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Mozart circa 1780, by Johann Nepomuk della Croce
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Signature.svg
.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (German: [ˈvɔlfɡaŋ amaˈdeus ˈmoːtsart], full baptismal name Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart[1] (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.^ Copyrights records by Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus .
  • Te Deum. K. 141. For mixed chorus with piano acc. By Wolfgang Mozart [i.e. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], editorial corrections of music & introductory note: Broude Brothers (of which Broude Brothers, Ltd. is the legal successor), employer for hire of Kurt Stone - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], arr.
  • Te Deum. K. 141. For mixed chorus with piano acc. By Wolfgang Mozart [i.e. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], editorial corrections of music & introductory note: Broude Brothers (of which Broude Brothers, Ltd. is the legal successor), employer for hire of Kurt Stone - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Mozart circa 1780, by Johann Nepomuk della Croce Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ( IPA : [ˈvɔlfgaŋ amaˈdeus ˈmoːtsart] , full name Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [ 1 ] (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791) was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music.^ He composed over six hundred works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ The music is a re-creation of a work played for and presumably composed by village musicians, including formal solecisms and other deliberate mistakes of structure and harmony.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Voice and Piano   Lullaby, K.350 Access the entire collection of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus all other composers by joining SMA .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.^ He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

.Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood in Salzburg.^ Mozart arrived in Vienna as a young man who had traveled all over Europe since early childhood as a musical prodigy in performance and composition.
  • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mozart: The Child Prodigy in Salzburg .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty; at 17 he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly.^ Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty; at seventeen he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ His performing capabilities aside, much has been made of Mozart's apparent ability to compose at this young age, and the works that he supposedly wrote and published while on tour.
  • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mozarts, father and son, had traveled to Vienna from Salzburg in hopes of finding court patronage for the young composer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position.^ Visiting Vienna in 1781 he was dismissed from hi s Salzburg position and chose to stay in the capital, where over the rest of his life he achieved fame but little financial security.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

.He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security.^ Visiting Vienna in 1781 he was dismissed from hi s Salzburg position and chose to stay in the capital, where over the rest of his life he achieved fame but little financial security.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

.During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and the Requiem.^ The final years in Vienna yielded many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and the Requiem.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ He then wrote at least one symphony a year, eventually producing "some 600 symphonies, operas, operettas, concertos, string quartets, sonatas, masses and other classical pieces".
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | January 27| Up-Helly-Aa Up-Halliday Chrysostom Lewis Carroll paedophile pedophile Grace Darlings Wales 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Therefore his emphasis was on Mozart's years in Vienna and his many trips to Prague.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized.^ The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ The circumstances of his death, at the age of 35, have been much mythologized, but were most likely commonplace.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons.^ He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1782, he married Constanze Weber against the wishes of his family; six children were born, of whom two survived infancy.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.Mozart learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionate—the whole informed by a vision of humanity "redeemed through art, forgiven, and reconciled with nature and the absolute."^ From these lessons, in maturity, he fashioned a style that ranged in mood from the light and pleasant to the dark and violent, from a vision of humanity "redeemed through art, forgiven, and reconciled with nature and the absolute".
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Mozart always learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionatethe whole informed by a vision of humanity 'redeemed through art, forgiven, and reconciled with nature and the absolute'.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ The slow introduction to the "Dissonance" Quartet, K. 465 rapidly explodes a shallow understanding of Mozart's style as light and pleasant.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

[2] .His influence on subsequent Western art music is profound.^ His influence on all subsequent classical music has been profound.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ His influence on all subsequent Western art music is profound.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ The imprint of Leonardo's influence on the visual arts is stamped throughout the region, and there is no reason to believe it would be any different for musical instruments.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Beethoven wrote his own early compositions in the shadow of Mozart, of whom Joseph Haydn wrote that "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years."[3]

Contents

Biography

Mozart's birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg, Austria

Family and early years

.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl Mozart at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg, capital of the sovereign Archbishopric of Salzburg, in what is now Austria.^ Mozart's birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg, Austria .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Sister Maria Anna Mozart Nannerl born on July 30 .

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1754-1791) .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Then it was part of the Holy Roman Empire.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl Mozart in Getreidegasse 9 in Salzburg , the capital of the sovereign Archbishopric of Salzburg , in what is now Austria , then part of the Holy Roman Empire .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

His only sibling to survive past birth was Maria Anna (1751–1829), called "Nannerl". Wolfgang was baptized the day after his birth at St. Rupert's Cathedral. .The baptismal record gives his name in Latinized form as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart.^ Johannes Chrisostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart .

^ Born as: Joannes Chrisostomos Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart Baptized as: Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

.He generally called himself "Wolfgang Amadè Mozart"[4] as an adult, but there were many variants.^ Mozart generally called himself "Wolfgang Amadè Mozart" [ 4 ] [ page # needed ] as an adult, but there were many variants .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Postscript: There is increasing evidence that Mozart bought, stole, or faked many of his most famous compositions.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many psychologists and educators have claimed that listening to Mozart will increase math and reasoning abilities ~ this is called the Mozart Effect.

.His father Leopold (1719–1787) was deputy Kapellmeister to the court orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg, and a minor composer.^ Leopold (Dad) - Kapellmeister (music director) and head composer at the Court of Prince-Archbishop .

^ Court Composer and vice-Kapellmeister .

^ While it was certainly a great opportunity for the young composer, any opportunity for Mozart to leave Salzburg, where he was then in the employ, and under the thumb, of the Archbishop Collerado was more than welcome.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He was also an experienced teacher. .In the year of Mozart's birth, his father published a violin textbook, Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule, which achieved some success.^ He was also an experienced teacher; in the year of Mozart's birth he published a successful violin textbook, Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The youngest child and only surviving son of Leopold Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus was born in Salzburg in 1756, the year of publication of his father's influential treatise on violin-playing.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ The Prague success led to a commission for a second Mozart–Da Ponte opera, Don Giovanni , which premiered 1787 to acclaim in Prague and was also produced, with some success, in Vienna in 1788.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

Anonymous portrait of the child Mozart, possibly by Pietro Antonio Lorenzoni; painted in 1763 on commission from Leopold
.When Nannerl was seven she began keyboard lessons with her father, and her three-year-old brother would look on, evidently fascinated.^ There is a cute story about the young princess and musician Wolferl when they were both seven years old.

^ They were composed at three different periods in his life, the first, K.174, when he was 17 years old.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here and Now Story Book Two- to seven-year-olds (English) (as Author) Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889 .
  • Browse By Author: M - Project Gutenberg 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

Years later, after his death, she reminisced:
.He often spent much time at the clavier, picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.^ The three-year old Mozart looked on, evidently with fascination: his sister later recorded that at this age "he often spent much time at the clavier [keyboard], picking out thirds , […] and his pleasure showed it sounded good [to him]."
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The film shows her acting out her many moods and gestures, relating with her good-hearted but clueless father, and visiting a family  Read More .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

[...] .In the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier.^ Nannerl continued: "in the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The three-year old Mozart looked on, evidently with fascination: his sister later recorded that at this age "he often spent much time at the clavier [keyboard], picking out thirds , […] and his pleasure showed it sounded good [to him]."
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ At the age of five he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down."
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

[...] .He could play it faultlessly and with the greatest delicacy, and keeping exactly in time.^ They had access to the greatest master musicians as teachers, state of the art instruments on which to play, and time to devote to learning the craft.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[...] .At the age of five he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down.^ Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty; at seventeen he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

^ Having played two pieces of music to the priest, who doesn't recognize either ] Salieri : Can you remember no melody of mine?
  • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ The new quartets were played, but only the 3 new ones, which he has composed in addition to the other three, which we already have - it is true that they are a little easier (this has also been translated as "lighter," rather than "easier") but most excellently composed.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
These early pieces, K. 1–5, were recorded in the Nannerl Notenbuch.
.Biographer Maynard Solomon[6] notes that while Leopold was a devoted teacher to his children, there is evidence that Wolfgang was keen to make progress beyond what he was being taught.^ Biographer Maynard Solomon [ 6 ] notes that while Leopold was a very devoted teacher to his children, there is evidence that Wolfgang was motivated to make progress even beyond what his father was teaching him.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The latest example is " The Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: An Epidemiologic Perspective " where, apparently, enough evidence is presented that makes it possible to think that Mozart was killed by an infection -- a strep infection .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

.His first ink-spattered composition and his precocious efforts with the violin were on his own initiative, and came as a great surprise to Leopold.^ His first independent (and ink-spattered) composition, and his initial ability to play the violin, were both his own doing and were a great surprise to Leopold.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

Father and son were so close that these childhood accomplishments brought tears to Leopold's eyes.[7]
.Leopold eventually gave up composing when his son's outstanding musical talents became evident.^ Leopold eventually gave up composing when his son's outstanding musical talents became evident.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The influence of the Sturm und Drang ("Storm and Stress") period in music, with its brief foreshadowing of the Romantic era to come, is evident in some of the music of both composers at that time.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Leopold II, who cared little for music, became the Emperor extinguishing Mozarts position.

[8] .He was Wolfgang's only teacher in his earliest years, and taught his children languages and academic subjects as well as music.^ He taught his children languages and academic subjects as well as music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ He was Wolfgang's only teacher in his earliest years.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ What is the proper subject of this language called 'music'?"
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.
The Mozart family on tour: Leopold, Wolfgang, and Nannerl.
^ She was one of the supporters of the Mozart family when they toured throughout Europe.

^ Mozarts family traveled from country to country on stagecoaches, and within the cities he toured and performed in.

^ Anna Maria (Mom) - supportive of musical achievements of the family, toured with Wolfgang to Paris, .

.Watercolor by Carmontelle, ca.^ Watercolor by Carmontelle , ca.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

1763[9]

1762–1773: Years of travel

.During Mozart's formative years, his family made several European journeys in which he and Nannerl performed as child prodigies.^ January 23, 2006 NPR's Fred Child hosts Performance Today from Salzburg, Austria, to celebrate the 250th anniversary of the birth of Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ December 23, 2005 Much fuss has been made over how much Mozart hated having to write mostly church music during his teenage years as an organist in Salzburg.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ January 22, 2006 Mozart's wild ride from child prodigy to accomplished composer was fueled with strong family relationships — not all of them good.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.These began with an exhibition in 1762 at the court of the Prince-elector Maximilian III of Bavaria in Munich, then in the same year at the Imperial Court in Vienna and Prague.^ Early in 1781 he had a commissioned opera, Idomeneo, staged in Munich for the Elector of Bavaria and dissatisfaction after being summoned to attend his patron the Archbishop in Vienna led to his dismissal.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Leopold performed with his children to the Court of the Elector in Munich, and to the Empress .

^ En janvier 1762 Nannerl et Wolfgang jouent devant le Prince-Electeur de Bavière à Munich.

.A long concert tour spanning three and a half years followed, taking the family to the courts of Munich, Mannheim, Paris, London, The Hague, again to Paris, and back home via Zürich, Donaueschingen, and Munich.^ Anna Maria (Mom) - supportive of musical achievements of the family, toured with Wolfgang to Paris, .

.During this trip Mozart met a great number of musicians and acquainted himself with the works of other composers.^ The music is a re-creation of a work played for and presumably composed by village musicians, including formal solecisms and other deliberate mistakes of structure and harmony.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozart's sonatas for the fortepiano cover a period from 1766 to 1791, with a significant number of mature sonatas written during the years in Vienna.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Voice and Piano   Lullaby, K.350 Access the entire collection of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus all other composers by joining SMA .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A particularly important influence was Johann Christian Bach, whom Mozart visited in London in 1764 and 1765. The family again went to Vienna in late 1767 and remained there until December 1768.
These trips were often arduous. .Travel conditions were primitive,[10] the family had to wait patiently for invitations and reimbursement from the nobility,[11] and they endured long, near-fatal illnesses far from home: first Leopold (London, summer 1764)[12] then both children (The Hague, autumn 1765).^ At center stage is a Jewish family permitted to continue living in their apartment during the war so long as they identify themselves as Jews when they are  Read More .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ The archbishop detested by the nobility and above all by the Emperor Joseph, did not receive an invitation to Laxenburg, the summer residence of the court, and in his disgust determined to leave Vienna.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozart wrote his first symphony in London in 1764-5 and his last in Vienna in August 1788.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

[13]
.After one year in Salzburg, father and son set off for Italy, leaving Wolfgang's mother and sister at home.^ After one year in Salzburg, Leopold and Wolfgang left for Italy , leaving Wolfgang's mother and sister at home.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The youngest child and only surviving son of Leopold Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus was born in Salzburg in 1756, the year of publication of his father's influential treatise on violin-playing.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Though started in Milan, the quartet was completed when father and son returned to Salzburg in March of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This travel lasted from December 1769 to March 1771. As with earlier journeys, Leopold wanted to display his son's abilities as a performer and as a rapidly maturing composer.^ This journey took from December 1769 to March 1771, and like earlier journeys had the purpose of displaying the now-teenaged Mozart's abilities as a performer and as a rapidly maturing composer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ This led to further opera commissions , and Wolfgang and Leopold returned twice from Salzburg to Milan (August–December 1771, October 1772–March 1773) for the composition and premieres of Ascanio in Alba (1771) and Lucio Silla (1772).
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Leopold eventually gave up composing when his son's outstanding musical talents became evident.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.Wolgang Mozart met G. B. Martini in Bologna, and was accepted as a member of the famous Accademia Filarmonica.^ Mozart met G.B. Martini in Bologna , and was accepted as a member of the famous Accademia Filarmonica .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.In Rome he heard Gregorio Allegri's Miserere once in performance in the Sistine Chapel.^ In Rome he heard Gregorio Allegri 's Miserere once in performance in the Sistine Chapel then wrote it out in its entirety from memory, only returning to correct minor errors; thus producing the first illegal copy of this closely-guarded property of the Vatican.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ A Rome, il transcrit de mémoire le Miserere de Gregorio Allegri dont il est interdit de recopier la partition.

.He wrote it out in its entirety from memory, only returning to correct minor errors—thus producing the first illegal copy of this closely guarded property of the Vatican.^ In Rome he heard Gregorio Allegri 's Miserere once in performance in the Sistine Chapel then wrote it out in its entirety from memory, only returning to correct minor errors; thus producing the first illegal copy of this closely-guarded property of the Vatican.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.In Milan, Mozart wrote the opera Mitridate, re di Ponto (1770), which was performed with success.^ Mozart in Milan: Mozart's Cultural Milieu (1770-1773) and the Genesis of Mitridate .

^ Mitridate, Re di Ponto .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozarts Opera seria Mitridate, re di Ponto .

.This led to further opera commissions.^ Early in 1781 he had a commissioned opera, Idomeneo, staged in Munich for the Elector of Bavaria and dissatisfaction after being summoned to attend his patron the Archbishop in Vienna led to his dismissal.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ This led to further opera commissions , and Wolfgang and Leopold returned twice from Salzburg to Milan (August–December 1771, October 1772–March 1773) for the composition and premieres of Ascanio in Alba (1771) and Lucio Silla (1772).
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The Prague success led to a commission for a second Mozart–Da Ponte opera, Don Giovanni , which premiered 1787 to acclaim in Prague and was also produced, with some success, in Vienna in 1788.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

.He returned with his father later twice to Milan (August–December 1771; October 1772 – March 1773) for the composition and premieres of Ascanio in Alba (1771) and Lucio Silla (1772).^ Though started in Milan, the quartet was completed when father and son returned to Salzburg in March of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commission was fulfilled by the composition of the opera seria Lucio Silla .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ En 1771, il est de retour à Salzbourg et compose Ascanio in Alba , sur un livret de Giuseppe Parini qui est créé à Milan le 17 octobre 1771.

.The father hoped these visits would result in a professional appointment for his son in Italy, but such hopes were never fulfilled.^ The Mozarts, father and son, had traveled to Vienna from Salzburg in hopes of finding court patronage for the young composer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The city fathers did not, in fact, mean Mozart harm, but they were not above hoping a bit of fear would do their work for them.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]
Toward the end of the final Italian journey, Mozart wrote the first of his works to be still widely performed today, the solo cantata Exsultate, jubilate, K. 165.

1773–1777: The Salzburg court

.After finally returning with his father from Italy on 13 March 1773, Mozart was employed as a court musician by the ruler of Salzburg Prince-Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo.^ Mozart's severe illness after his return from Italy.

^ Leopold (Dad) - Kapellmeister (music director) and head composer at the Court of Prince-Archbishop .

^ Son successeur, Hieronymus Colloredo est moins favorable à Mozart.

