|Willsboro, New York|
|— Town —|
Willsboro, New York
|- Total||73.4 sq mi (190.1 km2)|
|- Land||42.7 sq mi (110.6 km2)|
|- Water||30.7 sq mi (79.5 km2)|
|Elevation||128 ft (39 m)|
|- Density||44.6/sq mi (17.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979643|
Willsboro is a town in Essex County, New York, in the United States, and lies just south of the city of Plattsburgh. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 1,903. The town is named after early land owner William Gilliland.
The region was first settled by Europeans in 1765 by William Gilliland. Originally called "Milltown" by its founder (for the saw mill he located on the falls of the Boquet River, located in the center of the town), it was renamed "Willsborough" (subsequently shortened to "Willsboro") shortly after the Revolutionary War, in honor of the founder.
While the town has always had a thriving farming tradition, through most of its history Willsboro's main employer was a paper mill (which produced the wood pulp used in the making of paper). When this paper mill closed in the 1960s, the town faced hard economic times and relied heavily on tourist dollars. Recently, new industries have moved to the town, most notably a wollastonite mine, curtain and furniture manufacturers, and numerous web-based service companies. It is also becoming a bedroom community for the city of Plattsburgh, to the north.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 73.4 square miles (190.1 km²), of which, 42.7 square miles (110.6 km²) of it is land and 30.7 square miles (79.5 km²) of it (41.81%) is water.
New York State Route 22 is a north-south highway.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,903 people, 803 households, and 549 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.6 people per square mile (17.2/km²). There were 1,468 housing units at an average density of 34.4/sq mi (13.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.42% White, 0.26% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.26% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.
There were 803 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,715, and the median income for a family was $40,272. Males had a median income of $30,244 versus $20,917 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,209. About 3.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.