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< World War II

"Operation Overlord" also known as D-Day occurred on June 6, 1944. Operation Overlord was planned months in advance. Dwight D. Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe and made the decision to begin the attack on June 6 despite the unfavorable weather forecast for that day. Three airborne divisions began the attack during the early morning hours before dawn. Composed of two American divisions, the 82nd and 101st, and one British division, the 6th, paratroopers and gliderborne troops began the assault to free the mainland of Europe. The goal of the airborne assault was to cut off any counter attack possibilities by German forces, to secure key roadways, and strategic points. Behind the advanced assault of airborne soldiers came the primary invasion of three American infantry divisions, the 4th, 29th,and 1st Infantry Divisions on beaches codenamed Utah and Omaha, with two British Divisions and one Canadain on beaches marked Sword, Gold, and Juno. With the placement of infantry on mainland France, the battle of Normandy had begun. A battle that in the end would involve the liberation of France and the end of the Nazi control of Western Europe. France was liberated within weeks.


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