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Wind power in New York includes facilities at Maple Ridge Wind Farm, the largest wind farm in the state of New York, with 195 Vestas model V82 1.65 megawatt (MW) wind turbines.[1][2] Collectively, the turbines have a rated or nameplate capacity of 320 MW.[3] Maple Ridge Wind Farm became fully operational in January 2006.

Three other large wind farms — the Altona, Chateaugay and Wethersfield Wind Parks — were competed in Upstate New York in February 2009. The projects have an installed capacity of 97.5, 106.5, and 124 MW respectively. All three use General Electric 1.5SLE wind turbines, which are rated at a capacity of 1.5 MW each. The projects were developed by Noble Environmental Power, while Careba Mott MacDonald served as the electrical and structural design engineer.[4] Noble Environmental Power will sell the power from the wind farms into the New York power market. It will also sell renewable energy credits to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.[5]

An important resource for the list of operational and projected wind power projects in New York may be found on the website of the New York Independent System Operator or NYISO.[6]

The capacity factor of wind farms in New York is about 30 percent. However, the effective capacity — the fraction of rated power generated during summer afternoons, the period of peak demand — is estimated to be 10 percent.[7]

With a strong tradition of home rule and no state requirements or guidelines for locating facilities, the siting of large facilities in New York state has generated some controversy, along with myriad, diverse municipal efforts to zone or ban wind farms. Such conditions helped to produce in summer 2009 a Code of Conduct [8] promulgated by the state's attorney general Andrew Cuomo and embraced ultimately by wind developers responsible for a majority of the state's facilities. An expansion of the state's net metering laws in 2008 may help to grow the market for small scale residential, agricultural or commercial installations. In 2009, utilities in the state such as the New York Power Authority and Long Island Power Authority were exploring the possibility of large-scale offshore facilities, either in the ocean [9] or in the Great Lakes [10] facilities.

See also


External links

  • The Wind Power Law Blog focuses on wind energy legal developments, especially regarding land use and zoning law, real estate transactions, environmental concerns, and judicial and regulatory actions. This blog emphasizes wind power developments in New York state, but also addresses issues of broader interest.


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