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Wolf spider
Female carrying young
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Superfamily: Lycosoidea
Family: Lycosidae
Sundevall, 1833
Genera
Adelocosa
Alopecosa
Arctosa
Geolycosa
Hogna
Lycosa
Pardosa
Pirata
Sosippus
Trochosa
many more
Diversity
> 100 genera, c. 2,300 species
Eye configuration of a Hogna species
Hippasa agelenoides- Common Funnel web spider
.Wolf spiders are members of the family Lycosidae, from the Greek word "λύκος" meaning "wolf". They are robust and agile hunters with good eyesight.^ Wolf Spiders are robust and agile hunters that rely on good eyesight to hunt, typically at night.

^ Lycosidae: Wolf spiders .
  • Spiders on the Web 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC mamba.bio.uci.edu [Source type: General]

^ Wolf spiders belong to the family Lycosidae which is derived from the Greek word "lycosa" and means "wolf".
  • Landscape: Garden Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.uwex.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They live mostly solitary lives and hunt alone.^ Rather, they hunt alone.

^ They live mostly solitary lives and hunt alone.
  • Wolf spider | demo.agileware.net 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC demo.agileware.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the northern part of their range—which includes Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa—they live mostly in houses.
  • Surprising Spiders - National Zoo| FONZ 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC nationalzoo.si.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some are opportunistic wanderer hunters, pouncing upon prey as they find it or chasing it over short distances.^ They are named for the wolflike habit of chasing and pouncing upon prey.
  • wolf spider -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They will wander some distance from water in search for prey, so it may not have needed to hitchhike.

^ Some are opportunistic wanderer hunters, pouncing upon prey as they find it or chasing it over short distances.
  • Wolf spider | demo.agileware.net 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC demo.agileware.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Others lie in wait for passing prey, often from or near the mouth of a burrow.^ Some are ambushers lying in wait for a prey to pass by or exit from a burrow.
  • Wolf spiders - their bite, venom, pictures and videos 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.wolfspiders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Others lie in wait for passing prey, often from or near the mouth of a burrow.
  • Wolf spider | demo.agileware.net 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC demo.agileware.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are ground-dwellers that are active by day or night in a wide range of habitats with many species burrow into the ground or beneath rocks to wait for its unsuspecting prey.
  • Landscape: Garden Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.uwex.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wolf spiders resemble Nursery web spiders (family Pisauridae), but they carry their egg sacs by attaching them to their spinnerets (Pisauridae carry their egg sacs with their chelicerae and pedipalps).^ Female wolf spiders carry their egg sac behind them, attached to the spinnerets (silk-spinning organs) on the abdomen.

^ Nursery web spider .
  • Common North American Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.cirrusimage.com [Source type: General]

^ An unusual habit of wolf spiders is that the females carry the egg sac on their hind end.

.Wolf spiders have two eyes out of eight that are large and prominent.^ Wolf spiders have 8 eyes.
  • Spiders > Types > Brown Recluse Spider, Black Widow Spider, Wolf Spider, Grass Spider > Spider Bites | ArmaXX Pest Control Services | Nashville, TN 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.armaxx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Spiderzrule 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.spiderzrule.com [Source type: General]
  • Spiders - How To Kill Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.epestsupply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the center row, the wolf spider has two large, forward-facing eyes.
  • Wolf Spiders - Learn About Wolf Spiders, Family Lycosidae 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC insects.about.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolf spiders have eight eyes, arranged in three rows.
  • Wolf Spiders - Learn About Wolf Spiders, Family Lycosidae 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC insects.about.com [Source type: General]

.The eight eyes of the Nursery web spiders are all of approximately equal size.^ Nursery web spider .
  • Common North American Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.cirrusimage.com [Source type: General]

^ Nursery Web Spider with egg sac .
  • Common North American Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.cirrusimage.com [Source type: General]

^ PISAURIDAE, nursery web spiders .
  • Spider Photo Gallery - Ojibway Nature Centre - Windsor, Ontario 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.ojibway.ca [Source type: General]

Contents

Description

Wolf spider carrying her egg sac
.There are many genera of Wolf spider, ranging in body size from less than 1 to 30 millimetres (0.04 to 1.18 in).^ There are more than 30,000 species of spiders.

^ There are more than 2000 wolf spider species.

