionary's entries, have switched to the contest-chosen logo or variations of it.^ Dlb76 23:43, 6 January 2010 (UTC) Elfred 01:07, 7 January 2010 (UTC) This logo looks like what Wiktionary is.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Quantumobserver 03:53, 7 January 2010 (UTC) It's about time Wiktionary had a logo as good as that of Wikipedia.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

[10] .The remaining editions use either their language-specific version of the textual logo or, in the case of the Galician Wiktionary, a logo that depicts a dictionary bearing the Galician coat of arms.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ I would support making allowance for the text (the text within the book) to be rewritten on Wiktionaries whose primary languages don't use the Latin script, as long as it was tastefully done.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

In April 2009, the issue was resurrected, and a poll to decide on a new project-wide logo is underway.[11]

Critical reception

Critical reception of Wiktionary has been mixed. Jill Lepore wrote in the article "Noah’s Ark" for The New Yorker, (November 6, 2006)[12]
There’s no show of hands at Wiktionary. There’s not even an editorial staff. "Be your own lexicographer!", might be Wiktionary’s motto. Who needs experts? Why pay good money for a dictionary written by lexicographers when we can cobble one together ourselves?
Wiktionary isn’t so much republican or democratic as Maoist. And it’s only as good as the copyright-expired books from which it pilfers. If you look up the word "Webster" in the Wiktionary, you will be redirected to this handy tip:
.Noah Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, 1911 (published by Merriam-Webster, Springfield, MA) is a public domain dictionary, as is a 1913 edition, that can be used to empower Wiktionary with more definitions.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ I would support making allowance for the text (the text within the book) to be rewritten on Wiktionaries whose primary languages don't use the Latin script, as long as it was tastefully done.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ January 2010 (UTC) Flying Saucer 21:41, 8 January 2010 (UTC) Obelix 21:42, 8 January 2010 (UTC) The other logo is already used on plenty of the foreign language Wiktionaries.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

But, hey, at least they got his first name right.
Keir Graff’s review for Booklist was less critical:
Is there a place for Wiktionary? Undoubtedly. The industry and enthusiasm of its many creators are proof that there’s a market. And it’s wonderful to have another strong source to use when searching the odd terms that pop up in today’s fast-changing world and the online environment. But as with so many Web sources (including this column), it’s best used by sophisticated users in conjunction with more reputable sources.
References in other publications are fleeting and part of larger discussions of Wikipedia, not progressing beyond a definition, although David Brooks in The Nashua Telegraph described it as wild and woolly.[13] (Wooly is defined as "confused" and "unrestrained."[14]) One of the impediments to independent coverage of Wiktionary is the continuing confusion that it is merely an extension of Wikipedia.[15] In 2005, PC Magazine rated Wiktionary as one of the Internet's "Top 101 Web Sites,"[16] although little information was given about the site.

See also

References

  1. ^ Alexa rank
  2. ^ Wiktionary's current URL is www.wiktionary.org.
  3. ^ Wiktionary total article counts are here. Detailed statistics by word type are available here.
  4. ^ The user list at the English Wiktionary identifies accounts that have been given "bot status".
  5. ^ TheDaveBot, TheCheatBot, Websterbot, PastBot, NanshuBot
  6. ^ Hồ Ngọc Đức, Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project. Details at the Vietnamese Wiktionary.
  7. ^ LXbot
  8. ^ "Wiktionary talk:Wiktionary Logo", English Wiktionary, Wikimedia Foundation.
  9. ^ "Wiktionary/logo", Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation.
  10. ^ "Wiktionary/logo", Wikimedia Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation.
  11. ^ "Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting", Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation.
  12. ^ The full article is not available on-line. Jill Lepore (November 6, 2006). "Noah's Ark" (Abstract). The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/11/06/061106fa_fact_lepore. Retrieved April 21, 2007.  
  13. ^ David Brooks, "Online, interactive encyclopedia not just for geeks anymore, because everyone seems to need it now, more than ever!" The Nashua Telegraph (August 4, 2004)
  14. ^ "wooly". Wiktionary. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/wooly.  
  15. ^ In this citation, the author refers to Wiktionary as part of the Wikipedia site: Adapted from an article by Naomi DeTullio (2006 (1st Quarter)). "Wikis for Librarians" (PDF newsletter). NETLS News #142 (Northeast Texas Library System): p. 15. http://www.netls.org/NewContent/NewsAndPictures/NEWSLETTERS/NEWS2006/142final.pdf. Retrieved April 21, 2007.  
  16. ^ "Wiktionary". Top 101 Web Sites. PC Magazine. April 6, 2005. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1895,1786207,00.asp. Retrieved December 16, 2005.  