The composer was a favorite son in Salzburg, where he had a great number of friends and admirers.[15] .He had the opportunity to work in many genres, including symphonies, sonatas, string quartets, serenades, and a few minor operas.^ The person should be aware of a certain kind of superiority of coherence appearing more and more in the later string quartets, sonatas, symphonies, and concerti of Joseph Haydn, and those of Mozart, both in comparison with the relevant work of the Scarlattis, Handel, Bach, and Bach's famous sons.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perform—in the mind, as well—first, the two-keyboard K. 426, performing it as if it were a keyboard echo of a string quartet's parody of a choral work ( see Figure 12 ).
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozart biographer and musicologist Eric Blom wrote of this work, "It is...a great work, worthy to stand next to the later Symphony and string Quintet in the same key.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several of these early works are still performed today.^ Manoff says he's heard these works many times, and was very pleased by the intimacy and passion in the performances.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Ted Libbey recommends recordings of these works that balance power and passion, performed by the Berlin Philharmonic.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Between April and December of 1775, Mozart developed an enthusiasm for violin concertos, producing a series of five (the only ones he ever wrote), which steadily increase in their musical sophistication.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Concertos/Sinfonia Concertante 2005 EMI Classics   Einzelheiten zum Album .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Concertos 1995 Naxos   Dettagli album .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Concertos 1995 Naxos   Album details .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]

The last three—K. 216, K. 218, K. 219—are now staples of the repertoire. In 1776 he turned his efforts to piano concertos, culminating in the E-flat concerto K. 271 of early 1777, considered by critics to be a breakthrough work.[16]
.Despite these artistic successes, Mozart grew increasingly discontent with Salzburg and redoubled his efforts to find a position elsewhere.^ The Mozarts, father and son, had traveled to Vienna from Salzburg in hopes of finding court patronage for the young composer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been noted that all of these date from the Salzburg period, and all were done at the request of "Nissen", who claimed to be writing a biography of "Mozart".
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ January 20, 2006 Despite being one of the most successful composers of all time, Mozart could rarely find a job.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.One reason was his low salary, 150 florins per year;[17] but also, Mozart longed to compose operas, and Salzburg provided only rare occasions for these.^ Mozart spent the last ten years of his life in precarious independence in Vienna, his material situation not improved by a marriage imprudent for one in his circumstances.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ The youngest child and only surviving son of Leopold Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus was born in Salzburg in 1756, the year of publication of his father's influential treatise on violin-playing.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozart fulfilled his commission with the opera seria Idomeneo, re di Creta which proved to be a great success and established him as a composer of dramatic music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The situation worsened in 1775 when the court theater was closed, especially since the other theater in Salzburg was largely reserved for visiting troupes.[18]
.Two long expeditions in search of work (both Leopold and Wolfgang were looking) interrupted this long Salzburg stay: they visited Vienna from 14 July to 26 September 1773, and Munich from 6 December 1774 to March 1775. Neither visit was successful, though the Munich journey resulted in a popular success with the premiere of Mozart's opera La finta giardiniera.^ Filmography Biography Worked With Born: January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria Occupation: Featured Music, From Opera by Biography: Perhaps the classical composer most quoted in film soundtracks, Mozart's music has appeared in approximately 310 feature films.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ December 30, 2005 We hear the overture to La Clemenza di Tito , by the Mostly Mozart Festival Orchestra, Louis Langre conducting; a letter by Mozart with news of the successful premiere of Don Giovanni ; from that opera, Cecelia Bartoli and Bryn Terfel sing "La ci darem la mano;" and the overture to The Marriage of Figaro , with Charles Mackerras and the Scottish Chamber Orchestra.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Posted by opera chic on April 09, 2008 at 03:48 PM in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , WTF .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

[19]

1777–1778: The Paris journey

.
Family portrait from about 1780 by Johann Nepomuk della Croce: Nannerl, Wolfgang, Leopold.
^ It is also about this time that young Wolfgang proposed marriage to Marie Antoinette (see Hapsburg family notes).

On the wall is a portrait of Mozart's mother, who had died in 1778.
.In August 1777, Mozart resigned his Salzburg position[20] and on 23 September ventured out once more in search of employment, with visits to Augsburg, Mannheim, Paris, and Munich.^ A visit to Munich, Mannheim and Paris in 1777 and 1778 brought no substantial offer of other employment and by early 1779 Mozart was reinstated in Salzburg, now as court organist.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ January 23, 2006 NPR's Fred Child hosts Performance Today from Salzburg, Austria, to celebrate the 250th anniversary of the birth of Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ While it was certainly a great opportunity for the young composer, any opportunity for Mozart to leave Salzburg, where he was then in the employ, and under the thumb, of the Archbishop Collerado was more than welcome.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .Since Archbishop Colloredo would not give Leopold leave to travel, Mozart's mother Anna Maria was assigned to accompany him.^ Sister Maria Anna Mozart Nannerl born on July 30 .

^ Toured France with his mother, Anna Maria whom unfortunately died in Paris.

^ Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl married on November 21 .

.Mozart became acquainted with members of the famous orchestra in Mannheim, the best in Europe at the time.^ It was here that he and Mozart became acquainted.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozarts time was a land of queens, kings, and large monarchies that spanned all of Europe.

.He also fell in love with Aloysia Weber, one of four daughters in a musical family.^ Imagine Andrew Lloyd Weber opening not one, but two new musicals in London's West End in the same year.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.There were some prospects of employment in Mannheim, but they came to nothing; and Mozart left for Paris on 14 March 1778[22] to continue his search.^ Some of them have nothing to do with what the composer had in mind, but the artists used their imaginations while they were listening, and drew what they saw in their minds.

^ There are various reports that some new work, some solemn piece of music was in fact played at Mozart's "funeral Mass".
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This sonata, Mozart's only work in E minor, was written in Paris in 1778.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There his luck was hardly better; one of his letters home hints at a possible post as an organist at Versailles, but Mozart was not interested in such an appointment.^ And, to be honest, six minutes into the one I am going to review I had already drafted my blog post "I'm just about Mozarted-out for 2006.

[23] He fell into debt and took to pawning valuables.[24] .The nadir of the visit occurred when Mozart's mother took ill, and died on 3 July 1778.[25] There had been delays in calling a doctor—probably, according to Halliwell, because of a lack of funds.^ In late November, however, Mozart became seriously ill and died in the small hours of 5th December.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Because young Nicholas was ambitious, and because his father was a poor parish priest (Denmark lets them marry), funds for his schooling were provided by his mother's brother, a prosperous merchant.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The so-called Salzburg Symphonies, in three movements, on the Italian model, and scored only for strings, were probably intended for occasional use during one of Mozart's Italian journeys.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.While Wolfgang was in Paris, Leopold was energetically pursuing opportunities for him back in Salzburg,[27], and with the support of local nobility secured him a better post as court organist and concertmaster.^ January 27, 2006 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's 250th birthday is being celebrated in a major way Friday in Salzburg, Austria, the composer's birthplace.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ Anna Maria (Mom) - supportive of musical achievements of the family, toured with Wolfgang to Paris, .

^ Wolfgang became an employee of the Archbishop of Salzburg who showed him off to aristocracy like a possession, but treated him poorly as a lowly servant.

.The yearly salary was 450 florins;[28] but Wolfgang was reluctant to accept,[29] and after leaving Paris on 26 September 1778 he tarried in Mannheim and Munich, still hoping to obtain an appointment outside Salzburg.^ Submit an event (date and year) for Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart 18 June 1778: Premiere of symphony in D major KV 297 “Paris”, in Paris, France.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

.In Munich he again encountered Aloysia, now a very successful singer: but she made it plain that she was no longer interested in him.^ You may now understand why Constanze had no interest in attending her husband's "funeral Mass".
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second cast takes over now, and while it doesn't lack attractive singers, I have no regrets at giving it a miss.

^ He could no longer live in Vienna and claim to be Nissen, a Danish citizen, because if inquiries were made and if the Danes did not disown him outright, they could be relied upon to explain the exact circumstances.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

[30]
.Mozart finally reached home on 15 January 1779 and took up the new position, but his discontent with Salzburg was undiminished.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com real.com RealPlayer Musica Video Live News Spettacolo   Home ?
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com real.com RealPlayer Musik Video Live News Spiele   Home ?
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com real.com RealPlayer Music Video Live News Games   Home ?
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]

The A minor piano sonata K. 310/300d and the "Paris" Symphony (no. 31) are among several well-known works from Mozart's time in Paris, where they were performed on 12 June and 18 June 1778.[31]
.
Mozart in 1777. Portrait requested by Padre Martini for his gallery; Mozart with the Order of the Golden Spur which he received in 1770 as a 14-year old from Pope Clement XIV in Rome.
^ The D minor Quartet was the last of a set of six (K.168-173) composed by the 17 year old Mozart in Vienna during the summer of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At 12 years old, Mozart was commissioned, or hired to compose, by imperial command a full-length opera entitled La finta simplice !

^ The "Allegro di Wolfgango Mozart", as it was labeled, was written when he was between six and 10 years old.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

[32]

1781: Departure to Vienna

.In January 1781, Mozart's opera Idomeneo premiered with "considerable success" in Munich.^ Mozart fulfilled his commission with the opera seria Idomeneo, re di Creta which proved to be a great success and established him as a composer of dramatic music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozarts Quartet for Oboe and Strings was composed in Munich where, at the invitation of the Elector Carl Theodor, Mozart was given the honor of composing the grand opera for the Carnival of 1781.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Posted by opera chic on January 29, 2009 at 08:14 PM in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

[33] .The following March the composer was summoned to Vienna, where his employer, Archbishop Colloredo, was attending the celebrations for the accession of Joseph II to the Austrian throne.^ Early in 1781 he had a commissioned opera, Idomeneo, staged in Munich for the Elector of Bavaria and dissatisfaction after being summoned to attend his patron the Archbishop in Vienna led to his dismissal.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ However, during their stay in Vienna, Wolfgang had the opportunity to hear Quartets composed by Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809); specifically the Op.17 and the Op.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both Joseph, and his successor, his brother, Leopold II (reigned 1790-2), set about in a panic to clean up Vienna.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.Mozart, fresh from the adulation he had earned in Munich, was offended when Colloredo treated him as a mere servant, and particularly when the archbishop forbade him to perform before the Emperor at Countess Thun's for a fee equal to half of his yearly Salzburg salary.^ None of his servants treated him so badly, continued the archbishop.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Synopsis: Famed Dutch-born conductor Ton Koopman headlines this classical performance release that finds him leading the Mozarteum Orchester Salzburg in interpretations of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Domenico Cimarosa.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

The resulting quarrel came to a head in May: Mozart attempted to resign, and was refused. The following month permission was granted, but in a grossly insulting way: the composer was dismissed literally "with a kick in the ass", administered by the archbishop's steward, Count Arco. .In Vienna, though, Mozart had become aware of some rich opportunities, and he decided to settle there as a freelance performer and composer.^ Mozart was commissioned to compose for rich patrons and monarchs in Vienna and Munich.

^ Synopsis: Classic Archive: Teresa Berganza features the renowned soprano performing pieces by a variety of composers including Mozart, Rossini, Schubert, and Donizetti.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ The D minor Quartet was the last of a set of six (K.168-173) composed by the 17 year old Mozart in Vienna during the summer of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
The quarrel with the archbishop went harder for Mozart because his father sided against him. .Hoping fervently that he would obediently follow Colloredo back to Salzburg, Leopold exchanged intense letters with his errant son, urging him to be reconciled with their employer; but Wolfgang passionately defended his intention to pursue an independent career in Vienna.^ The youngest child and only surviving son of Leopold Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus was born in Salzburg in 1756, the year of publication of his father's influential treatise on violin-playing.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Wolfgang became an employee of the Archbishop of Salzburg who showed him off to aristocracy like a possession, but treated him poorly as a lowly servant.

^ So he remained in Salzburg & hoped he would be quietly ignored.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.The debate ended when Mozart was dismissed, freeing him from the demands of an oppressive employer and of an over-solicitous father.^ Mozart was now free, though he had not received his formal dismissal.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Solomon characterizes Mozart's resignation as a "revolutionary step", and it greatly altered the course of his life.[35]

Early Vienna years

.Mozart's new career in Vienna began well.^ The news was not well-received in Vienna.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1793, Mozart returned to Vienna under the new name of Georg Nicholas Nissen, a Danish diplomat.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Mozart may well have been a musical pariah, his sudden, forcible removal was a shabby affair that shocked the citizens of Vienna.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.He performed often as a pianist, notably in a competition before the Emperor with Muzio Clementi on 24 December 1781,[34] and he soon "had established himself as the finest keyboard player in Vienna".[34] He also prospered as a composer, and in 1782 completed the opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail ("The Abduction from the Seraglio"), which premiered on 16 July 1782 to enormous acclaim.^ Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Academy of Ancient Music feat.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail (Salzburg Marionette Theatre) .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ The Quintet was completed on December 31, 1782.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The work was soon being performed "throughout German-speaking Europe",[34] and fully established Mozart's reputation as a composer.^ Synopsis: Classic Archive: Teresa Berganza features the renowned soprano performing pieces by a variety of composers including Mozart, Rossini, Schubert, and Donizetti.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozart fulfilled his commission with the opera seria Idomeneo, re di Creta which proved to be a great success and established him as a composer of dramatic music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was one of the supporters of the Mozart family when they toured throughout Europe.

1782 portrait of Constanze Mozart by her brother-in-law Joseph Lange
Near the height of his quarrels with Colloredo, Mozart moved in with the Weber family, who had moved to Vienna from Mannheim. The father, Fridolin, had died, and the Webers were now taking in lodgers to make ends meet.[36] .Aloysia, who had earlier rejected Mozart's suit, was now married to the actor Joseph Lange, and Mozart's interest shifted to the third daughter, Constanze.^ But it is interesting the styles he anticipated belonged to composers who lived & worked in towns & cities which Mozart, either before his "death", or after, lived in or visited.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Right now I am thinking it might just be Mozart's best opera - and this from someone who has asserted for years that Le Nozze di Figaro is the best opera written, ever.

.The couple were married on 4 August 1782, eventually securing Leopold's "grudging consent".[37] In the marriage contract, Constanze "assigns to her bridegroom five hundred gulden which [...] the latter has promised to augment with one thousand gulden", with the total "to pass to the survivor". Further, all joint acquisitions during the marriage were to remain the common property of both.^ The Ten Pleasures of Marriage and the Second Part, The Confession of the New Married Couple (English) (as Author) Marshall, C. F. (Charles Frederic), 1864-1940 .
  • Browse By Author: M - Project Gutenberg 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[38]
The couple had six children (although only two survived infancy):
  • Raimund Leopold (17 June – 19 August 1783)
  • Karl Thomas Mozart (21 September 1784 – 31 October 1858)
  • Johann Thomas Leopold (18 October – 15 November 1786)
  • Theresia Constanzia Adelheid Friedericke Maria Anna (27 December 1787 – 29 June 1788)
  • Anna Maria (died soon after birth, 25 December 1789)
  • Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart (26 July 1791 – 29 July 1844)
.In the course of 1782 and 1783 Mozart became intimately acquainted with the work of Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel as a result of the influence of Gottfried van Swieten, who owned many manuscripts of the Baroque masters.^ It was here that he and Mozart became acquainted.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The all-time master of the fugue is Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, young Mozart studied with Bach’s son, Johann Christian while in London.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mozart's study of these scores inspired compositions in Baroque style, and later had a powerful influence on his own personal musical language: for example in fugal passages in Die Zauberflöte ("The Magic Flute") and the finale of Symphony No. 41.
In 1783, Wolfgang and Constanze visited his family in Salzburg. .Leopold and Nannerl were, at best, only polite to Constanze; but the visit at least prompted the composition of one of Mozart's great liturgical pieces, the Mass in C minor.^ Initially one of the leading experts in the compositions of Beethoven, Brahms and Mozart, Gulda toured Europe and South America as a prodigy in his late  Read More .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Photograph from 1840 shows Mozart's widow (7 July 2006) The only photograph ever taken of Mozart's widow Constanze, was found back in the town archives of a Bavarian city.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Today's CD is a new Mozart recording by pianist Richard Goode, whom Kenyon calls "one of the great Mozartians of our time."
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

.Though not completed, it was premiered in Salzburg, with Constanze singing a solo part.^ Though started in Milan, the quartet was completed when father and son returned to Salzburg in March of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39]
.Mozart met Joseph Haydn in Vienna, and the two composers became friends (see Haydn and Mozart).^ He befriended composer Franz Joseph Haydn.

