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Pfeddersheim
Church and vineyards in Pfeddersheim
Church and vineyards in Pfeddersheim
Coat of arms of Pfeddersheim
Pfeddersheim is located in Germany
Pfeddersheim
Coordinates 49°39′0″N 8°17′0″E / 49.65°N 8.283333°E / 49.65; 8.283333
Administration
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
Admin. region urban area
District Worms
Local representative Alfred Haag (SPD)
Governing party SPD
Basic statistics
Population 7,414  (16 January 2010)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate WO
Postal code 67551
Area code 06247
Website http://www.pfeddersheim.de

The former free imperial city Pfeddersheim (German pronunciation: [ˈpfedɐs haʏm]; locally [ˈpedɛʒm]) is a borough of Worms since 1969. It became a borough after 2,000 years of independent history.

It is located in the Pfrimm valley in Rhenish Hesse and surrounded by Riesling vineyards. The well-preserved defensive towers and wall are tourist attractions, as are the synagogue and the Lutheran-Catholic Simultankirche (a church which contains a Lutheran and a Catholic church in one building). The village also has school museum.

Contents

History

Pfeddersheim was first mentioned in 754, the area was however occupied from Roman times on, as archaeological evidence suggests. Its modern name is derived from the Latin Paternus. Pfeddersheim was owned by the Frankish kings from the 5th century onwards. They developed the village and it was given town privileges at around 1300 by King Albert I of Habsburg. The town became so rich and important that it became a member of the Rhenish City-League in 1381, like the cities of Frankfurt, Mainz, Strasburg and Worms. This freedom lasted only for a short while and Pfeddersheim came under the control of the Electoral Palatinate in 1465.

Several fierce battles were fought in the vicinity of Pfeddersheim. The Peasants' War was crushed here on 23/24 June 1525, after the citizens of Pfeddersheim showed solidarity with the peasants. Thousands of peasants and citizens were killed in the Battle of Pfeddersheim. Pfeddersheim surrendered, together with Worms, to Louis V, Count Palatine of the Rhine and became protestant, as did many regions in today's Rhineland-Palatinate. Pfeddersheim never recovered from the destructions in the Thirty Years' War and especially the War of the Palatine Succession and remained a small town after 1689.

Pfeddersheim became the capital of a canton of 24 villages in the département Mont-Tonnerre during the French occupation of the left bank of the Rhine in the Napoleonic Empire. In 1815 it became part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. In 1874 it lost its town privileges, because it did not have enough citizens. It was granted these privileges again in 1954 by the new state Rhineland-Palatinate (in time for the 1200th anniversary of the founding of Pfeddersheim). It lost its town privileges again in 1969, when it was made a borough of Worms, despite a court challenge in the administrative court at Koblenz.

Pfeddersheim today

Pfeddersheim celebrated it 1250th anniversary of the town's foundation. The yearly celebrations of Pfeddersheim are the Pfeddersheimer Markt (lit. Pfeddersheim's Market), a yearly funfair and the Pfeddersheimer Weinbrunnen (lit. Pfeddersheim's Wine fountain), a yearly wine fest.

The local football team TSG Pfeddersheim is known in the region since it played in the Oberliga Südwest from 1992 to 2000 and missed promotion to the Regionalliga West/Südwest in 1996.

Pfeddersheim has a public outdoor swimming pool.

Transportation

The train station of Pfeddersheim lies on the Rhenish Hesse line (Worms – AlzeyBingen). Trains stop here every 30mins and every hour at weekends. The borough is connected to Worms by public transport.

Pfeddersheim lies on the B 47 and near the exit Worms of the A 61. The A 61 spans the valley of the Pfrimm east of Pfeddersheim.

External links

Pictures

Defensive Tower Pfeddersheim
Simultankirche Pfeddersheim
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