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In both science fiction and utopian/dystopian fiction, authors have made frequent use of the age-old idea of a global state and, accordingly, of world government.



In tune with Immanuel Kant's vision of a world state based on the voluntary political union of all countries of this planet in order to avoid colonialism and in particular any future war ("Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht", 1784; "Zum ewigen Frieden", 1795), some of these scenarios depict an egalitarian and environmentally sustainable world supervised (rather than controlled) by a benevolent (and usually democratic) world government. Others, however, describe the effects of a totalitarian regime which, after having seized power in one country, annexes the rest of the world in order to dominate and oppress all humankind.

One major influence was Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward. The best-known advocate of world government was H. G. Wells. He describes such a system in The Shape of Things to Come, Men Like Gods and The World Set Free.

Some writers have also parodied the idea: E. M. Forster's The Machine Stops (1909) and Aldous Huxley's 1932 novel Brave New World. Wells himself wrote The Sleeper Awakes, an early vision of a dystopian world.

World government themes in science fiction are particularly prominent in the years following World War II, coincident with the involvement of many scientists in the actual political movement for world government in response to the perceived dangers of nuclear holocaust. Prominent examples from the Cold War era include Childhood's End (1953), Starship Troopers (1959), Star Trek (from 1966) and the Doctor Who story The Enemy of the World (1968). Later references to a unified world government also appear however in post-Cold War science fiction television series such as Babylon 5.

The concept also appears frequently in science fiction anime, whether in the form of a strengthened United Nations or an entirely new organizations with world presidential election. Examples of anime with this premise are Macross (adapted in America as the first part of Robotech) and Gundam.

For there to be a President of Earth, obviously the World Federalist Movement would have to eventually succeed in taking over the world.

President of Earth

President of Earth is a fictional concept or character who is the ruler of the planet Earth. Examples include:

  • President Thawne (grandfather of Bart Allen) the DC comic character who made his first appearance in Impulse #25, May 1997.[1]
  • A poem "The President of Earth" by Author David Kennedy (b1959) in a book with the same title,[2][3]
  • In the 1968 film Barbarella, Barbarella is sent out by the President of Earth.
  • In Babylon 5: In the Beginning, the president of Earth orders all available ships to form a line around the planet in a vain attempt to stave off the final Minbari obliteration of the human race. This, the Battle of the Line, is the final battle of the war.

World governmental organizations in fiction and popular culture

  • Three rival world governments are featured in the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell.
  • Global Defence Initiative (a powerful military branch of the UN) in the Command & Conquer series of video games.
  • The Confederation in Peter F Hamilton's Night's Dawn Trilogy (or more specifically GovCentral and most planetary governments, some even stretch across multiple systems).
  • The Imperium in Warhammer 40000 is a large sprawling empire spanning many planets.
  • The Unified Earth Government (the root of the United Nations Space Command) in Halo is an interplanetary government.
  • The United Earth Federation in the video game Supreme Commander is a Martial Government that rules all of Earth and several other planets in the galaxy.
  • The United States of Earth is the fictional world government in the animated science-fiction comedy series Futurama. It is also supported by D.O.O.P., an interplanetary equivalent to the United Nations.
  • The United Earth Directorate from the Starcraft series is a government controlling Earth. Meanwhile, the Terran Confederacy and later the Terran Dominion control a number of the other planets that humans inhabit.
  • United Earth is the governing body of Earth in the Star Trek franchise. It was formed after Earth made first contact with Vulcans and was later a political subdivision of the United Federation of Planets.
  • World Government in the Japanese manga and anime series One Piece.
  • In Eoin Colfer's The Supernaturalist, it is stated that all international boundaries were erased in a "one world" act.
  • The Earth Alliance in Babylon 5 was founded in 2085 as a democracy, and conquered most nations who refused to join by 2150.
  • The Earth Federation in the Gundam anime series, formed as a response to widespread famine, disease and war. It forced most of the earth population into space colonies.
  • The Terran Confederation in the Wing Commander universe, is a federal republic formed in 2416.
  • The Terran Federation in Robert A. Heinlein's Starship Troopers, formed by a group of veterans after the collapse of national governments around the world. Only those who have served in the military are allowed to vote.
  • In The Forever War by Joe Haldeman, the United Nations is a world government, who carefully controls food resources and officially endorses homosexuality to control overpopulation.
  • The Alliance in the Firefly universe is a result of a Chinese and American alliance.
  • The CoDominium, from the CoDominium series by Jerry Pournelle is a union of the United States and the USSR which serves as world government.
  • In Gerry Anderson's tv series Fireball XL5, Stingray, Thunderbirds, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons and Joe 90, Feature the World Army, the World Navy and the World Air Force, also the World Aquanaut Security Patrol (The W.A.S.P'S), the World Space Patrol (W.S.P) and Universal Secret Service (U.S.S). All run by a World Government (overseen by a world President) located in the world capital Futura City.
  • In his scurrilous novel New Shoes, RD Le Coeur has the president of earth as Bernado Bohemoth Beelzebub who the alien visitors come seeking on Earth. ISBN 9781849238823
  • In Orson Scott Card's "Shadow of the Giant", Peter Wiggin becomes Hegemon over the Earth.

See also


  1. ^ Kelson Vibber (November 15, 2004). "President Thawne" (Web). Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  2. ^ "David Kennedy; The President of Earth" (Web). Book Review. 3 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  3. ^ Kennedy, David (2002). The President of Earth: New and Selected Poems. Salt Publishing. ISBN 1876857102.  
  4. ^ "Star Trek VI - The Undiscovered Country" (Web). (Two-Disc Special Collector's Edition) (1991). 1991. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  5. ^ "President of Earth" (Web). From Memory Alpha, the free Star Trek reference. 24 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  6. ^ Booker, M. Keith. Drawn to Television: Prime-Time Animation from The Flintstones to Family Guy.  

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