Woodworking: Wikis

  
  
  

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Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures.

Woodworking is the process of building, making or carving something using wood.

Contents

History

Ancient Egyptian woodworking
Woodworking shop in Germany in 1568, the worker in front is using a bow saw, the one in the background is planing

Along with stone, mud, and animal parts, wood was certainly one of the first materials worked by primitive human beings. Microwear analysis of the Mousterian stone tools used by the Neanderthals show that many were used to work wood. The development of civilization was closely tied to the development of increasingly greater degrees of skill in working these materials.

Among early finds of wooden tools are the worked sticks from Kalambo Falls, Clacton-on-Sea and Lehringen. The spears from Schöningen (Germany) provide some of the first examples of wooden hunting gear. Flint tools were used for carving. Since Neolithic times, carved wooden vessels are known, for example, from the Linear Pottery culture wells at Kückhofen and Eythra. Examples of Bronze Age wood-carving include tree trunks worked into coffins from northern Germany and Denmarkand wooden folding-chairs. The site of Fellbach-Schmieden in Germany has provided fine examples of wooden animal statues from the Iron Age. Wooden idols from the La Tène period are known from a sanctuary at the source of the Seine in France.

Two ancient civilizations that used woodworking were the Egyptians and the Chinese. Woodworking is depicted in many ancient Egyptian drawings, and a considerable amount of ancient Egyptian furniture (such as stools, chairs, tables, beds, chests) has been preserved in tombs. As well, the inner coffins found in the tombs were also made of wood. The metal used by the Egyptians for woodworking tools was originally copper and eventually, after 2000 BC bronze as ironworking was unknown until much later.[1] Commonly used woodworking tools included axes, adzes, chisels, pull saws, and bow drills. Mortise and tenon joints are attested from the earliest Predynastic period. These joints were strengthened using peg s, dowels and leather or cord lashings. Animal glue came to be used only in the New Kingdom period.[2] Ancient Egyptians invented the art of veneering and used varnishes for finishing, though the composition of these varnishes is unknown. Although different native acacias were used, as was the wood from the local sycamore and tamarisk trees, deforestation in the Nile valley resulted in the need for the importation of wood, notably cedar, but also Aleppo pine, boxwood and oak, starting from the Second Dynasty.[3]

The progenitors of Chinese woodworking are considered to be Lu Ban (魯班) and his wife Lady Yun, from the Spring and Autumn Period. Lu Ban is said to have brought the plane, chalkline, and other tools to China. His teachings are supposedly left behind in the book Lu Ban Jing (魯班經, "Manuscript of Lu Ban"), although it was written some 1500 years after his death. This book is filled largely with descriptions of dimensions for use in building various items such as flower pots, tables, altars, etc., and also contains extensive instructions concerning Feng Shui. It mentions almost nothing of the intricate glueless and nailless joinery for which Chinese furniture was so famous.

Materials

Historically, woodworkers relied upon the woods native to their region, until transportation and trade innovations made more exotic woods available to the craftsman. Woods can be sorted into three basic types: hardwoods typified by tight grain and derived from broadleaf trees, softwoods from coniferous trees, and man-made materials such as plywood and MDF.

Notable woodworkers

Damascene woodworkers carving wood for hookahs, 19th century.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Leospo, Enrichetta (2001), "Woodworking in Ancient Egypt", The Art of Woodworking, Turin: Museo Egizio, p.20
  2. ^ Leospo, pp.20-21
  3. ^ Leospo, pp. 17-19

References

  • Feirer, John L. (1988). Cabinetmaking and Millwork. Mission Hills California: Glencoe Publishing. ISBN 0-02-675950-0. 
  • Frid, Tage (1979). Tage Frid Teaches Woodworking. Newton, Connecticut: Taunton Press. ISBN 0-918804-03-5. 
  • Joyce, Edward; revised and expanded by Alan Peters (1987). Encyclopedia of Furniture Making. New York: Sterling Publishing Co.. ISBN 0-8069-6440-5 (ISBN 0-8069-7142-8 Paperback). 
  • Roubo, André Jacob (1769-1784). The Art of the Joiner. Paris: French Academy of Sciences. 

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

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Wikibooks-logo-en.svg Wikibooks has more on the topic of Woodworking.

Welcome to the Wood Workshop of the Division of Craft Arts (part of the School of Fine Arts) at Wikiversity. The workshop is just starting up, and we welcome all contributions. We need to work on ideas for a syllabus, textbook (over at wikibooks), and ancillary materials such as worksheets and exams. Also, standard layouts etc. for technical drawings for the Workshop.

Comments

Woodwork is something that I shall try my hand at sometime soon, fine woodwork is exciting stuff, how do they make those beautiful artifacts?

My suggestion for a standard layout of technical drawings is a free resource provided by Google, called Google SketchUp. This program is available for download free of charge from Google for anyone. Many woodworking publications are using this program for woodworking project plans, because it is available to everyone, and provides powerful resources for creating three dimensional models, and the ability to produce video of all views of three dimensional project plans. The program is easily mastered by anyone that can use a personal computer and mouse. In contrast traditional drafting can take years to master, and become expensive to scan. CAD programs are far more difficult and expensive. Without a doubt, all woodworkers will benefit from this free resource that can preserve and create a beautifully rich environment for new exponents of our craft.


Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection


Welcome to the woodworking Wikibook, a collaborative textbook aimed at beginners to the trade (and art) of cabinet making and joinery. Here you will learn from 'first principles', with emphasis on technique and building your skills, not working with ready-dressed timber and shop-sharpened tools. It is vital that the beginner, tentatively embarking into this fascinating world, is lead on a path that balances their desire to make beautiful furniture with their lack of knowledge of the fundamentals. Learning the latter requires hard work and tedious repetition, which can quickly sap the enthusiasm of even the experienced and dedicated; leaping straight to the former, however, will almost certainly result in frustration and poor quality results as the learner tries to reach beyond his or her ability.

We endeavour to find this path, in this book: acknowledging that the beginner's woodworking will often be curtailed by money, time, or space, but that within these restraints he or she wished to do the best work possible. If we fail at times, please feel free to edit or add the relevant text or images (or you can just leave a note on the talk page asking someone else to do it).

Table of Contents

  1. Setting up a home workshop Development stage: 00% (as of March 5th, 2007) — Acquiring the first tools, converting a garage or basement, and building a workbench are all covered in this chapter.
  2. Sharpening — Shaping, tuning, honing, and buffing of all woodworking edge tools.
  3. Essential Hand Tools — This chapter covers the basic hand tools found in most simple woodworking shops.
  4. …these chapters still to come (or you could help write them yourself!)…
  5. Glossary Development stage: 25% (as of March 5th, 2007)

Contributors

  • Sam Wilson
  • Dbr4good
  • SBJohnny
  • …add yourself here if you've contributed to this book.

Simple English

Woodworking is a skill. In woodworking, one can cut or sand (make wood smooth).

Safety measures

When one is doing woodworking, be careful of any potential harm. Remember to wear safety goggles or a facemask (like safety goggles. but to protect ones face). Do not wear long clothing, because it can get stuck in a tool.

Courses

There are a lot of woodworking classes, and lots of them are offered in middle schools.

In woodworking, the type of wood you get is very important. There are two types of wood: soft and hard wood. The words hard and soft wood comes from the type of tree it came from. So a hard pice of wood could be a soft wood.

There are a lot of tools that people use a lot during woodworking, such as sandpaper (used to make wood nice to touch), files, rasps (all used for trimming wood, cutting, etc), saws (cutting wood), and automatic saws (saws that use electricity to run).








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