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William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire: Wikis

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His Grace
 The Duke of Devonshire
 KG PC


In office
16 November 1756 – 25 June 1757
Monarch George II
Preceded by The Duke of Newcastle
Succeeded by The Duke of Newcastle

Born May 8, 1720(1720-05-08)
Died October 2, 1764 (aged 44)
Spa, Austrian Netherlands
Political party n/a (Whig)
Signature

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (8 May 1720 – 2 October 1764), styled Lord Cavendish before 1729 and Marquess of Hartington between 1729 and 1755, was a British Whig statesman who was briefly titular Prime Minister of Great Britain.[1]

Contents

Early career

He was elected MP for Derbyshire in 1741 and 1747, but left the House of Commons for the Lords in 1751 by a writ of acceleration as Baron Cavendish and was sworn of the Privy Council. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 2 April 1755 until 3 January 1757, when his successor, the 4th Duke of Bedford, entered the office.

Prime Minister

After inheriting his father's peerage titles (chiefly the Dukedom of Devonshire), Devonshire was given the Garter and appointed First Lord of the Treasury (most historians consider him Prime Minister during this service) in November 1756, and he served as First Lord until May 1757 in an administration effectively run by William Pitt the Elder. The administration was eventually brought down for a variety of reasons including the opposition of George II and the alleged mishandling of the trial and execution of Admiral John Byng. It was replaced by the Second Newcastle Ministry headed by the Duke of Newcastle and including Pitt, Henry Fox and the Duke of Bedford. This government steered Britain through most of the Seven Years War leading the country to ultimate victory.

Later career

In 1762, he was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland. He had long had a weak constitution and he gradually grew more ill during these years. He ultimately died in the Austrian Netherlands where he had gone to take the waters at Spa. His death was a large political loss to his allies, the Whig magnates such as Duke of Newcastle.

Family

He married Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle, 6th Baroness Clifford (1731–1754), the daughter and heiress of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington of the 1st creation, a famous architect and art collector. Through her, the Devonshires inherited Chiswick House and Burlington House in London; Bolton Abbey and Londesborough Hall in Yorkshire; and Lismore Castle in County Waterford, Ireland. The Duke employed Capability Brown to landscape the garden and park at Chatsworth House, his main residence. He hired James Paine to design the new stable block.

The Duke had four children:

Titles from birth to death

  • Lord Cavendish of Hardwick (1720-1729)
  • Marquess of Hartington (1729-1741)
  • Marquess of Hartington, MP (1741-1751)
  • The Rt. Hon. Marquess of Hartington (1751-1755)
  • His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, PC (1755-1756)
  • His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (1756-1764)

References

  1. ^ Duke of Devonshire, No10.gov.uk, accessed July 2009 - Note the picture on the No10 site is wrong - it was painted after this Dukes death - its his son

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Master of the Horse
1750–1755
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset
Preceded by
The Earl of Burlington
Lord High Treasurer of Ireland
1754–1764
Vacant
Title next held by
The Duke of Devonshire
Preceded by
The Duke of Dorset
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1755–1757
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bedford
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Prime Minister of Great Britain
16 November 1756 – 25 June 1757
Succeeded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Leader of the House of Lords
1756–1757
Preceded by
The Duke of Grafton
Lord Chamberlain
1757–1762
Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Nathaniel Curzon, Bt
Lord Charles Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
with Sir Nathaniel Curzon, Bt

1741–1751
Succeeded by
Sir Nathaniel Curzon, Bt
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire
1756–1764
Succeeded by
Marquess of Granby
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
1755–1764
Succeeded by
William Cavendish
Baron Cavendish of Hardwick
(writ of acceleration)

1751–1764
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Simple English

His Grace The Duke of Devonshire
File:William Cavendish,


In office
16 November, 1756 – 25 June 1757
Preceded by The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Succeeded by The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Born 1720
Died 2 October 1764
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Spa, Belgium
Political party n/a (Whig)

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (1720 - 2 October 1764) was a British Whig statesman who was Prime Minister of Great Britain for a short period of time.

Titles from birth to death

  • Lord Cavendish of Hardwick (1720-1729)
  • Marquess of Hartington (1729-1741)
  • Marquess of Hartington, MP (1741-1751)
  • The Rt. Hon. Marquess of Hartington (1751-1755)
  • His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, PC (1755-1756)
  • His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (1756-1764)

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