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Coordinates: 53°18′35″N 1°07′22″W / 53.3096°N 1.1227°W / 53.3096; -1.1227

Worksop
Picture (62).jpg
Worksop Town Sign
Worksop is located in Nottinghamshire
Worksop

 Worksop shown within Nottinghamshire
Population 39,072 
OS grid reference SK585795
District Bassetlaw
Shire county Nottinghamshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WORKSOP
Postcode district S80/S81
Dialling code 01909
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Bassetlaw
List of places: UK • England • Nottinghamshire

Worksop is the largest town in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England on the River Ryton at the northern edge of Sherwood Forest. It is about 19 miles (31 km) east-south-east of the City of Sheffield and its population is estimated (mid-2004) to be 39,800. It is twinned with the German town Garbsen.

Worksop is known as the "Gateway to the Dukeries", so called for the number of ducal residences in the area.

Contents

History

Evidence that Worksop existed before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 is provided by the Domesday Book of 1086:

"In Werchesope, (Worksop) Elsi (son of Caschin) had three carucates of land to be taxed. Land to eight ploughs. Roger has one plough in the demesne there, and twenty-two sokemen who hold twelve oxgangs of this land, and twenty-four villanes and eight bordars having twenty-two ploughs, and seven acres of meadow. Wood pasture two miles long, and three quarentens broad."[1]

This early period of the town's history was humorously depicted in the children's television show, Maid Marian and her Merry Men, where it was largely portrayed as a mass of mud.

After the conquest, in about 1103, William de Lovetot established a castle and Augustinian priory at Worksop. Subsequently Worksop grew into a market town. The building of the Chesterfield Canal in 1777, and the subsequent construction of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway in 1849, both of which passed through the settlement, led to a degree of growth. Discovery of sizable coal seams further increased interest in the area.

In recent years Worksop has been recognised as having a serious drugs problem attributed to the decline of coal mining in the early 1990s during the government of John Major. Now a dedicated drug and alcohol team have strived to clean up the once overwhelming problem that blighted the town. Since 2005 the number of addicts has been in a steady decline. The member of parliament for Bassetlaw, John Mann, has fought a high-profile campaign to tackle the problem,[citation needed] once described as being at levels seen in inner cities.

In June 2007 Worksop, along with several nearby villages, was hit by one of its worst floods for a hundred years.

Education

  • Welbeck College, a sixth-form college for potential army officers was based near Worksop from 1953 until 2005, and has now moved to Woodhouse in Leicestershire.
  • The Portland School is on Sparken Hill near the A57/B6034 roundabout.
  • Valley School is on Valley Road next to the leisure centre. Valley School achieves higher results at GCSE.
  • Both Portland and Valley have a Post 16 centre which works as a replacement to the sixth forms they had. They opened on 3rd September 2007. They offer a wide range of A level qualifications along with vocational courses. The centre runs in partnership with the two schools and the college.
  • North Notts College is on Carlton Road (A60).
  • Both of the two secondary schools in Worksop, have undergone a major redevelopment and have been rebuilt. Both old buildings have been knocked down.
  • Redlands primary is a school on Crown Street. It was the first school in Worksop to go under redevelopment.
  • Norbridge is a primary school on Valley Road near Valley School.
  • St. Johns primary is a school on Raymouth Lane at the end of Valley Road, it too is nearby Valley School.
  • The town is also home to Worksop College, a co-educational day and boarding school.

Health

Worksop is served by the Bassetlaw District General Hospital, part of the Doncaster and Bassetlaw NHS Foundation Trust. It is a large hospital, treating 33,000 people in year in addition to 38,000 emergencies at the A&E department. It is also used as a Teaching hospital by the University of Sheffield Medical School.

Local economy

An important manufacturer in the town is Premier Foods UK, which produces products such as Batchelor's Soups and Super Noodles and Oxo. Oxo is solely produced in Worksop. Greencore Sandwiches also have a production facility. The Wilkinson UK headquarters are at JK House, Manton Wood, south of the town on the A57. Their distribution centre is an important employer. There is also a B&Q distribution centre and a liquid chocolate manufacturing plant owned by OCG Cacao, part of Cargill.

Worksop has benefited from a large amount of new housing recently with a similar increase in businesses locating to the Worksop area, increasing the amount of jobs in the local economy.

Places of interest

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Worksop Priory

The Priory Church of Saint Mary and Saint Cuthbert, Worksop is a Church of England parish church.

Clumber Park

Clumber Park, just south of Worksop is a country park owned by the National Trust and is open to the public.

Mr Straw's House

Worksop is home to Mr Straw's House, the family home of the Straw family, which was left by the Straw brothers, William and Walter Straw when their parents died in the 1930s. The house remained unaltered until the National Trust acquired the house in the 1990s and opened it to the public.[2]

The Acorn Theatre

The Acorn Theatre is a 200 seat performing arts venue in Worksop town centre, providing a full programme of professional and amateur live theatre and folk music. It is a registered charity managed and run by volunteers,and the building has become the home of several community performing groups and a youth theatre.

The Worksop Regal

Young Potential have taken over the former Circle Arts and provide theatre and recording studio facilities in the heart of Worksop including professional live music and arts performances and a range of arts training courses and social support services. It is managed and run mainly by volunteers who believe that involvement with the arts is vital for individual and community health.

Many new businesses have relocated in Worksop, providing much support to the local economy.

Notable people from Worksop

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ White, Robert (1875) Worksop, The Dukery, and Sherwood Forest. Transcription at Nicholson, AP: Nottinghamshire History (Accessed 24 December 2005).
  2. ^ Mr Straw's House by The National Trust, accessed May 28, 2006.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

WORKSOP, a market town in the Bassetlaw parliamentary division of Nottinghamshire, England, on the Great Central and the Midland railways, and on the Chesterfield Canal, r5-. m. E.S.E. of Sheffield. Pop. of urban district (1901) 16,112. To the S. lies that portion of Sherwood Forest popularly known as the dukeries. The church of St Mary and St Cuthbert is an old priory church, once divided internally into two parts, the E. dedicated to St Mary being for the use of the canons, and the W. dedicated to St Cuthbert for the parishioners. At the Reformation only the W. portion of the church was spared, and for many years it was in a dilapidated condition until it was restored with Perpendicular additions. Behind it are the ruins of the lady chapel, containing some fine Early English work. The priory gatehouse, chiefly in the Decorated style, now forms the entrance to the precincts of the church. It is supposed to have been built early in the 14th century by the 3rd Lord Furnival, when the market was established. Of the priory itself the only remains are a wall at the N.W. corner of the church which includes the cloister gateway. There was formerly a Norman keep on the castle hill. The manor-house, built by John Talbot, 1st earl of Shrewsbury, and occasionally occupied by Mary, queen of Scots, during her captivity under the 6th earl, was in great part destroyed by fire in 1761, and when the estate came into the possession of the duke of Newcastle in 1840 the ruined portion was removed and a smaller mansion built.

The town hall and free library are the principal public buildings of Worksop. Malting is the principal industry. A large corn market and a cattle and horse fair are held. The town also possesses brass and iron foundries, agricultural implement works, saw-mills and chemical works; and there is a considerable trade in Windsor chairs and wood for packing-cases for Sheffield cutlery. There are collieries at Shireoaks, 3 m. W.


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