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William H. Rupertus
November 14, 1889(1889-11-14) – March 25, 1945 (aged 55)
William H. Rupertus.jpg
MajGen William H. Rupertus, author of the "Rifleman's Creed"
Place of birth Washington, D.C.
Place of death Quantico, Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1913-1945
Rank Major General
Commands held 4th Marine Regiment
1st Marine Division
Battles/wars World War I
Banana Wars
*Occupation of Haiti
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
*Guadalcanal campaign
*Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu-Tanambogo
*Battle of Cape Gloucester
*Battle of Peleliu
Awards Navy Cross
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal

William Henry Rupertus (November 14, 1889 – March 25, 1945) was a Major General in the United States Marine Corps and the author of the Rifleman's Creed.

Contents

Military career

Rupertus began his military career immediately after high school, originally intending to serve as a cutter captain in the United States Revenue Cutter Service the earlier version of the modern Coast Guard. However, his excellent marksmanship led to his being recruited by the Marine Corps. He accepted a commission in November 1913, then attended the Marine Corps Officers School, graduating first in his class of 1915.

Rupertus served on the Marine Corps rifle team, earning the Distinguished Marksman badge and winning a number of shooting matches.

Rupertus was serving aboard the USS Florida (BB-30) when the United States entered World War I. He was called back to the U.S. to command a detachment of Marines headed for Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Rupertus served in Haiti until after the war, when he was sent to staff officer training and then made Inspector of Target Practice in the Operations and Training Division at Marine Corps Headquarters.

In July 1937, Rupertus was a battalion commander in the 4th Marines when the Japanese attacked Shanghai in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Then LtCol Rupertus (bottom left) at a party in Shanghai in 1937.

During World War II, he served as Assistant Division Commander of the 1st Marine Division under Major General Alexander Vandegrift. It was around this time that Rupertus is said to have penned The Rifleman's Creed, with the intent of encouraging expert marksmanship and Marines' trust in their weapons.

Rupertus commanded the Landing Task Force Organization which captured the islands of Tulagi, Gavutu and Tanambogo in the Guadalcanal campaign. After Vandegrift left the division in 1943, Rupertus took command. He led the 1st Marine Division during the Battle of Cape Gloucester and the Battle of Peleliu.

In November 1944, Major General Rupertus became the commandant of the Marine Corps Schools at Quantico, Virginia. His tenure was short, however, as he died of a heart attack on March 25, 1945, just four months later. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[1]

Awards and honors

Major General Rupertus' decorations included:

Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Navy Cross
Navy Distinguished Service Medal Army Distinguished Service Medal Navy Presidential Unit Citation w/ 1 service star Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal w/ 1 service star
World War I Victory Medal w/ Grand Fleet clasp Haitian Campaign Medal (1921) China Service Medal American Defense Service Medal w/ Base clasp
American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 4 service stars World War II Victory Medal Haitian Distinguished Service Medal

In 1945, the U.S.N. destroyer USS Rupertus (DD-851) was named in his honor.[2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "William Henry Rupertus", ArlingtonCemetery.net, 2006.
  2. ^ "Rupertus", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships 2005.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Military offices
Preceded by
Alexander Vandegrift
Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division
8 July 1943 – 2 November 1944
Succeeded by
Pedro del Valle

External links

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