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Guillaume de Champeaux (c. 1070 ‚Äď 18 January 1121 in Ch√Ęlons-en-Champagne) [1], also known as William of Champeaux (English) or Guglielmus de Campellis (Latin), was a French philosopher and theologian.

He was born at Champeaux near Melun. After studying under Anselm of Laon and Roscellinus, he taught in the school of the cathedral of Notre-Dame, of which he was made canon in 1103. Among his pupils was Pierre Ab√©lard. In 1108 he retired into the abbey of St Victor, where he resumed his lectures. He afterwards became bishop of Ch√Ęlons-en-Champagne, and took part in the dispute concerning investitures as a supporter of Pope Callixtus II, whom he represented at the conference of Mousson.

His only printed works are a fragment on the Eucharist[2], and the Moralia A brevi ala and De Origine Animae[3]. In the last of these he maintains that children who die unbaptized must be lost, the pure soul being defiled by the grossness of the body, and declares that God's will is not to be questioned. He upholds the theory of Creationism (i.e., that a soul is specially created for each human being). Ravaisson-Mollien has discovered a number of fragments by him, among which the most important is the De Essentia Dei et de Substantia Dei; a Liber Sententiarum, consisting of discussions on ethics and scriptural interpretation, is also ascribed to Champeaux.

He is considered the founder of extreme realism, a philosophy which held that universals exist independently of both the human mind and particular objects (a philosophy that followed on from Platonic realism).

In 1114, he issued the Grande charte champenoise (Great Champagne Chart) which defined the agricultural and viticultural possessions of the Abbey of Saint-Pierre-aux-Monts, thus giving rise to the modern-day Champagne wine region.

Notes

  1. ^ Des Ch√Ęlonnais c√©l√©bres illustres et m√©morables by Jean-Paul Barbier 2000
  2. ^ inserted by Jean Mabillon in his edition of the works of St Bernard
  3. ^ in E. Martnes Thesaurus novus Anecdotorum, 1717, vol. 5

References

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WILLIAM OF CHAMPEAUX [GULIELMUS CAMPELLENSISI (c. 1070-1121), French philosopher and theologian was born at Champeaux near Melun. After studying under Anselm of Laon and Roscellinus, he taught in the school of the cathedral of Notre Dame, of which he was made canon in 1103. Among his pupils was Abelard. In 1108 he retired into the abbey of St Victor, where he resumed his lectures. He afterwards became bishop of Chalons-sur-Marne, and took part in the dispute concerning investitures as a supporter of Calixtus II., whom he represented at the conference of Mousson. His only printed works are a fragment on the Eucharist (inserted by Jean Mabillon in his edition of the works of St Bernard), and the Morelia Abbreviata and De Origine Animae (in E. Martene's Thesaurus nevus Anecdotorum, 1717, vol. 5). In the last of these he maintains that children who die unbaptized must be lost, the pure soul being defiled by the grossness of the body, and declares that God's will is not to be questioned. He upholds the theory of Creatianism (that a soul is specially created for each human being). Ravaisson-Mollien has discovered a number of fragments by him, among which the most important is the De Essentia Dei et de Substantia Dei; a Liber Sententiarum, consisting of discussions on ethics and Scriptural interpretation, is also ascribed to Champeaux. He is reputed the founder of Realism. For his views and his controversy with Abelard, see Scholasticism and Abelard.

See Victor Cousin, introduction to his Ouvrages ine'dits d'Abelard (1836), and Fragments pour servir a l'histoire de la philosophie (1865); G. A. Patru, Wilhelmi Campellensis de natura et de origine reruns piacita (1847) E. Michaud, Guillaume de Champeaux et les ecoles de Paris au XII e siecle (2nd ed., 1868); "William of Champeaux and his Times" in Christian Observer, lxxii. 843; B. Haureau, De la philosophie scolastique (Paris, 1850); Opuscula in J. P. Migne's Patrologia, clxiii.


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