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The World Series of Rock was a recurring, day-long and usually multi-act summer rock concert held outdoors at Cleveland Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio from 1974 through 1980.[1] Belkin Productions staged these events, attracting popular hard rock bands and as many as 88,000 fans. FM rock radio station WMMS sponsored the concerts.[2] Attendance was by general admission.

The World Series of Rock was known not only for its arena rock spectacle, but was also notorious for the rowdiness, rampant drug use and drunkenness of the crowd.[3] As a result, concertgoers occasionally fell—or jumped—off the steep stadium upper deck onto the concrete seating area far below, causing serious injury.[4] The Cleveland Free Clinic staffed aid stations in the stadium with physicians, nurses and other volunteers, and through 1977, made its treatment statistics public. From 1978, Belkin Productions conditioned its funding of the Free Clinic on the Clinic's nondisclosure of the number of Clinic staff on duty at the concerts, the nature of conditions treated, and quantity of patients treated.[5]

Cleveland Stadium was the home field of the Cleveland Indians American League baseball club, which played out of town at the time of the concerts. Stadium officials allowed fans to congregate near the stage on the playing field, which required fixing the turf before the Indians returned home. After the 1975 football season, the field was completely re-surfaced and a drainage system was installed due to damage from the rock concerts. The first concert of the 1976 season featuring Aerosmith, Todd Rundgren's Utopia, Jeff Beck (with the Jan Hammer Group) and Derringer scheduled for July 11 was canceled due to concerns about damage to the new turf. The concert was re-scheduled for the Coliseum at Richfield on July 28 with Aerosmith, Derringer and Stu Daye on the bill.[6] No concerts took place in 1976 but the promoters resumed the series in 1977 after employing a field covering system.

Violence outside the stadium in the early morning hours before the July 28, 1979 concert marred the event. Thousands of fans had camped around the stadium to position themselves for the best seats when the gates opened. Media outlets reported five shootings (including one fatality), eight robberies and numerous incidents of theft, vandalism and gang violence. Belkin Productions rescheduled a concert slated for August 19, 1979 and, under pressure from city officials, soon canceled it altogether. The last World Series of Rock concert took place on July 19, 1980.

Cleveland Stadium was demolished in 1996, and replaced with Cleveland Browns Stadium built on the same site. County Stadium in Milwaukee, Wisconsin staged its own series of rock festivals, also called the World Series of Rock, in the early 1980s. Since then, "World Series of Rock" has become a generic term for multi-act concerts.

Contents

Concert lineups

June 23, 1974[7]

August 4, 1974[8]

September 1, 1974[9]

May 31, 1975[10]

June 14, 1975[11]

July 11, 1975[12]

August 23, 1975[13]

June 5, 1977[14]

June 25, 1977[15]

August 6, 1977[16]

July 1, 1978[17]

July 15, 1978[18]

August 26, 1978[19]

July 28, 1979[20]

July 19, 1980[21]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Toman, James A. (1997). Cleveland Stadium: The Last Chapter. Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Landmarks Press, Inc.. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0936760109.  
  2. ^ Gorman, John, with Feran, Tom (2007). The Buzzard: Inside the Glory Days of WMMS and Cleveland Rock Radio. Cleveland, Ohio: Gray & Company. pp. 72–79. ISBN 9781886228474.  
  3. ^ Kinney, Brian, "Some fans got off on music, others high on marijuana," Cleveland Press, September 2, 1974, p. A-4. Hitchcock, Craig and Chace, Susan, “Crowd control is questioned,” The Cleveland Press, July 30, 1979, p. A-1.
  4. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “88,000 rock fans win Modell’s praise,” Cleveland Press, September 2, 1974, p. A-1 (concertgoer jumped or fell through net behind home plate). Bornino, Bruno, “Rainy Sunday,” Cleveland Press, June 6, 1977, p. C-1 (concertgoer leaped from upper deck). The Cleveland Plain Dealer, “Fleetwood Mac show crowd praised as best behaved,” August 27, 1978 (man hanging from rafters lost grip and fell from upper deck). The Cleveland Press, “Fleetwood Mac concertgoers are rob victims,” August 28, 1978, p. A-12 (man fell trying to climb screen behind home plate).
  5. ^ Holden, Robert H., “It’s a gas, gas, gas[,] Roisterous crowd greets Rolling Stones,” The Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 2, 1978, p. A-1.
  6. ^ Scott, Jane. "The Happening" The Plain Dealer July 2, 1976: Friday p.30
  7. ^ The Cleveland Plain Dealer, “Bases loaded,” June 24, 1974 (photo caption); The Cleveland Press, “It’s a hit, all bases are covered,” June 24, 1974 (photo caption).
  8. ^ The Cleveland Plain Dealer, “Rock music pulls 40,000 to Stadium, August 5, 1974, p. 6-C.
  9. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “88,000 rock fans win Modell’s praise,” Cleveland Press, September 2, 1974, p. A-1.
  10. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Surf is up for the Beach Boys, Chicago brings windy sound,” Cleveland Press, June 2, 1975, p. D-9.
  11. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Mick Mecca,” The Cleveland Press, June 16, 1975, p. B-8.
  12. ^ Cleveland Press, “Rock, soccer polkas IN stadium this weekend” July 11, 1975, p. 24.
  13. ^ Cleveland Press, “Stadium is rocking,” August 23, 1975, p. A-1.
  14. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Rainy Sunday,” Cleveland Press, June 6, 1977, p. C-1.
  15. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Stadium rocks inside and out,” Cleveland Press, June 27, 1977, p. B-2. “Rock concert goers litter downtown,” Cleveland Press, June 27, 1977, p. A-4.
  16. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Wet rockers unbeatable,” The Cleveland Press, August 8, 1977.
  17. ^ Bornino, Bruno and Banks, Sandy, “City becomes Rocktown as 86,000 fans roll in,” The Cleveland Press, July 1, 1978, p. 1. Scott, Jane, “83,000 rock and roll with Jagger,” The Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 2, 1978, p. 1-1.
  18. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “62,000 see ELO’s UFO,” The Cleveland Press, July 17, 1978. Scott, Jane, “The happening,” The Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 14, 1978.
  19. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Fans ‘get religion’ at Stadium concert,” The Cleveland Press, August 28, 1978, p. B-6. The Cleveland Plain Dealer, “Fleetwood Mac show crowd praised as best behaved,” August 27, 1978. The Cleveland Press, “Fleetwood Mac concertgoers are rob victims,” August 28, 1978, p. A-12.
  20. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “‘Series’ was loud as concerts go,” Cleveland Press, July 30, 1979, p. A-8. Hitchcock, Craig and Chace, Susan, “Crowd control is questioned,” The Cleveland Press, July 30, 1979, p. A-1.
  21. ^ Bornino, Bruno, “Stadium shakes at World Series of Rock,” The Cleveland Press, July 21, 1980, p. B-5.

Further reading

  • Wolff, Carlo, Cleveland Rock & Roll Memories: True and Tall Tales of the Glory Days, Told By Musicians, DJs, Promoters & Fans Who Made the Scene in the '60s, '70s, and '80s, Gray & Company, Publishers (2006), ISBN 978-1-886228-99-3. [1]
  • Hanson, Debbie, "Jules Belkin - Making Cleveland Rock" (2004). [2]

Links

Murray Saul and Shelly Stile of WMMS open a World Series of Rock show in 1975 [3], retrieved from www.youtube.com on August 10, 2008.

AC/DC perform at World Series of Rock concert of July 28, 1979 [4], retrieved from www.youtube.com on March 29, 2009.

Biography of Mike Belkin, principal of Belkin Productions. [5]

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