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Windhoek is located in Namibia
Location in Namibia
Coordinates: 22°34′12″S 17°5′1″E / 22.57°S 17.08361°E / -22.57; 17.08361Coordinates: 22°34′12″S 17°5′1″E / 22.57°S 17.08361°E / -22.57; 17.08361
Country  Namibia
Region Khomas Region
Established 18 October 1890
 - Mayor Matheus Shikongo
 - Total 249 sq mi (645 km2)
Population (2001)
 - Total 233,529
 Density 923.6/sq mi (356.6/km2)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) WAST (UTC+2)

Windhoek (pronounced /ˈvɪnthʊk/, sometimes in German: Windhuk) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia. It is located in central Namibia in the Khomas Highland plateau area around 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level. The 2001 census determined Windhoek's population was 233,529. A population influx from all over Namibia has caused researchers to estimate the figure to be well over 300,000.[1]

Due to its relative size[2] Windhoek is even more than other capitals the social, economic, and cultural centre of the country. Virtually every national enterprise has its headquarters here. The University of Namibia is here, as is the country's only theatre, most of Namibia's governmental institutions, and all major media bodies.[citation needed] City of Windhoek's budget nearly equals that of all other Namibian local authorities combined.[3]




The city of Windhoek is traditionally known by two names: /Ai//Gams, (Khoekhoe: hot springs) and Otjomuise (Otjiherero: place of steam). Both traditional names reference the hot springs near today's city centre.

Theories vary on how the place got its modern name of Windhoek. Most believe the name Windhoek is derived from the Afrikaans word Wind-Hoek (windy corner). Another theory suggests that Captain Jan Jonker Afrikaner named Windhoek after the Winterhoek Mountains, at Tulbagh in South Africa, where his ancestors had lived.


In the 1840s Jonker Afrikaner, father of Jan Jonker Afrikaner, settled near one of the main hot springs, located in the present-day Klein Windhoek suburb. He built a stone church that held 500 people, which was also used as a school. Two Rhenish missionaries, Carl Hugo Hahn and Heinrich Kleinschmidt, started working there in the 1840s and were later succeeded by two Wesleyans, Richard Haddy and Joseph Tindall.[4] Gardens were laid out and for a while Windhoek prospered, but wars between the Nama and Herero eventually destroyed the settlement. After a long absence, Hahn visited Windhoek again in 1873 and was dismayed to see that nothing remained of the town's former prosperity. In June 1885, a Swiss botanist found only jackals and starving guinea fowl amongst neglected fruit trees.[5]

Sanderburg, one of the three castles of Windhoek

Colonial era

In 1878, Britain annexed Walvis Bay and incorporated it into the Cape of Good Hope in 1884, but Britain did not extend its influence into the hinterland. A request by merchants from Lüderitzbucht resulted in the declaration of a German protectorate over German West Africa in 1884. The German colony came into being with the determination of its borders in 1890 and Germany sent a protective corps, called the Schutztruppe under Major Curt von François, to maintain order. Von François stationed his garrison at Windhoek, which was strategically situated as a buffer between the Nama and Herero, while the twelve strong springs provided water for the cultivation of food.

Present-day Windhoek was founded on 18 October 1890, when Von François fixed the foundation stone of the fort, which is now known as the Alte Feste (Old Fortress). After 1907, development accelerated as people migrated from the countryside to the city. There was also a larger influx of European settlers arriving from Germany and South Africa. Businesses were erected on Kaiser Street, present Independence Avenue, and along the dominant mountain ridge over the city. At this time, Windhoeks three castles, Heinitzburg, Sanderburg, and Schwerinsburg were built.

Independence Avenue, the main street in downtown Windhoek

Foreign administration after World War I

The German colonial era came to an end during World War I when South African troops occupied Windhoek in May 1915 on behalf of the British Empire. For the next five years, a military government administered South West Africa. Development of the city of Windhoek and the nation later to be known as Namibia came to a virtual standstill. After World War II, Windhoek's development gradually gained momentum, as more capital became available to improve the area's economic climate. After 1955, large public projects were undertaken, such as the building of new schools and hospitals, tarring of the city's roads (a project begun in 1928 with Kaiser Street), and the building of dams and pipelines to finally stabilize the water supply.[5] It also introduced the World's first potable re-use plant in 1958, treating recycled sewage and sending it directly into the town's water supply.[6]

Since Namibian independence

With Namibia's independence from South African administration in 1990, Windhoek was recognised as the capital city of South West Africa as administered by the South African government. It continues to be the capital city of the Republic of Namibia, as well as the provincial capital of the central Khomas Region. Since then the city experienced accelerated growth and development.


