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William Cowper-Temple, 1st Baron Mount Temple: Wikis

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The Lord Mount Temple 
PC

In office
13 August 1855 – 9 February 1857
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by Sir Benjamin Hall, Bt
Succeeded by William Monsell
In office
24 September 1857 – 21 February 1858
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by William Monsell
Succeeded by Charles Adderley

In office
12 August 1859 – 9 February 1860
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by James Wilson
Succeeded by William Hutt

In office
9 February 1860 – 26 June 1866
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded by Hon. Henry FitzRoy
Succeeded by Lord John Manners

Born 13 December 1811 (1811-12-13)
Brocket Hall, Hertfordshire
Died 16 October 1888 (1888-10-17)
Broadlands, Hampshire
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Harriet Gurney
(d. 1843)
(2) Georgiana Tollemache (d. 1901)

William Francis Cowper-Temple, 1st Baron Mount Temple PC (13 December 1811 – 16 October 1888), known as William Cowper (pronounced "Cooper") before 1869 and as William Cowper-Temple between 1869 and 1880, was a British Liberal Party politician and statesman.

Contents

Background and education

Born at Brocket Hall, Hertfordshire, Cowper was the second son of the Peter Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper, and the Hon. Emily Mary, daughter of Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne. George Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper was his elder brother and Prime Minister Lord Melbourne his uncle. His father died in 1837 and in 1839 his mother married another Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, who became Cowper's stepfather.[1] He was educated at Eton. After entering the Royal Horse Guards in 1830, he was promoted Captain five years later, eventually attaining the rank of Major in 1852.

Political career

In 1835, Cowper was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for Hertford, a seat he held for the next thirty-three years, and became private secretary to his uncle Prime Minister Lord Melbourne. He was appointed a Groom in Waiting in 1837, and in 1841 served for three months as a Lord of the Treasury under Melbourne, only resuming office five years later as a Lord of the Admiralty when the Whigs returned to power under Lord John Russell. He again held this post under Lord Aberdeen from 1852 to 1855, and in the latter year was made Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department by his stepfather Lord Palmerston when he became Prime Minister. In August that same year he was appointed President of the Board of Health,[2] and sworn of the Privy Council.[3]. Four years later he became Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General, only serving for a year before Palmerston appointed him First Commissioner of Works.

In 1866, on the fall of Lord Russell's government, Cowper left office for good. Two years later he was returned to Parliament for Hampshire South, and held this seat until 1880. He was involved in the 1870 Education Act which set up Board Schools throughout England. He was responsible for the Cowper-Temple clause, an amendment to the Act that allowed parents to withdraw their children from Religious Education. The British rock band Cooper Temple Clause were named after the clause.

His mother having died in 1869, he inherited a number of estates under his stepfather's will, and so took that year under Royal licence the additional surname of Temple. In 1880 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Mount Temple, of Mount Temple in the County of Sligo.[4] This was a revival of the junior title held by the Viscounts Palmerston, which had become extinct along with the viscountcy on his stepfather's death in 1865.

Apart from his political career Lord Mount Temple organized ecumenical conferences at Broadlands. One of the regular speakers there was George MacDonald.

Personal life

Lord Mount Temple was twice married. He married firstly Harriet Alicia, daughter of Daniel Gurney, in 1843. After her early death the same year he married secondly Georgiana, daughter of Admiral John Richard Delap Tollemache, in 1848. Both marriages were childless. He died in October 1888, aged 76,[5] at his home of Broadlands, Hampshire, and was buried at nearby Romsey. His peerage became extinct on his death. Lady Mount Temple died in October 1901.[6]

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Ingestre
Member of Parliament for Hertford
18351868
Succeeded by
Robert Dimsdale
Preceded by
Sir Jervoise Clark-Jervois, Bt
Henry Hamlyn-Fane
Member of Parliament for Hampshire South
18681880
With: Lord Henry Montagu-Douglas-Scott
Succeeded by
Francis Compton
Lord Henry Montagu-Douglas-Scott
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. Henry FitzRoy
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
1846 – 1852
Succeeded by
Arthur Duncombe
Preceded by
Hon. Arthur Duncombe
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
1852 – 1855
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Henry FitzRoy
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1855
Succeeded by
William Nathaniel Massey
Preceded by
Sir Benjamin Hall, Bt
President of the Board of Health
1855 – 1857
Succeeded by
William Monsell
New office Vice President of the Council
1857 – 1858
Succeeded by
Charles Adderley
Preceded by
William Monsell
President of the Board of Health
1857 – 1858
Preceded by
James Wilson
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
1859 – 1860
Succeeded by
William Hutt
Paymaster-General
1859 – 1860
Preceded by
Hon. Henry FitzRoy
First Commissioner of Works
1860 – 1866
Succeeded by
Lord John Manners
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Mount Temple
1880 – 1888
Extinct
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