|Born||August 29, 1919
Yixing, Jiangsu Province, China
Wu Guanzhong (Chinese: 吴冠中; born August 29, 1919) is a contemporary Chinese painter. Wu has painted various aspects of China including much of its architecture, plants, animals, people, as well as many of its landscapes and waterscapes in a style reminiscent of the impressionist painters of the early 1900s. He is also a writer on contemporary Chinese art.
Wu was born in Yixing, Jiangsu Province, in 1919. In 1935, Wu passed the entrance exam and studied engineering at Zhejiang Industrial School (浙江公立工业专门学校, a technical school of Zhejiang University) in Hangzhou. In 1936 he transferred to the National Arts Academy of Hangzhou, studying both Chinese and Western painting under Pan Tianshou (1897-1971) and Lin Fengmian (1900-1991). In 1942 he graduated from National Arts Academy, Hangzhou and in 1947 traveled to Paris to study at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts on a government scholarship.
Wu introduced aspects of Western art to his students at the
Central Academy of Art in Beijing, where he taught from 1950 to
1953. The Academy was known to have been dominated by social
realism and Wu was called "a fortress of bourgeois formalism".
Between 1953 and 1964 he taught at Tsinghua University, Beijing and
then Beijing Fine Arts Normal College. He was appointed a Professor
at the Central Institute of Arts and Crafts, Beijing in 1964 and
remained there until 1979. In 1991 Wu was made an Officier de l'Ordre des Arts
et des Lettres by the French Ministry of
Early in his career Guanzhong adopted the pen name Tu, which he uses to sign his work.
Wu Guangzhong has had solo exhibitions in major art galleries and museums around the world, including China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Tokyo, Taipei, Korea, England and the USA. His paintings were exhibited at the British Museum in 1992. One his paintings, Seascape at Beidaihe (1977), was shown at Metropolitan Museum of Art as part of an exhibition of paintings from the collection of art dealer Robert H. Ellsworth . His work may also be in the collection of Hong Kong Museum of Art.
In 2008, Wu donated 133 works to The Singapore Art Museum (SAM). This donation comprises the largest Wu Guanzhong donation in a public museum.