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Houghton Hall, ancestral home of the Marquess of Cholmondeley since the establishment of the title in 1815, has now opened some of its rooms and grounds to the public.

William Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Marquess of Cholmondeley (pronounced /ˈtʃʌmli/; 31 March 1800 – 16 December 1884), styled Earl of Rocksavage from birth until 1870, was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament.[1]

Contents

Background

Cholmondeley was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was the younger son of George James Cholmondeley, who had been created the first Marquess of Cholmondeley in 1815. His mother was the former Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, second daughter and co-heir of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[2]

Cholmondeley's elder brother, George, succeeded to his father's title in 1827; and he became the 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley. However, when he died without issue in 1870, the title passed to his younger brother.[2] Like his grandfather,[3] and his elder brother,[4] Cholmondeley was educated at Eton. In 1818, he matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford.[1]

Career

In 1822, Cholmondeley was elected to the House of Commons for Castle Rising, a seat he held until 1832, when the constituency was abolished by the Great Reform Act. He remained out of Parliament for the next twenty years. In 1852, Cholmondeley was again successful for South Hampshire, representing it for the next five years until 1857.[1]

In 1870, Cholmondeley acceded to his elder brother's title as the third Marquess of Cholmondeley; and he entered the House of Lords.[1]

Family

On 28 February 1825, Cholmondeley married Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot, daughter of Charles Arbuthnot,[2] at Cholmondeley House, which was then in Piccadilly, London.[1] The children of that marriage were:

  • Marcia Charlotte Emma (22 November 1826–7 April 1828).[2]
  • Charlotte Georgiana (4 February 1828[2]–17 August 1912[1]).
  • Charles George, Viscount Malpas (9 July 1829–7 December 1869).[1]
  • Marcia Susan Harriet (18 April 1831[2]–10 June 1927[1]).
  • Henry Vere (4 October 1834–25 February 1882).[1]
  • Emma Caroline (11 November 1837–26 January 1839).[2]
  • Caroline Rachel (4 July 1840–11 March 1863).[2]

Cholmondeley's wife died in 1878. Six years after her death, he died aged 84 in December 1884. As both sons had died before him, Cholmondeley was succeeded in his titles by his grandson George, who was eldest living son of the former Viscount Malpas.[5]

Lands and estates

The family seats are Houghton Hall, Norfolk, and Cholmondeley Castle, near Malpas, Cheshire.

Position at court

One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Colmondeley inheritance.[6] This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[7] The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquessate have all held this office; but Lord William did not take on the responsibilities of this court function.

Notes

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Earl of Rocksavage
Fulk Greville Howard
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
1822 – 1832
With: Fulk Greville Howard
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Lord Charles Wellesley
Henry Combe Compton
Member of Parliament for South Hampshire
18521857
With: Henry Combe Compton
Succeeded by
Sir Jervoise Clarke Clarke-Jervois
Ralph Heneage Dutton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Horatio Cholmondeley
Marquess of Cholmondeley
1870 – 1884
Succeeded by
George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley
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