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Uterus
Female anatomy.png
Human female internal reproductive anatomy
Illu female pelvis.jpg
1. Round ligament
2. Uterus
3. Uterine cavity
4. Intestinal surface of Uterus
5. Versical surface(toward bladder)
6. Fundus of uterus
7. Body of uterus
8. Palmate folds of cervical canal
9. Cervical canal
10. Posterior lip
11. Cervical os (external)
12. Isthmus of uterus
13. Supravaginal portion of cervix
14. Vaginal portion of cervix
15. Anterior lip
16. Cervix
Gray's subject #268 1258
Artery ovarian artery, uterine artery, helicine branches of uterine artery
Vein uterine veins
Lymph body and cervix to internal iliac lymph nodes, fundus to para-aortic lymph nodes
Precursor Müllerian duct
MeSH Uterus
.The uterus (Latin word for womb) is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals, including humans.^ Fear of female sex organs.

^ The uterus and other reproductive organs.
  • What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Uterus - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC ha.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Uterus: The organ where babies grow; the womb.
  • Common Uterine Conditions (continued) 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.ahrq.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is within the uterus that the fetus develops during gestation.^ Fetus within uterus.

^ Position of a full term fetus within the uterus during the initial ...
  • Uterus Illustrations and Clipart. 149 Uterus royalty free illustrations, and drawings available to search from over 15 stock vector EPS clip art graphics publishers. 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Uterus Stock Photo Images. 166 Uterus royalty free images and photography available to buy from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is within the uterus that the fetus develops during gestation.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

.The term uterus is used consistently within the medical and related professions; the Germanic term, womb is more common in everyday usage.^ In this booklet, we will use the terms uterine cancer or cancer of the uterus to refer to cancer that begins in the endometrium.
  • What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Uterus - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC ha.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Medication Misdiagnosis Medication Errors Contraception Mistakes Medical Mistakes We subscribe to the HONcode principles By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use .
  • Uterus symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Research the causes of these more general types of symptom: Female sexual symptoms (482 causes) Sexual symptoms (1737 causes) more symptoms...» Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as: Uterus Uterus disease Uterus disorder more symptoms...» Causes of Similar Symptoms to Uterus symptoms .
  • Uterus symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.The plural of uterus is uteruses or uteri.^ The plural of uterus is uteruses or uteri.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]
  • What Does the Uterus Do? 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.news-medical.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One end, the cervix, opens into the vagina; the other is connected on both sides to the Fallopian tubes.^ The cervix is a narrow cylindrical passage which connects at its lower end with the vagina.
  • Center For Uterine Fibroids - Information About Fibroids 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.fibroids.net [Source type: Academic]

^ I have 2 uteri, 2 cervix 2 vaginas and one kidney (on the left) one vagina connected to my right side had no openning.
  • pregnancy with two uterus - Fertility - MedHelp 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only one cervix and one vagina.
  • pregnancy with two uterus - Fertility - MedHelp 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Function

.The uterus provides structural integrity and support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs.^ The uterus provides structural integrity and support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The uterus helps separate and keep the bladder in its natural position above the pubic bone and the bowel in its natural configuration behind the uterus.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This multi-mineral provides nutritional support for normal bone development, muscle function, reproduction and metabolism.
  • MoonDragon's ObGyn Information: Fibroid Tumors of the Uterus (Myomas; Leiomyomas) 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.moondragon.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The uterus helps separate and keep the bladder in its natural position above the pubic bone and the bowel in its natural configuration behind the uterus.^ The uterus helps separate and keep the bladder in its natural position above the pubic bone and the bowel in its natural configuration behind the uterus.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When her uterus ruptures there may be a direct communication between her uterine cavity and her peritoneal cavity (complete rupture), or her peritoneum or her bladder may separate the baby from her peritoneal cavity (incomplete rupture, less common).
  • http://www.meb.uni-bonn.de/dtc/primsurg/docbook/html/x6103.html 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.meb.uni-bonn.de [Source type: Original source]

^ In contrast, a non-pregnant uterus without fibroids is not palpable above the pubic bone.
  • Center For Uterine Fibroids - Information About Fibroids 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.fibroids.net [Source type: Academic]