The city is the major commercial and financial center of Namibia. It sits on a sloping plain on the northern side of the Khomas Hochland (Khomas Highlands) at an altitude of 1,728 metres (5,669 ft).

Expanding the town area has – apart from financial restrictions – proven to be challenging due to its geographical location. In southern, eastern and western direction Windhoek is surrounded by rocky, mountainous areas which make land development costly. The southern side is not suitable for industrial development because of the presence of underground aquifers. This leaves the vast Brakwater area north of town the only feasible place for Windhoek's expansion.[7]


Windhoek is divided into different suburbs:


Windhoek is situated in a semi-desert climatic region. Days are mostly warm with very hot days during the summer months, while nights are generally cool. The average annual temperature is 19.47 °C (67.05 °F), which is high for a site at such a high altitude on the edge of the tropics.[8] This is mainly due to the prevalence of a warm northerly airflow and the mountains to the south, which shelter the city from cold southerly winds.

The winter months of June, July and August usually experience little or no rain. Minimum temperatures range between 5 °C (41 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F). Nights are usually cool, although the temperature seldom drops below 0°C, and it almost never snows. Days are usually warm to hot, varying from a maximum of 20 °C (68 °F) in July to 31 °C (88 °F) in January.

Mean annual rainfall is around 360 millimetres (14 in), which is too low to support crops or gardens without heavy use of watering. The natural vegetation of the area is scrub and steppe. Droughts are a regular occurrence; dry and wet years run through a cycle that lasts around 10 years.[citation needed]

Climate data for Windhoek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 17
Record low °C (°F) 9
Precipitation mm (inches) 76
Source: BBC Weather[9] 2009-08-16


In 1971, there were roughly 26,000 Whites living in Windhoek, outnumbering the Black population of 24,000 but no longer. About one third of Whites, 9,000, were Germans. [10]

Windhoek's population currently stands at over 300.000 and grows by over 4% annually with the informal settlements growing at almost 10% per year.[7]


Air Namibia has its main office in the Trans Namib Building in Windhoek.[11] Several shopping malls were built in the post-independence era, including Maerua Mall, and Wernhil Park Mall.

Notable landmarks

Tintenpalast in Windhoek



Windhoek is connected by rail to:


Aerial view of Windhoek Centre

In 1928, Kaiserstraße, now Independence Avenue, was the first paved road in Windhoek. Ten years later the next one, Gobabis road, now Sam Nujoma Drive, was also paved. Today out of ca. 40,000 kilometres (25,000 mi) of Namibia's total road network, about 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi) is sealed.

Windhoek's three main access roads from Rehoboth, Gobabis, and Okahandja are paved, and are designed to be able to withstand the largest possible flood to be expected in fifty years. Sealed roads can carry traffic moving at 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph) and should last for 20 years.

Taxis are available.

Air transportation

Windhoek is served by two airports. The closest one is Eros 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of the city center for smaller craft, and Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport 42 kilometres (26 mi) east of the city. A number of foreign airlines operate to and from Windhoek. Air charters and helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft rentals are also available.

Windhoek International Airport (WDH)

Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport, situated 45 kilometres outside Windhoek, handles well over 400,000 passengers a year. It has one runway without capacity limitations. Other international airports are located in Walvis Bay and Luderitz. It directly connects daily to Frankfurt. Southern Africa's hub, Johannesburg, is only a two-hour flight away, from where it is possible to connect to more than 50 cities. South African Airways, LTU, and Air Namibia all have daily flights to Windhoek International Airport, whilst TAAG Angola Airlines has bi-weekly turnarounds to Luanda.

Eros Airport

Eros Airport is the busiest airport in Namibia in terms of take offs and landings.[citation needed] This city airport handles around 12,000 individual flights a year, the majority of which are light aircraft. Primarily, limitations such as runway length, noise, and air space congestion have kept Eros from developing into a larger airport. Most of Namibia's charter operators have Eros as their base.[citation needed]


The city has several football clubs which include African Stars F.C., Black Africa F.C., F.C. Civics Windhoek, Orlando Pirates F.C., Ramblers F.C. and SK Windhoek.