^ That Haydn-Bach-Mozart revolution is the underlying, unifying theme of the forthcoming, second volume of a two-volume musical textbook, A Manual on the Rudiments of Tuning and Registration.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The D minor Quartet was the last of a set of six (K.168-173) composed by the 17 year old Mozart in Vienna during the summer of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When Haydn visited Vienna, they sometimes played together in an impromptu string quartet.^ In a matter of months, Mozart would be exposed to the quartets of Haydn, and as they say, the rest is history.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pivotal instrumental feature of the required congruence, is the evolved string quartet of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, et al.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such contrapuntal movements can be found in those same quartets heard by young Mozart on his fateful visit to Vienna.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mozart's six quartets dedicated to Haydn (K. 387, K. 421, K. 428, K. 458, K. 464, and K. 465) date from the period 1782 to 1785, and amount to a carefully considered response to Haydn's Opus 33 set from 1781. He stood in awe of Mozart, whose sister recorded that in 1781 Haydn told the visiting Leopold: "I tell you before God, and as an honest man, your son is the greatest composer known to me by person and repute, he has taste and what is more the greatest skill in composition."[40]
.From 1782 to 1785 Mozart mounted concerts with himself as soloist, presenting three or four new piano concertos in each season.^ Concerto for three Pianos, No.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Mozart Piano Concertos 19 and 27 .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ February 1785: Premiere of piano concerto in d minor KV 466, in Vienna, Austria, with Mozart at the piano.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

Since space in the theaters was scarce, he booked unconventional venues: a large room in the Trattnerhof (an apartment building); and the ballroom of the Mehlgrube (a restaurant).[41] .The concerts were very popular, and the concertos he premiered at them are still firm fixtures in the repertoire.^ The work was premiered at one of Mozart's subscription concerts in the Vienna Burgtheater on April 1 along with the piano concertos K450 and K451.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Solomon writes that during this period Mozart created "a harmonious connection between an eager composer-performer and a delighted audience, which was given the opportunity of witnessing the transformation and perfection of a major musical genre".[41]
With substantial returns from his concerts and elsewhere, he and Constanze adopted a rather plush lifestyle. They moved to an expensive apartment, with a yearly rent of 460 florins.[42] Mozart also bought a fine fortepiano from Anton Walter for about 900 florins, and a billiard table for about 300.[42] The Mozarts sent their son Karl Thomas to an expensive boarding school,[43][44] and kept servants. Saving was therefore impossible, and the short period of financial success did nothing to soften the hardship the Mozarts were later to experience.[45][46]
.On 14 December 1784, Mozart became a Freemason, admitted to the lodge Zur Wohltätigkeit ("Beneficence").^ In late November, however, Mozart became seriously ill and died in the small hours of 5th December.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by opera chic on December 14, 2009 at 10:31 PM in Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

[47] .Freemasonry played an important role in the remainder of Mozart's life: he attended many meetings, a number of his friends were Masons, and on various occasions he composed Masonic music.^ Mozart fulfilled his commission with the opera seria Idomeneo, re di Creta which proved to be a great success and established him as a composer of dramatic music.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, the composer's Motivführung solution to the negation so represented thematically (as in quotations from the Musical Offering, by Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, et al.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symphony 39 bounced along nicely but a reconstruction of Mozart's anguished Masonic Funeral Music using men's voices in the plainchant, was a damp squib.

(See Mozart and Freemasonry.)

1786–1787: Return to opera

.Despite the great success of Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Mozart did little operatic writing for the next four years, producing only two unfinished works and the one-act Der Schauspieldirektor.^ Die Entführung aus dem Serail (Amadeus Winds feat.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail (Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart) .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail (Bayerische Staatsoper) .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.He focused instead on his career as a piano soloist and writer of concertos.^ The Place of the Piano Concerto in the Career of Mozart, Vienna: 1782-1786 .

.However, around the end of 1785, Mozart moved away from keyboard writing[48] and began his famous operatic collaboration with the librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte.^ Lorenzo da Ponte, one of Mozart's librettists, fled.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In each of these instances, Mozart was moved to write for a quartet augmented by an additional viola after having completed a series of string quartets.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Das idealistische Mozart-Bild (1785-1860) .

1786 saw the successful premiere of The Marriage of Figaro in Vienna. .Its reception in Prague later in the year was even warmer, and this led to a second collaboration with Da Ponte: the opera Don Giovanni, which premiered in October 1787 to acclaim in Prague, and also met with success in Vienna in 1788. The two are esteemed among Mozart's most important works and are mainstays of the operatic repertoire today, though at their premieres their musical complexity caused difficulty for both listeners and performers.^ Two years later she died.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In Vienna, where he then settled, his first success came with the German opera or singspiel Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio), a work on a Turkish theme, staged at the Burgtheater in 1782.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ December 30, 2005 We hear the overture to La Clemenza di Tito , by the Mostly Mozart Festival Orchestra, Louis Langre conducting; a letter by Mozart with news of the successful premiere of Don Giovanni ; from that opera, Cecelia Bartoli and Bryn Terfel sing "La ci darem la mano;" and the overture to The Marriage of Figaro , with Charles Mackerras and the Scottish Chamber Orchestra.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

These developments were not witnessed by the composer's father, as Leopold had died on 28 May 1787.
.In December 1787 Mozart finally obtained a steady post under aristocratic patronage.^ Posted by opera chic on December 20, 2009 at 07:02 PM in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by opera chic on December 14, 2009 at 10:31 PM in Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by opera chic on December 04, 2007 at 06:40 PM in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

.Emperor Joseph II appointed him as his "chamber composer", a post that had fallen vacant the previous month on the death of Gluck.^ He had a stream of musical successes for a while until the death of Joseph II. .

^ Her eldest son, Joseph II, was her co-regent until her death, then became Holy Roman Emperor from 1780 1790.

^ In 1789, when the French Revolution started, Marie's eldest brother, Joseph II, was Holy Roman Emperor, ie, the king of Austria.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was a part-time appointment, paying just 800 florins per year, and only required Mozart to compose dances for the annual balls in the Redoutensaal.^ Mozart actually only ever used the name as "Amadeus" three times among his letters and compositions, among at least 77 different variations of his name used throughout his lifetime.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The D minor Quartet was the last of a set of six (K.168-173) composed by the 17 year old Mozart in Vienna during the summer of 1773.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Synopsis: Amadeus only speculated on the probable causes of the death (both actual and spiritual) of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.Mozart complained to Constanze that the pay was "too much for what I do, too little for what I could do".[49] However, even this modest income became important to Mozart when hard times arrived.^ This, which Mozart wrote in 1788 for his friend Puchberg, is the most important of the set, but those in B flat (K.502) 1786, and C (K.548) 1788 are very little inferior."
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the Mozart apartment the next morning when the first callers arrived, the disheveled, distraught, sleepless, frantic & hysterical Constanze could greet them with, My husband is dead.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Leopold II, who cared little for music, became the Emperor extinguishing Mozarts position.

.Court records show that Joseph's aim was to keep the esteemed composer from leaving Vienna in pursuit of better prospects.^ The Mozarts, father and son, had traveled to Vienna from Salzburg in hopes of finding court patronage for the young composer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, during their stay in Vienna, Wolfgang had the opportunity to hear Quartets composed by Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809); specifically the Op.17 and the Op.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The archbishop detested by the nobility and above all by the Emperor Joseph, did not receive an invitation to Laxenburg, the summer residence of the court, and in his disgust determined to leave Vienna.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]
.In 1787 the young Ludwig van Beethoven spent two weeks in Vienna, hoping to study with Mozart.^ Ludwig van Beethoven .

^ However, young Mozart studied with Bach’s son, Johann Christian while in London.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such contrapuntal movements can be found in those same quartets heard by young Mozart on his fateful visit to Vienna.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The evidence concerning this time is conflicting, and at least three hypotheses are in play: that Mozart heard Beethoven play and praised him; that Mozart rejected Beethoven as a student; and that they never even met.^ Mozart actually only ever used the name as "Amadeus" three times among his letters and compositions, among at least 77 different variations of his name used throughout his lifetime.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Not my favourite Mozart opera, even though 'the experts' claim it to be the greatest (they've obviously never heard Le Nozze di Figaro!

^ Cusa's revolutionary insight into the formal evidence, reflects the fact, that he was a student of Plato and Archimedes, that he rejected the gnostic dogma of Aristotle.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(See Mozart and Beethoven.)

1788–1790

Drawing of Mozart in silverpoint, made by Dora Stock during Mozart's visit to Dresden, April 1789
Toward the end of the decade, Mozart's circumstances worsened. Around 1786 he had ceased to appear frequently in public concerts, and his income shrank.[50] .This was a difficult time for all musicians in Vienna because Austria was at war, and both the general level of prosperity and the ability of the aristocracy to support music had declined.^ All this and a wonderful sense of music and the ability to project herself to the whole audience, when not singing meeting all corners of the audience with her eyes.

^ In modern music, composers still use Italian words for some things no matter what their 1 st language is so that it can be understood by musicians all around the world.

[51]
By mid-1788, Mozart and his family had moved from central Vienna to the suburb of Alsergrund.[50] Although it has been thought that Mozart reduced his rental expenses, recent research shows that by moving to the suburb Mozart had certainly not reduced his expenses (as claimed in his letter to Puchberg), but merely increased the housing space at his disposal.[52] Mozart began to borrow money, most often from his friend and fellow Mason Michael Puchberg; "a pitiful sequence of letters pleading for loans" survives.[53] Maynard Solomon and others have suggested that Mozart was suffering from depression, and it seems that his output slowed.[54] Major works of the period include the last three symphonies (Nos. 39, 40, and 41, all from 1788, and the last of the three Da Ponte operas, Così fan tutte, premiered in 1790.
.Around this time Mozart made long journeys hoping to improve his fortunes: to Leipzig, Dresden, and Berlin in the spring of 1789 (see Mozart's Berlin journey), and to Frankfurt, Mannheim, and other German cities in 1790. The trips produced only isolated success and did not relieve the family's financial distress.^ He was appointed as Kammercompositor of the Emperors Court of Joseph II. It was an honorary appointment, but very low on income making the Mozart families still struggle financially.

^ From the mid-1790's onward, Mozart had supported himself, in part, by publishing the compositions he had written, or acquired, over his long life.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Vienna, and, I presume, many other cities, hearses ran only after dark so as not to disturb the citizens.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

1791

.Mozart's last year was, until his final illness struck, a time of great productivity—and by some accounts a time of personal recovery.^ Mozart spent the last ten years of his life in precarious independence in Vienna, his material situation not improved by a marriage imprudent for one in his circumstances.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ For some years I had the understandable belief that if Mozart's death was faked, that Mozart himself must have been the one who faked it.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am not a great fan of the flute, and for two dozen years I have clung to the belief that Mozart didn't like the flute (except of the Zauber variety, of course).

[55] He composed a great deal, including some of his most admired works: the opera The Magic Flute, the final piano concerto (K. 595 in B-flat), the Clarinet Concerto K. 622, the last in his great series of string quintets (K. 614 in E-flat), the motet Ave verum corpus K. 618, and the unfinished Requiem K. 626.
.Mozart's financial situation, a source of extreme anxiety in 1790, finally began to improve.^ Music and Drama in the Opera Buffa Finale: Mozart and His Contemporaries in Vienna, 1781-1790 .

.Although the evidence is inconclusive[56] it appears that wealthy patrons in Hungary and Amsterdam pledged annuities to Mozart, in return for the occasional composition.^ Postscript: There is increasing evidence that Mozart bought, stole, or faked many of his most famous compositions.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

He probably also benefited from the sale of dance music written in his role as Imperial chamber composer.[56] .Mozart no longer borrowed large sums from Puchberg, and made a start on paying off his debts.^ Which not only could not be denied (Mozart no longer having any other identity he could claim), but which was common knowledge in many quarters.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

[56]
He experienced great satisfaction in the public success of some of his works, notably The Magic Flute (performed many times in the short period between its premiere and Mozart's death)[57] and the Little Masonic Cantata K. 623, premiered on 15 November 1791.[58]

Final illness and death

Posthumous painting by Barbara Krafft in 1819
.Mozart fell ill while in Prague, for the premiere on 6 September of his opera La clemenza di Tito, written in 1791 on commission for the Emperor's coronation festivities.^ Mozart La Clemenza di Tito, KV 621 .

^ Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791) La Clemenza de Tito .

^ Complete Mozart Edition, Volume 44: La clemenza di Tito .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

[59] .He was able to continue his professional functions for some time, and conducted the premiere of The Magic Flute on 30 September.^ Synopsis: This movie takes place during the premiere of Mozart's Die Zauberfloete (The Magic Flute).
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Conducted by Franz Welser-Most , this stage production of Mozart 's classic The Magic Flute was filmed in Switzerland.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.The illness intensified on 20 November, at which point Mozart became bedridden, suffering from swelling, pain, and vomiting.^ In late November, however, Mozart became seriously ill and died in the small hours of 5th December.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

[60]
.Mozart was nursed in his final illness by Constanze and her youngest sister Sophie, and attended by the family doctor, Thomas Franz Closset.^ Was Mozart's final illness preceded by a gathering storm ?

^ So you will be relieved to know that, according to both Constanze, and her sister Sophie, Mozart received last rites.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

It is clear that he was mentally occupied with the task of finishing his Requiem. However, the evidence that he actually dictated passages to his student Süssmayr is very slim.[61][62]
Mozart died at 1 a.m. on 5 December 1791 at the age of 35. The New Grove gives a matter-of-fact description of his funeral:
Mozart was buried in a common grave, in accordance with contemporary Viennese custom, at the St Marx cemetery outside the city on 7 December. .If, as later reports say, no mourners attended, that too is consistent with Viennese burial customs at the time; later Jahn (1856) wrote that Salieri, Süssmayr, van Swieten and two other musicians were present.^ Since each theorem-lattice is separated from its predecessor by a radical change in the implicitly underlying set of interdependent axioms and postulates, no two lattices are consistent, and no theorem of one lattice is consistent with any theorem of any other lattice.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the fact that so many cultures have failed in this way, other cultures, which did not fail so, have risen to take the leading place—at least, up to the present time.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since no two terms of the series may be consistent, no formal function for the series can be defined by means of the terms denoting specific theorem-lattices.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The tale of a storm and snow is false; the day was calm and mild.[63]
.The cause of Mozart's death cannot be known with certainty.^ Synopsis: Amadeus only speculated on the probable causes of the death (both actual and spiritual) of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

The official record has it as "hitziges Frieselfieber" ("severe miliary fever", referring to a rash that looks like millet seeds), a description that does not suffice to identify the cause as it would be diagnosed in modern medicine. Dozens of theories have been proposed, including trichinosis, influenza, mercury poisoning, and a rare kidney ailment. The practice of bleeding medical patients, common at that time, is also cited as a contributing factor. .The most widely accepted version, however, is that he died of acute rheumatic fever; he is known to have had three or even four attacks of it since his childhood, and this disease has a tendency to recur, with increasingly serious consequences each time, such as rampant infection and damage to the heart valves.^ Some commonplace abuses of the modern keyboard instrument illustrate most aptly the varieties of anti-musical "instrumentalism" fostered even in the practice of numerous known performers.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though her reign was difficult at times, she is known as one of the best rulers of the Habsburg Dynasty during its 650 year period, and the only woman ruler.

^ As soon as the ROH announced the new season last Spring, and I saw Nozze di Figaro, my heart beat a little faster, and when I saw "Gerald Finley" as the Count it beat even faster (and I've become an even bigger fan of his since last Spring!

[64] .A 2009 paper suggested that Mozart may have died from acute nephritic syndrome arising from a streptococcus infection.^ Posted by opera chic on May 16, 2008 at 07:25 PM in Graham Vick , La Clemenza di Tito , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

[65]
.Mozart's sparse funeral did not reflect his standing with the public as a composer: memorial services and concerts in Vienna and Prague were well attended.^ Did you know that Constanze did not attend her husband's funeral?
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Mozart may well have been a musical pariah, his sudden, forcible removal was a shabby affair that shocked the citizens of Vienna.
  • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sir Georg Solti conducts this performance at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, where the Mozart's original funeral rites were read, in the style of a funeral mass in remembrance  Read More .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.Indeed, in the period immediately after his death Mozart's reputation rose substantially: Solomon describes an "unprecedented wave of enthusiasm"[66] for his work; biographies were written (first by Schlichtegroll, Niemetschek, and Nissen; see Biographies of Mozart); and publishers vied to produce complete editions of his works.^ Perform—in the mind, as well—first, the two-keyboard K. 426, performing it as if it were a keyboard echo of a string quartet's parody of a choral work ( see Figure 12 ).
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Complete Mozart Edition, Volume 20: Litanies, Vespers, etc.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Complete Mozart Edition, Volume 39: L'oca del Cairo / Lo sposo deluso .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

[66]

Appearance and character

Unfinished portrait of Mozart by his brother-in-law Joseph Lange
Mozart's physical appearance was described by tenor Michael Kelly, in his Reminiscences: "a remarkable small man, very thin and pale, with a profusion of fine, fair hair of which he was rather vain". As his early biographer Niemetschek wrote, "there was nothing special about [his] physique. [...] He was small and his countenance, except for his large intense eyes, gave no signs of his genius." His facial complexion was pitted, a reminder of his childhood case of smallpox. He loved elegant clothing. Kelly remembered him at a rehearsal: "[He] was on the stage with his crimson pelisse and gold-laced cocked hat, giving the time of the music to the orchestra." Of his voice Constanze later wrote that it "was a tenor, rather soft in speaking and delicate in singing, but when anything excited him, or it became necessary to exert it, it was both powerful and energetic".[67]
.Mozart usually worked long and hard, finishing compositions at a tremendous pace as deadlines approached.^ Mozart's work on Bach, especially Bach's discovery represented by the Musical Offering, was necessary to generalize the third of these three features of an integrated compositional process.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Compositional Use of Enharmonics in the Instrumental Works of Mozart .

^ Performance Medium as a Compositional Determinant: A Study of Selected Works in Three Genres by Mozart .

