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Xanthika or Xandika was an ancient Macedonian annual festival, shortly before the vernal equinox, in the moth Xanthikos, containing a spring purification march of the army between the two halves of a sacrificed dog, which is associated with the assimilation of the new year's ephebes into the army. According to a fragment of Polybius 23.10 they make offerings to Xanthus as a hero, and perform a purification of the army with horses fully equipped. There was also a Spartan military festival of youths who sacrificed a dog to Enyalius[1].


  1. ^ *Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth Page 54 ISBN 0520058755 -Pausanias 3.14.8 3.20.8
  • Polybius, Rome, and the Hellenistic world By Frank William Walbank Page 80 ISBN 0521812089
  • Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings by Miltiades Chatzopoulos pages 276,319 ISBN 10 9607094891


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