Many boxers such as Paulus Moses, Paulus Ambunda and Abmerk Shindjuu are from the city.


Tertiary Institutions

The higher educational institutions in Windhoek are:

Secondary schools

  • A Shipena
  • Deutsche Höhere Privatschule (DHPS)
  • Eldorado Secondary School
  • Immanuel Shifidi
  • Jan Jonker Afrikaner
  • Augustineum
  • Concordia College
  • David Bezuidenhout
  • Ella du Plessis
  • Goreangab
  • Academia
  • Jan Möhr Secondary School
  • Windhoek Technical High School
  • Dagbreek Centre for the handicapped
  • Eros School For Girls[13]
  • Saint George's Diocesan College
  • Saint Paul's College

(Saint George's College and Saint Paul's College are both still attached to their respective primary schools)

Primary Schools[13]

  • Gammams
  • Delta School
  • Herman Gmeiner
  • Namibia Primary School
  • Suiderhof Primary School
  • Theo Katjimuine School
  • Emma Hoogenhout
  • Moses van der Byl
  • Saint Barnabas
  • Theo Katjimuine School
  • Tobias Hainyeko Primary School
  • Van Rhyn

Cooperation agreements

Windhoek has cooperation agreements and partnerships with the following towns:[14]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ The second biggest city in Namibia, Walvis Bay, has 60,000 inhabitants
  3. ^ New Era 11 Feb 2010: Owning a house … a dream deferred, by Desie Heita
  4. ^ Dr Klaus Dierks: Biographies of Namibian Personalities
  5. ^ a b Windhoek City Council: The History of Windhoek
  6. ^ Surviving in an arid land: Direct reclamation of potable water at Windhoek's Goreangab Reclamation Plant by Petrus Du Pisani
  7. ^ a b New Era, 10 Feb 2010: Windhoek’s battle for land, by Desie Heita
  8. ^ Average for years 1957-1987, Goddard Institute of Space Studies World Climate database
  9. ^ = TT000470 "Average Conditions Windhoek, Namibia". BBC Weather. = TT000470. Retrieved August 16 2009. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Contact UsAir Namibia. Retrieved on October 13, 2009.
  12. ^ "Windhoek Attractions, Namibia". Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  13. ^ a b Sergei Mitrofanov. "Eros School for Girls". Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  14. ^ "Status Of Cooperation Agreement" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01. 

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Windhoek's Zoo Park and Independence Avenue, the city's main street.
Windhoek's Zoo Park and Independence Avenue, the city's main street.

Windhoek [1] is Namibia's capital and largest city (population ~250,000). It is in the geographic centre of the country at an elevation of 1,600m. This is the city where most safaris travelling through Namibia begin, and also the first point of entry in Namibia should you arrive by aeroplane.


English is spoken throughout Namibia (it is the country's official language and is also the medium of instruction in most schools), although in all areas Afrikaans (similar to Dutch) is used as a lingua franca, as 95% of the Namibian population speaks Afrikaans. German is widely used in tourism and business.

Radio and television is also predominantly in English.

Other langauges include Oshiwambo, Otjiherero, Damara/Nama, Setswana, SiLozi, and Rukwangali.

Get in

By car

The B1, which runs from the north to the south and the B2 (Trans-Kalahari) which runs from the east to the west through Namibia are the primary land routes into Windhoek. Northern towns served by the B1 include Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, and Okahanja. Southern towns include Rehoboth, Keetmanshoop and Lüderitz. From the west the B2 connects Swakopmund and from the east it connects Gobabis.

By combie

This is the easiest way to get to Windhoek for people without a car. Combies run from everywhere in Namibia, and through some combination of different routes, one can always find their way to Windhoek. The Engen petrol station north of downtown (Rhino Park) is the rank for southern and western destinations such as Mariental, Swakopmund, Keetmanshoop. For northern destinations such as Otjiwarongo, Oshakati and Rundu go to Hakahana Service Station, Katutura. However, it is easier to arrange for a minibus to take you (check opposite SAA in Independence Avenue).

By plane

If you're arriving in Namibia by airplane, this is most likely to be via Hosea Kutako International Airport. The airport is approximately 40km out of town, so give yourself plenty of time to travel to the city centre.