He often made sketches and drafts, though unlike Beethoven's these are mostly not preserved, Constanze having sought to destroy them after his death.[68] .See: Mozart's compositional method.^ For a discussion of the influence of Haydn's Motivführung principle on Mozart's compositional method, see Hermann Abert, W.A. Mozart, neubearbeitete und erweiterte Ausgabe von Otto Jahns Mozart (Leipzig: VEB Breitkopf und Härtel, 1983), Vol.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He was raised a Roman Catholic, and remained a loyal member of the Church throughout his life; see: Mozart and Roman Catholicism.
.Mozart lived at the center of the Viennese musical world, and knew a great number and variety of people: fellow musicians, theatrical performers, fellow transplanted Salzburgers, and many aristocrats, including some acquaintance with the Emperor Joseph II.^ Her eldest son, Joseph II, was her co-regent until her death, then became Holy Roman Emperor from 1780 1790.

^ He had a stream of musical successes for a while until the death of Joseph II. .

^ Synopsis: The country of Austria simultaneously claims some of the world's most breathtaking scenery and some of history's most legendary composers, including, of course, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.Solomon considers his three closest friends to have been Gottfried von Jacquin, Count August Hatzfeld, and Sigmund Barisani; the many others included his older colleague Joseph Haydn, singers Franz Xaver Gerl and Benedikt Schack, and the horn player Joseph Leutgeb.^ He befriended composer Franz Joseph Haydn.

^ Mozart wrote four concertos for French horn, principally for the use of his friend, the horn-player Ignaz Leutgeb and a Sinfonia concertante for solo wind instruments, designed for performance by Mannheim friends in Paris.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Franz Joseph Haydn .

Leutgeb and Mozart carried on a curious kind of friendly mockery, often with Leutgeb as the butt of Mozart's practical jokes.[69]
He enjoyed billiards and dancing (see: Mozart and dance), and kept pets: a canary, a starling, a dog, and also a horse for recreational riding.[70] .Particularly in his youth, Mozart had a striking fondness for scatological humor, which is preserved in his many surviving letters, notably those written to his cousin Maria Anna Thekla Mozart around 1777–1778, but also in his correspondence with his sister Nannerl and his parents.^ Mozart's work for string instruments includes a group of string quintets, written in Vienna in 1787 and, over the course of around twenty years, some 23 string quartets.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Sa mère meurt le le 3 juillet 1778 (Anna Maria Pertl née en 1720).

^ The small paintings possibly show Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with on the other side his sister Nannerl.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

[71] Mozart even wrote scatological music, the canon "Leck mich im Arsch" (literally "Lick me in the arse", sometimes idiomatically translated "Kiss my arse" or "Get stuffed") K. 231.

Works, musical style, and innovations

Style

.
A sheet of music from the Dies Irae movement of the "Requiem Mass in D Minor" (K. 626) in Mozart's own handwriting.
^ Sheet music for Mozart .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ December 1793: Premiere of the Requiem KV 626 in d minor, Vienna, Austria.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This was his setting of the Requiem Mass, commissioned by an anonymous nobleman, who had intended to pass the work off as his own.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

It is located at the Mozarthaus in Vienna.
.Mozart's music, like Haydn's, stands as an archetype of the Classical style.^ This Haydn discovery leads Mozart to recognize the special import of an earlier discovery, the Musical Offering, by Bach, with the resulting general consequence identified.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That Haydn-Bach-Mozart revolution is the underlying, unifying theme of the forthcoming, second volume of a two-volume musical textbook, A Manual on the Rudiments of Tuning and Registration.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Synopsis: This classical music release features the opening concert of the European Mozart Ways 2006 celebrations, which took place in Rovereto, Italy.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

.At the time he began composing, European music was dominated by the style galant: a reaction against the highly evolved intricacy of the Baroque.^ Music changes and grows with time as just like fashions, trends, and styles pass into new ideas frequently in our world.

^ Major music styles periods are: Ancient Greece & Rome, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and 20 th Century.

^ The best way to learn about a composer, a style, or music in general is to listen to it frequently!

.But progressively, and in large part at the hands of Mozart himself, the contrapuntal complexities of the late Baroque emerged once more, moderated and disciplined by new forms, and adapted to a new aesthetic and social milieu.^ Once the 1781-1786 Motivführung revolution had been established, by Haydn, Mozart, and then Beethoven, the polyphonic medium of performance must be brought into conformity, in form and application, with the requirements of that new principle of composition.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The opera is filled with a sense of indignation against class rule and it expresses the 18th century Enlightenment’s optimism – the possibility of progress and a new, more just society.

.Mozart was a versatile composer, and wrote in every major genre, including symphony, opera, the solo concerto, chamber music including string quartet and string quintet, and the piano sonata.^ Piano Quartets (Salomon String Quartet feat.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Included are samples of piano and harpsichord music, chamber ensembles, chorals, symphonies, concertos, sonatas, vocal opera and overtures.

^ Mozart composed music for royalty .

These forms were not new; but Mozart advanced the technical sophistication and emotional reach of them all. .He almost single-handedly developed and popularized the Classical piano concerto.^ Classics Collections Piano Concertos .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

.He wrote a great deal of religious music, including large-scale masses: but also many dances, divertimenti, serenades, and other forms of light entertainment.^ The music is a re-creation of a work played for and presumably composed by village musicians, including formal solecisms and other deliberate mistakes of structure and harmony.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ There is very little organ music by Mozart or, indeed, by other great composers of the period, although organ improvisation was an art generally practised, then as now.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Serenade "Gran Partita" / Divertimenti / Music for Winds .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

.The central traits of the Classical style are all present in Mozart's music.^ Bach's development of well-tempered polyphony, and of all true music as an outgrowth of Classical poetry, there could be no genuine musical literacy among professionals or audiences.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mozart lived during the time period referred to as the classical music period.

^ The Classical Station seems to be playing Mozart all day.

Clarity, balance, and transparency are the hallmarks of his work, but any simplistic notion of its delicacy masks the exceptional power of his finest masterpieces, such as the Piano Concerto No. 24 in C minor, K. 491, the Symphony No. 40 in G minor, K. 550, and the opera Don Giovanni. Charles Rosen makes the point forcefully:
.It is only through recognizing the violence and sensuality at the center of Mozart's work that we can make a start towards a comprehension of his structures and an insight into his magnificence.^ In addition to a smaller number of works for vocal ensemble, Mozart wrote concert arias and scenes, some of them for insertion into operas by others.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ A study of Haydn's own work of the 1763-1782 interval, and also a comparative study of Mozart's work over the 1773-1786 interval, brings the point into clearer focus.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The third, is Mozart's insight into the integration of these two preceding discoveries by Haydn and Bach.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a paradoxical way, Schumann's superficial characterization of the G minor Symphony can help us to see Mozart's daemon more steadily.^ I know that when I listen to Mozart's Symphony No 40 in future, I shall do so with a more profound understanding of the music.

^ Consider an illustration of this point from Mozart's 1782 C-minor Mass, K. 427 (see Box A).
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MOZART, W.A.: Requiem in D minor, K. 626 (Bavarian Radio Symphony, C. Davis) (NTSC) .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

In all of Mozart's supreme expressions of suffering and terror, there is something shockingly voluptuous.[72]
.Especially during his last decade, Mozart exploited chromatic harmony to a degree rare at the time, with remarkable assurance and to great artistic effect.^ Since we studied Mozart during the same time we studied the American Colonies and Revolution, we tried to connect artistic styles with the time period, and compared what was happening in America and Europe in the 1700s.

^ Mozart lived during the time period referred to as the classical music period.

.Mozart always had a gift for absorbing and adapting valuable features of others' music.^ Mozart's work on Bach, especially Bach's discovery represented by the Musical Offering, was necessary to generalize the third of these three features of an integrated compositional process.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His travels certainly helped in the forging of a unique compositional language.[73] In London as a child, he met J.C. Bach and heard his music. In Paris, Mannheim, and Vienna he met with many other compositional influences, as well as the avant-garde capabilities of the Mannheim orchestra. .In Italy he encountered the Italian overture and opera buffa, both of which deeply affected the evolution of his own practice.^ Mozart, Da Ponte, and the Dramaturgy of Opera Buffa : Italian Comic Opera in Vienna, 1783-1791 .

.Both in London and Italy, the galant style was in the ascendent: simple, light music with a mania for cadencing; an emphasis on tonic, dominant, and subdominant to the exclusion of other harmonies; symmetrical phrases; and clearly articulated partitions in the overall form of movements.^ Previous baroque music was contrapuntal: it had several simultaneous contrasting melodies in layers against each other but happening at the same time with related harmonies.

[74] .Some of Mozart's early symphonies are Italian overtures, with three movements running into each other; many are homotonal (all three movements having the same key signature, with the slow middle movement being in the relative minor).^ "Overture in the Italian style" / Symphony No.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Bastien und Bastienne, La finta semplice, and La finta giardiniera: Musical Device as Dramatic Delineator in Three Early Mozart Operas .

^ All the other set pieces were at least adequate and in some cases better.

.Others mimic the works of J.C. Bach, and others show the simple rounded binary forms turned out by Viennese composers.^ The music is a re-creation of a work played for and presumably composed by village musicians, including formal solecisms and other deliberate mistakes of structure and harmony.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Check out books or read simple bios of other Austrian composers.

As Mozart matured, he progressively incorporated more features adapted from the Baroque. For example, the Symphony No. 29 in A Major K. 201 has a contrapuntal main theme in its first movement, and experimentation with irregular phrase lengths. .Some of his quartets from 1773 have fugal finales: probably influenced by Haydn, who had included three such finales in his recently published Opus 20 set.^ Joseph Haydn, String Quartets Opus 20 and 33, Complete Edition, ed.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the obvious comparison of Haydn's Opus 33 with his 1771 Opus 20, "Sun" quartets, compare his 1771/73 Symphony No.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The influence of the Sturm und Drang ("Storm and Stress") period in music, with its brief foreshadowing of the Romantic era to come, is evident in the music of both composers at that time.^ Appreciation may not come the first time, but familiarity with a piece of music leads to more understanding of the notes, the emotions, and the background of the piece.

^ Mozart lived during the time period referred to as the classical music period.

^ One of my reasons for liking it is that however many times I see or hear it, I find something new in the story or music or both.

Mozart's Symphony No. 25 in G minor K. 183 is another excellent example.
.Mozart would sometimes switch his focus between operas and instrumental music.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Serenade No.10 in B major, KV 361 for Wind Instruments "Gran Partita" 2005 Digital Music Group, Inc.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassiek - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: Reference]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Clásica - Música - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC es.real.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Bastien und Bastienne, La finta semplice, and La finta giardiniera: Musical Device as Dramatic Delineator in Three Early Mozart Operas .

^ Opera Chic would have loved to be present, tomorrow night @ the Haus Fur Mozart in Salzburg, for la premiere of Daniel Harding's Nozze di Figaro .
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

.He produced operas in each of the prevailing styles: opera buffa, such as The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte; opera seria, such as Idomeneo; and Singspiel, of which Die Zauberflöte is the most famous example by any composer.^ Così fan tutte .
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Marriage of Figaro is a problematic opera for me.

^ Die Liebesthematik in Mozarts Così fan tutte .

In his later operas he employed subtle changes in instrumentation, orchestral texture, and tone color, for emotional depth and to mark dramatic shifts. .Here his advances in opera and instrumental composing interacted: his increasingly sophisticated use of the orchestra in the symphonies and concertos influenced his operatic orchestration, and his developing subtlety in using the orchestra to psychological effect in his operas was in turn reflected in his later non-operatic compositions.^ Although the book De Voce (On the Voice) which Leonardo is presumed to have written is lost, the available codices provide crucial examples of his thinking, practice, and great influence upon the subsequent development of composition and design of stringed instruments.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Composers: Mozart: Clarinet concerto in A major, K. 622 / Flute and harp concerto in C major, K. 299 (Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn feat.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Konzerthaus Quartet / Clarinet Concerto in A major, KV.622 / Clarinet Quintet in A major, KV.581 (Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera feat.
  • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

[75]
Portrait of Beethoven as a young man by Carl Traugott Riedel (1769–1832)

Influence

.Mozart's most famous pupil, whom the Mozarts took into their Vienna home for two years as a child, was probably Johann Nepomuk Hummel, a transitional figure between Classical and Romantic eras.^ The third, is Mozart's insight into the integration of these two preceding discoveries by Haydn and Bach.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They grow up as a gang together for two years, then when it's time for them to meet their maker, they play them Mozart.
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

[76]
.More important is the influence Mozart had on composers of later generations.^ There is very little organ music by Mozart or, indeed, by other great composers of the period, although organ improvisation was an art generally practised, then as now.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ A portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart that lay unidentified for more than 200 years has been proved to be authentic, according to an expert on the composer.
  • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ Composed by Mozart to a libretto by Christoph Friedrich Bretzner, the  Read More .
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

Ever since the surge in his reputation after his death, studying his scores has been a standard part of the training of classical musicians.
.Ludwig van Beethoven, Mozart's junior by fourteen years, esteemed and was deeply influenced by his work, with which he was acquainted as a teenager.^ Except as we read the work of Mozart, Beethoven, et al.
  • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Die Messen von Joseph Haydn, W. A. Mozart und L. van Beethoven.

^ Mutation: An Examination of Its Structural Uses in Selected Works of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven .

.He is thought to have played in the court orchestra at Bonn in performance of Mozart's operas,[77] and he traveled to Vienna in 1787 hoping to study the older composer (see above).^ The older composer spoke of Mozart as having the most consummate knowledge of the art of composition.

^ Synopsis: This performance of Mozart's opera Don Giovanni features the vocal talents of Bryn Terfel in the title role.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

^ Synopsis: Classic Archive: Teresa Berganza features the renowned soprano performing pieces by a variety of composers including Mozart, Rossini, Schubert, and Donizetti.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

Some of Beethoven's works have direct models in comparable works by Mozart, and he wrote cadenzas (WoO 58) to Mozart's D minor piano concerto K. 466.
.A number of composers have paid homage to Mozart by writing sets of variations on his themes.^ Mozart: the singers' perspective - Gerald Finley and Philip Langridge tell us, in their own words, what sets Mozart apart from other composers.

^ Among the objects of derision were CDs that varied on the theme of Baby Mozart.

Beethoven wrote four such sets (Op. 66, WoO 28, WoO 40, WoO 46). Others include Frédéric Chopin's Variations for Piano and Orchestra on "Là ci darem la mano" from Don Giovanni (1827) and Max Reger's Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart (1914), based on the variation theme in the piano sonata K. 331.[78] Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky wrote his Orchestral Suite No. 4 in G, "Mozartiana" (1887), as a tribute to Mozart.

Köchel catalogue

.For unambiguous identification of works by Mozart, a Köchel catalogue number is used.^ In addition to a smaller number of works for vocal ensemble, Mozart wrote concert arias and scenes, some of them for insertion into operas by others.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to settings of litanies and Vespers, Mozart wrote a number of shorter works for church use.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

^ Mozart's compositions were catalogued in the 19th century by Köchel, and they are generally now distinguished by K. numbering from this catalogue.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

This is a unique number assigned, in regular chronological order, to every one of his known works. A work is referenced by the abbreviation "K." followed by this number. The first edition of the catalogue was completed in 1862 by Ludwig von Köchel. It has repeatedly been updated since then, as scholarly research improves our knowledge of the dates and authenticity of individual works.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Mozart's exact name involved many complications; for details see Mozart's name.
  2. ^ Till, p. 320
  3. ^ Robbins Landon, p. 171
  4. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 9
  5. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 455
  6. ^ a b Solomon 1995, pp. 39–40
  7. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 453
  8. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 33
  9. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 44
  10. ^ Halliwell 1998, pp. 51, 53
  11. ^ Halliwell 1998, pp. 47–48
  12. ^ Halliwell 1998, pp. 82–83
  13. ^ Halliwell 1998, pp. 99–102
  14. ^ Halliwell 1998, p. 172, pp. 183–185
  15. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 106
  16. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 103
  17. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 98
  18. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 107
  19. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 109
  20. ^ Archbishop Colloredo responded to the request by dismissing both Wolfgang and Leopold, though the dismissal of the latter was not actually carried out. See Halliwell 1998, p. 225.
  21. ^ Rushton (1992)
  22. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 174
  23. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 149
  24. ^ Halliwell 1998, pp. 304–305
  25. ^ Abert (2007, 509)
  26. ^ Halliwell 1998, p. 305
  27. ^ For details see Halliwell 1998, chs. 18–19.
  28. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 157
  29. ^ See for example Halliwell 1998, p. 322
  30. ^ Rushton 1992, §3
  31. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 176
  32. ^ "Award of the Papal Equestrian Order of the Golden Spur to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart", Vatican Archives
  33. ^ New Grove Vol. 12, p. 700
  34. ^ a b c d Rushton 1992, §4
  35. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 247
  36. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 253
  37. ^ New Grove Vol. 12, p. 702
  38. ^ Deutsch 1965, p. 204
  39. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 270
  40. ^ Deutsch 1965, pp. 461–462
  41. ^ a b Solomon 1995, p. 293
  42. ^ a b Solomon 1995, p. 298
  43. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 430
  44. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 578
  45. ^ Solomon 1995, §27
  46. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 431
  47. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 321
  48. ^ Solomon 1995
  49. ^ a b Solomon 1995, pp. 423–424
  50. ^ a b Rushton 1992, §6
  51. ^ Solomon 1995
  52. ^ http://homepage.univie.ac.at/michael.lorenz/alsergrund Michael Lorenz, 'Mozart’s Apartment on the Alsergrund', published on the internet on 8 June 2009.
  53. ^ New Grove Vol. 12, p. 710
  54. ^ Steptoe 1988, p. 208
  55. ^ Solomon 1995, §30
  56. ^ a b c Solomon 1995, p. 477
  57. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 487
  58. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 490
  59. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 485
  60. ^ Solomon 1995, 491
  61. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 493
  62. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 588
  63. ^ New Grove Vol 12, p. 716
  64. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 491
  65. ^ Richard H.C. Zegers; Andreas Weigl; and Andrew Steptoe The Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: An Epidemiologic Perspective Annals of Internal Medicine Volume 151 Issue 4, pp. 274–278
  66. ^ a b Solomon 1995, p. 499
  67. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 308
  68. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 310
  69. ^ Solomon 1995, §20
  70. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 319
  71. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 169
  72. ^ Rosen, Charles (1998). The Classical Style. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 324. ISBN 0393317129. 
  73. ^ Solomon (1995, ch. 8) discusses the sources of style as well as his early imitative ability.
  74. ^ Heartz, Daniel (2003). Music in European Capitals: The Galant Style, 1720–1780. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393050807. http://books.google.com/books?id=Sq7rU0BGyREC. 
  75. ^ Einstein, Alfred (31 December 1965). Mozart: His Character, His Work. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195007328. 
  76. ^ Solomon 1995, p. 574
  77. ^ "Mozart, Mozart's Magic Flute and Beethoven". Raptus Association. http://www.raptusassociation.org/beethmoze.html. 
  78. ^ March, Ivan (3 January 2006). The Penguin Guide to Compact Discs and DVDs 2005/06 Edition. Penguin Books. ISBN 0141022620. 

