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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Logo of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is on the list that is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 state parties[1] which are elected by their General Assembly for a four-year term.[2] A World Heritage Site is a place of either cultural or physical significance.

The program catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund. The programme was founded with the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage,[3] which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on November 16, 1972. Since then, 186 state parties have ratified the convention.

As of 2009, 890 sites are listed: 689 cultural, 176 natural, and 25 mixed properties, in 148 states.[4][5] Italy is home to the greatest number of World Heritage Sites to date with 44 sites inscribed on the list. UNESCO references each World Heritage Site with an identification number; but new inscriptions often include previous sites now listed as part of larger descriptions. As a result, the identification numbers exceed 1200 even though there are fewer on the list.

Each World Heritage Site is the property of the state on whose territory the site is located, but it is considered in the interest of the international community to preserve each site.



Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt).
Site #174: Historic center of Florence (Italy).
Site #202: Sigiriya (Sri Lanka).
Site #292: Cologne Cathedral (Germany).
Site #307: The Statue of Liberty (United States).
Site #483: Chichen Itza in Yucatán (Mexico).
Site #540: Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and its suburbs (Russia).
Site #592: Borobudur in Central Java (Indonesia).
Site #597: Horezu Monastery in Horezu (Romania).
Site #772: The Banaue Rice Terraces in the mountains of Ifugao (Philippines).
Site #835: Medieval Town of Toruń (Poland).


In 1954, the government of Egypt decided to build the Aswan Dam (Aswan High Dam), an event that would flood a valley containing treasures of ancient Egypt such as the Abu Simbel temples. UNESCO then launched a worldwide safeguarding campaign. The Abu Simbel and Philae temples were taken apart, moved to a higher location, and put back together piece by piece.[6]

The cost of the project was US$80 million, about $40 million of which was collected from 50 countries. The project was regarded as a success, and led to other safeguarding campaigns, saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan, and the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia. UNESCO then initiated, with the International Council on Monuments and Sites, a draft convention to protect the common cultural heritage of humanity.

Convention and background

The United States initiated the idea of combining cultural conservation with nature conservation. A White House conference in 1965 called for a World Heritage Trust to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry." The International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in 1968, and they were presented in 1972 to the United Nations conference on Human Environment in Stockholm.

A single text was agreed on by all parties, and the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972.

Nominating process

A country must first take an inventory of its significant cultural and natural properties. This is called the Tentative List, and is important because a country may not nominate properties that have not already been included on the Tentative List. Next, it can select a property from this list to place into a Nomination File. The World Heritage Centre offers advice and help in preparing this file.

At this point, the file is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. These bodies then make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee. The Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List, and sometimes defers the decision to request more information from the country who nominated the site. There are ten selection criteria - a site must meet at least one of them to be included on the list.

Selection criteria

Until the end of 2004, there were six criteria for cultural heritage and four criteria for natural heritage. In 2005, this was modified so that there is only one set of ten criteria. Nominated sites must be of "outstanding universal value" and meet at least one of the ten criteria.[7]

Cultural criteria

  • I. "to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius";
  • II. "to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design";
  • III. "to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared";
  • IV. "to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history";
  • V. "to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change";
  • VI. "to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria.)

Natural criteria


There are 890 World Heritage Sites located in 148 countries (state parties). Of these, 689 are cultural, 176 are natural and 25 are mixed properties. The World Heritage Committee has divided the countries into five geographic zones: Africa, Arab States (composed of North Africa and the Middle East), Asia-Pacific (includes Australia and Oceania), Europe & the Americas (includes North America, and South America).

Russia and the Caucasus states are classified as European, while Mexico is classified as belonging to the Latin America & Caribbean zone. The UNESCO geographic zones also give greater emphasis on administrative, rather than geographic associations. Hence, Gough Island, located in the South Atlantic, is part of the Europe & North America region because the government of the United Kingdom nominated the site.

The table below includes a breakdown of the sites according to these zones and their classification:[8]

Zone Natural Cultural Mixed Total
Africa 33 42 3 78
Arab States 4 60 1 65
Asia-Pacific 48 129 9 186|[9]
Europe & North America 56 375 9 440
Latin America & Caribbean 35 83 3 121
Total 176 689 25 890

Lists of World Heritage Sites


  1. ^ According to the UNESCO World Heritage website, States Parties are countries that signed and ratified The World Heritage Convention. As of November 2007, there are a total of 186 state parties.
  2. ^ "The World Heritage Committee". UNESCO World Heritage Site. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  3. ^ Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage
  4. ^ World Heritage List, UNESCO World Heritage Sites official sites.
  5. ^ Twenty-seven new sites inscribed, UNESCO World Heritage Sites official sites.
  6. ^ Brief History, UNESCO World Heritage Sites official sites.
  7. ^ "Criteria for Selection". World Heritage. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  8. ^ Stats
  9. ^ The Uvs Nuur basin located in Russia and Mongolia is here included in Asia-Pacific zone.

