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William Alexander Graham: Wikis

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William Alexander Graham


In office
November 25, 1840 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by Robert Strange
Succeeded by William H. Haywood, Jr.

In office
1845 – 1849
Preceded by John Motley Morehead
Succeeded by Charles Manly

In office
August 2, 1850 – July 25, 1852
Preceded by William Ballard Preston
Succeeded by John P. Kennedy

Born September 5, 1804
Lincoln County, North Carolina
Died August 11, 1875
Saratoga Springs, New York
Political party Whig
Children William A. Graham
Augustus Graham
John Graham
Susan (Graham) Clark
Alma mater University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Profession Politician, Lawyer
Religion Presbyterian

William Alexander Graham (September 5, 1804 – August 11, 1875) was a United States Senator from North Carolina from 1840 to 1843, Governor of North Carolina from 1845 to 1849 and United States Secretary of the Navy from 1850 to 1852. He was also a candidate for the vice-presidency in 1852.

Contents

Education

Graham was born near Lincolnton, North Carolina. His Scots-Irish grandfather James Graham [1] (1714-1763) was born in Drumbo, County Down, Northern Ireland and settled in Chester County in the Province of Pennsylvania. William A. Graham graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1824. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1825, and commenced practice in Hillsborough.

Political career

From 1833 to 1840 Graham was a member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Orange County, serving twice as speaker.

In 1840 Graham was elected as a Whig to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Strange, and served from November 25, 1840, to March 3, 1843. In the Twenty-seventh Congress he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Claims. His older brother, James Graham, had been representing North Carolina in the House since 1833.

From 1845 to 1849 Graham was Governor of North Carolina. Having declined appointments as ambassador to Spain and Russia in 1849, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy in the cabinet of President Millard Fillmore in 1850, and served until 1852. In the 1852 presidential election he was the unsuccessful Whig nominee for vice president, as Winfield Scott's running mate. Returning to North Carolina, he was a member of the state senate from 1854 to 1866, and senator in the Confederate Congress from 1864 to 1865.

Later life and legacy

In 1866 Graham was once again elected to the United States Senate, but because North Carolina had not yet been readmitted to the Union, he did not present his credentials. From 1867 to 1875 he was a member of the board of trustees of the Peabody Fund, which provided educational assistance to the post-Civil War South. From 1873 to 1875 he was an arbitrator in the boundary line dispute between Virginia and Maryland. He died in Saratoga Springs, New York, and is buried in the Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Hillsborough.

The United States Navy ship, USS Graham (DD-192), the World War II Liberty ship SS William A. Graham, and the city of Graham, North Carolina were all named for him.

Montrose Gardens, located in Hillsborough, North Carolina, is one of Graham's former estates and still features some of the structures Graham and his family had built on the property.

One of Graham's sons, also named William A. Graham, became a state legislator and state agriculture commissioner. Two others, Augustus and John, also became politicians, while a daughter, Susan, married Walter Clark.

References

United States Senate
Preceded by
Robert Strange
United States Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
November 25, 1840 – March 3, 1843
Served alongside: Willie P. Mangum
Succeeded by
William H. Haywood, Jr.
Confederate States Senate
Preceded by
Edwin G. Reade
Confederate States Senator from North Carolina
February 18, 1864 – May 10, 1865
Served alongside: William T. Dortch
Defeat of the Confederacy
Political offices
Preceded by
John Motley Morehead
Governor of North Carolina
1845 – 1849
Succeeded by
Charles Manly
Military offices
Preceded by
William B. Preston
United States Secretary of the Navy
August 2, 1850 – July 25, 1852
Succeeded by
John P. Kennedy
Party political offices
Preceded by
Millard Fillmore
Whig Party vice presidential candidate
1852 (lost)
Succeeded by
Andrew Jackson Donelson
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