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Wilhelm Stuckart


In office
May 6, 1945 – May 23, 1945
President Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz
Chancellor none, "Leading Minister" (Leitender Minister) Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
Preceded by Paul Giesler
Succeeded by Allied military occupation 1945-1949
Gustav Heinemann (FRG, 1949)
Karl Steinhoff (GDR, 1949)

Born 16 November 1902(1902-11-16)
Wiesbaden, Germany
Died 15 November 1953 (aged 50)
Hannover, West Germany
Nationality German
Political party National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)
Alma mater University of Munich
University of Frankfurt am Main
Occupation Lawyer

Dr. Wilhelm Stuckart (November 16, 1902 – November 15, 1953) was a Nazi Party lawyer and official, a state secretary in the German Interior Ministry [1] and later, a convicted war criminal.

Contents

Career

Stuckart was born in Wiesbaden as a son of a railroad employee. He had a Christian upbringing. After his final exam, he joined the Freikorps von Epp in 1919. From 1922 he was studying law at the university of München and Frankfurt am Main, he also joined the Nazi Party (number 378,144) in December that year. He became a legal adviser for the party in 1926. Stuckart received his doctorate in 1928. From 1930 he served as a district court judge and from 1932 to 1933 he worked as a lawyer and legal secretary for the SA in Pomerania. Stuckart was a member of the SA from 1932 onward. From June 1933 to July 1934 Stuckart served in the Prussian Ministry of Culture, then as a Permanent Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Education and finally from March 1936 in the Reich Ministry of Interior, leading the "Constitution and Legislation" department. Stuckart joined the SS in 1936 (number 280,042), eventually reaching the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer in 1944.

Stuckart was heavily involved in the Nazis' early persecution of Jews, co-writing together with Hans Globke the anti-Semitic "Nuremberg Laws" imposed by the Nazi-controlled Reichstag in 1935.

Wannsee Conference

Stuckart later represented Wilhelm Frick, the Interior Minister, at the Wannsee conference on January 20, 1942, which discussed the imposition of the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the German Sphere of Influence in Europe". According to the minutes of the conference, Stuckart supported forced sterilization for persons of mixed blood instead of evacuation.

After World War II

Stuckart served briefly as Interior Minister after the fall of Heinrich Himmler in 1945.

After World War II, Stuckart was arrested by the Allies for war crimes, tried, and convicted in the Ministries Trial. He was sentenced to time served and released in April 1949. Despite his apparent involvement with Nazi policies, his defense introduced testimony of men such as former aide Hans Globke, who portrayed Stuckart as a loyal Nazi but one also interested in the rule of law, defending the Interior Ministry against political hacks, and mitigating the effect of racial laws on "half Jews."

Death

Stuckart was killed in November 1953 near Hanover, West Germany in a car accident.

SS career

  • SS-Standartenführer, September 1936
  • SS-Oberführer, January 1937
  • SS-Brigadeführer, January 1938
  • SS-Gruppenführer, January 1942
  • SS-Obergruppenführer, January 1944

Fictional portrayals

Stuckart has featured in popular culture:

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Giesler
Interior Minister of Germany
1945
Succeeded by
none

References

  1. ^ Rise and Fall of the Third Reich p426, "Dr Wilhelm Stuckart, an undersecretary in the Ministy of the Interior" (this is at the time of the Anschluss).

Biography at Shoa.de








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