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to UNESCO World Heritage List article)

From Wikitravel


This article is a travel topic.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site [1] is a site that has been nominated for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's International World Heritage program. The program aims to catalogue and preserve sites of outstanding importance, either cultural or natural, to the common heritage of humankind.

See also UNESCO Creative Cities, describing a recently instituted program recognizing entire cities with some similar characteristics, and the UNESCO Global Geoparks Network, for parks of great geological interest.

If you would like to help expanding Wikitravel's coverage of world heritage sites, like starting new guides etc., please check the Wikitravel:World Heritage Expedition





Burkina Faso


Cape Verde

Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande (2009)

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Democratic Republic of the Congo




  • Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda


  • Stone Circles of Senegambia
  • James Island and related sites



  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve


  • Lake Turkana National Parks (Sibiloi National Park, Central Island, South Island)
  • Mount Kenya National Park
  • Lamu Old Town
  • Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests


  • Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna
  • Archaeological Site of Cyrene
  • Archaeological Site of Sabratha
  • Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus
  • Old Town of Ghadamis





  • Banc d'Arguin National Park
  • Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichit and Oualata


  • Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis
  • Le Morne Cultural Landscape




  • Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes


  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves
  • W National Park


Saint Helena

#United Kingdom



  • Aldabra Atoll
  • Vallee de Mai Nature Reserve

South Africa


  • Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region







The Americas



  • Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System
  • Historic Town of St. George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda



  • Historic town of Ouro Preto
  • Historic centre of the town of Olinda
  • Historic centre of Salvador da Bahia
  • Sanctuary of Bom Jesus de Congonhas
  • Iguaçu National Park - see Iguaçu Falls
  • Brasilia
  • Serra da Capivara National Park
  • Historic centre of Sao Luis
  • Historic centre of the town of Diamantina
  • Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves: Una Biological Reserve | Pau Brasil CEPLAC Experimental Station | Sooretama Biological Reserve | Monte Pascoal National Park | Pau Brasil National Park | Descobrimento National Park | Veracruz Station Private Natural Heritage Reserve | Linhares Forest Reserve
  • Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserves: Guaraqueçaba Ecological Station | Xituê Ecological Station | Chauás Ecological Station | Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station | Ilha do Mel Ecological Station | Guaraguaçu Ecological Station | Carlos Botelho State Park | Intervales State Park | Ilha do Cardoso State Park | Jacupiranga State Park | Pariquera-Abaixo State Park | Alto Ribeira State Tourist Park | Superagüi National Park | Lauraceas State Park | Pico do Marumbi State Park | Roberto E. Lange State Park | Serra da Graciosa State Park | Pau Oco State Park | Serras do Cordeiro, Paratiu, Itapuã e Itinga Wildlife Zone | Serras de Arrepiado e Tombador Wildlife Zone | Mangues Wildlife Zone | Serra do Itapitangui (e Mandira) Wildlife Zone | Ilhas Oceânicas Wildlife Zone | Ilha Comprida Wildlife Zone | Salto Morato Private Reserve of Natural Protection | Cananéia-Iguape-Peruíbe Environmental Protection Area | Guaraqueçaba Environmental Protection Area | Ilha Comprida Environmental Protection Area | Serra do Mar Environmental Protection Area | Marumbi Environmental Protection Area
  • Pantanal Conservation Area
  • Central Amazon Conservation Complex: Jaú National Park
  • Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks
  • Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves
  • Historic centre of the town of Goias
  • Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: São Miguel das Missões


Moraine Lake, Banff National Park
Moraine Lake, Banff National Park


  • Rapa Nui National Park - see Easter Island
  • Churches of Chiloe Island: Achao, Quinchao and Caguach churches, Quinchao | Castro, Rilán, Nercón and Chelín churches, Castro | Aldachildo, Ichuac and Detif churches, Puqueldón | Vilupuili and Chonchi churches, Chonchi | Tenaún and Colo churches, Quemchi | San Juan and Dalcahue churches, Dalcahue
  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Atacama Desert
  • Historic quarter of the seaport city of Valparaiso
  • Sewell Mining Town


Costa Rica


  • Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
  • Old Havana and its fortifications
  • Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios
  • San Pedro de la Roca castle, Santiago de Cuba
  • Desembarco del Granma National Park
  • Vinales Valley near Viñales in the Pinar del Rio province
  • Archaeological landscape of the first coffee plantations in the Southeast of Cuba (Sierra Maestra)
  • Alejandro de Humboldt National Park


  • Morne Trois Pitons National Park

Dominican Republic


El Salvador

  • Joya de Ceren archaeological site


See Denmark.