References

  • Abert, Hermann (2007) W. A. Mozart. Translated by Stewart Spencer with additional notes by Cliff Eisen. New Haven: Yale University Press. .ISBN 0300072236
  • Deutsch, Otto Erich (1966) Mozart: A Documentary Biography, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0804702330.
  • Halliwell, Ruth (1998) The Mozart Family: Four Lives in a Social Context, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198163711.
  • Robbins Landon, H. C. (1990) Mozart's Last Year, London, Fontana Paperbacks, ISBN 0-00-654324-3
  • Rushton, Julian (1998) New Grove Dictionary of Opera, London: Grove Publications, ISBN 0-333-73432-7 .
  • Sadie, Stanley (ed.^ Mozart spent the last ten years of his life in precarious independence in Vienna, his material situation not improved by a marriage imprudent for one in his circumstances.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography. Listen to Classical Music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.naxos.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Synopsis: This production of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's four-act opera Le Nozze di Figaro stars Rene Pape in the title role.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Synopsis: Mozart's 1791 opera Cosi Fan Tutte (Women Are Like That) is presented live onstage in this 1975 performance from the Glyndebourne Festival Opera.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

    ) (1980). New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-3333-23111. 
  • Solomon, Maynard (1996) Mozart: A Life, Harper Perennial, ISBN 0060926929.
  • Steptoe, Andrew (1990) The Mozart—da Ponte Operas, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198162219.
  • Till, Nicholas (1994) Mozart and the Enlightenment: Truth, Virtue and Beauty in Mozart's Operas, W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0393313956.

Further reading

  • Cairns, David (2006) Mozart and His Operas, University of California Press, ISBN 0520228987.
  • Eisen, Cliff (2006) The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521856590.
  • Gutman, Robert W. (2000), Mozart: A Cultural Biography, Harvest Books, ISBN 0156011719,
  • Rosen, Charles (1998) The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0393317129.

External links

Digitized, scanned Material (Books, Sheetmusic)

Sheetmusic (Scores)

Articles


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Be silent, if you choose; but when it is necessary, speak — and speak in such a way that people will remember it.
.
It is a mistake to think that the practice of my art has become easy to me.
^ It is a mistake to think that the practice of my art has become easy to me.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People make a mistake who think my art has come easily to me.
  • http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/Strasse/2915/amadeus.html 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: General]

I assure you, dear friend, no one has given so much care to the study of composition as I.
I never lie down at night without reflecting that — young as I am — I may not live to see another day.
.
I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame.
^ I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Papa said the postponement of La finta is a good thing as nothing sensible is performed here at this time because no one pays any attention.

I simply follow my own feelings.
.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-01-27 - 1791-12-05) was a composer and musician.^ Copyrights records by Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus .
  • Te Deum. K. 141. For mixed chorus with piano acc. By Wolfgang Mozart [i.e. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], editorial corrections of music & introductory note: Broude Brothers (of which Broude Brothers, Ltd. is the legal successor), employer for hire of Kurt Stone - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], arr.
  • Te Deum. K. 141. For mixed chorus with piano acc. By Wolfgang Mozart [i.e. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], editorial corrections of music & introductory note: Broude Brothers (of which Broude Brothers, Ltd. is the legal successor), employer for hire of Kurt Stone - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A major – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 75.
  • Top Classical Songs - Best Classical Music Symphony : emusicality.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.emusicality.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Sourced

.
  • If Germany, my beloved fatherland, of whom you know I am proud, will not accept me, then must I, in the name of God, again make France or England richer by one capable German; — and to the shame of the German nation.^ Come on, you know the one.

    ^ If Germany, my beloved fatherland, of whom you know I am proud, will not accept me, then must I, in the name of God, again make France or England richer by one capable German; — and to the shame of the German nation.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do not know this Mozart of whom you speak.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (Vienna, 1782-08-17), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ (Letter from Leopold Mozart to his daughter Nanneri.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906)
  • "She will never learn the most necessary, most difficult and principal thing in music, that is time, because from childhood she has designedly cultivated the habit of ignoring the beat."^ And finished as most music is never finished.
    • Thoughts on Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.spiritsound.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Melody is the essence of music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) "She will never learn the most necessary, most difficult and principal thing in music, that is time, because from childhood she has designedly cultivated the habit of ignoring the beat."
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1777-10-24), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778 - 05-29 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) [1]
  • I know myself, and I have such a sense of religion that I shall never do anything which I would not do before the whole world; but I am alarmed at the very thoughts of being in the society of people, during my journey, whose mode of thinking is so entirely different from mine (and from that of all good people).^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) [1] I know myself, and I have such a sense of religion that I shall never do anything which I would not do before the whole world; but I am alarmed at the very thoughts of being in the society of people, during my journey, whose mode of thinking is so entirely different from mine (and from that of all good people).
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) I care very little for Salzburg and not at all for the archbishop : I shit on both of them.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Melody is the essence of music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But of course they must do as they please.^ But of course they must do as they please.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have no heart to travel with them, nor could I enjoy one pleasant hour, nor know what to talk about; for, in short, I have no great confidence in them.^ I have no heart to travel with them, nor could I enjoy one pleasant hour, nor know what to talk about; for, in short, I have no great confidence in them.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Yet no one of all my acquaintances could say that in company I am morose or disgruntled.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I that he made some very fascinating and very specific criticisms of Mozart's musical decisions - chord choices and such - I wish I were familiar enough with the music to know what he's talking about...
    • Why Mozart? - Blogcritics Music 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Friends who have no religion cannot be long our friends.^ "Friends who have no religion cannot long be my friends."

    ^ Friends who have no religion cannot be long our friends.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Qui / propter / nos / homines, Who / for / us / men et / propter / nostram / salutem and / for / our / salvation descendit / de / caelis.
    • Notes on the Mozart Mass in c 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.macconnect.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (Mannheim, 1778-02-02), from The letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1769-1791, translated, from the collection of Ludwig Nohl, by Lady [Grace] Wallace (Oxford University Press, 1865, digitized 2006) vol.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1778 - 07-03 ), from The letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1769-1791, translated, from the collection of Ludwig Nohl, by Lady [Grace] Wallace (Oxford University Press, 1865, digitized 2006) vol.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Musical genius Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold Mozart and his wife ...
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Zakta Guide 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC zakta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ A major – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 75.
      • Top Classical Songs - Best Classical Music Symphony : emusicality.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.emusicality.com [Source type: General]

      I, # 91 (p. .164) [2]
  • The most stimulating and encouraging thought is that you, dearest father, and my dear sister, are well, that I am an honest German, and that if I am not always permitted to talk I can think what I please; but that is all.^ The most stimulating and encouraging thought is that you, dearest father, and my dear sister, are well, that I am an honest German, and that if I am not always permitted to talk I can think what I please; but that is all.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My dear Mozart, you have been poisoned!
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Did my work please you?
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778-05-29), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778 - 05-29 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906)
  • Music is my life and my life is music.^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Melody is the essence of music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Music is my life and my life is music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Variant: The taste of death is on my tongue, I feel something that is not from this world ( Der Geschmack des Todes ist auf meiner Zunge, ich fühle etwas, das nicht von dieser Welt ist ).
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Anyone who does not understand this is not worthy of god.^ Anyone who does not understand this is not worthy of god.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    (London, .Henry Colburn, 1826; digitized 2006), 2nd ed., vol.^ As spoken to Michael Kelly , from Reminiscences of Michael Kelly, of the King's Theatre, and Theatre Royal Drury Lane, including a period of nearly half a century; with Original Anecdotes of many distinguished Personnages, Political, Literary, and Musical, (London, Henry Colburn, 1826; digitized 2006), 2nd ed., vol.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (London, Henry Colburn, 1826; digitized 2006), 2nd ed., vol.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    I (p. .225) [3]
  • I must give you a piece of intelligence that you perhaps already know — namely, that the ungodly arch-villain Voltaire has died miserably like a dog — just like a brute.^ "The ungodly arch-villain, Voltaire, has died like a dog," he wrote, Mozart was deeply religious, and Voltaire’s atheism shocked him.

    ^ Favorite Pieces whatever you like!

    ^ I must give you a piece of intelligence that you perhaps already know — namely, that the ungodly arch-villain Voltaire has died miserably like a dog — just like a brute.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    That is his reward! .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1778-07-03), from The letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1769-1791, translated, from the collection of Ludwig Nohl, by Lady [Grace] Wallace (Oxford University Press, 1865, digitized 2006) vol.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1778 - 07-03 ), from The letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1769-1791, translated, from the collection of Ludwig Nohl, by Lady [Grace] Wallace (Oxford University Press, 1865, digitized 2006) vol.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Biographie de Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART : .
      • Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART : Biographie de Wolfgang Amadeus MOZART - JeSuisMort.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.jesuismort.com [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart] ; arr.
      • Kadenzen zu Klavierkonzerten von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadences pour concerts pour piano de Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadencas for piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

      I, # 107 (p. .218) [4]
  • A fellow of mediocre talent will remain a mediocrity, whether he travels or not; but one of superior talent (which without impiety I cannot deny that I possess) will go to seed if he always remains in the same place.^ A fellow of mediocre talent will remain a mediocrity, whether he travels or not; but one of superior talent (which without impiety I cannot deny that I possess) will go to seed if he always remains in the same place.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Salieri : Looks and talent don't always go together, Katerina Katerina Cavalieri : Looks don't concern me, maestro.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mozart, who is always depicted today as having been oblivious to such goings-on, kept a full collection of Sonnenfels's writings among his personal possessions.
    • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1778-09-11), from Wolfgang Amadé Mozart by Georg Knepler (1991), trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1778 - 09-11 ), from Wolfgang Amadé Mozart by Georg Knepler (1991), trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ (Letter from Leopold Mozart to his daughter Nanneri.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The older Mozart had been horrified by what his son had proposed in a fervent letter in early February and thoroughly chastised Wolfgang for entertaining such romantic and rash notions.

      .J. Bradford Robinson [Cambridge University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-521-58823-5], p.^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
      • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Eisen, Cliff (2006) The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia , Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521856590 .
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

      ^ J. Bradford Robinson [Cambridge University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-521-58823-5 ], p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      12
  • As I love Mannheim, Mannheim loves me. .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart, (Mannheim, 1778-11-12], from Mozart's Letters, Mozart's Life: Selected Letters, ed.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1778 - 07-03 ), from The letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1769-1791, translated, from the collection of Ludwig Nohl, by Lady [Grace] Wallace (Oxford University Press, 1865, digitized 2006) vol.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Mozart's Letters, Mozart's Life: Selected Letters .

      ^ The average number of correct answers in the experimental session was 11.77 for the Mozart group, 11.6 for the Silence group, and 12.15 for the Glass group.
      • The Mozart Effect: A Closer Look 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

      .Robert Spaethling [W.W. Norton, 2000, ISBN 0-393-04719-9], p.^ Gutman, Robert W. (2000), Mozart: A Cultural Biography , Harvest Books, ISBN 0156011719 , Rosen, Charles (1998) The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven , W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0393317129 .
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

      ^ Robert Spaethling [W.W. Norton, 2000, ISBN 0-393-04719-9 ], p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .193
  • My fatherland has always the first claim on me.^ My fatherland has always the first claim on me.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1781-11-24), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778 - 05-29 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906)
  • I care very little for Salzburg and not at all for the archbishop: I shit on both of them.^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Melody is the essence of music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) I care very little for Salzburg and not at all for the archbishop : I shit on both of them.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906) Music is my life and my life is music.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1783-07-12), from The Complete Operas of Mozart: a critical guide By Charles Osborne [Da Capo, 1983, ISBN 0-306-80190-6], p.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1783 - 07-12 ), from The Complete Operas of Mozart: a critical guide By Charles Osborne [Da Capo, 1983, ISBN 0-306-80190-6 ], p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ (Letter from Leopold Mozart to his daughter Nanneri.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Letter by Mozart, as quoted in a journal entry (12 December 1856) The Journal of Eugene Delacroix as translated by Walter Pach (1937), p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .208
  • As death, when we come to consider it closely, is the true goal of our existence, I have formed during the last few years such close relationships with this best and truest friend of mankind that death's image is not only no longer terrifying to me, but is indeed very soothing and consoling, and I thank my God for graciously granting me the opportunity...of learning that death is the key which unlocks the door to our true happiness.^ As death, when we come to consider it closely, is the true goal of our existence, I have formed during the last few years such close relationships with this best and truest friend of mankind that death's image is not only no longer terrifying to me, but is indeed very soothing and consoling, and I thank my God for graciously granting me the opportunity...of learning that death is the key which unlocks the door to our true happiness.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So he struggled on through his last years, with the wolf constantly at the door, and with an invalid wife, whom he passionately loved, yet must needs see suffer, not only from the lack of alleviating medicines, but from the lack of the common necessaries of life.

    ^ In Munich he encountered Aloysia again, now a very successful singer, who made it plain to Mozart that she was no longer interested in him.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .I never lie down at night without reflecting that —- young as I am — I may not live to see another day.^ I never lie down at night without reflecting that —- young as I am — I may not live to see another day.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I assure you, dear friend, no one has given so much care to the study of composition as I. I never lie down at night without reflecting that — young as I am — I may not live to see another day.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Louis Carp attempts to demonstrate the presence of severe symptoms of kidney disease as early as 1787 by quoting from a letter of Mozart to his father in April of that year: I never lie down at night without reflecting thatyoung as I amI may not live to see another day.
    • Salieri and the murder of Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC tarlton.law.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Yet no one of all my acquaintances could say that in company I am morose or disgruntled.^ I am bored with my own company and this morning I found myself saying 'pop goes the weasel' to the walls of our apartment in Getreidegasse 9 - I wish I were in Italy.

    ^ No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord.

    ^ Yet, in spite of the petting he received at court, he remained as gentle and docile as ever, and so amenable to parental authority that he used to say, "Next after God comes my father."
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Leopold Mozart (1787-04-04), from The Mozart-Da Ponte Operas by Andrew Steptoe [Oxford University Press, 1988, ISBN 0-198-16221-9], p.^ Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1988.
      • College of the Holy Cross | Music Library 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.holycross.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Steptoe, Andrew (1990) The Mozart—da Ponte Operas , Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198162219 .
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

      ^ (Letter from Leopold Mozart to his daughter Nanneri.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      84
  • It is a mistake to think that the practice of my art has become easy to me. .I assure you, dear friend, no one has given so much care to the study of composition as I. There is scarcely a famous master in music whose works I have not frequently and diligently studied.^ I assure you, dear friend, no one has given so much care to the study of composition as I. There is scarcely a famous master in music whose works I have not frequently and diligently studied.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I assure you, dear friend, no one has given so much care to the study of composition as I. I never lie down at night without reflecting that — young as I am — I may not live to see another day.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is no evidence to support the tale that he was poisoned by Salieri (a colleague and friend, hardly a real rival) or anyone else.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Biography.com Biography - Biography.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Spoken in Prague, 1787, to conductor Kucharz, who led the rehearsals for Don Giovanni, from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778 - 05-29 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906)
  • Melody is the essence of music.^ See also: Mozart, the Man and the Artist , by Friedrich Kerst and Henry Edward Krehbiel .