Windhoek also has a municipal airport called Eros. This is the main airport for all domestic flights - so travellers making a connection between international and domestic aircraft should also allow at least one hour for the travel time between the two airports

By train

Windhoek's train station is in the city centre, just off Bahnhof Street.

TransNamib [2], via their StarLine passenger service, operates trains from Windhoek to destinations all over Namibia. Some routes are

  Windhoek-Swakopmund-Walvis Bay
  Windhoek-Keetmanshoop ; this train used to continue on to Upington in South Africa but no longer does so.

There are no dedicated passenger trains in Namibia, apart from the luxury Desert Express [3] tourist train. The StarLine scheduled service described above conveys passengers via special coaches hooked on the back of freight trains. These passenger coaches offer comfortable airline-style seating with air-conditioning and (sometimes) video entertainment. Vending machines provide refreshments on long journeys. Note, however, that Namibian trains are considered a relatively slow method of transport.

The Desert Express] is a luxury tourist train that traverses Namibia regularly, taking tourists to such destinations as Walvis Bay, Swakopmund and Etosha. Buses are used to transport visitors from train stations to the various sights.

By bus

Intercape [4] runs a bus service to and from Cape Town and Johannesburg in South Africa and Livingstone in Zambia. It's about 24 hours to either city. Book a few days in advance at least to be sure that you have a seat. As at February 2009 the cost was about R700 for either ticket.

Get around

By car

There are a number of car rental agencies operating in Windhoek:

By taxi

There is no public transit in Windhoek but there is a system of shared taxis which are similar to combies in South African cities. Taxis primarily run between the townships and the main industrial/commercial areas of the city. Routes are not fixed like a bus route or the combie routes in South Africa. This gives some added flexibility, but also means that fares between given destinations may not always be the same. You can get in or get out wherever you want along the "route".

To catch a taxi just flag it down by holding your arm out and waving your hand down towards the ground. It's a casual gesture, so don't stick your arm straight out like a sign post, and don't wave your arm around like you're calling for help. The fare for destinations that are on the "route" or close to the route is N$7.50, destinations more "out of the way" are charged at N$15. Non standard destinations cost around N$30. Tell the driver where you want to go when you get in or before you get in. If the destination is too far off their route, they will tell you they're not going there so you'll just have to wait for another taxi. This can be common during rush hour. It will take some time to figure out what these informal routes are.

Most taxis cruise along Independence Avenue south of the intersection with Fidel Castro Street. The easiest place to catch them is in front of the Gustav Voigts Centre/Kalahari Sands Hotel.

If you feel uncomfortable taking shared taxis, there are on-demand taxis which allow you to hire the entire car to yourself. Most of these taxis have to be pre-booked via telephone; they'll come and get you wherever you are. In the city, they can be found behind the Tourist Information Office at the intersection of Independence Avenue and Fidel Castro Street (opposite Gustav Voigts Centre/Kalahari Sands Hotel) and on the northern-side of Wernhill Park shopping mall. They also tend to gather at popular restaurants and nightspots. Make sure you agree on the price before taking them; most will ask for at least N$50 to go anywhere around Windhoek. These taxis also can take you out of Windhoek, and especially to the airport; it's just a question of how much they are going to charge.

Here are some taxi company numbers:

  • Lima Transfers: +264-(0)81-127-3232 (Eduard)

On foot

Most hotels and hostels are centrally located close to the city centre, so you can easily walk to most shops, restaurants, clubs and sights.

Robert Mugabe Ave.
Robert Mugabe Ave.
  • Parliament of Namibia Formerly the legislative assembly during the apartheid days, this is now the home of the National Assembly. There is also a new building next door for the National Council. [7]
  • National Gallery of Namibia
  • Dictator street names Though Namibia isn't a dictatorship, there are a few dictators with whom Namibia's first President was quite friendly during the days of the struggle for independence (and still is). There are two in Windhoek, both downtown: Fidel Castro St. and Robert Mugabe Ave.
  • Christuskirche In the middle of a big traffic circle where Robert Mugabe Ave. and Fidel Castro St. meet, at the gates of the Parliamentary compound. The old Lutheran church.


The University of Namibia (UNAM) [8] and the Polytechnic of Namibia (PoN) [9] are located in Windhoek. There is also the Franco-Namibian Cultural Centre where you can take classes in everything from French to photography.