  • National History Park - Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers



  • Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila
  • Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche
  • Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco
  • Archeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes, Chihuahua
  • Copper Canyon(Spanish: Barranca del Cobre)Chihuahua
  • Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl
  • El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City
  • Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco
  • Historic Centre of Morelia
  • Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán
  • Historic Centre of Puebla
  • Historic Centre of Zacatecas
  • Historic Fortified Town of Campeche
  • Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro
  • Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan
  • Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines
  • Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara
  • Islands of the Gulf of California
  • Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque
  • Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen Itza
  • Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan
  • Prehispanic City of Uxmal
  • Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco
  • Sian Ka'an biosphere reserve, Quintana Roo
  • Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
  • Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro
  • Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City


Netherlands Antilles, The Netherlands

  • Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Netherlands Antilles


  • Coiba National Park
  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves/La Amistad National Park
  • Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo
  • Darien National Park
  • Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá



Puerto Rico

See USA.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

  • Pitons Management Area


  • Central Suriname Nature Reserve
  • Historic Inner City of Paramaribo

United States of America





  • Minaret and archaeological remains of Jam
  • Cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley: Bamiyan Cliff including niches of the 38 meter Buddha, seated Buddhas, 55 meter Buddha and surrounding caves | Kakrak Valley caves including the niche of the standing Buddha | Qoul-I Akram Caves in the Fuladi Valley | Kalai Ghamai Caves in the Fuladi Valley | Shahr-i-Zuhak | Qallay Kaphari A | Qallay Kaphari B | Shahr-i-Ghulghulah


  • The monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin in Armenia's Lori Province (1996, 2000)
  • The monastery of Geghard and the upper Azat Valley in Armenia's Kotayk Province (2000)
  • The cathedral and churches of Echmiadzin and the archaeological site of Zvartnots (2000)


  • The Walled city of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (2000)
  • Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape (2007)


  • Qal'at al-Bahrain - Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun


  • Historic mosque city of Bagerhat
  • Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
  • The Sundarbans



  • Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang (1987, 2004)
  • Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, with the terracotta warriors Xian (1987)
  • Mogao Caves, Dunhuang (1987)
  • Mount Taishan (1987)
  • Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian (1987)
  • The Great Wall of China (1987)
  • Mount Huangshan (1990)
  • Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
  • Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
  • Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
  • Ancient building complex in the Wudang Mountains, center of taoist monasteries and "internal" kung fu, in Hubei (1994)
  • Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa: Potala Palace | Jokhang Temple Monastery | Norbulingka (1994, 2000, 2001)
  • Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde (1994)
  • Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (1994)
  • Lushan National Park (1996)
  • Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area (1996)
  • Ancient City of Ping Yao (1997)
  • Classical Gardens of Suzhou (1997, 2000)
  • Old Town of Lijiang (1997)
  • Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing (1998)
  • Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing (1998)
  • Dazu - Buddhist rock carvings from 9th-13th century located in Chongqing municipality. (1999)
  • Mount Wuyi, a scenic and historic area in Fujian (1999)
  • Ancient Villages in Southern AnhuiXidi and Hongcun (2000)
  • Imperial tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties: Xianling tomb, Zhongxiang | Eastern Qing tombs, Zunhua | Western Qing tombs, Yixian and Baoding | Ming tombs, Changping | Xiaoling, Chang Yushun, Qiu Cheng, Wu Liang, Wu Zhen, Xu Da and Li Wenzhong tombs, Nanjing (2000, 2003, 2004)
  • Longmen Grottoes, near Luoyang (2000)
  • Mount Qincheng and the Dujiangyan irrigation system, near Chengdu (2000)
  • Yungang Grottoes (Datong) (2001)
  • Three parallel rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas: Gaoligong and Yunling Mountains, Nujiang | Baimang-Meili and Haba Snow Mountains, Red and Qianghu Mountain, Diqing | Laowoshan, Nujiang and Diqing | Laojunshan, Lijiang (2003)
  • Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom (Huanren County, Liaoning Province and Ji’an, Jilin Province) (2004). Koguryo tombs in North Korea are also listed.
  • Historic Centre of Macao (2005)
  • Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains (2006)
  • Yin Xu (Anyang) (2006)
  • Kaiping Diaolou ("castles") and Villages (2007)
  • South China Karst, in Yunnan, Guizhou, and Guangxi Provinces (2007)
  • Fujian Tulou, the earth houses of the Hakka people in Yongding County in the West of the province (2008)
  • Mount Sanqingshan National Park, a Taoist mountain in Jiangxi (2008)
  • Mount Wutai (2009)





  • Hatra
  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)
  • Samarra (archaeological city)



Floating torii of Itsukushima
Floating torii of Itsukushima


  • Petra
  • Quseir Amra
  • Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)



Korea, North

  • Complex of Koguryo Tombs (Koguryo relics in China are also listed.)

