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Winnetka, Illinois
County: Cook
Township: New Trier
President: Jessica Tucker
ZIP code(s): 60093
Area code(s): 847 and 224
Population (2000): 12,419
Density: 3,242.7/mi² (1,252.0/km²)
Area: 3.9 mi² (10.2 km²)
Per capita income: $92,956
(median: $277,371 per household)
Home value: $1,397,240 (2008, Coldwell Banker)
(median: $1,532,440 (2008, Coldwell Banker))
Website: www.villageofwinnetka.org
Demographics[1]
White Black Hispanic Asian
96.29% 0.2% 1.3% 2.4%
Islander Native Other
0.0% 0.0% 0.3%
Winnetka Village Hall
Tower Road Beach in Winnetka
Christ Church in Winnetka

Winnetka is a village located approximately 14 miles (23 km) north of downtown Chicago in Cook County, Illinois.

Winnetka is located at 42°6′22″N 87°44′16″W / 42.10611°N 87.73778°W / 42.10611; -87.73778Coordinates: 42°6′22″N 87°44′16″W / 42.10611°N 87.73778°W / 42.10611; -87.73778 (42.106227, -87.73801).[2]. Winnetka is located 198m (650ft) above sea level and has a magnetic declination of 3° 10' W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), of which 3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (2.30%) is water.

Contents

History

The first houses were built in 1836. That year Erastus Patterson and his family arrived from Vermont and opened a tavern to service passengers on the Green Bay Trail post road. The village was first subdivided in 1854 by Charles Peck and Walter S. Gurnee, President of Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad. Winnetka's first school opened in 1856. The town was incorporated in 1869 with a population of 450.

The oldest surviving house in Winnetka is the Schmidt-Burnham House. It was relocated in the 2003 from its previous location on Tower Road to the Crow Island Woods.[3]

Winnetka’s neighborhoods include estates and homes designed by distinguished architects including George Washington Maher, Walter Burley Griffin, John S. Van Bergen, Howard Van Doren Shaw, and David Adler.

The Chicago and Milwaukee Railway was built in 1855 thru Winnetka, connecting its namesake cities, this eventually became the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company. In 1995 the C&NW was merged into the Union Pacific. Only Metra trains are operated on this track now, freight operations ended in the late 1980's.

The Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee electric interurban was built thru Winnetka and the North Shore in the first decade of the 1900's and the line thru Winnetka was removed in 1955. This is now the Green Bay Trail bicycle path.

During the Great Depression both the C&NW and the C&NSM lines were rebuilt into a grade separated right of way mostly below street level to prevent crossing accidents.

The Crow Island School, designed by Eero Saarinen, was declared a National Historical Landmark in 1990. It was declared 12th among all buildings and the best architectural design of all schools. 10,000 people showed up for the opening in 1938.

Notable events

  • In 1965, Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke in Winnetka. A plaque dedicated to him is on the Village Green, a park in the town, where he spoke.[4]
  • Site of the Hubbard Woods Elementary School shooting by Laurie Dann
  • 1938 song named "Big Noise From Winnetka".
  • Winnetka was named number 4 on the list of America's 25 top-earning towns and "one of the best places to live" by CNN Money in 2009. [5]
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In film

Schools

The Winnetka Public Schools system (District 36) consists of three elementary schools and two middle schools.[6] Hubbard Woods, Crow Island, and Samuel Sewall Greeley Elementary Schools serve grades kindergarten through four. Students in fifth and sixth grades attend The Skokie School. Seventh and eighth graders attend Washburne School, named after educator Carleton Washburne. Winnetka's schools were modeled after Washburne's educational philosophy in an experiment called the Winnetka Plan. The town's schools continue to reflect his educational philosophy.

Winnetka is in New Trier Township, and public school students who reside in Winnetka attend New Trier High School for grades 9 through 12.

Private schools

Notable residents

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 12,419 people, 4,162 households, and 3,433 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,242.7 people per square mile (1,252.0/km2). There were 4,310 housing units at an average density of 1,125.4/sq mi (434.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.29% White, 0.25% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,162 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the village the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The average income for a household in the village was $277,371 and the median income for a family was $200,000+. [8] In 2007, Winnetka was ranked by CNN Money as having the 4th highest median household income in the country.[9] The 2008 CNN Money Top 25 Highest Earning Towns rankings failed to mention Winnetka due to an increase in the minimum population requirements.

References

External links


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