^ There are many species of spiders in Illinois.
  • Spider types control and management 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.camelspiders.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.[1] They have eight eyes arranged in three rows.^ They are easily identified by their eye arrangement, which is in three rows.
  • SP118/IN017: Common Florida Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC edis.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wolf spiders have eight eyes, arranged in three rows.
  • Wolf Spiders - Learn About Wolf Spiders, Family Lycosidae 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC insects.about.com [Source type: General]

^ The eyes are arranged in three rows.

.The bottom row consists of four small eyes, the middle row has two very large eyes (which distinguishes them from the Pisauridae), and the top row has two medium-sized eyes.^ A special feature of the wolf spider is the position of the eyes on the body; the four pairs are arranged in very unique ways, with four small eyes in a bottom row, two large ones placed in the middle and two middle-sized ones on the top row.

^ Most are small to medium-sized.
  • wolf spider -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of these are two very large.
  • Wolf spiders - their bite, venom, pictures and videos 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.wolfspiders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They depend on their eyesight, which is quite good, to hunt.^ Wolf Spiders depend on their good eyesight to hunt.

^ Their excellent eyesight is their strongest hunting feature, yet they cannot distinguish between their usual prey, such as insects and anatomical features of humans, such as fingers.
  • Wolf Spider Bite Symptoms 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.brighthub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The specificity of their vision organs is the one that ensures the survival of the species since the wolf spider depends on the eyesight to hunt.

.Their sense of touch is also acute.^ Their sense of touch is also acute.
  • Wolf Spiders at Animal Corner 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.animalcorner.co.uk [Source type: General]
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wolf spiders are unique in carrying their eggs along with them in a round silken globe, or egg sac, which they attach to the spinnerets at the end of their abdomen.^ Her egg-sac, attached to her spinnerets, is a precious thing she will defend with her life.
  • Wolf spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nursery Web Spider with egg sac .
  • Common North American Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.cirrusimage.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolf spider - Pardosa female with egg sac 1 .
  • Bio-Ditrl, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC bio-ditrl.sunsite.ualberta.ca [Source type: General]

.The abdomen must be held in a raised position to keep the egg case from dragging on the ground, but they are still capable of hunting while so encumbered.^ After the spiderlings emerge from the casing, they climb to her abdomen and remain there for up to two weeks.
  • Common Missouri Spiders - A Guide to Missouri Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC mdc.mo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is extremely rare for a fatality to occur from a brown recluse spider bite but they still must be treated as a dangers spider .
  • Common Household Spider - Are They Poisonous 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Common Household Spider - Are They Poisonous 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is very atypical for an overthrow to appear from a bronzed loner spider sting but they still must be treated as the dangers spider .

Wolf spider carrying her young
.Also unique to wolf spiders is their method of infant care.^ Also unique among wolf spiders is their method of infant care.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian wolf spiders have also been associated with necrotic wounds, but careful study has likewise shown them not to produce such results.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Australian and New Zealand wolf spider faunas contain some unique elements ...
  • Article: Becoming a spider scientist: an integrated unit inspired by Charlotte's Web builds vocabulary and reading skills while teaching third graders about spiders. - Science and Children | HighBeam Research - FREE trial 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: Academic]

.Immediately after the little spiders hatch and emerge from their protective silken case, they clamber up their mother's legs and all crowd onto her abdomen.^ "When they're ready to hatch all the little babies will crawl onto the mother's back.
  • Wolf spider carries 100 babies on back | The Daily Telegraph 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dailytelegraph.com.au [Source type: News]

^ A spider scoops them all up at once.

^ Immediately after the little spiders hatch and emerge from their protective silken case they clamber up their mother's legs and all crowd onto her abdomen.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their eyes reflect light well, and one way of finding them is to hunt at night using a flashlight strapped to one's forehead so that the light from the flashlight is reflected from their eyes directly back toward its source.^ Wolf Spiders eyes reflect light well and one way of finding them is to hunt at night using a flashlight strapped to ones forehead so that the light from the light is reflected from their eyes directly back toward its source.

^ Interestingly, their eyes reflect light and can easily be spotted at night.
  • Wolf Spiders Diet | DailyPuppy.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: General]

^ If you see them at night with a flashlight, their eyes will reflect light.
  • Rabid Wolf Spider 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is trait is especially helpful because the wolf spiders are nocturnal and will be out hunting for food, making it easier to find them.^ Wolf spiders hunt at night.

