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A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to news organizations: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. Such an agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire or news service.

Contents

History

The oldest news agency is Agence France-Presse (AFP).[1] It was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively. In order to reduce overhead and develop the lucrative advertising side of the business, Havas’s sons, who had succeeded him in 1852, signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff, giving each news agency an exclusive reporting zone in different parts of Europe.

Commercial services

News agencies can be corporations that sell news (e.g. Press Association, Thomson Reuters, AHN). Other agencies work cooperatively with large media companies, generating their news centrally and sharing local news stories the major news agencies may chose to pick up and redistribute (i.e. AP, Agence France-Presse (AFP), MYOP). Commercial newswire services charge businesses to distribute their news (e.g. Business Wire, the Hugin Group, Market Wire, PR Newswire, and ABN Newswire). Governments may also control news agencies: China (Xinhua), Canada, Russia (ITAR-TASS) and other countries also have government-funded news agencies which also use information from other agencies well.

The major news agencies generally prepare hard news stories and feature articles that can be used by other news organizations with little or no modification, and then sell them to other news organizations. They provide these articles in bulk electronically through wire services (originally they used telegraphy; today they frequently use the Internet). Corporations, individuals, analysts and intelligence agencies may also subscribe.

News sources collectively described as alternative media provide reporting which emphasizes a self-defined "non-corporate view" as a contrast to the points of view expressed in corporate media and government-generated news releases. Internet-based alternative news agencies form one component of these sources.

Major news agencies

Market effects

Many publicly traded companies solicit business analysis firms to produce favourable reports and then submit these through wire services. These stories often form the basis for public news about a company and may affect stock performance.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Broderick, James F.; Darren W. Miller (2007). Consider the source: A Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web. Information Today, Inc.. pp. 1. ISBN 0-9109-6577-3. 
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Wire Service
Also known as Deadline for Action
Genre Drama
Written by Al C. Ward
Frederick Brady
Directed by Lance Comfort
Tom Gries
Starring Dane Clark
George Brent
Mercedes McCambridge
Country of origin  United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 1
No. of episodes 37
Production
Executive producer(s) Warren Lewis
Don Sharpe
Producer(s) Buck Houghton
Running time 60 mins. (approx.)
Broadcast
Original channel ABC
Picture format Black-and-white
Audio format Monaural
Original run October 4, 1956 – June 17, 1957

Wire Service is an American drama series that aired on ABC as part of its 1956-57 season lineup.

Contents

Synopsis

Wire Service focused on three reporters for the fictional Trans-Globe wire service, which was similar to (and obviously inspired by) real-life news wire services such as the Associated Press and United Press International. The three reporters functioned independently of each other, meaning that the series was essentially three different ones sharing a time slot and title.

This program was aired at 9 p.m. (Eastern time) Thursdays from September 1956 to February 1957, when it was moved to Mondays at 8:30. It was not renewed for a second season, and the last prime time broadcast under this title was in September 1957. However, when a gap developed in the ABC schedule in February 1959, the episodes starring Dane Clark (only) were then rebroadcast under the title Deadline for Action. The last of these repeat episodes was broadcast on September 13, 1959.

Cast

Episodes

Episode # Episode Title Original Airdate
1 "Blood Rock Mine" October 4, 1956
2 "Campaign Train" October 11, 1956
3 "Hideout" October 18, 1956
4 "The Johnny Rath Story" October 25, 1956
5 "Night of August 7th" November 1, 1956
6 "Conspiracy" November 8, 1956
7 "The Tower" November 15, 1956
8 "Deported" November 22, 1956
9 "Until I Die" November 29, 1956
10 "The Avengers" December 6, 1956
11 "The Deep End" December 12, 1956
12 "High Adventure" December 20, 1956
13 "The Block Rock Mine" December 27, 1956
14 "Chicago Exclusive" January 3, 1957
15 "World of the Lonely" January 10, 1957
16 "The Third Inevitable" January 17, 1957
17 "Flowers for the General" January 24, 1957
18 "The Comeback" January 31, 1957
19 "Atom at Spithead" February 11, 1957
20 "El Hombre" February 18, 1957
21 "Profile of Ellen Gale" February 25, 1957
22 "Dateline Las Vegas" March 4, 1957
23 "Forbidden Ground" March 11, 1957
24 "No Peace in Lo Dao" March 18, 1957
25 "A Matter of Conscience" March 25, 1957
26 "Misfire" April 1, 1957
27 "The Indictment" April 8, 1957
28 "Ninety and Nine" April 15, 1957
29 "The Oil Man" April 22, 1957
30 "Run, Sheep, Run" April 29, 1957
31 "The Death Merchant" May 6, 1957
32 "Violence Preferred" May 13, 1957
33 "The Last Laugh" May 20, 1957
34 "Confirm or Deny" May 27, 1957
35 "Four Minutes to Shot" June 3, 1957
36 "The Washington Story" June 10, 1957
37 "A Death at Twin Pines" June 17, 1957

References

External links


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