There is a craft market in Post Street Mall in central Windhoek, though prices are quite high. For cheaper prices, go to the craft market in Okahanja, which is about an hour north of Windhoek. You can hitchhike to Okahanja or catch a combie.

There are a number of arcades and small shopping centres in the centre of Windhoek. Between them you can find pretty much anything you need. There is also a larger mall called Maerua Mall in the south end of the city (Jan Jonker Road), easily accessible by taxi.

  • Abyssinia Veld St. Excellent Ethiopian food, a choice to sit and eat in the traditional manner, or western-style. Somewhat expensive, but well worth it. The chef/owner often comes around to chat and ensure that everyone is satisfied.
  • Cattle Baron Maerua Mall, opposite cinema. South Afrian Steakhouse Chain. Enjoy the farely best meat in this place for a perfect price. Try to get a seat in the lounge and have a drink before and after the meal.
  • Pick'n Pay Wernhill Center. For those who want to cook on their own, this is a supermarket with everything you need, right in downtown.
  • Sardinia FollhiIndependence Ave. south from downtown for about five blocks and you will find this wonderful Itallian restaurant. Great pizzas, hot dishes and excellent ice cream. Pepe is the best chef in town ! Try it !
  • King Pie Find one of the four King Pie franchizes in Windhoek to enjoy the African version of fast food: meat pies.
  • Joe's Beer House No visit to Windhoek is complete without visiting this amazing bar/restaurant. Get a Zebra steak or an ostrich cabob to round off that game drive. Be aware that the meals served are extremley large and don't come with many vegetables.
  • Taal Indian Restaurant, 416 Independence Ave (Windhoek), 264 61 221958, [10]. has many vegetarian dishes.  edit
  • NICE (Namibian Institute of Culinary Education), Storch St. (Windhoek). Excellant place to eat. Has many choices of meals, ranging in extravagance and creativity. Basically a classroom of fine Namibian cooking. Bon appetit!   edit
  • Tim Sum, (Wernhil Park Shopping Centre in the Post Street Mall Windhoek), 061 232312. until 18:30. offers a excellent range of Taiwanese vegetarian foods. N$25–35.  edit
  • Jenny's Place, Windhoek. is a delightful and popular cafe, in a shady courtyard, serving many types of coffee, fresh squeezed fruit juices, and sandwiches.  edit
  • La Dolce Vita, Kaiserkrone Center Windhoek. has pizza and pasta dishes and salads served in another shaded courtyard.  edit
  • Funky Lab (Hidas Centre, Klein Windhoek) Among locals very popular on Wednesdays, Friday and Saturdays. Crowded on the weekends. Nice Drinks and Draft, mostly locals here. Go to Chez `n` Temba or La dee das afterwords.
  • Luigi and the fish (Klein Windhoek, on the way to the airport). An nice Restaurant and bar, many travellers here. Best place to warm-up for La Dee Das (Club).
  • Joes Beer Garden A trip to Windhoek is incomplete without visiting this unique beer garden! It is always packed with locals and travellers. It has an excellent menu and reservations must be made in advance.
  • The Wine Bar Located on a hill overlooking Windhoek with fantastic sunsets, perfect for that romantic occasion. The staff give excellent service and have good knowledge of the wines being served. You may also purchase wine here.
  • Blitzkrieg Bunker Bar A loud rock and metal bar. Despite the risqué name, a perfectly friendly place with laid-back staff and a good crowd. Writing anywhere on the walls with a marker pen is not discouraged.
  • Bump Located in the Southern Industrial section of Windhoek, Bump features a spacious outdoor area, mid-sized dance floor and a large bar. Although the music is often limited to house and rave music, the service is friendly. Popular with the Afrikaner crowd.
  • Zum Wirt, 101 Independence Avenue (Turn right after exiting Kalahari Sands Hotel), 061245518. 11:00 - 24:00. Complex of strange but intriguing bars and restaurants. The 'traditional' German restaurant and bar downstairs, but upstairs a huge thatched roof structure (inhabited by an odd combination of locals and ladies of the night), and behind that a lovely beer garden (popular with tourists in particular). Reasonably priced food and drink and you are sure to meet interesting company!  edit
  • Cardboard Box Backpackers Hostel, 15 John Albrecht St. (at the corner of John Meinart), phone: 264 (61) 228994, [11]. Has a bar and a swimming pool; close to downtown. Also the site of the Cardboard Box Travel Shop [12].
  • Chameleon City Backpackers 5 Voight St. phone: 264 (61) 244347, [13]. Has a bar, and swimming pool, and booking desk for Chameleon Safaris [14]. Close to downtown.
  • Chameleon Guest House B&B 22 Wagner St. phone: 264 (61) 247668.
  • Hotel Casa Blanca, 52 Fritsche Street, Pioneers Park, +264 (0)61 249623 (, fax: +264 (0)61 249622), [16].  edit
  • Galpinii Guest House (b&b), 45, Prinsloo Street, Pioneers Park, +264(61)242630 (fax: +264(61)247654), [17].  edit
  • Klein Windhoek Guest House, 2 Hofmeyer Street, Klein Windhoek, +264 (0)61 239 - 401 (fax: +264 (0)61 234 - 952).  edit
  • Kalahari Sands 129 Independence Ave. Luxury hotel downtown with a casino and a small shopping centre.
  • Windhoek Country Club Luxury resort and conference centre in the south end of the city.
  • Heinitzburg Luxury resort looks like an old castle above the city


