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The extant works of Dvaita philosopher Sri Madhvacharya are many in number. The works span a wide spectrum of topics concerning Dvaita and Hindu philosophy. They comprise commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavadgita, Brahma Sutras and other works. The list of works (reproduced from the list given at - see link below) follows.


Commentaries on the Gita

This work focusses on explaining the meaning of Gita. This is said to be the first work of Sri Madhvacharya after his taking up sannyAsa, and at a very young age. Like all his other works, there is extremely brevity of expression, profusion of quotations from other authoritative sources (the exception being Brahmatarka, which is quoted in most other works), and is very definitive.

  • Gita Tatparya

This work compliments the Bhashya in two ways - it gives some alternate meanings to Gita (perhaps an indication to the truth in the quotation given in the Bhashya that Gita has at least 10 meanings) and reviews and criticizes some other commentaries on Gita, notably the advaita commentary on Gita.

Commentaries on the Brahmasutras

  • Brahmasutra Bhashya

This is a commentary on the Brahmasutras and covering every suutra. According to the Dvaita sampradaya, there are 564 sutras. More details can be seen from [1].

This has multiple commentaries, including some of the earliest disciples of Sri Madhvacharya --

  • Sattarkadiipaavali from Sri Padmanabha Tirtha
  • Tattvapradiipa from Sri Trivikrima Panditacharya
  • Tattvaprakaashikaa from Sri Jayatirtha

Sri Madhvacharya's treatment of Brahmasutras has many unique points:

Brahmasutras are considered decisive [nirNAyaka] of purport of the entire scriptures. This is unlike other traditions which consider the suutras as just an aid or a part of the process to arrive at the purport. And for this reason, Brahmasutras are part of paravidyA in dvaita, while it is not in other sampradAyAs.

Brahmasuutras are recited with an 'OM' at the beginning and the end.

Brahmasuutras' range of coverage is the entire shabdashAstra, not just that Upanishads.

According to Advaita, one of the prerequisites to studying Brahmasutras or doing brahmajijnAsa (i.e. an enquiry into nature of Brahman) requires a thorough understanding of the karmamiimaasma. According to Vishishtaadvaita, Brahmasutras comprise one unit of shaastra, along with karmamiimaamsa and daivii miimaamsaa. According to Dvaita, Brahmasuutras are a unit in themselves, and having devotion to Vishnu and detachment in regular materialism etc, form the minimum prerequisite. There is no stress on understanding of karmakANDa.

  • Anu Bhashya
  • Anu Vyakhyana
  • Nyaya Vivarana

Commentaries on the Upanishads

  • Ishavasya Upanishad Bhashya
  • Kena Upanishad Bhashya
  • Kathopanishad Upanishad Bhashya
  • Mundaka Upanishad Bhashya
  • Satprashna Upanishad Bhashya
  • Mandukya Upanishad Bhashya
  • Aitareya Upanishad Bhashya
  • Taittireya Upanishad Bhashya
  • Brihadaranyaka Upanishad Bhashya
  • Chandogya Upanishad Bhashya

Commentaries on the Vedas, Puranas and Mahabharata

Works related to Tattvavada (Philosophy of Truth)

  • Pramana Lakshana
  • Katha Lakshana
  • Upadhi Khandana
  • Prapanch Mithyatva-anumana Khandana
  • Mayavada Khandana
  • Tattva Samkhyana
  • Tattva Viveka
  • Tattvoddyota
  • Karma Nirnaya
  • Vishnu Tattva Vinirnaya

Other works

  • Yamaka Bharata
  • Narasimha Naka Stuti
  • Dvadasha stotra
  • Krishnamruta Maharnava [3]
  • Sadachara Smruti
  • Tantra Sara Sangraha
  • Yati Pranava Kalpa
  • Krishna Jayanti Nirnaya
  • Kanduka Stuti


External links



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