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William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire: Wikis

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The 7th Duke of Devonshire.

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC (27 April 1808 – 21 December 1891), styled as Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1831 and 1834 and known as The Earl of Burlington between 1834 and 1858, was the great-grandson of the 4th Duke of Devonshire, grandson of the 1st Earl of Burlington, and son of William Cavendish.

He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He succeeded his grandfather as Earl of Burlington (2nd creation) in 1834 before succeeding his cousin as Duke of Devonshire in 1858. In 1829, he married a niece of the 6th Duke, Lady Blanche Howard.

He was Chancellor of the University of London from 1836 to 1856, and then Chancellor of the University of Cambridge from 1861 to 1891. At Cambridge he endowed the building of the Cavendish Laboratory, and it was named after him. He made vast (and ultimately unsuccessful) investments in heavy industry at Barrow-in-Furness, and had his nearby country house Holker Hall rebuilt in its present form after it was gutted by a fire in 1871. The 7th Duke inherited a considerable amount of property in Eastbourne from his grandfather Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish, and his wife Elizabeth Compton. He saw through the development of Eastbourne in the 19th century with its parks, baths and squares and is commemorated by a statue at the top of Devonshire Place.[2]

The Duke's three surviving sons became Members of Parliament: the eldest, known after 1858 by the courtesy title the Marquess of Hartington, MP for Lancashire North 1857–91, led the Liberal Party and was asked three times to be Prime Minister by Queen Victoria (he succeeded his father as 8th Duke in 1891); Lord Frederick Cavendish was MP for the West Riding and Chief Secretary for Ireland and was assassinated in 1882; Lord Edward Cavendish was MP for West Derbyshire. He also had one son, Hon. William (8 October 1831 – 15 May 1834) who died as an infant, and a daughter, Lady Louisa Caroline (d. 21 September 1907), who married Adm. Hon. Francis Egerton and had issue.

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Viscount Palmerston
Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal
Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
1829 – 1831
With: The Viscount Palmerston
Succeeded by
Henry Goulburn
William Yates Peel
Preceded by
Francis Jeffrey
Henry Gally Knight
Member of Parliament for Malton
1831
With: Henry Gally Knight
Succeeded by
Henry Gally Knight
Charles Pepys
New constituency Member of Parliament for North Derbyshire
1832 – 1834
With: Thomas Gisborne
Succeeded by
Thomas Gisborne
Lord George Henry Cavendish
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Ellesmere
Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire
1857 – 1858
Succeeded by
The Earl of Sefton
Preceded by
The 6th Duke of Devonshire
Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire
1858 – 1891
Succeeded by
The 8th Duke of Devonshire
Academic offices
New title Chancellor of the University of London
1836 – 1856
Succeeded by
Earl Granville
Preceded by
The Prince Consort
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
1861 – 1891
Succeeded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
1858 – 1891
Succeeded by
Spencer Cavendish
Preceded by
George Cavendish
Earl of Burlington
1834 – 1891
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