.The uterus is continuous with the cervix, which is continuous with the vagina, much in the way that the head is continuous with the neck, which is continuous with the shoulders.^ The uterus is continuous with the cervix, which is continuous with the vagina, much in the way that the head is continuous with the neck, which is continuous with the shoulders.
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In this anomaly, the lower uterus and cervix are completely fused, resulting in 2 separate but communicating endometrial cavities with a single-chamber cervix and vagina.
  • GE Healthcare-Brochure -Ultrasound of the Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.gehealthcare.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Didelphys: If the Mullerian ducts fail to fuse at all, a complete duplication of the uterus, cervix and vagina can occur.
  • GE Healthcare-Brochure -Ultrasound of the Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.gehealthcare.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is attached to bundles of nerves, and networks of arteries and veins, and broad bands of ligaments such as round ligaments, cardinal ligaments, broad ligaments, and uterosacral ligaments.^ It is attached to bundles of nerves, and networks of arteries More From Wikipedia » Related in the Kosmos .
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The mesentry of the ovary formed from a fold of the broad ligament that attaches the ovary.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Extend longitudinally, along the lateral wall of her lower segment, from her fundus to her vagina, opening up her broad ligament and involving a uterine artery (D).
  • http://www.meb.uni-bonn.de/dtc/primsurg/docbook/html/x6103.html 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.meb.uni-bonn.de [Source type: Original source]

[1]
.The uterus is essential in sexual response by directing blood flow to the pelvis and to the external genitalia, including the ovaries, vagina, labia, and clitoris.^ (Latin, genitalia = ) The term used to describe either the external or internal male and female sexual and reproductive organs.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ These include the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and vagina.
  • Common Uterine Conditions (continued) 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.ahrq.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A-frame orgasm The climax or peak of sexual arousal for women that is caused by stimulating the vagina without stimulating the clitoris.

.The uterus is needed for uterine orgasm to occur.^ Bicornuate: Development of a bicornuate uterus occurs when the Mullerian ducts incompletely fuse at the level of the uterine fundus.
  • GE Healthcare-Brochure -Ultrasound of the Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.gehealthcare.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The human uterus has two uterine tubes (fallopian tubes, oviducts) where the first week of development occurs and a single hollow body where implantation of the blastocyst normally occurs.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Discontinue EPO when your thermal shift occurs as it can cause uterine contraction which may hinder implantation of the embryo in the uterus.

.The reproductive function of the uterus is to accept a fertilized ovum which passes through the utero-tubal junction from the fallopian tube.^ The fallopian tubes are generally removed when the ovaries are removed because they are attached to the uterus and their sole purpose is to serve as a passageway between the ovaries and the uterus.

^ The fallopian Tube acts as the highway the egg must travel to reach the uterus where it will hopefully rest after being fertilized.
  • Conception and infertility dictionary, acronyms and abbreviations 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.conceptionkit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Radical hysterectomy —The primary treatment of uterine cancer is a hysterectomy in which the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries, surrounding tissue, and lymph glands are removed.
  • Uterine Cancer - Endometrial Cancer, Uterus, Hormonal Therapy - Life Extension Health Concern 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

.It then becomes implanted into the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose.^ During sexual arousal, the secretion of a slippery fluid from the blood vessels that perspires through the rugae of the walls of the vagina into the vaginal canal to facilitate penetration.

.The fertilized ovum becomes an embryo, develops into a fetus and gestates until childbirth.^ Müllerian ducts Two structures in the embryo that develop into the female reproductive tract.

^ This Fetal Development Model shows the process of Fetal development from the Unfertalized Ovum to the 9th month of Gestation.
  • Fetus Model,Uterus,Ovaries Birth Control Female Male Reproductive Genital Organs Pregnancy Models 800-686-5232 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.buyamag.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It continues to develop until it forms an embryo, 9 to 11 days later.

.Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.^ Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.
  • What Does the Uterus Do? 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.news-medical.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis , the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Fluid pumped into uterus with baby to provide extra cushion for umbilical cord during delivery.
  • Ruptured Uterus Stock Image Search Results 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.indexedvisuals.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even during pregnancy the mass of a human uterus amounts to only about a kilogram (2.2 pounds).^ Even during pregnancy the mass of a human uterus amounts to only about a kilogram (2.2 pounds).
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]
  • What Does the Uterus Do? 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.news-medical.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in.
  • Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.bio-medicine.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Uterus - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC health.kosmix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • uterus Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Due to anatomical barriers such as the pelvis, the uterus is pushed partially into the abdomen due to its expansion during pregnancy.
  • What Does the Uterus Do? 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.news-medical.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Forms in mammals

In mammals, the four main forms in which it is found are:
Duplex  
There are two wholly separate uteri, with one fallopian tube each. Found in marsupials, rodents (such as mice, rats and guinea pigs), and lagomorpha (rabbits and hares).
Bipartite  
The two uteri are separate for most of their length, but share a single cervix. Found in ruminants (deer, moose, elk etc.), and cats.
Bicornuate 
The upper parts of the uterus remain separate, but the lower parts are fused into a single structure. Found in pigs, dogs, and prosimian primates.
Simplex  
The entire uterus is fused into a single organ. Found in higher primates (including humans) and horses.
In monotremes, the uterus is duplex, and, rather than nurturing the embryo, secretes the shell around the egg. It is essentially identical with the shell gland of birds and reptiles, with which the uterus is homologous.[2]

Anatomy

.The uterus is located inside the pelvis immediately dorsal (and usually somewhat rostral) to the urinary bladder and ventral to the rectum.^ The uterus is in the pelvis between the bladder and the rectum .
  • What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Uterus - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC ha.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ With time, it can grow through the wall of the uterus into the surrounding tissues (the parametrium), the bladder and the rectum.
  • Women's Cancer Center: Ovarian Cancer 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC womenscancercenter.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Side effects of radiation can include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, bleeding from the bladder or rectum, vaginal scarring, intestinal obstruction, or leaks (fistulas) from the urinary or intestinal tract.
  • Women's Cancer Center: Ovarian Cancer 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC womenscancercenter.com [Source type: Academic]

.The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in.^ II. Anatomy Uterus The uterus is a pear-shaped organ that lies posterior to the bladder and anterior to the sigmoid colon.
  • OB/GYN Pelvic Ultrasound in Early Pregnancy 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.sonoguide.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A rare type of uterine cancer that forms in muscle or other tissues of the uterus (the small, hollow, pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis in which a fetus develops).
  • Dictionary of Cancer Terms - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ View - Female Pelvis - Front The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a baby grows.
  • Learn About Uterine Cancer: Sarcoma of the Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www2.massgeneral.org [Source type: Academic]

(7.6 cm) long. .A females uterus can be divided anatomically into four segments: The fundus, corpus, cervix and the internal os.^ Corpus is upper 2/3 of uterus above level of internal cervical os .

^ Cervix: lower 1/3 of uterus; at and below level of internal cervical os .

^ Removable parts include a two-part Uterus and two halves of the Female Reproductive Apparatus with details of the internal structure.
  • Fetus Model,Uterus,Ovaries Birth Control Female Male Reproductive Genital Organs Pregnancy Models 800-686-5232 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.buyamag.com [Source type: Academic]

Regions

From outside to inside, the path to the uterus is as follows:

Layers

The layers, from innermost to outermost, are as follows:
Endometrium 
The lining of the uterine cavity is called the "endometrium". It consists of the functional endometrium and the basal endometrium from which the former arises. Damage to the basal endometrium results in adhesion formation and/or fibrosis (Asherman's syndrome). .In most mammals, including humans, the endometrium builds a lining periodically which is shed or reabsorbed if no pregnancy occurs.^ The lining is shed during menstruation if there is no implantation of a fertilized egg.

^ In women of reproductive age, about 1544, it is the period in which the lining of the uterus is shed whenever implantation does not happen, followed by the re-growth of the lining of the uterus in preparation for implantation.

