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William Plumer

In office
June 17, 1802 – March 3, 1807
Preceded by James Sheafe
Succeeded by Nahum Parker

In office
June 5, 1812 – June 3, 1813
June 6, 1816 – June 3, 1819
Preceded by John T. Gilman
Succeeded by Samuel Bell

Born June 25, 1759
Newburyport, Massachusetts
Died December 22, 1850 (aged 91)
Epping, New Hampshire
Political party Democratic-Republican
Other political
Religion Baptist

William Plumer (June 25, 1759 – December 22, 1850) was an American lawyer and Baptist lay preacher from Epping, New Hampshire. Born in 1759 in Newburyport, Massachusetts, he represented New Hampshire as a Federalist in the United States Senate from June 17, 1802 to March 3, 1807. Plumer would later become a Democratic-Republican and serve as a Governor of New Hampshire, 1812–1813 and 1816–1819. In the 1820 presidential election, he cast the only dissenting vote in the Electoral College against incumbent President James Monroe, voting instead for John Quincy Adams. While some accounts say that this was to ensure that Washington remained the only American president unanimously chosen by the Electoral College, others assert that he was instead calling attention to his friend Adams as a potential future presidential candidate or protesting against the "wasteful extravagance" of the Monroe Administration.[1] Plumer also eschewed voting for Tompkins for Vice President as "grossly intemperate" and having "not that weight of character which his office requires," and also "because he grossly neglected his duty" in his "only" official role as president of the senate by being "absent nearly three-fourths of the time";.[2] Plumer instead voted for Richard Rush.

In 1803 Plumer was one of several New England Federalists who proposed secession from the United States due to lack of support for Federalists, rising influence of Jeffersonian Democrats and the diminished influence of the North due to the Louisiana Purchase.

Plumer was a founder and the first president of the New Hampshire Historical Society. He died in 1850, aged 91, at Epping, New Hampshire.


  1. ^ How Important is One Vote?, The NSC Foghorn newsletter
  2. ^ Daniel D. Tompkins, 6th Vice-President (1817-1825).On the other hand, an editorial in the New York Herald-Tribune on June 21, 1932, argued that "The name of Daniel Tompkins deserves to be more kindly remembered than it has been."

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
James Sheafe
United States Senator (Class 3) from New Hampshire
Served alongside: Simeon Olcott, Nicholas Gilman
Succeeded by
Nahum Parker
Political offices
Preceded by
John Langdon
Governor of New Hampshire
Succeeded by
John Taylor Gilman
Preceded by
John Taylor Gilman
Governor of New Hampshire
Succeeded by
Samuel Bell
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Asher Robbins
Oldest living U.S. Senator
February 25, 1845 - December 22, 1850
Succeeded by
David Daggett
Preceded by
Albert Gallatin
Most Senior Living U.S. Senator
(Sitting or Former)

August 12, 1849 - December 22, 1850
Succeeded by
Henry Clay


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