^ A wolf spider is a hunting spider.

^ Wolf spiders are ground-dwelling hunting spiders.

.Because they depend on camouflage for protection, they do not have the flashy appearance of some other kinds of spiders.^ Because they depend on camouflage for protection, they do not have the flashy appearance of some other kinds of spiders.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They eat insects and other spiders.

^ Because they eat insects and other spiders, they are considered beneficial.
  • CPCS: Spider Bites 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.calpoison.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In general their coloration is appropriate to their favorite habitat.^ In general their colouration is appropriate to their favoured habitat.

^ In general their coloration is appropriate to their favorite habitat.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hogna is the genus with the largest of the wolf spiders.^ Hogna is the genus with the largest of the wolf spiders.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carolina Wolf Spider Hogna carolinensis .
  • Wolf Spider Motherhood - Wolf Spider Egg Sac, Babies on Back 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.ayavaya.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolf Spider in the Hogna genus (B. Newton, 2002) .
  • Wolf Spiders of Kentucky - University of Kentucky Entomology 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.uky.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the Hogna species in the U.S., the nearly solid dark brown H. carolinensis is the largest, with a body that can be more than one inch long.^ The female body is more than 1 inch long with much longer legs.

^ This one was about inch long.

^ The HOUSE SPIDER is brown in color and its body is about 3/8-inch long.
  • SPIDER CONTROL - PEST CONTROL - DELLPEST EXTERMINATING 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dellpest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is sometimes confused with H. helluo (pictured below), which is somewhat smaller and entirely different in coloration.^ It is sometimes confused with H. helluo (pictured below), which is somewhat smaller and entirely different in coloration.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONFUSION: Wolf Spider vs. Brown Recluse Because wolf spiders are sometimes seen indoors and because they are usually brown in color, they are often mistaken for brown recluse spiders.
  • Wolf Spiders of Kentucky - University of Kentucky Entomology 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.uky.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The males differ in that they are much smaller and lighter colored with lights steaks on their abdomen.
  • SPIDER CONTROL - PEST CONTROL - DELLPEST EXTERMINATING 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dellpest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some members of the Lycosidae, such as H. carolinensis (Carolina wolf spider) make deep tubular burrows in and around which they lurk much of the time.^ Lycosidae: Wolf spiders .
  • Spiders on the Web 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC mamba.bio.uci.edu [Source type: General]

^ Larger wolf spiders dig burrows.
  • SPIDER CONTROL - PEST CONTROL - DELLPEST EXTERMINATING 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dellpest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lycosidae family (Wolf Spiders) .

.Others, such as H. helluo, seek shelter under convenient rocks and other such shelters as nature may provide.^ Others, such as H. helluo , seek shelter under convenient rocks and other such shelters as nature may provide.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the extent we offer user registration on the Site, to register as a member of the Site, you are required to select a user name and password (together, your " User ID ") and may be required to also provide other Information, such as your email address and date of birth.
  • Giant Wolf Spider in the Garage | SPIKE 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • Teen Wolf | SPIKE 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ If the burden or expense of providing access to your Information is disproportionate to the risks to your privacy or if the legitimate rights of others would be violated, we may decide not to provide access to such Information.
  • Giant Wolf Spider in the Garage | SPIKE 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • Teen Wolf | SPIKE 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.They may wander from place to place, and are therefore more likely to be the ones attracted into human habitation when the weather starts to turn colder in autumn.^ They may wander from place to place, and are therefore more likely to be the ones attracted into human habitation when the weather starts to turn colder in autumn.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think this fight was one of the more fair fights for the mantis but instead of using a small Carolina Mantis they should have had a large Chinese Mantis against the wolf spider then the tables could have turned and the mantis could have locked around the spider and game over!
  • Gladiator Bugs - japanese insects, beetles and bug fighters - Spider VS Mantis 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.gladiatorbugs.com [Source type: General]

^ Once the prey is captured, the wolf spider injects venom into its prey by using its fang-like mouthparts and in doing this the digestion process is started.
  • Wolf Spiders Diet | DailyPuppy.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dailypuppy.com [Source type: General]

.There are many smaller wolf spiders.^ In many respects, it resembles a wolf spider.
  • Zoropsis spinimana, A Mediterranean Spider In California Management Guidelines--UC IPM 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.ipm.ucdavis.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though some wolf spiders are large, there are also many smaller species.
  • Wolf Spiders 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC lancaster.unl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many smaller wolf spiders.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They patrol pastures and fields and are an important natural control on harmful insects.^ They patrol pastures and fields and are an important natural control on harmful insects.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spiders are beneficial inhabitants of any garden, ecosystem, or home because of their important contributions to biological control of pest insects.

