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Winchester, Idaho
—  City  —
Location in Lewis County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 46°14′27″N 116°37′24″W / 46.24083°N 116.62333°W / 46.24083; -116.62333
Country United States
State Idaho
County Lewis
Area
 - Total 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 - Land 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,980 ft (1,213 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 308
 - Density 1,699.8/sq mi (656.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 83555
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-87850
GNIS feature ID 0375955

Winchester is a city in Lewis County, Idaho, United States. The population was 308 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

The city was named in 1900 during a meeting to establish a school district. While considering the possibilities, an individual looked at the stack of Winchester rifles stacked at the door and suggested the name, which was approved. A half mile (1 km) outside of town is Winchester Lake State Park, established in 1969. Originally it was a mill pond, created in 1910 by damming Lapwai Creek. The sawmill closed in 1963 after the mature timber in the area had been cut.[1]

Geography

Winchester is located at 46°14′27″N 116°37′24″W / 46.24083°N 116.62333°W / 46.24083; -116.62333 (46.240935, -116.623396)[2], in the northwestern part of the Camas Prairie, its highest elevation. Within the boundaries of the Nez Perce Indian Reservation, it lies at an altitude of 3,980 feet (1,213 m).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 500
1920 745 49.0%
1930 665 −10.7%
1940 634 −4.7%
1950 488 −23.0%
1960 427 −12.5%
1970 274 −35.8%
1980 343 25.2%
1990 262 −23.6%
2000 308 17.6%
Est. 2007 293 −4.9%
source:[4][5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 308 people, 135 households, and 88 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,699.7 people per square mile (660.7/km²). There were 158 housing units at an average density of 871.9/sq mi (338.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.81% White, 1.30% Native American, 1.30% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 135 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 37.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $40,179. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,588. About 8.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.8% of those sixty five or over.

Transportation

The city is two miles (3 km) west of U.S. Route 95, which connects it to Craigmont to the east and Lewiston to the northwest, via the Lapwai Canyon. The highway formerly went through Winchester, but was re-routed in 1920.

The timber trestles of the now-defunct Camas Prairie Railroad are visible throughout the area.

References

  1. ^ Conley, Cort. Idaho for the Curious. Cambridge: Backeddy, 1982, 623. ISBN 0-9603566-3-0.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Winchester, Idaho
  4. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 100.
  5. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-16.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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