Winfield, Kansas: Wikis

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City of Winfield
—  City  —
Location of Winfield in Kansas.
Coordinates: 37°14′52″N 96°58′50″W / 37.24778°N 96.98056°W / 37.24778; -96.98056Coordinates: 37°14′52″N 96°58′50″W / 37.24778°N 96.98056°W / 37.24778; -96.98056
Country United States
State Kansas
County Cowley
Founded 1873
Government
 - City manager Warren Porter
Area
 - Total 12.8 sq mi (33.0 km2)
 - Land 11.1 sq mi (28.6 km2)
 - Water 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)  13.25%
Elevation 1,129 ft (344 m)
Population (2005)
 - Total 11,861
 Density 1,068.6/sq mi (414.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67156
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-79950[1]
GNIS feature ID 0469556[2]
Website www.winfieldks.org

Winfield is a city situated along the Walnut River in the west-central part of Cowley County, located in South Central Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was estimated to be 11,861 in the year 2005.[3] It is the county seat and most populous city of Cowley County.[4]

Winfield is home to Southwestern College, a four-year private Methodist college and once also held St. John's College before it closed in 1986. The city is well known for hosting the Walnut Valley Festival, a large bluegrass and acoustic music festival, on the third weekend of every September and the Winfield Country Roundup in the first weekend in June. The fictional castaway Mary Ann Summers from Gilligan's Island hailed from Winfield.

Contents

Geography

Winfield is located at 37°14′52″N 96°58′50″W / 37.24778°N 96.98056°W / 37.24778; -96.98056.[5] The city is situated along the Walnut River at its confluence with Timber Creek. It is located 17 miles (27 km) north of the Kansas-Oklahoma state border at the junction of U.S. Routes 77 and 160. State highway route K-15 follows U.S. Route 77 to the north of the city and U.S. Route 160 to the east. K-360 is a bypass around the southeastern part of the city between U.S. Route 77 and U.S. Route 160. Arkansas City is 13 miles (21 km) south of Winfield along U.S. Route 77, and Strother Field, a general aviation airport, is about five miles (8 km) south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.8 square miles (33.0 km²), of which 11.1 square miles (28.6 km²) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), or 13.25%, is water.[1]

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Climate

Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low below 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to an average high of nearly 93 °F (34 °C) in July. The maximum temperature reaches 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 69 days per year and reaches 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 12 days per year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point (32°F) an average of 102 days per year. Typically the first fall freeze occurs between early October and the first week of November, and the last spring freeze occurs during the month of April.

The area receives nearly 38 inches (970 mm) of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received in May and June—with a combined 20 days of measurable precipitation. During a typical year the total amount of precipitation may be anywhere from 26 to 50 inches (1,300 mm). There are on average 90 days of measurable precipitation per year. Winter snowfall averages almost 12 inches, but the median is less than 3 inches (76 mm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 7 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on four of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 11 days per year.

Source: Monthly Station Climate Summaries, 1971-2000, U.S. National Climatic Data Center
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperatures (°F)
Mean high 41.9 49.1 58.7 68.3 77.3 86.6 92.8 91.8 83.2 71.9 56.5 45.2 68.6
Mean low 19.2 24.1 33.0 42.5 53.4 62.9 68.2 66.3 57.9 45.8 33.1 23.4 44.2
Highest recorded 75
(1981)
88
(1996)
94
(1940)
98
(1972)
102
(1934)
110
(1933)
115
(1954)
118
(1936)
110
(2000)
98
(1947)
87
(1950)
81
(1955)
118
(1936)
Lowest recorded −20
(1947)
−27
(1905)
−3
(1960)
15
(1936)
26
(1907)
40
(1983)
48
(1924)
45
(1988)
31
(1995)
12
(1993)
2
(1975)
−15
(1989)
−27
(1905)
Precipitation (inches)
Median 1.05 1.37 2.94 2.93 4.05 4.83 3.07 3.08 2.16 2.71 2.77 1.55 37.95
Mean number of days 5.8 5.8 8.1 8.3 10.4 9.1 7.2 7.6 7.8 6.7 6.8 5.9 89.5
Highest monthly 3.00
(1973)
5.23
(1997)
7.94
(1973)
12.58
(1994)
16.57
(1993)
9.79
(1999)
9.81
(1995)
9.34
(1974)
9.43
(1986)
14.78
(1998)
6.68
(1992)
4.64
(1999)
Snowfall (inches)
Median 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.6
Mean number of days 2.3 1.5 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.3 6.3
Highest monthly 17.0
(1979)
17.1
(1980)
5.0
(1995)
0.8
(1979)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 trace
(1981)
8.0
(1972)
9.3
(1973)
Notes: Temperatures are in degrees Fahrenheit. Precipitation includes rain and melted snow or sleet in inches; median values are provided for precipitation and snowfall because mean averages may be misleading. Mean and median values are for the 30-year period 1971–2000; temperature extremes are for the station's period of record (1900–2001). The station is located in Winfield at 37°14′N 96°58′W, elevation 1,160 feet (350 m).

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 472
1880 2,844 502.5%
1890 5,184 82.3%
1900 5,554 7.1%
1910 6,700 20.6%
1920 7,933 18.4%
1930 9,398 18.5%
1940 9,506 1.1%
1950 10,264 8.0%
1960 11,117 8.3%
1970 11,405 2.6%
1980 10,736 −5.9%
1990 11,931 11.1%
2000 12,206 2.3%
Est. 2005 11,861 −2.8%

Winfield's population was estimated to be 11,861 in the year 2005, a decrease of 357, or -2.9%, over the previous five years.[3]

As of the census of 2000,[1] there were 12,206 people, 4,627 households, and 2,952 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,104.0 people per square mile (426.1/km²). There were 5,049 housing units at an average density of 456.7/sq mi (176.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.06% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 1.08% Native American, 3.74% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.73% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.66% of the population.

There were 4,627 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,443, and the median income for a family was $44,539. Males had a median income of $31,768 versus $21,605 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,162. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Winfield, 1910

See also

Information on this and other cities in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2005-07-01. Released 2006-06-21. Five year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2005-07-01.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

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