^ Menstruation: The shedding of the lining of the uterus that occurs each month when a woman does not become pregnant.
  • Common Uterine Conditions (continued) 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.ahrq.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shedding of the functional endometrial lining in humans is responsible for menstrual bleeding (known colloquially as a woman's "period") throughout the fertile years of a female and for some time beyond.^ The time in a womans pregnancy measured from the start of her last menstrual period.

^ If the egg is not fertilized, the cycle is completed when the lining of the uterus is shed through menstruation (a woman's "period").
  • Common Uterine Conditions (continued) 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.ahrq.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lining is shed during menstruation if there is no implantation of a fertilized egg.

.In other mammals there may be cycles set as widely apart as six months or as frequently as a few days.^ If the hormones are taken on a cyclic basis where there are several days each month when bleeding may occur and if the bleeding is light and occurs on those days then biopsy need not be done.
  • http://www.gyncancer.com/uterus.html 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.gyncancer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CancerLink - Cancer of the Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.personal.u-net.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few unlucky women suffering from adenomyosis may have uterine cramping all month long, with particular aggravation during the menstrual flow.

^ There may also be differences in menstrual flow from one cycle to the next.

Myometrium 
The uterus mostly consists of smooth muscle, known as "myometrium." The innermost layer of myometrium is known as the junctional zone, which becomes thickened in adenomyosis.
Perimetrium 
The loose surrounding tissue is called the "perimetrium."
Peritoneum 
The uterus is surrounded by "peritoneum."

Support

.The uterus is primarily supported by the pelvic diaphragm,perineal body and the urogenital diaphragm.^ Urogenital Notes ) uterine tube - (uterine horn, oviduct, fallopian tube, salpinx) A pair of tubular structures that transport the oocyte (egg) from the ovary to the uterus body.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ In reproductive anatomy used to describe appendages of the uterus "body"; ovaries, uterine tubes and uterus supporting ligaments.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

Secondarily, it is supported by ligaments and the peritoneum (broad ligament of uterus) [3]

Major ligaments

It is held in place by several peritoneal ligaments, of which the following are the most important (there are two of each):
Name From To
uterosacral ligament the posterior cervix the sacrum of pelvis
cardinal ligaments the side of the cervix the ischial spines
pubocervical ligament [3] the side of the cervix the pubic symphysis
Other named ligaments near the uterus, i.e. the broad ligament, the round ligament, the suspensory ligament of the ovary, the infundibulopelvic ligament, have no role in the support of the uterus.

Position

.Under normal circumstances the uterus is both "anteflexed" and "anteverted."^ Under normal circumstances the uterus is both "anteflexed" and "anteverted."
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]
  • What Does the Uterus Do? 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.news-medical.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the biopsy is normal, the patient will still hurt and may have adenomyosis hidden elsewhere under the surface of the uterus.

^ The form, size, and situation of the uterus vary at different periods of life and under different circumstances.
  • The Uterus - Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body - Yahoo! Education 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC education.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The meaning of these terms are described below:
Distinction More common Less common
Position tipped "anteverted": tipped forward "retroverted": tipped backwards
Position of fundus "anteflexed": the fundus is pointing forward relative to the cervix "retroflexed": the fundus is pointing backwards

Development

.The bilateral Müllerian ducts form during early fetal life.^ The bilateral Müllerian ducts form during early fetal life.
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This is an extreme example of complete failure of fusion of the 2 halves of the uterus (Mullerian ducts) during the fetal stage.

^ The role of imaging is to help detect, diagnose, and distinguish surgically correctable forms of müllerian duct anomalies from inoperable forms.
  • Uterus, Mullerian Duct Abnormalities: eMedicine Radiology 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.In males, MIF secreted from the testes leads to their regression.^ In males, MIF secreted from the testes leads to their regression.
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]

