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Wilson Lumpkin


In office
January 1831 – 1835
Preceded by George R. Gilmer
Succeeded by William Schley

Born January 14, 1783(1783-01-14)
near Dan River, Virginia
Died December 28, 1870 (aged 87)
Athens,Ga

Wilson Lumpkin (January 14, 1783 – December 28, 1870) was a governor of Georgia, and a United States Representative and Senator. Born near Dan River, Virginia, he moved in 1784 to Oglethorpe County, Georgia with his parents, who settled near Point Peter and subsequently at Lexington, Georgia. He attended the common schools, and taught school and farmed; he studied law, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Athens, Georgia.

Lumpkin was a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1804 to 1812, and was elected as a Representative to the Fourteenth United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1815 to March 3, 1817. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection, and was the State Indian Commissioner. He was elected to the Twentieth, Twenty-first, and Twenty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation in 1831 before the convening of the Twenty-second Congress to run for the governorship; he was also commissioner on the Georgia-Florida boundary line commission, and was Governor of Georgia from 1831 to 1835. In 1835, he was appointed commissioner under the Cherokee treaty in 1835. He was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John P. King and served from November 22, 1837, to March 3, 1841; while in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-sixth Congress). Lumpkin was a member of the State board of public works, and died in Athens in 1870; interment was in Oconee Hill Cemetery.

Lumpkin's grandson, Middleton P. Barrow, also served in the U.S. Senate. Lumpkin's brother Joseph Henry Lumpkin was the first chief justice of the Georgia supreme court.[1] Their nephew John Henry Lumpkin was a U.S. Representative from Georgia.[2] Wilson Lumpkin's daughter Martha Lumpkin Compton was the honoree of Atlanta's original name, Marthasville; the story that "Atlanta" derives from a nickname "Atalanta" for her is not supported by the historical evidence.[1]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
George M. Troup
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's At-large congressional district

March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817
Succeeded by
Thomas Willis Cobb
Preceded by
James Meriwether
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's At-large congressional district

March 4, 1827 - 1831
Succeeded by
Augustin Smith Clayton
Political offices
Preceded by
George R. Gilmer
Governor of Georgia
1831–1835
Succeeded by
William Schley
United States Senate
Preceded by
John Pendleton King
United States Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
November 22, 1837 - March 3, 1841
Served alongside: Alfred Cuthbert
Succeeded by
John Macpherson Berrien
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Dodge
Oldest living U.S. Senator
June 19, 1867-December 28, 1870
Succeeded by
John Ruggles

References

  1. ^ a b Paul DeForest Hicks (2002). Joseph Henry Lumpkin: Georgia's First Chief Justice. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.  
  2. ^ Dan Morris and Inez Morris (1974). Who was who in American Politics: A Biographical Dictionary of Over 4,000 Men and Women.... Hawthorn Books.  

External links

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