Korea, South

Changdeokgung, Seoul
Changdeokgung, Seoul



  • Anjar
  • Baalbek
  • Byblos
  • Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)
  • Tyre





  • Archaeological sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn
  • Bahla Fort
  • The Frankincense Trail
  • Aflaj Irrigation Systems


  • Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro
  • Buddhist Ruins at Takht-i-Bahi and Neighboring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol
  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore
  • Historic Monuments of Thatta
  • Rohtas Fort
  • Taxila


Sri Lanka




  • Kunya-Urgench
  • State Historical and Cultural Park "Ancient Merv"
  • The Parthian Fortresses of Nisa






New South Wales


Northern Territory


Western Australia

South Australia

  • Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh/Naracoorte)



New Zealand

Pitcairn Islands

Solomon Islands




  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (which lies to the south and east of Andorra La Vella) (2004, 2006)


The Clock Tower at Graz, Austria
The Clock Tower at Graz, Austria



  • Flemish Beguinages
  • Belfries of Belgium and France:
    • Belfry and aldermen's house, Aalst
    • Cathedral of Our Lady, Antwerp
    • City hall, Antwerp
    • Belfry and halls, Bruges
    • City hall with belfry, Dendermonde
    • City hall with belfry, Diksmuide
    • City hall with belfry, Eeklo
    • Belfry, clothmakers' hall and Mammelokker (old prison), Ghent
    • Former city hall / clothmakers' hall, Herentals
    • Belfry with clothmakers' hall, Ypres
    • Belfry or hall tower, Kortrijk
    • St. Peter's church / Belfry, Leuven
    • City hall and belfry tower, Lier
    • Former city hall with belfry, Lo-Reninge
    • Old hall with belfry, Mechelen
    • St. Rumbold's tower, Mechelen
    • Belfry and City hall, Menen
    • Hall with belfry, Nieuwpoort
    • City hall with belfry, Oudenaarde
    • City hall, hall and belfry, Roeselare
    • City hall with tower, Sint-Truiden
    • Hall tower or belfry, hall and aldermen's room, Tielt
    • St. Germain's church with city tower, Tienen
    • Basilica of Our Lady with city tower, Tongeren
    • Country house with belfry, Veurne
    • St. Leonard's church, Zoutleeuw
    • City hall belfry, Binche
    • City hall belfry, Charleroi
    • Belfry, Mons
    • Belfry, Namur
    • Belfry, Thuin
    • Belfry, Tournai
    • Belfry, Gembloux
See also: France
  • Historic Centre of Bruges | Historic Centre of Veurne
  • La Grand-Place, Brussels
  • Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta, Brussels
  • Neolithic Flint Mines, Spiennes
  • Notre-Dame Cathedral, Tournai
  • Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex, Antwerp
  • Stoclet House, Brussels (2009)
  • The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar
  • Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad




  • Paphos
  • Painted churches in the Troodos region: Church of Ayios Nikolaos (St. Nicholas) tis Steyis, Kakopetria | Ayios Ionannis (St. John) Lambadhistis Monastery, Kalopanayiotis | Church of Panayia (the Virgin) Phorviotissa (Asinou), Nikitart | Church of Panayia (the Virgin) tou Arakou, Lagoudhera | Church of Panayia (the Virgin), Moutoullas | Church of Archangelos Michael (Archangel Michael), Pedhoulas | Church of Timios Stavros (Holy Cross), Pelendria | Church of Panayia (the Virgin) Podhithou, Galata | Church of Stavros (Holy Cross) Ayiasmati, Platanistasa | Church of Ayia Sotira (of the transfiguration of the Savior) tou Soteros, Palaichori
  • Choirokoitia

