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William Eustis Russell


In office
January 8, 1891 – January 4, 1894
Lieutenant William H. Haile (1891-1893)
Roger Wolcott (1893-1894)
Preceded by John Q. A. Brackett
Succeeded by Frederic T. Greenhalge

Mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts
In office
January 1885 – January 1889
Preceded by James Augustus Fox
Succeeded by Henry Gilmore

Member of the Board of Aldermen of Cambridge, Massachusetts
In office
1883 – 1884

Member of the Common Council of Cambridge, Massachusetts
In office
1882 – 1882

Born January 6, 1857(1857-01-06)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Died July 16, 1896 (aged 39)
Sainte-Adelaide-de-Pabos, Quebec, Canada[1]
Political party Democratic

William Eustis Russell (January 6, 1857 - July 16, 1896) was a U.S. political figure. He served as Democratic governor of Massachusetts between 1891 and 1894, becoming the state's youngest ever elected Governor (age 34).

Russell was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, graduated from Harvard College in 1877, and received his law degree from the Boston University School of Law. While Mayor of Cambridge 1884-1887, he solicited a sizable donation from philanthropist Frederick Hastings Rindge for Cambridge City Hall, a Manual Training School (now Cambridge Rindge and Latin School), and Cambridge's library. He also twice ran unsuccessfully for Governor, defeated by Oliver Ames and John Quincy Adams Brackett.

William E. Russell

As Governor, Russell eliminated poll taxes in Massachusetts and began an inheritance tax. He advocated and signed a series of pro-labor laws and established the Trustees of Reservations to preserve open spaces. Russell's son, Richard Manning Russell, later also Mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Russell is the great grandfather of writer Thomas E. Ricks[2] and Libertarian Carla Howell.

During the 1892 presidential campaign, there was talk of Russell being the Vice Presidential nominee if Senator John M. Palmer were to receive the Democratic Presidential nomination. In early February 1892, Palmer and Patrick A. Collins, a former Democratic Massachusetts Congressman, agreed make Palmer the Democratic Presidential candidate and Massachusetts Governor William Russell, Collin’s personal and political friend, the Vice Presidential candidate. Collins argued that Palmer, a Western Senator of Kentucky stock, would be acceptable to the Southern Democrats. Objections to Palmer’s advanced age would be met by pointing out that Russell, the youngest governors, would become President in the event of his death. Russell’s nomination would command the support of New England Democrats.[3]

Contents

Death

Russell died on July 16, 1896 in Sainte-Adelaide-de-Pabos, Quebec, Canada.

Trivia

In 1903 the William E. Russell School was built at 750 Columbia Road in Boston's Dorchester neighborhood. Architect James Mulcahy designed the building. It still serves as a Boston Public elementary school.

External links

References

  1. ^ The New England Historic Genealogical Society (1893.), Proceedings of The New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, MA: The New England Historic Genealogical Society, p. 94.  
  2. ^ "Anne Ricks Is Engaged". New York Times. February 13, 1983. http://www.nytimes.com/1983/02/13/style/anne-ricks-is-engaged.html. Retrieved 2009-12-01. "Miss Ricks, a senior at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, attended the American International School in Kabul, Afghanistan, and graduated from the University of Michigan. ... The bride-to-be is a granddaughter of the late Richard Manning Russell, Mayor of Cambridge, Mass., and a great-granddaughter of William Eustis Russell, Mayor of Cambridge and Governor of Massachusetts"  
  3. ^ "SENATOR PALMER'S SCHEME.; HOW F.A. COLLINS WAS TO AID IN SECURING A NOMINATION.". New York Times: p. 1. 1892-02-22. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D03E5D91631E033A25751C2A9649C94639ED7CF. Retrieved 2009-06-25.  


Political offices
Preceded by
John Q. A. Brackett
Governor of Massachusetts
1891–1894
Succeeded by
Frederic T. Greenhalge
Preceded by
James Augustus Fox
Mayor of Cambridge, Massachusetts
January 1885–January 1889
Succeeded by
Henry Gilmore
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