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William Moultrie
Grave of William Moultrie.

William Moultrie (pronounced /ˈmuːltriː/), (November 23, 1730 – September 27, 1805) was a general from South Carolina in the American Revolutionary War.

He was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He fought in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1761) and served in the colonial assembly before the advent of the American Revolution.

In 1775 he was commissioned colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment. In December of that year he led a raid on an encampment of runaway slaves on Sullivan's Island, killing 50 and capturing the rest.

In 1776 his defense of a small fort on Sullivan's Island (later named Fort Moultrie in his honor) prevented Sir Henry Clinton and Sir Peter Parker from taking Charleston, South Carolina. The Continental Congress passed a resolution thanking Moultrie. He was promoted to brigadier general and his regiment was taken into the Continental Army.

Moultrie's skill failed to prevent the fall of Savannah, Georgia to the British in 1778. He was captured in the fall of Charleston to the British in 1780 and later exchanged. He was promoted to major general in 1782, the last person appointed to that rank by Congress.

After the war he served as governor of South Carolina (1785–87, 1795–97). He wrote Memoirs of the Revolution as far as it Related to the States of North and South Carolina (1802).

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Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Beresford
Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
1784 – 1785
Succeeded by
Charles Drayton
Preceded by
Benjamin Guerard
Governor of South Carolina
1785 – 1787
Succeeded by
Thomas Pinckney
Preceded by
Charles Pinckney
Governor of South Carolina
1792 – 1794
Succeeded by
Arnoldus Vanderhorst
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WILLIAM MOULTRIE (1730-1805), American soldier, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, on the 23rd of November 1730. His father, a physician, and a graduate of the University of Edinburgh, migrated to Charleston before 1729. The son was elected to the Commons House of the Assembly in 1754, 1769 and 1772; and in 1760 he was captain of a provincial regiment in the expedition under Governor William H. Lyttelton against the Cherokees. Although he was connected by many ties to the British, he espoused the American cause on the outbreak of the War of Independence, and was a member of the first provincial congress (1775) of South Carolina, which in June made him a colonel of the Second South Carolina regiment; and he was a member of the second provincial congress (1775-1776). On Fort Johnson, on James Island in Charleston harbour, he raised what is said to have been the first American battle-flag - blue, with a white crescent in the dexter corner, inscribed with the word "Liberty"; the flag was devised by him in September 1775. In March 1776 he took command of a palmetto fort which he had built on Sullivan's Island, off Charleston, which he held against the attack of Admiral Sir Peter Parker on the 28th of June, and which soon after the battle was renamed Fort Moultrie by the General Assembly. He was thanked by Congress, was made a brigadiergeneral in the continental army in September 1776, and was placed in command of the department of Georgia and South Carolina. He dislodged the British from Beaufort, South Carolina, in February 1779, and in April made it possible for the city of Charleston to put itself into a state of defence by delaying the advance of General Augustine Prevost. He was one of those who advised against the surrender of Charleston, where he commanded the garrison until the arrival of General Benjamin Lincoln. His imprisonment after the surrender of Charleston (May 1780) lasted until his exchange with others for General Burgoyne in February 1782. In October 1782 he was made a major-general. He was governor of South Carolina in1785-1787and in 1 79 2 - 1 794. He died in Charleston on the 27th of September 1805.

He wrote Memoirs of the Revolution so far as it Related to the States of North and South Carolina (2 vols., 1802).


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