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Wołomin
Statue of John Paul II in Wołomin

Coat of arms
Wołomin is located in Poland
Wołomin
Coordinates: 52°21′N 21°14′E / 52.35°N 21.233°E / 52.35; 21.233
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Wołomin County
Gmina Gmina Wołomin
Established 15th century
Town rights 1919
Government
 - Mayor Jerzy Mikulski
Area
 - Total 17.32 km2 (6.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 36,711
 - Density 2,119.6/km2 (5,489.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 05-200
Area code(s) +48 022
Car plates WWL
Website http://www.um.wolomin.pl

Wołomin [vɔˈwɔmin] ( listen) is the main town of Wołomin County situated in the Masovian Voivodship. Wołomin is located approximately 20 km east of Warsaw, the capital of Poland, near the railway to Białystok. It has approximately 36,000 inhabitants and covers an area of 14 km².

History

Wołomin was first mentioned in chronicles from the 15th century. It remained a small village in central Masovia without much significance. Since 19th century, and especially after the foundation of the railway in 1862, Wołomin became a summer holiday destination for Warsaw citizens. The Wołomin glassworks were founded in the beginning of the 20th century.

Wołomin was declared a town in 1919. In 1920 the Polish counter-attack in the Battle of Warsaw was conducted near Wołomin. In the interbellum Wołomin retained its status as a multinational town. There was a big Jewish and Russian minority.

Polish writer Zofia Nałkowska had a house in Wołomin, which became an inspiration for her 1925 book House over meadows (Polish: Dom nad łąkami). During World War II Jews from Wołomin were moved to the Warsaw Ghetto and exterminated by the Germans. Most of the Russian community has escaped westwards before the arrival of the Red Army.

In 1944 a substantial battle was fought near the town between Soviet armoured units and German 39th Panzer Corps. Soviet losses were high and the Red Army was forced to retreat.

After the war, Wołomin became a capital of the powiat of Wołomin and started to grow rapidly. The window assembly plant was founded and Wołomin soon became a suburb of Warsaw. Even today most of the town's inhabitants commute to Warsaw on a daily basis.

After 1989 Wołomin's glassworks were shut down in the big recession slowdown. However, the technology of production of temperature resist glass, invented in the facility, allowed the factory to continue production and recover under new ownership.

Sport

External links

Coordinates: 52°21′N 21°15′E / 52.35°N 21.25°E / 52.35; 21.25

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