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Wikimedia Community Logo.svg Wikipedia-logo.svg Wiktionary-logo-en.svg Wikibooks-logo.svg Wikiquote-logo.svg Wikisource-logo.svg Wikinews-logo.svg Wikiversity-logo-Snorky.svg Wikispecies-logo.svg Commons-logo.svg

What is Wiktionary?

.Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages.^ Look it up on the Wiktionary, a free online dictionary pulled together by the Internet community at large.
  • Wiktionary - PC Magazine 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC www.pcmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Hello, I need a simple Web Based Online dictionary script.
  • Hash Table Implementation of a Dictionary by narfizzle - Java - Freelance Projects 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC www.freelance-projects.info [Source type: General]

.Unlike standard dictionaries, it is written collaboratively by volunteers using wiki software, allowing articles to be changed by almost anyone with access to the Web site.^ Check 4000 words in the WordWeb dictionary (look up using software or wordwebonline.com).
  • Hash Table Implementation of a Dictionary by narfizzle - Java - Freelance Projects 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC www.freelance-projects.info [Source type: General]

The project's name is a portmanteau of the words wiki and dictionary. .Like its sister project Wikipedia, Wiktionary is run by the Wikimedia Foundation.^ Elephantus 22:27, 6 January 2010 (UTC) -- Cesare87 22:34, 6 January 2010 (UTC) The "tiles" logo makes the Wiktionary project look like a child's toy.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Dendodge 16:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Broc 16:23, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Small Bug 16:51, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Antal 17:20, 1 January 2010 (UTC)C) Style and colour scheme are more like Wikipedia, making it recognisable as a Wikimedia project.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Wiktionary is as much a book as any Wikimedia project, but the other projects ended up using a variety of metaphors instead.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

.Because Wiktionary is not limited by print space considerations, most of Wiktionary's language editions provide definitions and translations of words from many languages, and some editions offer additional information typically found in thesauruses and lexicons.^ Jahnavi7 08:05, 1 January 2010 (UTC) Not anglocentric as the left one, therefore suitable for various language editions of Wiktionary.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Because it starkly contrasts with the world's most popular natively literate language, Chinese, I do not understand how its choice could even be remotely respectable.
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

Projects for collaboration between Wikiversity and Wiktionary

This Wikiversity page is under construction. If you see a Red link, turn it into a Blue link. If you see something that needs Translation, translate it. .If you don't agree with something or have a question, simply go to Talk:Wiktionary with your concerns.^ Add PC Magazine: New Product Reviews RSS feed to your feed reader so that you don't miss another headline!
  • Wiktionary - PC Magazine 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC www.pcmag.com [Source type: General]

^ I like it because despite of its simplicity it drives better the meaning of the wiktionary (I mean, I agree with a lot of you).
  • Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting/fr - Meta 13 January 2010 21:26 UTC meta.wikimedia.org [Source type: General]

This is a wiki!

See also

  • Wikiversity:Service community

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikimedia-logo.png
You can see a discussion about this topic Wiktionary in Metawiki, the Wikimedia Projects' coordination site
For an introduction to the Wiktionary project, see Wiktionary:Welcome, newcomers.

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

Proper noun

Singular
Wiktionary
Wiktionary (plural Wiktionaries)
  1. (uncountable) A collaborative project run by the Wikimedia Foundation to produce a free and complete dictionary (lexicon and thesaurus therein) in every language.
  2. (countable) Any of the dictionaries resulting from this project.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 08, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Wiktionary, which are similar to those in the above article.








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