The area code for Windhoek is (061). When calling Windhoek from outside Namibia do not put a '0' between the country code and the area code.

It is cheap to buy starter packs (including SIM cards and airtime) throughout the city at less than N$20. This will work out a lot cheaper than 'roaming' and will work throughout Namibia (except 'Switch' CDMA cards which will only work in Windhoek).

There are a number of well-equipped Internet cafés in Windhoek.

There are three free-to-air television stations (NBC TV, One Africa TV and TBN religious station), with CNN news each afternoon 13:00 - 14:00 on NBC TV, local news on NBC TV at 19:00 - 19:30 and local news on One Africa TV 19:30 - 20:00. One Africa TV also relays BBC World news in the mornings until approximately 10:00.

Radio Stations in English include NBC (92.6), Radio Wave (96.7), 99FM (99.00) and Kudu FM (103.5).

Radio Stations in German are NBC German Service (94.9)


There is a laundry facility at the corner of Sam Nujoma Dr. and Hosea Kutako Dr. They charge by the weight of clothing and will usually have it done within two days. You can pay in advance for a fixed number of kilograms at a lower rate if you plan to be around for a while.

There is a grocery store (supermarket) in the Wernhil Centre (at the Western end of the Post Street Mall which starts opposite the Central Post Office in Independence Avenue - look for the red clock tower and turn down the mall). Supermarkets in Namibia have just about anything you might want from back home, though the brand names may be different.

There is also a small outdoor market on the north side of Wernil next to the taxi rank and a souvenir market opposite South African Airways (Independence Avenue). This is a good place to shop for souvenirs and wood carvings. Prices here will be a lot cheaper than in the shops. Feel free to negotiate.

Keep in mind that many places - shops, restaurants, and internet cafés included - are closed on Sunday or stay open only until 1 PM. Note also that alcoholic beverages (beer and wine are also available in shops) isn't sold after 19:00 (weekdays) and after 13:00 on Saturday (through until Monday morning)


United States, [18].  edit

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:



Borrowed from Afrikaans/Dutch.

Proper noun


  1. The capital of Namibia.


Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl


  • IPA: [ˈʋɪnt.huk]


wind + hoek

Proper noun


  1. Windhoek, the capital of Namibia.

Simple English

Location of Windhoek in Namibia
Coordinates: 23°34′28″S 17°4′51″E / 23.57444°S 17.08083°E / -23.57444; 17.08083
Country Namibia
administrative division Khomas


October 18, 1890
Independence from South Africa
  - Date
March 21, 1990
 - Mayor Matheus Shikongo
 - Total 1,036 km2 (400 sq mi)
 - Total 230,000
 Density 356.6/km2 (575/sq mi)
Time zone South African Standard Time (UTC+2)

Windhoek (German: Windhuk) is the capital city of Namibia. It has a population of 230,000 people. Windhoek is the trade center for sheep skins. The area was controlled by Germany in 1885. It became the capital of the German colony, German South-West Africa, in 1892. During World War I, Windhoek was captured by South Africa. It was the capital of South West Africa (Namibia) under South African control until the independence of Namibia in 1990.

Windhoek has a semi-desert climate.

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