    .I compare a good melodist to a fine racer, and counterpointists to hack post-horses; therefore be advised, let well alone and remember the old Italian proverb: 'Chi sa più, meno sa— Who knows most, knows least.^ I compare a good melodist to a fine racer, and counterpointists to hack post-horses; therefore be advised, let well alone and remember the old Italian proverb: ' Chi sa più, meno sa — Who knows most, knows least.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It will, therefore, be well to use temperance in all things, and if you should be led to indulgence in any way, remember that you may trace your indisposition to this fact.

    ^ Fine voice good acting, and well deserving of enthusiastic applause.

    .
    • As spoken to Michael Kelly, from Reminiscences of Michael Kelly, of the King's Theatre, and Theatre Royal Drury Lane, including a period of nearly half a century; with Original Anecdotes of many distinguished Personnages, Political, Literary, and Musical, (London, Henry Colburn, 1826; digitized 2006), 2nd ed., vol.^ "I can still see Mozart," wrote Michael Kelly, a singer, in his Reminiscences "dressed in his red fur hat trimmed with gold, standing on the stage with the orchestra, at the first rehearsal, beating time for the music....The players on the stage and in the orchestra were electrified.

      ^ G major, KV 239 "Serenata Notturna" 2006 Digital Music Group, Inc.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassiek - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: Reference]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Clásica - Música - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC es.real.com [Source type: Reference]

      ^ His surviving manuscripts, which included many unpublished works, were mostly sold by Constanze to the firm of Andr in Offenbach, which issued editions during the 19th century.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Biography.com Biography - Biography.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: General]

      I (p. .225) [5]
  • Stay with me to-night; you must see me die.^ You must drink this antidote, or you will die!
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I have long had the taste of death on my tongue, I smell death, and who will stand by my Constanze, if you do not stay?^ You know pretty well how I stand and are acquainted with my principles!
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The conductor, or maestro, is the leader who you see standing in the front of the orchestra waving his arms around.

    ^ Mozart's attributed last words: "The taste of death is upon my lips...I feel something, that is not of this earth".
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber (1791-12-05), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1777 - 10-24 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart (Paris, 1778 - 05-29 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Spoken on his deathbed to his sister-in-law, Sophie Weber ( 1791 - 12-05 ), from Mozart: The Man and the Artist, as Revealed in his own Words by Friedrich Kerst, trans.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .Henry Edward Krehbiel (1906)
    • Variant: The taste of death is on my tongue, I feel something that is not from this world (Der Geschmack des Todes ist auf meiner Zunge, ich fühle etwas, das nicht von dieser Welt ist).
  • The passions, whether violent or not, should never be so expressed as to reach the point of causing disgust; and music, even in situations of the greatest horror, should never be painful to the ear but should flatter and charm it, and thereby always remain music.^ Das Lied von der Erde .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Music's Wunderkind of All Time 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.fanfaire.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Beethoven ‘created’ his music, but the music of Mozart is of such purity and beauty that one feels he merely ‘found’ it – that it has always existed as part of the inner beauty of the universe waiting to be revealed.” .

    ^ Beethoven said of Mozart- "I have always counted myself amongst the greatest admirers of Mozart and shall remain so until my last breath."
    • Why Mozart? - Blogcritics Music 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Letter by Mozart, as quoted in a journal entry (12 December 1856) The Journal of Eugene Delacroixas translated by Walter Pach (1937), p.^ Letter by Mozart, as quoted in a journal entry (12 December 1856) The Journal of Eugene Delacroix as translated by Walter Pach (1937), p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter as published in The Letters of Mozart & His Family (1938) translated and edited by Emily Anderson, p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter to Leopold Mozart ( 1783 - 07-12 ), from The Complete Operas of Mozart: a critical guide By Charles Osborne [Da Capo, 1983, ISBN 0-306-80190-6 ], p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .521
  • All I insist on, and nothing else, is that you should show the whole world that you are not afraid.^ All I insist on, and nothing else, is that you should show the whole world that you are not afraid.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You are fond of the mystical and all things concerning the other worlds.

    ^ You will do well to be careful in all your dealings with strangers, and should avoid all chance acquaintanceships.

    .Be silent, if you choose; but when it is necessary, speak — and speak in such a way that people will remember it.^ (Redirected from Mozart ) Jump to: navigation , search Be silent, if you choose; but when it is necessary, speak — and speak in such a way that people will remember it.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Jump to: navigation , search Be silent, if you choose; but when it is necessary, speak — and speak in such a way that people will remember it.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Be silent, if you choose; but when it is necessary, speak — and speak in such a way that people will remember it.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter as published in The Letters of Mozart & His Family (1938) translated and edited by Emily Anderson, p.^ Letter as published in The Letters of Mozart & His Family (1938) translated and edited by Emily Anderson, p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letter by Mozart, as quoted in a journal entry (12 December 1856) The Journal of Eugene Delacroix as translated by Walter Pach (1937), p.
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Letters of Mozart W.A.Mozart, edited by Hans Mersman - 1986, Dorset Press This heavily edited selection of letters is one that younger readers can read without parental objections.

      .1114
  • I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame.^ Papa said the postponement of La finta is a good thing as nothing sensible is performed here at this time because no one pays any attention.

    I simply follow my own feelings.
    • Musician's Little Book of Wisdom‎ (1996) by Scott E. Power, Quote 416.

Misattributed

  • Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius. .
    • True genius without heart is a thing of nought - for not great understanding alone, not intelligence alone, nor both together, make genius.^ Evidently the possibility of a great musical genius making such political connections did not please some powerful persons.
      • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Sirca Hear them live - Breakfast Wednesday September 12, 8.30am Sirca is an exciting new band that is doing great things both in the studio and the stage.

      Love! Love! Love! that is the soul of genius. - .Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, entry in Mozart's souvenir album (1787-04-11) from Mozart: A Life by Maynard Solomon [Harper-Collins, 1966, ISBN 0-060-92692-9], p.312
  • When I am, as it were, completely myself, entirely alone, and of good cheer — say traveling in a carriage, or walking after a good meal, or during the night when I cannot sleep — it is on such occasions that my ideas flow best, and most abundantly.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Night Music 11 1992 Naxos   Album details .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Deep Sleep 2005 Lifestyles   Dettagli album .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As Maynard Solomon writes,"It is a peace offering, which aims to demonstrate Mozart's piety and to heal the family rift, thus to achieve reconciliation with his fater and sister.

    .Whence and how they come, I know not, nor can I force them.^ I, who know the depth of depravity to which most men sink, even I have to ask myself, how can they?
    • Mozart Was a Red by Murray N. Rothbard 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]

    • From a letter now regarded as a forgery by Johann Friedrich Rochlitz [6], [7], [8]

Quotations about Mozart

Karl Barth

.
  • It may be that when the angels go about their task praising God, they play only Bach.^ In April 1782, Mozart described these gatherings to his sister, saying that they play Bach and Handel, ``usually in arrangements for string trio.''
    • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Every Sunday at 12 o’clock I go to Baron van Swieten’s and nothing is played there but Bach and Handel.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Why must we go on forever writing about gods and legends?
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .I am sure, however, that when they are together en famille they play Mozart.^ In April 1782, Mozart described these gatherings to his sister, saying that they play Bach and Handel, ``usually in arrangements for string trio.''
    • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Family Business The Mozart family played music together for their livelihood.

    ^ They had also played and sang what was completed before Mozart's death.

    .
    • Possibly a misattributed quotation which actually originated with Vicki Baum - Results of an Accident, 1931
  • Mozart creates music from a mysterious center, and so knows the limits to the right and the left, above and below.^ The libretto springs plenty of jokes, but Mozart's music tells you to hold on to your heart — you never know which way the romantic winds might blow.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ More mysteries on Mozart's skull (16 January 2006) It is now seems clear that we will probably never know whether the skull that was said to be Mozart's is real.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Beethoven ‘created’ his music, but the music of Mozart is of such purity and beauty that one feels he merely ‘found’ it – that it has always existed as part of the inner beauty of the universe waiting to be revealed.” .

    .He maintains moderation.
  • Mozart's music always sounds unburdened, effortless, and light.^ As disbelieving as it sounds, in his lifetime, Mozart’s profound musical genius and uncompromising talent never received its worth in financial form.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sheet Music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.greatscores.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Beethoven ‘created’ his music, but the music of Mozart is of such purity and beauty that one feels he merely ‘found’ it – that it has always existed as part of the inner beauty of the universe waiting to be revealed.” .

    ^ The views of Beethoven on the poisoning rumors have always been an intriguing subject because of his love of Mozarts music and his friendship with Salieri.
    • Salieri and the murder of Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC tarlton.law.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This is why it unburdens, releases, and liberates us.
  • Mozart's music is an invitation to the listener to venture just a little out of the sense of his own subjectivity.
  • Mozart's music is free of all exaggeration, of all sharp breaks and contradictions.^ A divine music bursts out over them all.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I am just about out-Mozarted.

    ^ Mozart - free music, pictures, videos .
    • Music on Facebook | Mozart - free music, pictures, videos 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC apps.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The sun shines but does not blind, does not burn or consume. Heaven arches over the earth, but it does not weigh it down, it does not crush or devour it.

Leonard Bernstein

.
  • It is hard to think of another composer who so perfectly marries form and passion.
  • Mozart combines serenity, melancholy, and tragic intensity into one great lyric improvisation.^ Mozart was the greatest composer who ever lived.

    ^ But he soon changed his mind, and one of the greatest artists of his age found himself thrown into the street “with a kick on my arse”, as Mozart related in a letter.

    ^ In another development, Mozart joined the order of Freemasons in 1784, and for the remainder of his life the tolerant doctrines of Freemasonry provided an important influence on his thinking and his music.

    Over it all hovers the greater spirit that is Mozart's — the spirit of compassion, of universal love, even of suffering — a spirit that knows no age, that belongs to all ages.
  • Mozart's music is constantly escaping from its frame, because it cannot be contained in it.

Charles Gounod

.
  • Before Mozart, all ambition turns to despair.
  • Mozart, prodigal heaven gave thee everything, grace and strength, abundance and moderation, perfect equilibrium.
  • Who has reached the extreme limits of scale with the same infallible precision, equally guarded against the false refinement of artificial elegance and the roughness of spurious force?^ Haydn recognised Mozart's genius, and until the end of his life exerted his every effort to bring recognition and fame to the younger composer who, he sincerely felt, was without an equal in all music.

    ^ Salieri : I heard the music of true forgiveness filling the theater, conferring on all who sat there, perfect absolution.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For his part, Beethoven all but ceased composing in 1812, the same year Mozart was transported to Copenhagen.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Who has better known how to breathe anguish and dread into the purest and most exquisite forms?
  • Mozart exists, and will exist, eternally; divine Mozart - less a name, more a soul descending to us from the heavens, who appeared on this earth, stayed for a little over thirty years, and left it all the more rejuvenated, richer and happier for his appearance.
  • As with all great artists, Mozart expressed not only the soul, the taste and the aroma of his epoch, but also the spiritual world of man-man for all ages, in all the complexity of his desires, his struggles and ambivalence.^ Indeed it's Mozart week all over the world .

    ^ The baptismal record gives his name in Latinized form as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart...

    ^ It paid only 800 florins per year, and merely required Mozart to compose dances for the annual balls in the Redoutensaal .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .Some of us, who only identify in Mozart a certain aristocratic refinement, may find these words strange.^ Some of these words have similar meanings.

    ^ Here, then, is "Mozart Was a Red," which represents the lighter side of Murray Rothbard, the side that those of us who knew him will always treasure and remember.
    • Mozart Was a Red by Murray N. Rothbard 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These findings may guide future strategies to evoke positive emotions and calmness.
    • 01.06.07: Nurturing the Body and Mind in Physical Education with Mozart 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.yale.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Often we meet with a condescending attitude towards him, to his music, reminiscent of chiming bells in a music box! ...'It's very nice, but not for me' say such people, 'give me passion - Beethoven, Brahms, tragic, monumental...' Such comments only reveal one thing, these people don't know Mozart.

George Szell

editor, Viva Mozart: An Anthology of Appreciation
.
  • 21 piano sonatas, 27 piano concertos, 41 symphonies, 18 masses, 13 operas, 9 oratorios and cantata, 2 ballets, 40 plus concertos for various instruments, string quartets, trios and quintets, violin and piano duets piano quartets, and the songs.^ Piano Quartets (Salomon String Quartet feat.
    • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Sonatas for Piano and Violin (doubtful) .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus (Amadé) Mozart | Classical Composers Database 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classical-composers.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Mozart Sonatas for Violin and Piano Nos.35, 32 and 21 .
    • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

    .This astounding output includes hardly one work less than a masterpiece.
  • Lengthy immersion in the works of other composers can tire.^ And between the composition of these monumental works, Mozart was composing a prolific library of concerti for solo instruments and his masterpieces for string quartet, along with hosts of other works.

    ^ His more than 600 compositions include works widely acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic , concertante , chamber , piano , operatic , and choral music , and he is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ His lodge was a specifically Catholic, rather than a deistic one, and he worked fervently and successfully to convert his father before the latter's death in 1787.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The music of Mozart does not tire, and this is one of its miracles.
  • Listening to Mozart, we cannot think of any possible improvement.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

  • I find consolation and rest in Mozart's music, wherein he gives expression to that joy of life which was part of his sane and wholesome temperament.
  • Mozart is the highest, the culminating point that beauty has attained in the sphere of music.
  • Mozart is the musical Christ.

Others

  • We cannot despair about mankind knowing that Mozart was a man. .~ Albert Einstein
  • When Mozart composed he didn't have aims of genius, he simply was one.^ In their eyes his success was unshadowed by failure; to them he was Mozart the great composer, the genius among musicians.

    ^ One can only surmise that Mozart adopted this practice because he could not compose to suit the libretto, and perhaps even had to procure parts of the music from other sources.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Considered by nearly all musical authorities to be one of, if not the greatest composers of all time, Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on 27 January 1756.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ~ .Sir Roger Norrington
  • Mozart has the classic purity of light and the red ocean; Beethoven the romantic grandeur which belongs to the storms of air and sea, and while the soul of Mozart seems to dwell on the ethereal peaks of Olympus, that of Beethoven climbs shuddering the storm-beaten sides of a Sinai.^ Beethoven ‘created’ his music, but the music of Mozart is of such purity and beauty that one feels he merely ‘found’ it – that it has always existed as part of the inner beauty of the universe waiting to be revealed.” .

    ^ Mozart Symphonies sessions news 16 July 2009 Exclusive preview more > > Sir Charles and the SCO triumph at the Classical BRITs!
    • Linn Records - Mozart Symphonies 38 - 41 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.linnrecords.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ludwig van Beethoven , whose life overlapped with Mozart's, seems to have been particularly strongly influenced by him.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    Blessed be they both! Each represents a moment of the ideal life, each does us good. Our love is due to both. .~ Henri-Frédéric Amiel
  • Mozart shows a creative power of such magnitude that one can virtually say that he tossed out of himself one great masterpiece after another.^ One hears such sounds, and what can one say but...
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Well, what to say of a work of such power?
    • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A more simplistic notion of the delicacy of his music obscures the exceptional power of some of his finest masterpieces, such as the Piano Concerto No.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .~ Claudio Arrau
  • Most of all I admire Mozart's capacity to be both deep and rational, a combination often said to be impossible.^ Mozart's sense of euphony was, indeed, so absolute that it is impossible, in all his works, to find a single bar wherein it is sacrificed to other considerations."

    ^ January 20, 2006 Despite being one of the most successful composers of all time, Mozart could rarely find a job.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ As for the music Mozart wrote for use in lodge, the most obvious question to a non-Mason might be why music would be needed at all.

    .~ Allan Bloom
  • Mozart combined high formality and playfulness that delights as no other composition in any other medium does.^ And between the composition of these monumental works, Mozart was composing a prolific library of concerti for solo instruments and his masterpieces for string quartet, along with hosts of other works.

    ^ But, with other compositions such as the two operas crowding his schedule, Mozart worked intermittently at best on the Requiem.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the other study, Rideout and Laubach required 8 college students to listen to a Mozart piano sonata in one condition and no music in another condition.
    • The Mozart Effect: A Closer Look 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .~ Roy Blount, Jr.
  • In my dreams of heaven, I always see the great Masters gathered in a huge hall in which they all reside.^ My mind was drawn to a number of ladies all around me, smiling in that half way at each other as people do when they don't know another soul.

    ^ They are introduced in so surprising a way that they will always preserve the impression of novelty....In the G-minor symphony, Mozart shows himself to us in all his grace and sincerity of feeling.

    ^ It's great to see how schools are incorporating technology into their curriculum, designing web pages and projects to go along with it; maybe we can all get inspired here!
    • placestogo 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.pampetty.com [Source type: General]

    .Only Mozart has his own suite.^ One can only surmise that Mozart adopted this practice because he could not compose to suit the libretto, and perhaps even had to procure parts of the music from other sources.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Victor Borge
  • Together with the puzzle, Mozart gives you the solution.^ Mozart : Papa, the rule is you can only give a penalty that can be performed in the room.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mozart : I know, I know, maybe you should give me some lessons in that...
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Give it a try - while listening to Mozarts music, draw a picture of whatever it makes you think of.

