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Windham, Maine
—  Town  —
Main Street, South Windham in c. 1910
Motto: Windham Works for Maine
Windham, Maine is located in Maine
Windham, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°48′38″N 70°25′1″W / 43.81056°N 70.41694°W / 43.81056; -70.41694
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1762
Government
 - Manager Tony Plante
Area
 - Total 50.3 sq mi (130.2 km2)
 - Land 46.7 sq mi (120.9 km2)
 - Water 3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)
Elevation 236 ft (72 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,904
 - Density 319.3/sq mi (123.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04062, 04082
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-86025
GNIS feature ID 0582817
Website WindhamWeb.com

Windham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 14,904 at the 2000 census. It includes the villages of South Windham and North Windham. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The township was granted in 1734 by the Massachusetts General Court to Abraham Howard, Joseph Blaney and 58 others from Marblehead, Massachusetts. In 1737, New Marblehead Plantation was settled by Captain Thomas Chute. By order of the Massachusetts General Court, a fort was built in spring of 1744 at the center of the settlement to offer protection during King George's War. It was equipped with 2 swivel guns, and within its stockade the town's inhabitants remained between 1745 and 1751. The last Indian attack on the town occurred on May 14, 1756. New Marblehead Plantation was incorporated on June 12, 1762 as Windham, named for Wymondham in Norfolk, England.[1]

Most of the early inhabitants were farmers, who found the soil loamy and easily worked. Windham provided numerous sites for water power, and as early as 1738 a mill was erected at Mallison Falls. The Cumberland and Oxford Canal opened in 1832, carrying goods along the Presumpscot River between Sebago Lake and Portland. In 1859, when Windham's population was 2,380, it had 8 sawmills, a corn and flour mill, 2 shingle mills, a fulling mill, 2 carding mills, a woolen textile factory, a barrel factory, a chair stuff factory, a gunpowder factory and 2 tanneries. By 1886, the town also produced felt, boots and shoes, wood-paper board, carriages, harness, coffins, clothing and wooden ware. On April 4, 1919, the legislature passed an act creating at South Windham the Reformatory for Men. It is now the Maine Correctional Center, a minimum to medium security facility for men and women. With its principal village at North Windham, the town is today a recreational area and Portland suburb.

Notable residents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.3 square miles (130.2 km²), of which, 46.7 square miles (120.9 km²) of it is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km²) of it (7.16%) is water. Located beside Sebago Lake, Windham is drained by the Pleasant River and the Presumpscot River.

The town is crossed by U.S. routes 202 and 302, and state routes 4, 35 and 115. It borders the towns of Standish and Gorham to the west, Westbrook to the south, Falmouth and Cumberland to the east, Gray to the northeast and Raymond to the north.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 14,904 people, 5,522 households, and 4,020 families residing in the town. The population density was 319.3 people per square mile (123.3/km²). There were 6,088 housing units at an average density of 130.4/sq mi (50.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.56% White, 0.49% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 5,522 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,526, and the median income for a family was $52,218. Males had a median income of $32,441 versus $26,157 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,890. About 3.5% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Windham has its own school district called the Windham School Department, including Windham Primary School (K-3), Manchester School (4-5), Windham Middle School (6-8), and Windham High School (9-12). It has been recently changed to RSU 14. A consolidated school district of Windham and Raymond.

Site of interest

References

  1. ^ Rolde, Neil (1990). Maine: A Narrative History. Harpswell Press. pp. 84–85. ISBN 0-88448-069-0.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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