Czech Republic




Suomenlinna, Helsinki
Suomenlinna, Helsinki


  • Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay
  • Chartres Cathedral
  • Palace and Park of Versailles
  • Vézelay, Church and Hill
  • Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley, in Dordogne Region
  • Palace and Park of Fontainebleau
  • Amiens Cathedral
  • Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange
  • Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles
  • Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay
  • Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans
  • Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy
  • Church of Saint-Savin sur Gartempe
  • Cape Girolata, Cape Porto, Scandola Nature Reserve and the Piana Calanches in Corsica
  • Le Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)
  • Strasbourg - Grande île
  • Paris, Banks of the Seine
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims
  • Bourges Cathedral
  • Le Havre
  • Historic Centre of Avignon
  • Canal du Midi, which runs from Toulouse to Sète
  • Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne
  • Pyrénées - Mont Perdu
  • Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France
  • Historic Site of Lyon
  • Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion
  • The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes
  • Belfries of Belgium and France: Belfry of the Town Hall, Armentières | Belfry of the Town Hall, Bailleul | Belfry of Bergues | Belfry of the Church of St-Martin, Cambrai | Belfry of the Town Hal,l Comines | Belfry of the Town Hall, Douai | Belfry of the Church of St-Eloi, Dunkerque| Belfry of the Town Hall, Dunkerque | Belfry of Gravelines | Belfry of the Town Hall, Lille | Belfry of the Town Hall Loos | Belfry of the Town Hall, Aire-sur-la-Lys | Belfry of the Town Hall, Arras | Belfry of Béthune | Belfry of the Town Hall Boulogne-sur-Mer | Belfry of the Town Hall Calais | Belfry of the Town Hall, Hesdin | Belfry Abbeville| Belfry Amiens| Belfry of the Old Community Hall, Doullens| Belfry of Lucheux| Belfry of Rue| Belfry of Saint-Riquier (For Belgian Belfries see Belgium above)
  • Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs
  • The Historic Centre of Bordeaux, Port of the Moon



  • Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae
  • Archaeological Site of Delphi
  • Acropolis, Athens
  • Mount Athos
  • Meteora
  • Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessaloniki
  • Archaeological Site of Epidaurus
  • Medieval City of Rhodes
  • Mystras, Sparta
  • Archaeological Site of Olympia
  • Delos, Cyclades
  • Monasteries of Daphni, Hossios Luckas and Nea Moni of Chios
  • Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos
  • Archaeological Site of Vergina
  • Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns, Corinth
  • Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint John "the Theologian" and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos
  • The Old Town of Corfu


Jvari Monastery above Mtskheta
Jvari Monastery above Mtskheta


  • Caves of the Aggtelek and Slovak Karst
  • Budapest, the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, and Andrássy Avenue
  • Fertö/Neusiedlersee cultural landscape
  • Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings
  • Hortobágy National Park
  • Millenary Benedictine Monastery of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment
  • Pécs (Sopianae) Early Christian Cemetery
  • Tokaj Wine Region Cultural Landscape







  • City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications


  • Ohrid Region with its Cultural and Historic Aspect and its Natural Environment




  • Durmitor National Park (1980)
  • Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (1979)

The Netherlands




  • Alto Douro Wine Region
  • Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroísmo on Terceira Island, Azores
  • Convent of Christ in Tomar
  • Cultural Landscape of Sintra
  • Historic Centre of Évora
  • Historic Centre of Guimarães
  • Historic Centre of Porto
  • Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture
  • Laurisilva forests of Madeira
  • Monastery of Alcobaça
  • Monastery of Batalha
  • Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belem in Lisbon
  • Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley




  • Medieval Monuments of Kosovo
  • Stari Ras and Sopocani
  • Studenica Monastery
  • Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius


  • Caves of the Aggtelek and Slovak Karst
  • Historic Town of Banska Stiavnica and the Technical Monuments in its Vicinity
  • Bardejov Town Conservation Reserve
  • Spišský Hrad and its Associated Cultural Monuments
  • Vlkolinec
  • Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians







  • Kiev: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra
  • Lviv - the Ensemble of the Historic Center
  • Struve Geodetic Arc
  • Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians

United Kingdom

Durham Cathedral
Durham Cathedral
Durdle Door on the Jurassic Coast
Durdle Door on the Jurassic Coast
Harlech Castle
Harlech Castle

Vatican City

Vatican City from the top of St Peter's Basilica
Vatican City from the top of St Peter's Basilica

Delisted Sites

The following are sites that were once registered World Heritage Sites but have since been taken off the list:

  • Arabian Oryx Sanctuary in Oman NB: Site became first to be removed from List in 2007 for reduction in the habitat of the Oryx
  • Dresden Elbe Valley in Germany (delisted in 2009)

Simple English

World Heritage Sites are places in the world which are very important from the cultural or natural point of view. Such sites are selected by UNESCO, a part of the United Nations.

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