    .~ Ferruccio Busoni
  • If we cannot write with the beauty of Mozart, let us at least try to write with his purity.^ Secondly, let us consider the role Leopold played in Mozart's life and his influence on his formative career.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Try your hand at writing with a quill pen in the mini book as Mozart did with his music.

    ^ But let us remember that Mozart’s purse was always open to his friends, and that he was obliged to mix on equal terms with his superiors in rank.

    .~ Johannes Brahms
  • It is a real pleasure to see music so bright and spontaneous expressed with corresponding ease and grace.^ Names: Johannes Brahms 1833-1897 Jerome Roth 1928- Anglo-American Music Publishers (21 documents) example document: Six sonatas .
    • Kadenzen zu Klavierkonzerten von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadences pour concerts pour piano de Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadencas for piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    .~ Johannes Brahms
  • Mozart encompasses the entire domain of musical creation, but I've got only the keyboard in my poor head.^ Not my favourite Mozart opera, even though 'the experts' claim it to be the greatest (they've obviously never heard Le Nozze di Figaro!

    ^ Voice and Piano   Lullaby, K.350 Access the entire collection of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus all other composers by joining SMA .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ One can only surmise that Mozart adopted this practice because he could not compose to suit the libretto, and perhaps even had to procure parts of the music from other sources.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Frédéric Chopin
  • Mozart tapped the source from which all music flows, expressing himself with a spontaneity and refinement and breathtaking rightness.^ But it was dramatic music that attracted Mozart above all.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Biography.com Biography - Biography.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Voice and Piano   Lullaby, K.350 Access the entire collection of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus all other composers by joining SMA .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Thus, the composer's Motivführung solution to the negation so represented thematically (as in quotations from the Musical Offering, by Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, et al.
    • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Aaron Copland
  • Mozart does not give the listener time to catch his breath, for no sooner is one inclined to reflect upon a beautiful inspiration than another appears, even more splendid, which drives away the first, and this continues on and on, so that in the end one is unable to retain any of these beauties in the memory.^ But Mozart would listen to no warning.

    ^ Google does a lot of interesting things, of which one of the most popular being periodically changing their logo to reflect current events.
    • Over 300 Unique and Creative Google Logo Designs | letscounthedays 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.shayhowe.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The end result of these factors was that Mozart was forced to borrow money to keep up appearances (highly important in Vienna, where "dressing for success" was a near-art form) and was never fully able to pay off loans without borrowing more to cover the older ones.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf
  • Mozart began his works in childhood and a childlike quality lurked in his compositions until it dawned on him that the Requiem he was writing for a stranger was his own.^ Mozart began the composition at once.

    ^ And between the composition of these monumental works, Mozart was composing a prolific library of concerti for solo instruments and his masterpieces for string quartet, along with hosts of other works.

    ^ Mozart chose to settle and develop his own freelance career in Vienna after its aristocracy began to take an interest in him.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ~ Will and Ariel Durant
  • Mozart is the greatest composer of all.^ Mozart was the greatest composer who ever lived.

    ^ What is clear is that Mozart had no respect for the conventions of the time concerning the place and duties of a musician, conventions that all composers of the day, including Haydn, did abide by.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For his part, Beethoven all but ceased composing in 1812, the same year Mozart was transported to Copenhagen.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Beethoven created his music, but the music of Mozart is of such purity and beauty that one feels he merely found it — that it has always existed as part of the inner beauty of the universe waiting to be revealed.^ Idomeneo was one of Mozarts finest creations, with its invocation of new dramatic devices, its Sturm und Drang intensity, its moments of compassion and pathos, along with the glorious music.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Type of Work: Musical work Registration Number / Date: PAu000127325 / 1978-11-13 Date of Creation: 1978 Title: Symphonie numero 40 / Mozart ; arr.
    • Te Deum. K. 141. For mixed chorus with piano acc. By Wolfgang Mozart [i.e. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart], editorial corrections of music & introductory note: Broude Brothers (of which Broude Brothers, Ltd. is the legal successor), employer for hire of Kurt Stone - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Mozart's father Leopold (17191787) was one of Europe's leading musical teachers.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Albert Einstein
  • Mozart's music is particularly difficult to perform.^ The theatres, halls, music rooms and salons in which Mozart performed his symphonies were small compared to most modern concert halls.
    • Linn Records - Mozart Symphonies 38 - 41 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.linnrecords.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lodges frequently held concerts for charity, and Mozart wrote much music to be performed at those concerts.

    ^ August 11, 2006 In honor of the 250th anniversary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's birth, his music is being performed around the globe.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    His admirable clarity exacts absolute cleanness: the slightest mistake in it stands out like black on white. .It is music in which all the notes must be heard.^ Salieri : I heard the music of true forgiveness filling the theater, conferring on all who sat there, perfect absolution.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Gabriel Fauré
  • There are three things in the world I love most: the sea, Hamlet, and Don Giovanni.^ Of the three, perhaps the greatest is Don Giovanni.

    ^ That there were three symphonies was probably not fortuitous, as opuses most often comprised three works, or multiples of three, in the same genre.
    • Linn Records - Mozart Symphonies 38 - 41 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.linnrecords.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Your whole nature will seldom be shown to the world, and there will be one side which you will never show even to your most intimate friends.

    .~ Gustave Flaubert
  • Mozart's joy is made of serenity, and a phrase of his music is like a calm thought; his simplicity is merely purity.^ I have decided that the idea of violins and cellos being made to sound like saws is not music, it's sound effects and doesn't belong on a concert platform.

    ^ Tomatis found that Mozart, over other musical compositions, calms the listener, improves spatial perception, and allows the listeners to express themselves more clearly.
    • 01.06.07: Nurturing the Body and Mind in Physical Education with Mozart 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.yale.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In this film, Mozart is, he argues, a Christ figure , and the ravishing music he composes a trope for the nature of God's love for human beings made manifest.
    • Journal of Religion & Film: Mozart & Salieri, Cain & Abel: A Cinematic Transformation of Genesis 4 by Gregory Allen Robbins 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.unomaha.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It is a crystalline thing in which all the emotions play a role, but as if already celestially transposed.^ Amid all this mystification the medical researches of the authors have come to play a minor role, and the bigoted spirit of Mathilde Ludendorrf lives again.
    • Salieri and the murder of Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC tarlton.law.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Moderation consists in feeling emotions as the angels do. .~ André Gide
  • A phenomenon like Mozart remains an inexplicable thing.^ A phenomenon like that of Mozart remains an inexplicable thing.” In Paris, Wolfgang became the darling of Versailles.

    .~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Mozart did not die too early, but rather too late.^ From Paris, the Mozarts came to London, where Wolfgang won the heart of Johann Christian Bach, chapel master.

    ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Die Zauberflote 1990 Philips   Album details .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Die Zauberflote 1993 Naxos   Einzelheiten zum Album .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Glenn Gould
  • For one moment in the history of music all opposites were reconciled; all tensions resolved; that luminous moment was Mozart.^ However, documentary evidence has established that the anonymous commission came from one Count Franz Walsegg of Schloss Stuppach, and that most if not all of the music had been written while Mozart was still in good health.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Idomeneo was one of Mozarts finest creations, with its invocation of new dramatic devices, its Sturm und Drang intensity, its moments of compassion and pathos, along with the glorious music.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mozart's father Leopold (17191787) was one of Europe's leading musical teachers.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Phil Goulding
  • In Mozart's music, all intensity are crystallized in the clearest, the most beautifully balanced and proportioned, and altogether flawless musical forms.^ However, documentary evidence has established that the anonymous commission came from one Count Franz Walsegg of Schloss Stuppach, and that most if not all of the music had been written while Mozart was still in good health.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Society 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC server3.pianosociety.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The theatres, halls, music rooms and salons in which Mozart performed his symphonies were small compared to most modern concert halls.
    • Linn Records - Mozart Symphonies 38 - 41 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.linnrecords.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Voice and Piano   Lullaby, K.350 Access the entire collection of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus all other composers by joining SMA .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Phil Goulding
  • In Bach, Beethoven and Wagner we admire principally the depth and energy of the human mind; in Mozart, the divine instinct.^ Bach Pictures Beethoven Pictures Mozart Pictures More composer pictures: Composer Pictures .

    ^ "Mozart’s principal expansion of the form takes place in the exposition which is, astonishingly, longer than any first movement exposition of Beethoven, I believe, except that of the Ninth Symphony , which it equals.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is one of Beethoven's major quotations of the Mozart K. 475/457 Motivführung derivation from Bach's Musical Offering.
    • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Edvard Grieg
  • Mozart never did too little and never too much; he always attains but never exceeds his goal.^ Hence the belief by most in the anecdotal report of Mozart writing on a receipt of delivery for his salary from the Court: "Too much for what I do, too little for what I could do."
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Yet if we consider for a moment that Mozart did not in fact compose it (it was, after all, composed for a family friend at Leopold's suggestion) then the remark makes much more sense.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then, in a subsequent letter to his father, Mozart back-pedalled, stating that he had never intended to follow the Webers, and eventually did go to Paris.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Franz Grillparzer
  • How can such a disproportionately large number of people have a definite, and unusually positive relationship to Mozart?^ Mozart would never again have such a close working relationship on an opera with an Emperor.
    • The Battle Mozart Won In America's War With Britain 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In fact, it may have been the last occasion at which Mozart heard such a large and professional orchestra perform any of his music.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ However, certain variables such as different musical formats and different tasks have been found that Mozart and other musical compositions can have a positive effect on emotions, attention and relaxation.
    • 01.06.07: Nurturing the Body and Mind in Physical Education with Mozart 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.yale.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Wolfgang Hildesheimer
  • The riddle of Mozart is precisely that "the man" refuses to be a key for solving it.^ Wikipedia The Letters of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — Volume 01 (English) (as Author) Mozart: the man and the artist, as revealed in his own words (English) (as Author) String Quartet No.
    • Browse By Author: M - Project Gutenberg 25 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1781, however, a young man arrives, namely Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who changes everything forever.
    • Journal of Religion & Film: Mozart & Salieri, Cain & Abel: A Cinematic Transformation of Genesis 4 by Gregory Allen Robbins 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.unomaha.edu [Source type: Original source]

    In death, as in life, he conceals himself behind his work. .~ Wolfgang Hildesheimer
  • Mozart's music is the mysterious language of a distant spiritual kingdom, whose marvelous accents echo in our inner being and arouse a higher, intensive life.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Music For Mozart Effect Vl.ii 2000 OCT   Einzelheiten zum Album .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto for 2 Pianos and Orchestra No.10 in E-flat major, KV 365 2005 Digital Music Group, Inc.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassiek - Muziek - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC netherlands.real.com [Source type: Reference]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classical - Music - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC europe.real.com [Source type: General]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Klassik - Musik - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC de.real.com [Source type: General]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Classica - Musica - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.it.real.com [Source type: General]
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Clásica - Música - www.real.com 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC es.real.com [Source type: Reference]

    .~ E.T.A. Hoffmann
  • Mozart said profound things and at the same time remained flippant and lively.^ So taken by the boys talents, Mozart is supposed to have said; "Agreed, I shall instruct the boy, but he has to live with me so that I can keep a constant eye on him.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The single good thing that may be said of Mozart scholarship, is that this certificate has always been known to be a fake.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mozart lived during the time period referred to as the classical music period.

    .~ Michael Kennedy
  • Mozart has reached the boundary gate of music and leaped over it, leaving behind the old masters and moderns, and posterity itself.^ The records of musical history tell of no deathbed scene which leaves so deep an impression as that of Mozart.

    ^ This was no demotion; rather that Gluck had behind him five decades of musical accomplishment and Mozart "only" two and a half (at age 31!
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The city has made an industry of the commercialization of Mozart, and the celebration of his music — even though Mozart couldn't wait to leave it.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ~ A. Hyatt King
  • The works of Mozart may be easy to read, but they are very difficult to interpret.^ Mozart worked very hard, a great deal of the time, and finished works where necessary at a tremendous pace.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The ensemble interprets three pieces, all by Mozart  Read More .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Of all the works written for horn by Mozart, the quintet is the most difficult, requiring the utmost in virtuosity - and thus, it remains, for today’s players as well.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The least speck of dust spoils them. .They are clear, transparent, and joyful as a spring, and not only those muddy pools which seem deep only because the bottom cannot be seen.^ It was only when they came to London in 1764, after being in Paris, that the Mozarts seem to have put money in their purse.

    ^ Presumably Mozart destroys what portraits he can, leaving only those he cannot touch because they are group portraits in the possession of his extended family.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    .~ Wanda Landowska
  • Mozart resolved his emotions on a level that transformed them into moods uncontaminated by mortal anguish, enabling him to express the angelic anguish that is so peculiarly his own.^ However, in the d and c minor concertos (K.466 and K.491 respectively), Mozart moved into a completely new area, that of dramatic, truly emotionally charged concert music.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The former "gallant" virtuosic contest between soloist and orchestra of the earlier, pre-Vienna works is resolved by Mozart, transforming it instead into a stark, dramatic contrast.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ~ Yehudi Menuhin
  • Mozart wrote everything with such ease and speed as might at first be taken for carelessness or haste.^ Incredibly, these original and first drafts of the music show no corrections of any kind; it is just as if Mozart had taken down dictation from God!
    • Journal of Religion & Film: Mozart & Salieri, Cain & Abel: A Cinematic Transformation of Genesis 4 by Gregory Allen Robbins 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.unomaha.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It might at first seem surprising that Mozart was impressed by Bach’s music; after all, in Bach’s own lifetime he was viewed, as was Brahms, as a musical reactionary and relic.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Toward the end of the final Italian journey Mozart wrote the first of his works that is still widely performed today, the solo cantata " Exsultate, jubilate ", K. 165.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .His imagination held before him the whole work clear and lively once it was conceived.^ But it is interesting the styles he anticipated belonged to composers who lived & worked in towns & cities which Mozart, either before his "death", or after, lived in or visited.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Yet, it should be remembered that this "malevolent prince" was the only one in the whole of Europe who would employ him, and who had seen fit to take him back once before, and whose "lousy salary" had sustained him for many years.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He set out from Paris at once, promising himself just one indulgence before entering the bondage which lay before him, a visit to his friends the Webers at Mannheim.

    .One seldom finds in his scores improved or erased passages.^ On the evening of December 4, friends who had gathered at his bedside, handed him, at his desire, the score of the Requiem, and, propped up by pillows he tried to sing one of the passages.

    .~ Franz Niemetschek
  • There was nothing exceptional about the physical presence of this extraordinary man; he was small and his appearance gave no sign of his genius, apart from his large intense eyes.^ There were no exceptions.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His early biographer Niemetschek wrote, "there was nothing special about [his] physique […] He was small and his countenance, except for his large intense eyes, gave no signs of his genius."
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ See also: Mozart's compositional method and Mozart and Roman Catholicism Mozart's physical appearance was described by tenor Michael Kelly , in his Reminiscences : "a remarkable small man, very thin and pale, with a profusion of fine, fair hair of which he was rather vain".
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    [...] But in this ungainly body there dwelt an artistic genius such as Nature rarely bestows even upon her most treasured darlings. .~ Franz Niemetschek
  • Mozart was able to do what he wished in music and he never wished to do what was beyond him.^ The libretto springs plenty of jokes, but Mozart's music tells you to hold on to your heart — you never know which way the romantic winds might blow.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Franz Niemetschek, Mozarts first biographer, reports that Mozart became ill in Prague and required continuous medical attention while he was there.
    • Salieri and the murder of Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC tarlton.law.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His father had told him how jealously guarded this music was; it could never be performed in any other place, and the singers could never take their parts out of the chapel.

    .~ Romain Rolland
  • Beethoven I take twice a week, Haydn four times, and Mozart every day!^ Beethoven wrote his own early compositions in the shadow of Mozart, of whom Joseph Haydn wrote that 'posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years'.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In answer to the moronic, macabre question, the one that has been asked every day, from then to now, Was Mozart working on the Requiem at the time?
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The pivotal instrumental feature of the required congruence, is the evolved string quartet of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, et al.
    • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ~ Gioacchino Rossini
  • Give Mozart a fairy tale and he creates without effort an immortal masterpiece. .~ Camille Saint-Saëns
  • What gives Bach and Mozart a place apart is that these two great composers never sacrificed form to expression.^ It is not unrelated that these years correspond to the Enlightenment and the rise of democracy, to which the straightforward and often popular approach to musical expression formed a logical counterpart.

    ^ The baptismal record gives his name in Latinized form as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ These 'influences' were numerous and varied, and have given rise to observations of Mozart's 'indebtedness' to this or that work or composer in a considerable number of his compositions.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .As high as their expression may soar, their musical form remains supreme and all-efficient.^ It is not unrelated that these years correspond to the Enlightenment and the rise of democracy, to which the straightforward and often popular approach to musical expression formed a logical counterpart.

