Wilkes County, Georgia: Wikis

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Wilkes County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Wilkes County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Seat Washington
Largest city Washington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

474 sq mi (1,228 km²)
471 sq mi (1,221 km²)
7 sq mi (3 km²), 0.55%
PopulationEst.
 - (2005)
 - Density

10,457
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Founded February 5, 1777
Named for John Wilkes
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Wilkes County Courthouse, Washington, Georgia.jpg

Wilkes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 10,687. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 10,262.[1] The county seat is the city of Washington.[2] Referred to as "Washington-Wilkes", the county seat and county are commonly treated as a single entity by locals, including the area's historical society[3] and the Chamber of Commerce[4].

Contents

History

Wilkes County, named for British politician and supporter of American independence, John Wilkes, is considered Georgia's first county, as it was the first of eight original counties created in the first state constitution on February 5, 1777. While the other seven counties were fashioned from existing colonial parishes, Wilkes was unique in that it was formed from land ceded in 1773 by the Creek and Cherokee Nations in their respective Treaties of Augusta[5].

Between 1790 and 1854, Wilkes County's land area grew smaller as parts of it were used to make new counties. The Georgia legislature formed the counties of Elbert, Oglethorpe, and Lincoln entirely from portions of Wilkes County. Wilkes also contributed part of the lands used in the creation of Madison, Warren and Taliaferro, Hart, McDuffie, and Greene Counties[6].

Wilkes County was the site of one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in Georgia, the Battle of Kettle Creek in 1779, in which the American Patriot forces were victorious over British Loyalists[7].

In 1793, Mount Pleasant, a plantation east of Washington, was the site where Eli Whitney first perfected his revolutionary invention, the cotton gin[8].

None of the battles of the American Civil War were fought in or near Wilkes County, but it was here, on the site of the present Wilkes County Courthouse in downtown Washington, where President Jefferson Davis met for the final time with the Confederate Cabinet, and where they officially dissolved the government of the Confederate States of America[9]. Wilkes County was also the last known location of the lost gold[10] from the Confederate Treasury, the current whereabouts of which has become one of Georgia's most lingering and possibly lucrative mysteries.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles (1,228 km²), of which, 471 square miles (1,221 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) of it (0.55%) is water.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,687 people, 4,314 households, and 2,968 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,022 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.12% White, 43.05% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,314 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,644, and the median income for a family was $36,219. Males had a median income of $27,355 versus $21,298 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,020. About 13.00% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.20% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities

Notable residents

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 33°47′N 82°44′W / 33.79°N 82.74°W / 33.79; -82.74


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Wilkes County, Georgia
Map
File:Map of Georgia highlighting Wilkes County.png
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1777
Seat Washington
Largest City Washington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.55%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

10457
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4

Wilkes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population is 10,687. The 2005 Census Estimate shows a population of 10,457 [1]. The county seat is Washington6. Wilkes county is commonly referred to by locals and people around the state as "Washington-Wilkes," as both the county and the county seat are viewed as one entity. It is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777. Wilkes County was the last place that the lost gold of the Confederacy was seen which has become one of Georgia's most lingering and possibly lucrative mysteries.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,228 km² (474 sq mi). 1,221 km² (471 sq mi) of it is land and 7 km² (3 sq mi) of it (0.55%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 10,687 people, 4,314 households, and 2,968 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (23/sq mi). There were 5,022 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (11/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 55.12% White, 43.05% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,314 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,644, and the median income for a family was $36,219. Males had a median income of $27,355 versus $21,298 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,020. About 13.00% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.20% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities

Notable residents

References

    1. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 

External links

Coordinates: 33°47′N 82°44′W / 33.79, -82.74

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Wilkes County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Wilkes County, GeorgiaRDF feed
County names Wilkes County, Georgia  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Georgia (U.S. state)  +
Short name Wilkes County  +

This article uses material from the "Wilkes County, Georgia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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