^ Now, I’m reading that they are very important around humans since they hunt and eat more harmful insects that you don’t want in your home.

.Wolf spiders are capable of defensive bites, and some South American species may give bites that are medically significant.^ Wolf spiders are not aggressive, but may bite if handled.
  • Spiders In and Around the House, HYG-2060-04 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ohioline.osu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pestech - Pest Control Solutions, Spider Identification, Web Builders, Cobweb, Orb Weaver, Cellar, Funnel Web, Wolf, Jumping, Nursary Web and Crab Spiders, Hudson Valley, NY, NJ, PA, Pest Management 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.pestech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wolf spiders will bite if provoked.
  • Wolf spiders (Fact Sheet) 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.csiro.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Some wolf spiders in South America, and some running spiders (family Chiracanthium) ...
  • Wolf Spider Facts - Web - Mamma Metasearch 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ws.infospace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in general their presence works very much in favor of humans wherever they are found.^ However, in general their presence works very much in favor of humans wherever they are found.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Very few spiders (or snakes) are dangerous, at least in temperate zones, and generally they’re more afraid of us than we are of them.

^ They are very common and are found in most homes.
  • CPCS: Spider Bites 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.calpoison.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Toxicity

.Wolf spiders will inject venom freely if continually provoked.^ Wolf spiders may or may not be aggressive but will inject venom freely if continually provoked.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wolf spiders are venomous and their venom is poisonous.
  • Wolf spiders - their bite, venom, pictures and videos 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.wolfspiders.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Wolf Spider is not aggressive, however, it will inject venom freely if continually provoked.

.Symptoms of their venomous bite include swelling, mild pain and itching.^ Their bite is not very serious, there will be mild and bearable pain and itching, and local swelling occasionally.

^ Bites from a jumping spider are painful, itchy and cause redness and significant swelling.
  • CPCS: Spider Bites 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.calpoison.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bite symptoms The effects of a recluse spider bite may be immediate or delayed, depending on the amount of venom injected and the victims sensitivity.

.Though usually considered harmless to humans, the bite of some species may be painful.^ The bite may be very painful.
  • Spider Identification Chart - Venomous or Dangerous? 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.termite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Just curious- what kind of spider is this? 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]
  • Spider Control Advice from Bob the Bugman 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.bobthebugman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some species can bite if handled.
  • Spiders In and Around the House, HYG-2060-04 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ohioline.osu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pestech - Pest Control Solutions, Spider Identification, Web Builders, Cobweb, Orb Weaver, Cellar, Funnel Web, Wolf, Jumping, Nursary Web and Crab Spiders, Hudson Valley, NY, NJ, PA, Pest Management 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.pestech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though usually considered harmless to humans, the bite of some species may be painful.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the past, necrotic bites have been attributed to some South American species, but further investigation has indicated that those problems that did occur were probably actually due to bites by members of other genera.^ In the past, necrotic bites have been attributed to some South American species, but further investigation has indicated that those problems that did occur were probably actually due to bites by members of other genera.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some species can bite if handled.
  • Spiders In and Around the House, HYG-2060-04 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ohioline.osu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pestech - Pest Control Solutions, Spider Identification, Web Builders, Cobweb, Orb Weaver, Cellar, Funnel Web, Wolf, Jumping, Nursary Web and Crab Spiders, Hudson Valley, NY, NJ, PA, Pest Management 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.pestech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The banana spider name is used for two entirely different species of spiders; the North American banana spider and the banana spider that is found in Central and South America .
  • Tips from a real pest control expert | Spiders | AskTheExterminator.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.asktheexterminator.com [Source type: General]

[2] .Australian wolf spiders have also been associated with necrotic wounds, but careful study has likewise shown them not to produce such results.^ Australian wolf spiders have also been associated with necrotic wounds, but careful study has likewise shown them not to produce such results.
  • Wolf spider encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some species will leave the cocoon unattended while the young spiders develop, and others, such as wolf spiders, will carry the cocoons around with them.