.In females these ducts give rise to the Fallopian tubes and the uterus.^ Radical hysterectomy —The primary treatment of uterine cancer is a hysterectomy in which the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries, surrounding tissue, and lymph glands are removed.
  • Uterine Cancer - Endometrial Cancer, Uterus, Hormonal Therapy - Life Extension Health Concern 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Support the health of the endometrial lining Maintain regular, normal menstrual periods Promote female reproductive health Support the health of the uterus and fallopian tubes Related Products: .
  • Maintain a Healthy Uterus Lining (Endometrium) & Female Pelvis Naturally 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Further information about Uterus symptoms is below, or review more specific information about these types of Uterus symptoms: cervix symptoms , fallopian tube symptoms , Adnexal tenderness , Cervical dilation , Cervical erosion , Abnormal uterine bleeding , Cervical cancer , Cervicitis or other types .
  • Uterus symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.In humans the lower segments of the two ducts fuse to form a single uterus, however, in cases of uterine malformations this development may be disturbed.^ In humans, a number of primordial follicles will begin to develop into primary follicles, some of which will then form antral follicles (secondary), with only a single antral follicle developing into the ovulating follicle (Graafian) each menstrual cycle.
  • UNSW Embryology- Development of the Reproductive System - Female Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC embryology.med.unsw.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ The organ formed on the wall of the uterus by the developing embryo that provides oxygen and other nourishment from the woman to her fetus and through which waste products are eliminated from the fetus.

^ High levels of estrogen may be the reason that obese women have an increased risk of developing uterine cancer.
  • What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Uterus - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC ha.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The different uterine forms in various mammals are due to various degrees of fusion of the two Müllerian ducts.^ The different uterine forms in various mammals are due to various degrees of fusion of the two Müllerian ducts.
  • Uterus Information & Uterus Links at HealthHaven.com 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC wiki.healthhaven.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Puddicombe, J.F. (1929) Some uterine anomalies due to variation in the fusion of the mullerian ducts.
  • Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus IV: Organ Systems: Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.anatomyatlases.org [Source type: Academic]

^ When no fusion occurs with the contralateral duct, a fibrous or fibrous muscular band usually connects the two horns (Falcone et al.
  • Case Report: Laparoscopic surgery of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary uterine horn -- Perrotin et al. 14 (4): 931 -- Human Reproduction 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC humrep.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

Sexual response

.Stimulation of the uterus can result in an intense orgasm.^ Stimulation of the G-spot leads to intense sexual arousal and orgasm in some women, and is also associated with female ejaculation.

^ Stimulation of the G spot leads to intense sexual arousal and orgasm in some women, and is also associated with female ejaculation.

Pathology

Some pathological states include:
.
  • Prolapse of the uterus
  • Carcinoma of the cervix – malignant neoplasm
  • Carcinoma of the uterus – malignant neoplasm
  • Fibroids – benign neoplasms
  • Adenomyosis – ectopic growth of endometrial tissue within the myometrium
  • Pyometra – infection of the uterus, most commonly seen in dogs
  • Uterine malformations mainly congenital malformations including Uterine Didelphys, bicornuate uterus and septate uterus.^ It is called endometrial cancer, uterine cancer, or cancer of the uterus.
    • What You Need To Know About™ Cancer of the Uterus - National Cancer Institute 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC ha.cancer.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Endometrial tissue outside the uterus; closely related to adenomyosis .

    ^ Endometrial carcinoma-general Uterus chapter .

    .It also includes congenital absence of the uterus Rokitansky Syndrome
  • Asherman's syndrome, also known as intrauterine adhesions occurs when the basal layer of the endometrium is damaged by instrumention (e.g.^ Congenital absence of the uterus.
    • Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus IV: Organ Systems: Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.anatomyatlases.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Cases of congenital absence of the os uteri, tripartite uteri, uterine diverticula, and uterus have been reported.
    • Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus IV: Organ Systems: Uterus 11 January 2010 14:39 UTC www.anatomyatlases.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Ashermans syndrome: intrauterine adhesions after D & C, causing amenorrhea; usually postpartum or post-termination, may be due to subclinical uterine infection .

    D&C) or infection (e.g. endometrial tuberculosis) resulting in endometrial scarring followed by adhesion formation which partially or completely obliterates the uterine cavity.

Additional images

See also

References

  1. ^ HersFoundation.orgl
  2. ^ Romer, Alfred Sherwood; Parsons, Thomas S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Holt-Saunders International. pp. 390–392. ISBN 0-03-910284-X. 
  3. ^ a b The Pelvis University College Cork

External links


Citable sentences

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