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Września

Coat of arms
Września is located in Poland
Września
Coordinates: 52°20′N 17°35′E / 52.333°N 17.583°E / 52.333; 17.583
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
County Września County
Gmina Gmina Września
Established 1256
Town rights 1375
Government
 - Mayor Tomasz Kałużny
Area
 - Total 12.73 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Highest elevation 110 m (361 ft)
Lowest elevation 90 m (295 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 28,617
 - Density 2,248/km2 (5,822.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62-300
Area code(s) +48 61
Car plates PWR
Website http://www.wrzesnia.pl

Września [ˈvʐɛɕɲa] (German: Wreschen) is a town in central Poland with 28,600 inhabitants (1995).

It is situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Poznań Voivodeship (1975-1998), on the Wrzesnica River.

Contents

History

The city was first mentioned in 1256. Early sources speak of Wressna (1317) or Wresna (1364). Września was granted town privileges in the 14th century. The town was burned down 1664 (other sources speak of 1656) in the war against Sweden. The majority of inhabitants were Poles, but since mid-17th century there have also been German settlements. The city fell to Prussia in 1793, following the second Partition of Poland. In 1807 it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw, but fell back to Prussia in 1815. In late-1918 unrest occurred in Września against the German inhabitants. In 1920, the city became part of the Second Polish Republic. On September 10. 1939 Germans occupied the city. The Synagogue was destroyed by the Nazis in 1940. During the War camp was erected for French POWs. The Red Army reached the city in 1945, and Września became Polish again.

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Jewish Wreschen

Wreschen's Jewish community formerly ranked among the largest of southern Prussia, and is mentioned as one of the congregations which suffered severely during the persecutions of the years 1648-1651.All the early documents were destroyed in the conflagration of 1873, in which the synagogue, an old wooden building, also was burned. The gravestones of the ancient cemetery, which has been closed that year, afford no historical data, since the great majority of the older inscriptions have been obliterated.

Among the members of the community special mention may be made of Rabbi Ẓebi Hirsch b. Aaron Mirels, and his father Rabbi Aaron Mirels (Kaufmann, "Die Letzte Vertreibung der Juden aus Wien und Niederösterreich", pp. 79 et seq., Vienna, 1889), and the Bible commentator Rabbi Meïr Löb Malbim.

Ẓebi Mirels, who was called also Hirsch Aaron London, was the author of the "Mispar Ẓeba'am", and presented a Hebrew hymn to General Möllendorf when the latter was sent by the Prussian king Frederick William II. to receive the allegiance of the new province of southern Prussia ("Das Jahr 1793", p. 16, note, Posen, 1895). Rabbi Aaron Mirels, the author of the "Bet Aharon", is buried in the cemetery at Hirschberg in Silesia. In Wreschen, Malbim wrote his first work, the collection of annotations on the first chapters of the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, which laid the foundation of his renown as a scholar. In Wreschen, moreover, the musical director Louis Lewandowski was born April 3, 1821.

In 1905 the Jewish population of Wreschen numbered 490 out of a total population of 5,435.

Września school strike of 1901

Września is known in Poland for a school strike by Polish children in May 1901 in response to the intensification of Germanization (i.e. prohibition of the Polish language at school). The Polish language had long been tolerated in the schools, so the introduction of German as mandatory language led to protests. The controversy led to drawn-out protests between parents and authorities. For refusing to speak German, Polish children were severely beaten by Prussian teachers for several hours. Parents who tried to break into the school and protect their children from Prussian teachers were punished later by a Prussian court stating that their actions were "atrocious acts against the state".[1] The strike spread to neighboring cities and eventually ended in 1904.

Education

  • Wyższa Szkoła Handlu i Rachunkowości w Poznaniu, Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrześni

People

See also

External links

References

This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.

Coordinates: 52°19′N 17°34′E / 52.317°N 17.567°E / 52.317; 17.567


Simple English

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