^ WOLF SPIDERS are usually large, hairy spiders that are not associated with webs.
  • SPIDER CONTROL - PEST CONTROL - DELLPEST EXTERMINATING 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.dellpest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]

Habitats

Burrowing wolf spider defending its egg sac
.Wolf spiders can be found in a wide range of habitats both coastal and inland.^ Wolf spiders are commonly found in California.
  • CPCS: Spider Bites 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.calpoison.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In today's rule, we are certifying that the designation of critical habitat for the Kauai cave amphipod and the Kauai cave wolf spider will not have a significant effect on a substantial number of small entities.
  • Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Kauai Cave Wolf Spider and Kauai Cave Amphipod| Federal Register Environmental Documents | USEPA 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.epa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wolf spiders occasionally enter homes, particularly in areas of new development where their habitat was disturbed.

.These include shrublands, woodland, wet coastal forest, alpine meadows, and suburban gardens.^ Wolf Spiders are found in habitats ranging from dry inland shrublands and woodlands to wet coastal forests and alpine meadows.

^ These include shrub lands, woodland, wet coastal forest, alpine meadows and suburban gardens.

.Spiderlings disperse aerially and consequently wolf spiders have wide distributions.^ Female wolf spider with spiderlings on her back ..

^ Many wolf spider species carry their hatched spiderlings around on their back until the spiders are mature enough to take care of themselves.

^ The picture of the female wolf spider carrying spiderlings (shown above ) is also in the genus Rabidosa .
  • Wolf Spiders of Kentucky - University of Kentucky Entomology 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.uky.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although some species have very specific microhabitat needs (such as stream-side gravel beds or montane herb-fields) most are wanderers without permanent homes.^ Many also have very specific microhabitat preferences such as stream-side gravel beds, montane herb-fields or coastal sand-dunes.

^ Some species will leave the cocoon unattended while the young spiders develop, and others, such as wolf spiders, will carry the cocoons around with them.

^ Although the spider is mostly found in the southern United States, it may be seen throughout the US. Five species are common to the US, with two of them being the most common: .
  • Spiders > Types > Brown Recluse Spider, Black Widow Spider, Wolf Spider, Grass Spider > Spider Bites | ArmaXX Pest Control Services | Nashville, TN 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.armaxx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some build burrows which can be opened or have a trapdoor.^ Most are wanderers, but some build burrows, either open or with a trapdoor.

^ Most Wolf Spiders are wanderers but some build burrows, either open or with a trapdoor, while others may make temporary retreats in vegetation.

^ Other species of wolf spider, as well as some trapdoor spiders, make a lid for the opening of their burrow.
  • Wolf spiders (Fact Sheet) 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.csiro.au [Source type: Academic]

.Arid zone species construct turrets or plug their holes with leaves and pebbles during the rainy season to protect themselves from flood waters.^ Arid zone species build turrets to deflect floodwaters during rainy periods, while others use pebbles to plug their burrows.

^ Some species construct a retreat within the web and hide therein during the day, and the spider hangs upside down in the center of the web at night.
  • Spiders In and Around the House, HYG-2060-04 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC ohioline.osu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pestech - Pest Control Solutions, Spider Identification, Web Builders, Cobweb, Orb Weaver, Cellar, Funnel Web, Wolf, Jumping, Nursary Web and Crab Spiders, Hudson Valley, NY, NJ, PA, Pest Management 30 January 2010 3:51 UTC www.pestech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If she has constructed a burrow, she may sit at the turret, with her head in the opening and her abdomen and the eggs in the sunlight during the warmer part of a summer day.

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://www.australasian-arachnology.org/arachnology/araneae/lycosidae, accessed 2 Oct. 2008
  2. ^ Ribeiro LA, Jorge MT, Piesco RV, Nishioka SA, 1990. Wolf spider bites in Sao Paulo, Brazil: a clinical and epidemiological study of 515 cases. Toxicon 28: 715–717.[Medline]
  3. ^ Australian Wolf Spider Bites (Lycosidae): Clinical Effects and Influence of Species on Bite Circumstances - Clinical Toxicology

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

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