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For the New Zealand politician see William Henderson Calder
William M. Calder in 1917.

William Musgrave Calder (March 3, 1869 – March 3, 1945) was an American politician from New York.


Calder was born in Brooklyn and died there on his 76th birthday. He trained as a carpenter, attended night classes at Cooper Institute, and served as the Borough of Brooklyn Building Commissioner 1902-1903. He represented New York as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives from 1905 until 1915. In 1914, he lost the Republican primary for U.S. Senator to James W. Wadsworth, Jr. In 1916, he won the Republican primary, defeating Robert Bacon, and was elected to the United States Senate. He served one term, from 1917 to 1923. In 1922, he was defeated for re-election by Democrat Royal S. Copeland. After leaving Congress he continued to be active in the building trade and financial institutions. His papers are held in a number of archives including: Herbert Hoover Library, West Branch, IA; The New York Historical Society; and Yale University.

In 1893 he married Catherine E. Harloe. His children included Elsie Calder (married to RAdm Robert C. Lee) and William M. Calder II. His grandson William M. Calder III is a professor of Classics at the University of Illinois-Urbana and an author of numerous books.

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United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Robert Baker
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 6th congressional district

1905 – 1915
Succeeded by
Frederick W. Rowe
United States Senate
Preceded by
James A. O'Gorman
United States Senator (Class 1) from New York
1917 - 1923
Served alongside: James W. Wadsworth, Jr.
Succeeded by
Royal S. Copeland


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