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William Wake
Archbishop of Canterbury
Enthroned 1716
Reign ended 24 January 1737
Predecessor Thomas Tenison
Successor John Potter
Personal details
Born 26 January 1657
Blandford Forum, Dorset
Died 24 January 1737
Lambeth Palace, London

William Wake (26 January 1657 – 24 January 1737) was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.

Contents

Life

Wake was born in Blandford Forum, Dorset, and educated at Christ Church, Oxford. He took orders, and in 1682 went to Paris as chaplain to the ambassador Richard Graham, Viscount Preston (1648-1695). Here he became acquainted with many of the savants of the capital, and was much interested in French clerical affairs. He also collated some Paris manuscripts of the Greek New Testament for John Fell, bishop of Oxford.[1]

He returned to England in 1685; in 1688 he became preacher at Gray's Inn, and in 1689 he received a canonry of Christ Church, Oxford. In 1693 he was appointed rector of St James's, Westminster. Ten years later he became Dean of Exeter, and in 1705 he was consecrated bishop of Lincoln. He was translated to the see of Canterbury in 1716 on the death of Thomas Tenison.

During 1718 he negotiated with leading French churchmen about a projected union of the Gallican and English churches to resist the claims of Rome.[2] In dealing with nonconformity he was tolerant, and even advocated a revision of the Prayer Book if that would allay the scruples of dissenters.

His writings are numerous, the chief being his State of the Church and Clergy of England ... historically deduced (London, 1703). In these writings he produced a massive defence of Anglican Orders and again disproved the Nag's Head Fable by citing a number of documentary sources.[3] He died at his official home, Lambeth Palace.

Manuscripts collection

To the collection of manuscripts belonged minuscule manuscripts of the New Testament: 73, 74, 506-520. These manuscripts came from Constantinople to England about 1731.[4]

References

  1. ^ In his private collection he had f.e. minuscules 73, 74.
  2. ^ J. H. Lupton, Archbishop Wake and the Project of Union, 1896
  3. ^ William Wake: Archbishop of Canterbury, 1657-1737 by Norman Sykes
  4. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 197.  

External links

Church of England titles
Preceded by
James Gardiner
Bishop of Lincoln
1705–1716
Succeeded by
Edmund Gibson
Preceded by
Thomas Tenison
Archbishop of Canterbury
1716–1737
Succeeded by
John Potter
Honorary titles
Preceded by
John Robinson
Edmund Gibson
Chancellor of The College of William & Mary
1721–1729
1736–1737
Succeeded by
Edmund Gibson
Edmund Gibson
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

'WILLIAM WAKE (1657-1737), English archbishop, was born at Blandford, Dorset, on the 26th of January 1657, and educated at Christ Church, Oxford. He took orders, and in 1682 went to Paris as chaplain to the ambassador Richard Graham, Viscount Preston (1648-1695). Here he became acquainted with many of the savants of the capital, and was much interested in French clerical affairs. He also collated some Paris manuscripts of the Greek Testament for John Fell, bishop of Oxford. He returned to England in 1685; in 1688 he became preacher at Gray's Inn, and in 1689 he received a canonry of Christ Church, Oxford. In 1693 he was appointed rector of St James's, Westminster. Ten years later he became dean of Exeter, and in 1705 he was consecrated bishop of Lincoln. He was translated to the see of Canterbury in 1716 on the death of Thomas Tenison. During 1718 he negotiated with leading French churchmen about a projected union of the Gallican and English churches to resist the claims of Rome '(see J. H. Lupton, Archbishop Wake and the Project of Union, 1896). In dealing with nonconformity he was tolerant, and even advocated a revision of the Prayer Book if that would allay the scruples of dissenters. His writings are numerous, the chief being his State of the Church and Clergy of England ... historically deduced (London, 1703). He died at Lambeth on the 24th of January 1736/7.

Sir Isaac Wake (c. 1580-1632), the diplomatist, was a kinsman of the archbishop. He commenced his diplomatic career in Venice, and then he represented his county for sixteen years at Turin; he was knighted in 1619, and after being sent on various special missions by James I. he was British ambassador in Paris from 1630 until his death in June 1632. Among Sir Isaac's writings is Rex platonicus, a description of the entertainment of James I. at Oxford in 1605; this was published in 1607 and has often been reprinted.


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