    ^ In all of Mozart's supreme expressions of suffering and terror, there is something shockingly voluptuous."
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The characteristic epistemological feature of all gnosticism, is the insistence that the spiritual realm has no desirable form of efficient (causal) interaction with the domain of the ostensibly "material."
    • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Camille Saint-Saëns
  • A light, bright, fine day this will remain throughout my whole life.^ He was raised Roman Catholic and remained a loyal member of the Catholic Church throughout his life.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

    .As from afar, the magic notes of Mozart's music still gently haunts me.^ Despite the success of Figaro, Mozart was still a poor man, and must earn his bread by giving music lessons.

    ^ Fidelio and a short piece by Ludwig VanBeethoven; music from The Magic flute and The Marriage of Figaro by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; and music from Der Freischutz and from op.
    • Kadenzen zu Klavierkonzerten von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadences pour concerts pour piano de Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadencas for piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Mozart could write sublime music and still behave like a little boy.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ~ Franz Schubert
  • A world that has produced a Mozart is a world worth saving. .What a picture of a better world you have given us, Mozart!^ He used synonyms in the story to give us more details and a better picture of what is happening.

    ^ In the book, Mozart Finds a Melody, you will find pictures of many instruments if you hunt through the book.

    ^ No, I don't think so, when you consider how many Mozart works are better.

    .~ Franz Schubert
  • Does it not seem as if Mozart's works become fresher and fresher the oftener we hear them?^ Mozart : That doesn't really work, does it?
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And works by Tchaikovsky and Mozart blasting out over external speakers seem to be having the desired effect of preventing youths from intimidating customers.
    • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A Classical pianoforte (or, fortepiano) work—such as a keyboard sonata of Mozart, Beethoven, or Schubert—does not know of the existence of chords per se ; it knows chords only as fleeting shadows of an instrumental parody of bel canto vocal polyphony.
    • Fidelio Article - LaRouche on the Mozart Revolution 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC schillerinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Robert Schumann
  • Designing an opera by Mozart is like doing something for God — it's a labor of love.^ That title refers to something at the beginning of the piece that might sound slightly askew to us today, but probably would have sounded like cacophony in Mozart's time.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ In Mannheim, Mozart fell in love with an aspiring opera singer named Aloysia Weber.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Synopsis: Kathleen Battle, Francisco Araiza, and Kurt Moll star in this production of one of Mozart's best-loved operas, staged by the Metropolitan Opera of New York with sets designed by David Hockney.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Filmography 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fandango.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Maurice Sendak
  • The best of Mozart's works cannot be even slightly rewritten without diminishment.^ But, with other compositions such as the two operas crowding his schedule, Mozart worked intermittently at best on the Requiem.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As with the best of Mozarts works, the music all seems so simple and clear on the surface, but surprisingly great depths are encountered in the passage through them.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Even though this work was never finished, parts of the music were used later on in Mozart's Davidde penitente , a cantata.

    .~ Peter Shaffer
  • What was evident was that Mozart was simply written down music already finished in his head.^ He had simply written down music already finished in his head.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ November 25, 2005 The music Mozart wrote for his horn-playing friend Joseph Leutgeb is still some of the finest music ever written for horn.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Names: Peter Wastall 1932- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791 Boosey & Hawkes Music Publishers, Ltd.
    • Kadenzen zu Klavierkonzerten von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadences pour concerts pour piano de Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadencas for piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    .And music, finished as no music is ever finished.^ And music, finished as no music is ever finished.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .Displace one note and there would be diminishment.^ Displace one note and there would be diminishment.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ However, there is evidence from one specific concert that would indicate that one of the last three was played; specifically K.550.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Displace one phrase and the structure would fall.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .Displace one phrase and the structure would fall.^ Displace one phrase and the structure would fall.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Displace one note and there would be diminishment.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .I was staring through the cage of those meticulous ink strokes at an absolute beauty.^ Reflecting upon a Mozart score ] Salieri : I was staring through the cage of those meticulous ink strokes - at an absolute beauty.
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Peter Shaffer (spoken by Antonio Salieri in Shaffer's play Amadeus and slightly reworded in the movie adaptation of the play)
  • Mozart's music represents neither the prolonged sigh of faith that characterizes so much of the music written before his time, nor the stormy idealism which cloaks most music after him.^ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music .
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music plus more at sheetmusicarchive.net 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.sheetmusicarchive.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And worse: the music Salieri hears - the ethereal Adagio from the Wind Serenade for Thirteen Instruments in E-Flat - is the most beautiful music he has ever heard!
    • Journal of Religion & Film: Mozart & Salieri, Cain & Abel: A Cinematic Transformation of Genesis 4 by Gregory Allen Robbins 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.unomaha.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Having played two pieces of music to the priest, who doesn't recognize either ] Salieri : Can you remember no melody of mine?
    • Amadeus (1984) - Memorable quotes 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

    Rather he is that mercurial balance of the skeptic and the humane. .Like him, and in him, we can always discover new worlds.^ Music changes and grows with time as just like fashions, trends, and styles pass into new ideas frequently in our world.

    .~ Joseph Solman
  • Mozart makes you believe in God because it cannot be by chance that such a phenomenon arrives into this world and leaves such an unbounded number of unparalleled masterpieces.^ Beethoven wrote his own early compositions in the shadow of Mozart, of whom Joseph Haydn wrote that 'posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years'.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for VIOLIN - FIDDLE - Download PDF Free sheet music 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.free-scores.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Once that work was sold, the new owner might make large sums of money from it, none of which saw its way into Mozarts pockets.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mama and I are both longing for you to make your fortune as we believe that your success will mean happiness for us all.

    .~ Georg Solti
  • Sometimes the impact of Mozart's music is so immediate that the vision in the mind remains blurred and incomplete, while the soul seems to be directly invaded, drenched in wave upon wave of melancholy.^ Salieri's aim is not Mozart's immediate destruction; he must first entice him to a certain "field" of musical endeavor, i.e., the composition of a great requiem, a Mass for the dead.
    • Journal of Religion & Film: Mozart & Salieri, Cain & Abel: A Cinematic Transformation of Genesis 4 by Gregory Allen Robbins 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.unomaha.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As with the best of Mozarts works, the music all seems so simple and clear on the surface, but surprisingly great depths are encountered in the passage through them.
    • MozartForum Mozart Biography 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.mozartforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It might at first seem surprising that Mozart was impressed by Bach’s music; after all, in Bach’s own lifetime he was viewed, as was Brahms, as a musical reactionary and relic.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.fuguemasters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .~ Stendhal
  • I listened to the pure crystalline notes of one of Mozart's concertos dropping at my feet like leaves from the trees.^ And I have to say Sunday's Prom was not exactly designed to make one like Mozart.

    ^ Certainly, the argument that Leopold ghost-wrote Mozart's early compositions because it was expedient is a likely one that warrants serious consideration.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Part-time designer to international politicians, Angelo Fusco , has stamped Mozart's notes on one of his pure silk, hand stitched, seven-folded ties.
    • Opera Chic: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC operachic.typepad.com [Source type: General]

    .~ Virgil Thomson
  • Mozart touched no problem without solving it to perfection.^ The trips produced only isolated success and did not solve Mozart's financial problems.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .~ Donald Francis Tovey
  • Mozart's mental grip never loosens; he never abandons himself to any one sense; even at his most ecstatic moments his mind is vigorous, alert, and on the wing.^ Since most of Mozart's work was written for money or for advancement in positions, then one wonders why he worked on this particular piece.

    ^ Not my favourite Mozart opera, even though 'the experts' claim it to be the greatest (they've obviously never heard Le Nozze di Figaro!

    ^ One can only surmise that Mozart adopted this practice because he could not compose to suit the libretto, and perhaps even had to procure parts of the music from other sources.
    • Xee-A Twelve:  Exploding the Myth About Mozart 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC www.xeeatwelve.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    He dives unerringly on to his finest ideas like a bird of prey, and once an idea is seized he soars off again with an undiminished power. .~ Walter J. Turner
  • Mozart's music is very mysterious.^ Mozart Piano Music (piano: Walter Klien) .
    • Artist: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - MusicBrainz 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC musicbrainz.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Names: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791 Walter Ehret (1572 documents) example document: Salute to music.
    • Kadenzen zu Klavierkonzerten von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadences pour concerts pour piano de Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart = Cadencas for piano concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - song, music - Copyright Info 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Mozart was born in Salzburg into a musical family and showed indications of prodigious abilities at a very young age.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Biography - Classic Cat 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

    .~ Walter J. Turner
  • The most tremendous genius raised Mozart above all masters, in all centuries and in all the arts.^ January 20, 2006 Despite being one of the most successful composers of all time, Mozart could rarely find a job.
    • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : NPR 7 January 2010 10:20 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

    ^ In support of this are wild rumors that Mozart bought or stole most or all the compositions attributed to him & so was in increasing legal difficulties.
    • Constanza, Wolfgang Mozart and Georg Nikolaus Nissen 13 January 2010 12:50 UTC astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

    ~ Richard Wagner

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[[File:|thumb|Mozart circa 1780, by Johann Nepomuk della Croce]] Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian composer and pianist. Many people think he was one of the best composers of music of all time. He was born in the city of Salzburg on January 27, 1756. During his short life he wrote over 600 pieces of music, including the operas (music with a story) Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute. His first work was a minuet (a dance) that he wrote when he was four, and his last piece was the Requiem, which he left unfinished. Mozart could play the piano when very young and he was known as a great piano player as well as a great composer. He died close to 1am on December 5, 1791 because of rheumatic fever.[1][2]

Contents

Life

Family and early years

[[File:|thumb|300px|Family portrait from about 1780 by Johann Nepomuk della Croce: Nannerl, Wolfgang, Leopold. On the wall is a portrait of Mozart's mother, who had died in 1778.]]

File:Mozart.birth.
Mozart's birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg, Austria

Mozart was born into a musical family. His father Leopold Mozart was a famous violinist and composer who worked for the Archbishop of Salzburg. He had one older sister called Maria Anna whose nickname was Nannerl (there were other brothers and sisters who died as babies). Mozart was baptized on the morning after his birth in the cathedral in Salzburg. The Latin form of his name was “Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart”. He was usually known as “Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart” and his nickname was “Wolfi”. The house where he was born in the street called Getreidegasse is now a Mozart museum.

Mozart was a child prodigy. From a very early age he showed extraordinary musical talent. His father gave up composing in order to teach his son music. Wolfgang was learning the keyboard at the age of three and was soon learning the violin and organ as well. There are two short piano pieces written when he was five. They were written in his father’s handwriting, so it is not easy to say how much help he might have had.

Soon his father started to show off his son, making him play in concerts in front of lots of important people. Nowadays this would be called “exploiting” the young genius, but in those days people saw nothing wrong with letting a child to be used in this way. It is amazing that it seemed to do him no harm, and that he grew up to become the great composer that he deserved to be.

Mozart played in public in Salzburg when he was five. Then he was taken to Vienna when he was six. He also played in Linz and Pressburg (now called Bratislava). Twice he played in front of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. At these concerts he played pieces that adults usually played. He played at sight, improvised and played with a cloth covering the keyboard, played blindfolded and with one hand crossing another. He also made up accompaniments to tunes that were put in front of him. Many people who heard him wrote about this amazing boy and that is how we know a lot of what happened. It is also known that he could remember all the notes on a piece of music after looking at it only once.

Travels abroad

File:Wolfgang Leopold
The Mozart family on tour: Leopold, Wolfgang, and Nannerl. Watercolor by Carmontelle, ca. 1763

Soon Mozart was travelling to other countries. He played in Munich, Prague, Paris, The Hague and London. In London he played to King George III and met a composer by the name of Johann Christian Bach, one of the sons of Johann Sebastian Bach. He liked Johann Christian Bach’s music and he played piano duets with him. While Mozart was in London, the Royal Society studied him to see if was a child prodigy or just a very small person.[3] In 1767 he was in Vienna again where he was ill with smallpox, but he recovered, and his father saw this as a sign from God that his child would do well. He went to Italy where he heard music by many famous Italian composers, including Gregorio Allegri who had written a piece called Miserere. This piece had been written for the Pope for the choir of the Vatican to sing. No one was allowed to see the written music so that no other choir would be able to sing it. Mozart heard the piece once and then wrote it all down from memory! He met the Pope and was given a knighthood (Order of the Golden Spur).

In 1777, he went on a journey with his mother. In Mannheim he fell in love with a girl called Aloysia Weber. She was 16 years old and studying singing. Mozart wanted to take her to Italy to make her famous, but his father wrote him back very stern letters telling him to stop thinking about such nonsense. By 1778 Mozart and his mother were in Paris, but there his mother died.

Mozart in Vienna

Mozart wrote some small operas when he was young, but his first really important opera was Idomeneo. It was first performed in Munich in 1780. The next year he went to Vienna. By this time he was working, like his father, for the Archbishop of Salzburg. When he went back to Salzburg he argued with the Archbishop who actually kicked him out. Mozart went off to Vienna where he would spend the rest of his life.

In 1782 he married Constanze Weber, one of the three younger sisters of Aloysia (who by now was married to someone else). They were to have seven children, but five of them died in childhood. Mozart’s father did not approve of the marriage. Constanze was a loving wife, but, like Mozart, she was not good at looking after money, so they were often very poor.

In that same year, 1782, Mozart wrote another very successful opera: Die Entführung aus dem Serail ("The Abduction from the Seraglio"). One famous story tells that, after the emperor had heard the opera, he told Mozart that there were “too many notes”. Mozart answered: “Just as many as are necessary, Your Majesty.”

Mozart started a series of concerts in which he played his own piano concertos, conducting from the keyboard. He met the composer Joseph Haydn and the two men became great friends, often playing together in a string quartet. Haydn said to Leopold Mozart one day: "Before God and as an honest man I tell you that your son is the greatest composer known to me either in person or by name. He has taste, and what is more, the most profound knowledge of composition." Mozart was in the same Masonic Lodge as Haydn, and he dedicated some of his string quartets to him.

File:Mozart (unfinished) by Lange
Unfinished portrait of Mozart, 1782
.

Mozart and Prague

The audiences in Vienna did not give Mozart much support after a few years, so he often went to Prague where the audiences loved him. His opera The Marriage of Figaro was very popular, and in 1787 he gave the first performance there of his opera Don Giovanni.

Final illness and death

File:Wolfgang-amadeus-mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, painted by Barbara Krafft.

There are several stories about Mozart’s last illness and death, and it is not easy to be sure what happened. He was working on an opera The Magic Flute which is one of his best works and a very popular opera today. It is written in German, not Italian, like most of his other operas. In some ways it is like an English pantomime. At the same time that he was working on this he was asked by a stranger to compose a requiem. He was told to write this in secret. Then he was asked to write an Italian opera La Clemenza di Tito, which was performed in Prague during September 1791. At the end of September The Magic Flute was given its first performance. Mozart then worked very hard at the Requiem. He must have realized that he was already very ill, and that in a way the requiem (a mass for the dead) was for himself. He died before he could finish it. Constanze asked another composer, a man called Franz Xaver Süssmayr, to finish the work. Today we are not sure which bits Süssmayr added, but probably most of the music is Mozart’s own work.

Mozart was buried in an unmarked grave because there was no money for a proper funeral.

Mozart’s music

Mozart's music, like that of Haydn, is the very best of what is known as the Classical style. At the time he started to compose, the Baroque period was just coming to an end. Tastes were changing in music. Form, balance and elegance were thought of as more important than counterpoint. Mozart was the first great composer to write music for the piano, an instrument which had only just become popular. He wrote almost every kind of music: symphonies, operas, solo concertos, chamber music, especially string quartets and string quintets, and the piano sonata. He also wrote a lot of religious music, including masses, as well as popular music like dances, divertimenti and serenades.

When Mozart was young a symphony was usually a short, simple piece for entertainment. Mozart made the symphony into a carefully worked-out piece lasting up to half an hour. His last three symphonies are especially fine masterpieces. His concertos, especially his piano concertos, are far more advanced than anything that had been written before. Although Mozart behaved in truly childish ways at times, he was good at understanding human character. This is clear in his operas, where he introduced many subtle effects to describe the characters in the story.

Mozart's operas are among his greatest works. He understood people's characters very well and was able to write music which tells us everything about the personalities in the operas. The three operas in which he set words by Metastasio: Don Giovanni, Le Nozze di Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro) and Cosi fan tutte each include some very clever ensembles in which several characters are singing at once, each one showing his or her view of the situation.

As well as many great masterpieces, Mozart wrote many pieces in a more popular style, including some tunes that everybody knows today. His serenade Eine kleine Nachtmusik is known everywhere, as is the Turkish Rondo from his Piano Sonata in A, the opening of the Symphony no 40 in G minor K550, and the birdcatcher’s song from The Magic Flute.

Catalogue of Works

Some time after Mozart’s death a man called Köchel studied all Mozart’s music, tried to put them in chronological order, and gave them a number. The number helps us to know exactly which work is meant, for example Symphony in G minor K183 is not the same piece as Symphony in G minor K550 (K stands for Köchel. Sometimes it is written "KV550" standing for "Köchel Verzeichnis" i.e. "Köchel Catalogue"). The highest Köchel number is 626, his requiem mass.

References

Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie; 1980; ISBN 1-56159-174-2

See also

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